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1-Butanol, 2-methyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-302.0 ± 1.5kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-356.6 ± 0.63kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3325.9 ± 0.54kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -356.6 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil402. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 30 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc575.4 ± 0.5KN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Tc575.4KN/AQuadri, Khilar, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc39.4 ± 0.2barN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Pc39.40barN/AQuadri, Khilar, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.40 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap54.6 ± 1.3kJ/molVChao and Rossini, 1965Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970; ALS
Deltavap54.6kJ/molN/AChao and Rossini, 1965DRB
Deltavap54.1kJ/molCMcCurdy and Laidler, 1963AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
43.4317.N/AEaston, Hargreaves, et al., 2007Based on data from 302. - 410. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
51.2345.N/AAucejo, Burguet, et al., 1994Based on data from 330. - 405. K.; AC
49.8353.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 338. - 402. K.; AC
53.9332.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 317. - 403. K.; AC
58.5264.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 249. - 319. K. See also Thomas, Meatyard, et al., 1979.; AC
56.7313.N/ABoublik, Fried, et al., 1984Based on data from 298. - 393. K. See also Butler, Ramchandani, et al., 1935.; AC
56.1322.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 307. - 403. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
298.12 - 393.704.482661360.367-99.937Butler, Ramchandani, et al., 1935, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C5H11O- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Butanol, 2-methyl-

By formula: C5H11O- + H+ = C5H12O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1564. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1537. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
70. MButler, Ramchandani, et al., 1935, 2

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

View reactions leading to C5H12O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.86EIHolmes, Fingas, et al., 1981LLK

De-protonation reactions

C5H11O- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Butanol, 2-methyl-

By formula: C5H11O- + H+ = C5H12O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1564. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1537. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1090
NIST MS number 233556

