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Thiazole, 2,4,5-trimethyl-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101110.997.Golovnya, Shenderyuk, et al., 1991He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.997.Golovnya, Zhuravleva, et al., 199150. m/0.30 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101110.997.Zhuravleva, Shenderyuk, et al., 199050. m/0.30 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He
PackedApiezon L100.995.Yakush, Golovnya, et al., 1986Chromosorb GAW; Column length: 2.5 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-40M110.1380.Golovnya, Shenderyuk, et al., 1991He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryPEG-40M110.1380.Golovnya, Zhuravleva, et al., 199150. m/0.30 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-40M110.1380.Zhuravleva, Shenderyuk, et al., 199050. m/0.30 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1973.Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1974.Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB990.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryHP-5990.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5990.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryBPX-51007.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-5997.Whitfield and Mottram, 20014. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5996.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-1976.Zhang and Ho, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51000.Mottram and Whitfield, 1995He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 0C => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1362.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101378.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101366.Cadwallader, Tan, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101377.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1385.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1387.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101380.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1390.Madruga and Mottram, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.21 «mu»m; Program: 0C(5min) => fast => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 220C(20min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedApieson L100.995.Golovnya, Zhuravleva, et al., 1987Argon, Chromosorb G AW (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2.4 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra-1972.Du, Clery, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-5997.Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101965.Deibler, Acree, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.52 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-1981.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone969.Lorenz, Stern, et al., 19834. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone969.Lorenz, Stern, et al., 19834. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1973.Chantreau, Rochat, et al., 200620. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1974.Chantreau, Rochat, et al., 200620. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30981.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1028.Gijs, Piraprez, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C (16.5min) => 2C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C (9min)
CapillarySE-54997.Blank, Sen, et al., 1992Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryAT-Wax1358.Kiss, Csoka, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1362.Du, Clery, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 6. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1390.Lee and Shibamoto, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1377.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1398.Eiserich, Macku, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1394.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1398.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1367.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP1370.Blank, Sen, et al., 1992Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Golovnya, Shenderyuk, et al., 1991
Golovnya, R.V.; Shenderyuk, V.V.; Zhuravleva, I.L.; Yakush, E.V., Analogy of sorption properties of alkylthiazoles and alkyl-oxazoles and its use for the calculation of retention indexes in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1991, 46, 2, 313-319. [all data]

Golovnya, Zhuravleva, et al., 1991
Golovnya, R.V.; Zhuravleva, I.L.; Yakush, E.V.; Schenderjuk, V.V., Retentions of alkyloxazoles and alkythiazoles and their prediction based on non-linear additivity concepts in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 552, 1-12, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)95918-7 . [all data]

Zhuravleva, Shenderyuk, et al., 1990
Zhuravleva, I.L.; Shenderyuk, V.V.; Yakush, E.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Calculation of retention indexes of alkyloxazoles and alkylthiazoles in capillary chromatography, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Div. Chem. Sci. (Engl. Transl.), 1990, 6, 6, 1204-1210, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00962384 . [all data]

Yakush, Golovnya, et al., 1986
Yakush, E.V.; Golovnya, R.V.; Zhuravleva, I.L.; Grigor'eva, D.N., Thermodynamic criterion and its use for identification of alkylthiazols from gas chromatographic data, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1986, 41, 884-889. [all data]

Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 2007
Rochat S.; de Saint Laumer J.Y.; Chaintreau A., Analysis of sulfur compounds from the in-oven roast beef aroma by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1147, 1, 85-94, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.039 . [all data]

Mahadevan and Farmer, 2006
Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 19, 7242-7250, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061102x . [all data]

Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 2005
Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile aroma components of soy protein isolate and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 4, 861-873, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.06.005 . [all data]

Ames, Guy, et al., 2001
Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 4, 1885-1894, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012547 . [all data]

Whitfield and Mottram, 2001
Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S., Heterocyclic volatiles formed by heating cysteine or hydrogen sulfide with 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone at pH 6.5, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 2, 816-822, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0008644 . [all data]

