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3(2H)-Thiophenone, dihydro-2-methyl-


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin TNO Volatile Compounds in Food - Chemical Concepts
NIST MS number 249131

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1510.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5994.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB979.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5998.Dreher, Rouseff, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryBPX-51012.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB999.Elmore, Campo, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBPX-5996.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5MS990.Baek, Kim, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryBP-5990.Whitfield and Mottram, 20014. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryBP-5990.Whitfield and Mottram, 1999He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5990.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-30947.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101952.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199250. m/0.31 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1951.Zhang and Ho, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1956.Zhang and Ho, 1991, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1000.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-51011.Parker, Hassell, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: oC(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryBPX-51009.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillarySE-541017.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(5min) => 6C/min => 230C(15min)
CapillarySE-541017.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (5min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillarySE-541017.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (5min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillaryDB-5989.Mottram and Whitfield, 1995He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 0C => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1518.Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1512.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1523.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1525.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryZB-Wax1518.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1506.Dreher, Rouseff, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryFFAP1561.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1551.Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1557.Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1551.Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1551.Ott, Fay, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1518.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1520.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1506.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP1511.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(5min) => 6C/min => 230C(15min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1520.Madruga and Mottram, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.21 «mu»m; Program: 0C(5min) => fast => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 220C(20min)
CapillaryFFAP1512.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (5min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillaryFFAP1512.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (5min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1958.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1952.Güntert, Bertram, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1947.Guntert, Brüning, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1001.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups994.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane996.Xu, He, et al., 2010Program: 40 0C 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillarySE-30949.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone947.Misharina, 1995Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryAT-Wax1535.Kiss, Csoka, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryVF-Wax MS1533.Duarte, Dias, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 25. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1548.Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1565.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1538.Aznar, López, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1538.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1565.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1542.Wada and Shibamoto, 1997He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1509.Guntert, Brüning, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1506.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1528.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1524.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Gas chromatographic--mass spectrometric investigation of hop aroma constituents in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1422-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a037 . [all data]

Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 2007
Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1427-1436, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0625611 . [all data]

Mahadevan and Farmer, 2006
Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 19, 7242-7250, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061102x . [all data]

Dreher, Rouseff, et al., 2003
Dreher, J.G.; Rouseff, R.L.; Naim, M., GC-olfactometric characterization of aroma volatiles from the thermal degradation of thiamin in model orange juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 10, 3097-3102, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034023j . [all data]

Bredie, Mottram, et al., 2002
Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1118-1125, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0111662 . [all data]

Elmore, Campo, et al., 2002
Elmore, J.S.; Campo, M.M.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S., Effect of lipid composition on meat-like model systems containing cysteine, ribose, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1126-1132, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0108718 . [all data]

Ames, Guy, et al., 2001
Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 4, 1885-1894, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012547 . [all data]

Baek, Kim, et al., 2001
Baek, H.H.; Kim, C.J.; Ahn, B.H.; Nam, H.S.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma extract dilution analysis of a beeflike process flavor from extruded enzyme-hydrolyzed soybean protein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 2, 790-793, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000609j . [all data]

Whitfield and Mottram, 2001
Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S., Heterocyclic volatiles formed by heating cysteine or hydrogen sulfide with 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone at pH 6.5, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 2, 816-822, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0008644 . [all data]

Whitfield and Mottram, 1999
Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S., Investigation of the reaction between 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone and cysteine or hydrogen sulfide at pH 4.5, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 4, 1626-1634, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980980v . [all data]

Madruga and Mottram, 1998
Madruga, M.S.; Mottram, D.S., The effect of pH on the formation of volatile compounds produced by heating a model system containing 5'-imp and cysteine, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 1998, 9, 3, 261-271, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50531998000300010 . [all data]

Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1994
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Strashnenko, E.S.; Medvedeva, I.B., Sorbtion-structural mass-spectrometric characteristics of volatile components of model systems and flavor compounds with meat odor, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1994, 49, 7, 722-728. [all data]

Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1992
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Artamonova, M.P.; Zhuravskaya, N.K., Identification of volatile components of a model system with meat aroma, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1992, 47, 850-857. [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1991
Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Formation of meatlike aroma compounds from thermal reaction of inosine 5'-monophosphate with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 6, 1145-1148, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00006a031 . [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1991, 2
Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of the volatile compounds formed from the thermal reaction of glucose with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 4, 760-763, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00004a029 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 2000, 55, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(99)00137-0 . [all data]