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon L120.701.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.711.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedSE-30100.727.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30120.726.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30140.724.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSqualane50.700.Mira and Sanchez, 1970Chromosorb G
PackedSE-30100.724.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1729.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1730.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1728.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1729.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillarySE-54743.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101726.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101727.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedApiezon L741.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh), 4. K/min; Column length: 1.2 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon L751.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh); Column length: 1.2 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1197.78Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M110.1196.36Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.1194.93Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M70.1203.38Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.1201.50Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1200.40Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1202.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201227.Wyllie and Leach, 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Buttery, Kamm, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1197.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax1211.Rowan, Lane, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 220C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1212.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1218.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane761.Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS736.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS744.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5739.Píno, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5738.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5739.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5733.Siegmund and Murkovic, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m, -30. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS768.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5728.Isidorov, Vinogorova, et al., 200325. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB744.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB746.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB705.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS744.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-1725.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB708.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5740.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-5743.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-5743.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryOV-1710.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5753.Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5742.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-5743.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1722.Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/5. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB720.Hendriks and Bruins, 19834. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 205. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS762.Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillarySE-54732.Fritsch and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillarySE-54740.Fritsch and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5747.Mayr, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40 C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1726.Place, Imhof, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 45C (5min) => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryRTX-5743.Fuhrmann and Grosch, 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB752.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5733.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryDB-5MS730.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C (5min) => 2C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 250C (15min)
CapillaryDB-5MS730.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C (5min) => 2C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 250C (15min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB759.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5730.Boulanger, Chassagne, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 220C => 5C/min => 250C(15min)
CapillaryDB-5730.Boulanger, Chassagne, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 220C => 5C/min => 250C(15min)
CapillarySE-54739.Buettner and Schieberle, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillarySE-52734.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr1208.Aubert and Chanforan, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1217.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3.5 K/min, 180. C @ 25. min
CapillaryInnowax1230.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 45. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min, 210. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1208.Quijano, Linares, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr1208.Aubert C. and Pitrat M., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryLM-1201201.Pinto, Guedes, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101213.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1206.Aubert and Bourger, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1200.Varming, Andersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1206.Varming, Petersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1189.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1204.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1210.Bureau, Baumes, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1210.Bureau, Razungles, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP1207.Charles, Martin, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1191.Jensen, Christensen, et al., 200050. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 1.3 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1208.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1207.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1193.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1201.Humpf and Schreier, 199130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1191.Schwab, Mahr, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101212.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101207.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 15C/min => 200C (1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1201.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1182.Aubert, Baumann, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1204.Fritsch and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1191.Kaack, Christensen, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C(1.5min) => 1.5C/min => 60C(4min) => 2C/min => 100C => 8C/min => 220C(15min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1221.Boido, Lloret, et al., 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C (8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1217.Koprivnjak, Conte, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(4min) => 10C/min => 70C => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1217.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C (3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 5C/min => 250C (15min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1216.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C (3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 5C/min => 250C (15min)
CapillaryFFAP1211.Buettner and Schieberle, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1191.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1210.Whitfield, Shea, et al., 1981Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-3070.765.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS738.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS744.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS744.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS733.Kim and Chung, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 30. min
CapillarySE-54737.Laselan, Buettner, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 0. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS722.Raffo, Kelderer, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5756.Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 200810. m/0.10 mm/0.40 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryRTX-5740.Pham, Schilling, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 20. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1716.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-1714.Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5728.Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5756.Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5739.Pino, Marquez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryRTX-5Sil733.Holland, Larkov, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5738.Kilic, Kollmannsberger, et al., 2005He, 5. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5763.0Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-5733.Shafi, Nambiar, et al., 200425. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5748.Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 4. min
CapillaryMDN-5756.Mildner-Szkudlarz, Jelen, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-5738.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-1719.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1721.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5739.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-54733.Bellesia, Pinetti, et al., 200125. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5735.Joffraud, Leroi, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryRSL-200722.Ngassoum, Jirovetz, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5738.García, Martín, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5740.Kotseridis and Baumes, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5737.Meynier, Novelli, et al., 199930. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101722.Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 199850. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1722.Robacker and Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-54733.Bellesia, Pinetti, et al., 199625. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1718.Buttery and Ling, 1995He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-5738.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5738.Larsen and Frisvad, 1995, 235. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1718.Buttery, Stern, et al., 1994He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5742.Shimoda, Shibamoto, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1718.Hansen, Buttery, et al., 199230. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-1720.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-5748.Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1724.Buttery, Teranishi, et al., 1990He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-5738.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101716.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101717.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1718.Binder, Flath, et al., 19894. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1720.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-101716.Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101714.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101716.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB5-30W732.Schwab and Schreier, 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-1730.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101738.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryOV-1731.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS743.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5738.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 Cb718.Collin, Nizet, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (30 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS731.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS724.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5740.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5767.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5744.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5733.Beaulieu and Lancaster, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS736.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone727.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryVB-5736.Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 4C/min => 175C => 10C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-54738.Lasekan, Buettner, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone727.Kou, Zhang, et al., 2006Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5747.van Ruth, Floris, et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryRTX-5739.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS748.Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryBPX-5745.Duflos, Moine, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 5C/min => 100C => 20C/min => 280C (5min)
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS718.Iraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C(2min) => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups739.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5732.Thierry, Maillard, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54739.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone727.Fu and Wang, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5742.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5742.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-30726.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30721.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5731.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5744.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-5755.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane723.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5744.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB744.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane732.Spanier, Shahidi, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB706.Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillarySPB-1724.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1724.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryDB-1718.Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1718.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB736.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillaryDB-1718.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1724.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1187.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1187.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryAT-Wax1158.Kiss, Csoka, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1204.Onishi, Inoue, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP1215.Laselan, Buettner, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 0. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1205.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1207.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1210.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1206.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.32 «mu»m
CapillaryFFAP1237.Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 320. C @ 45. min
CapillaryTR-WAX1210.Tena N., Lazzez A., et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1220.Qian and Wang, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 30. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1212.Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1212.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1213.Dregus and Engel, 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1206.Lee and Noble, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101211.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101204.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1209.Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1220.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1188.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1200.Kotseridis and Baumes, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1210.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1207.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101210.Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1195.Molleken U., Sinnwell V., et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryInnowax1212.Petersen, Poll, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1214.Young, Gilbert, et al., 199630. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 30. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101203.Girard and Lau, 199590. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 20. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1201.Binder, Flath, et al., 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1199.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Buttery, Xu, et al., 198560. C @ 40. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.66 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Buttery, Kamm, et al., 19841. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Buttery, Ling, et al., 198350. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1210.Seifert and King, 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1213.Lee, Chong, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillarySupelco CO Wax-101244.Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 201260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 25 0C/min -> 250 0C (6 min)
CapillarySupelco CO Wax-101218.Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 201260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1191.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1196.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1204.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP1199.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1199.Rowan, Hunt, et al., 200920. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 2.9 0C/min -> 100 0C 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1200.Rowan, Hunt, et al., 2009, 220. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 2/9 0C/min -> 100 0C 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101210.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200950. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1214.Valappil, Fan, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 110 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1191.Kaack and Christensen, 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.29 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 33 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillarySupelcowax 101210.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101210.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1224.Tao, Wenlai, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryFFAP1210.Lara, Echeverría, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1213.Lasekan, Buettner, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP1210.Lopez, Villatoro, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP1210.Lara, Graell, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1210.Mattheis, Fan, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1211.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1210.Echeverría, Correa, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1203.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1221.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1183.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-FFAP1210.Echeverria, Fuentes, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1209.Piasenzotto, Gracco, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(4min) => 10C/min => 230C(10min) => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryFFAP1211.Buettner and Schieberle, 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1203.Mayorga, Knapp, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(4min) => 4C/min => 130C => 1C/min => 190C => 4C/min => 220C(20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1209.Mayorga, Knapp, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(4min) => 4C/min => 130C => 1C/min => 190C => 4C/min => 220C(20min)
CapillaryFFAP1213.Lopez, Lavilla, et al., 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C(2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryCross-linked FFAP1213.Lavilla, Puy, et al., 199950. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1199.Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 199850. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)
CapillaryFFAP1213.López, Lavilla, et al., 199850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C (1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryPEG1220.Vas, Gal, et al., 199840. m/0.182 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C 3 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 240 0C (2 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1223.Marlatt, Ho, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1203.Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1204.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1184.Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1189.Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chao and Rossini, 1965
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Gude and Teja, 1995
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Aucejo, Antonio; Burguet, M.C.; Monton, Juan B.; Munoz, Rosa; Sanchotello, Margarita; Vazquez, M. Isabel, Isothermal Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of 1-Pentanol with 2-Methyl-1-butanol, 2-Methyl-2-butanol, and 3-Methyl-2-butanol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1994, 39, 3, 578-580, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00015a040 . [all data]