Madruga and Mottram, 1998
Madruga, M.S.; Mottram, D.S., The effect of pH on the formation of volatile compounds produced by heating a model system containing 5'-imp and cysteine, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 1998, 9, 3, 261-271, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50531998000300010 . [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1991
Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of the volatile compounds formed from the thermal reaction of glucose with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 4, 760-763, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00004a029 . [all data]

Mottram and Whitfield, 1995
Mottram, D.S.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile compounds from the reaction of cysteine, ribose, and phospholipid in low-moisture systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 4, 984-988, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00052a027 . [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 6, 2280-2287, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981027t . [all data]

Cadwallader, Tan, et al., 1995
Cadwallader, K.R.; Tan, Q.; Chen, F.; Meyers, S.P., Evaluation of the aroma of cooked spiny lobster tail meat by aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 9, 2432-2437, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00057a022 . [all data]

Chung and Cadwallader, 1993
Chung, H.Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile components in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) meat and processing by-product, J. Food Sci., 1993, 58, 6, 1203-1207, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1993.tb06148.x . [all data]

Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988
Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1988, 42, 3, 261-272, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740420309 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Golovnya, Zhuravleva, et al., 1987
Golovnya, R.V.; Zhuravleva, I.L.; Yakush, E.V., Calculation of the thermidynamic values of alkylthiazoles from the Kovats retention indices on the basis on the non-linear additivity principle, Chromatographia, 1987, 23, 8, 595-598, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02324871 . [all data]

Du, Clery, et al., 2008
Du, Z.; Clery, R.; Hammond, C.J., Volatile organic nitrogen-containing constituents in ambrette seed Abelmoschus moschatus Medik (Malvaceae), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 16, 7388-7392, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf800958d . [all data]

Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006
Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Quality and flavour stability of coffee substitute prepared by extrusion of wheat germ and chicory roots, Amino Acids, 2006, https://doi.org/10.1007/s007260200008 . [all data]

Deibler, Acree, et al., 1998
Deibler, K.D.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Aroma analysis of coffrr brew by gas chromatography-oldfactometry, Developments in Food Sci., 1998, 40, 69-78. [all data]

Tai and Ho, 1998
Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 6, 2260-2265, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf971111t . [all data]

Lorenz, Stern, et al., 1983
Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 5, 1052-1057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00119a033 . [all data]

Chantreau, Rochat, et al., 2006
Chantreau, A.; Rochat, S.; de Saint Laumer, J.-Y., Re-investigation of sulfur impact odorants in roast beef using comprehensive two-dimensional GC-TOF-MS and the GC-SNIF, Developments Food. Sci., 2006, 43, 601-604. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Gijs, Piraprez, et al., 2000
Gijs, L.; Piraprez, G.; Perpète, P.; Spinnler, E.; Collin, S., Retention of sulfur flavours by food matrix and determination of sensorial data independent of the medium composition, Food Chem., 2000, 69, 3, 319-330, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0956-7135(99)00111-5 . [all data]

Blank, Sen, et al., 1992
Blank, I.; Sen, A.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of the roasted powder and brew of Arabica coffee, Z. Lebensm. Unters Forsch., 1992, 195, 3, 239-245, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01202802 . [all data]

Kiss, Csoka, et al., 2011
Kiss, M.; Csoka, M.; Gyorfi, J.; Korany, K., Comparison of the fragrance constituents of Tuber aestivium and Tuber Brumale gathered in Hungary, J. Appl. Botany Food Quality, 2011, 84, 102-110. [all data]

Lee and Shibamoto, 2000
Lee, K.-G.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidant properties of aroma compounds isolated from soybeans and mung beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 9, 4290-4293, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000442u . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 8, 2212-2218, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00056a046 . [all data]

Eiserich, Macku, et al., 1992
Eiserich, J.P.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile antioxidants formed from an L-cysteine/D-glucose Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 10, 1982-1988, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00022a050 . [all data]

Shibamoto and Russell, 1977
Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1977, 25, 1, 109-112, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60209a054 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References