Parker, Hassell, et al., 2000
Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3497-3506, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991302r . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 1999
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., Effect of the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of beef muscle on the profile of aroma volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 4, 1619-1625, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980718m . [all data]

Hofmann and Schieberle, 1998
Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Identification of key aroma compounds generated from cysteine and carbohydrates under roasting conditions, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch. A, 1998, 207, 3, 229-236, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170050324 . [all data]

Hofmann and Schieberle, 1997
Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Identification of potent aroma compounds in thermally treated mixtures of glucose/cysteine and rhamnose/cysteine using aroma extract dilution techniques, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 898-906, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960456t . [all data]

Hofmann and Schieberle, 1995
Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Evaluation of the key odorants in a thermally treated solution of ribose and cysteine by aroma extract dilution techniques, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 8, 2187-2194, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00056a042 . [all data]

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Mottram, D.S.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile compounds from the reaction of cysteine, ribose, and phospholipid in low-moisture systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 4, 984-988, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00052a027 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 2006
Ledauphin, J.; Basset, B.; Cohen, S.; Payot, T.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled Calvados and Cognac: Carbonyl and sulphur compounds, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2006, 19, 1, 28-40, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2005.03.001 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Ott, Fay, et al., 1997
Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 850-858, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960508e . [all data]

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Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1988, 42, 3, 261-272, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740420309 . [all data]

Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 2004
Ferrari, G.; Lablanquie, O.; Cantagrel, R.; Ledauphin, J.; Payot, T.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Determination of key odorant compounds in freshly distilled cognac using GC-O, GC-MS, and sensory evaluation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 18, 5670-5676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049512d . [all data]

Tai and Ho, 1998
Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 6, 2260-2265, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf971111t . [all data]

Güntert, Bertram, et al., 1992
Güntert, M.; Bertram, H.-J.; Hopp, R.; Silberzahn, W.; Sommer, H.; Werkhoff, P., Thermal generation of flavor compounds from thiamin and various amino acids in Recent developments in flavor and fragrance chemistry. Proceedings of the 3rd International Haarmann Reimer Symposium, Hopp,R.; Mori,K., ed(s)., VCH Publishers, New York, 1992, 215-240. [all data]

Guntert, Brüning, et al., 1990
Guntert, M.; Brüning, J.; Emberger, R.; Köpsel, Ml; Kuhn, W.; Thielmann, T.; Werkhoff, P., Identification and formation of some selected sulfur-containing flavor compounds in various meat model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 11, 2027-2041, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00101a007 . [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Xu, He, et al., 2010
Xu, H.; He, W.; Liu, X.; Gao, Y., Effect of pressure on the Maillard reaction between ribose and cysteine in supercritical carbon dioxide, Czech J. Food Sci., 2010, 28, 3, 192-201. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Misharina, 1995
Misharina, T.A., Sorption regularities of sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds in chromatography and their application in identification of volatile organic compounds, Diss. degree of Dr. Sci. (Chemistry), 1995, 52. [all data]

Kiss, Csoka, et al., 2011
Kiss, M.; Csoka, M.; Gyorfi, J.; Korany, K., Comparison of the fragrance constituents of Tuber aestivium and Tuber Brumale gathered in Hungary, J. Appl. Botany Food Quality, 2011, 84, 102-110. [all data]

Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010
Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Oliveira, J.M.; Teixeira, J.A.; de Almeida e Silva, J.B.; Schwan, R.F., Characterization of different fruit wines made from cacao,cupuassu, gabiroba, jaboticaba and umbu, Food Sci. Technol., 2010, 43, 1564-1572. [all data]

Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 2004
Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1322 . [all data]

Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002
Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 8, 840-847, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1110 . [all data]

Aznar, López, et al., 2001
Aznar, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J.F.; Ferreira, V., Identification and quantification of impact odorants of aged red wines from Rioja. GC-olfactometry, quantitative GC-MS, and odor evaluation of HPLC fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 6, 2924-2929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001372u . [all data]

Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001
Ferreira, V.; Aznar, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J., Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 10, 4818-4824, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010283u . [all data]

Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 2001
Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1364-1369, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001100r . [all data]

Wada and Shibamoto, 1997
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Notes

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