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Butler, J.A.V.; Ramchandani, C.N.; Thomson, D.W., The Solubility of Non-Electrolytes. Part 1. The Free Energy of Hydration of Some Alphatic Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1935, 280-285, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9350000280 . [all data]

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Haas, M.J.; Harrison, A.G., The Fragmentation of Proton-Bound Cluster Ions and the Gas-Phase Acidities of Alcohols, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1993, 124, 2, 115, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(93)80003-W . [all data]

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Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
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Mira, J.M.; Sanchez, L.G., Polarity of the Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phases and Retention Indices of Aliphatic Esters, Ketones and Alcohols, Anal. Chim. Acta., 1970, 50, 2, 315-321, https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2670(70)80071-X . [all data]

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Rembold, Wallner, et al., 1989
Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 659-662, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a018 . [all data]

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Wyllie, S.G.; Leach, D.N., Aroma volatiles of Cucumis melo cv. golden crispy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 11, 2042-2044, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00101a008 . [all data]

Buttery, Kamm, et al., 1982
Buttery, R.G.; Kamm, J.A.; Ling, L.C., Volatile components of alfalfa flowers and pods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 4, 739-742, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00112a028 . [all data]

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Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Gas chromatographic--mass spectrometric investigation of hop aroma constituents in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1422-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a037 . [all data]

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Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1980, 31, 1, 69-75. [all data]

Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 2005
Estevez, M.; Ventanas, S.; Ramirez, R.; Cava, R., Influence of the Addition of Rosemary Essential Oil on the Volatiles Pattern of Porcine Frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 21, 8317-8324, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051025q . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 2004
Hierro, E.; de la Hoz, L.; Ordóñez, J.A., Headspace volatile compounds from salted and occasionally smoked dried meats (cecinas) as affected by animal species, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 4, 649-657, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.07.001 . [all data]

Píno, Marbot, et al., 2004
Píno, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Volatile components of the fruits of Vangueria madagascariensis J. F. Gmel. from Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 302-304, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698727 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Volatile components of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) grown in Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 318-320, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698731 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 2
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 32-35, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1269 . [all data]

Siegmund and Murkovic, 2004
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Bruna, Hierro, et al., 2003
Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernández, M.; Ordóñez, J.A., Changes in selected biochemical and sensory parameters as affected by the superficial inoculation of Penicillium camemberti on dry fermented sausages, Int. J. Food Microbiol., 2003, 85, 1-2, 111-125, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1605(02)00505-6 . [all data]

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Duckham, Dodson, et al., 2002
Duckham, S.C.; Dodson, A.T.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Effect of cultivar and storage time on the volatile flavor components of baked potato, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 20, 5640-5648, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011326+ . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 21, 6023-6026, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011456i . [all data]

Bruna, Hierro, et al., 2001
Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernández, M.; Ordóñez, J.A., The contribution of Penicillium aurantiogriseum to the volatile composition and sensory quality of dry fermented sausages, Meat Sci., 2001, 59, 1, 97-107, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00058-4 . [all data]

Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 2001
Larráyoz, P.; Addis, M.; Gauch, R.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of dynamic headspace and simultaneous distillation extraction techniques used for the analysis of the volatile components in three European PDO ewes milk cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 2001, 11, 11-12, 911-926, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-6946(01)00144-3 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5883-5887, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010414r . [all data]

Moio, Piombino, et al., 2000
Moio, L.; Piombino, P.; Addeo, F., Odour-impact compounds of Gorgonzola cheese, J. Dairy Res., 2000, 67, 2, 273-285, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029900004106 . [all data]

Valero, Sanz, et al., 1999
Valero, E.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., Volatile components in microwave- and conventionally-heated milk, Food Chem., 1999, 66, 3, 333-338, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00069-2 . [all data]

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Aaslyng, M.D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the aroma characteristics of acid-hydrolyzed and enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable proteins produced from soy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5225-5231, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9806816 . [all data]

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Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 1998, 65, 2, 317-333, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029997002768 . [all data]

Bartelt, 1997
Bartelt, R.J., Calibration of a commercial solid-phase microextraction device for measuring headspace concentrations of organic volatiles, Anal. Chem., 1997, 69, 3, 364-372, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac960820n . [all data]

Hendriks and Bruins, 1983
Hendriks, H.; Bruins, A.P., A tentative identification of components in the essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. by a combination of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry and retention indices, Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 1983, 10, 6, 377-381, https://doi.org/10.1002/bms.1200100607 . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Fritsch and Schieberle, 2005
Fritsch, H.T.; Schieberle, P., Identification based on quantitative measurements and aroma recombination of the character impact odorants in a Bavarian Pilsner-type beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 19, 7544-7551, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051167k . [all data]

Mayr, van Ruth, et al., 2003
Mayr, D.; van Ruth, S.; Märk, T.D., Evaluation of the influence of mastication on temporal aroma release of ripe and unripe bananas, using a model mouth system and gas chromatography-olfactometry, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2003, 217, 4, 291-295, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-003-0777-1 . [all data]

Place, Imhof, et al., 2003
Place, R.B.; Imhof, M.; Teuber, M.; Olivier Bosset, J., Distribution of the volatile (flavour) compounds in Raclette cheese produced with different staphylococci in the smear, Mitt. Lebensmittelunters. Hyg., 2003, 94, 192-211. [all data]

Fuhrmann and Grosch, 2002
Fuhrmann, E.; Grosch, W., Character impact odorants of the apple cultivars Elstar and Cox Orange, Nahrung/Food, 2002, 46, 3, 187-193, https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3803(20020501)46:3<187::AID-FOOD187>3.0.CO;2-5 . [all data]

Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 2002
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Notes

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