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3-Carene

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20M InnowaxSupelco CO Wax-10Supelco CO Wax-10DB-WaxInnowax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas NitrogenHeliumHeliumHelium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.500.33
Program 50 0C (7 min) 20 0C/min -> 130 0C (1 min) 1 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 190 0C (5 min)35 0C (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 25 0C/min -> 250 0C (6 min)not specified40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)not specified
I 1158.1114.1143.1187.1157.
ReferenceWang, Tian, et al., 2013Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011Noorizadeh, Farmany, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52 CBDB-FFAPDB-FFAPHP Innowax FSPCarbowax 20M
Column length (m)  30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas  HeliumHeliumHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.250.25
Program not specified50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specified60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C (20 min)not specified
I 1156.1129.1130.1159.1141.
ReferencePovolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009Wedge, Klun, et al., 2009Hudaib and Aburjai, 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Innowax FSCHP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxSupelcowax-10HP-Innowax FSC
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas NitrogenHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 60 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
I 1159.1144.1148.1143.1159.
ReferenceKaya, Benirci, et al., 2007Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 2007Erdurak, Coskun, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-Innowax FSCSupelcowax-10DB-WaxHP-Innowax FSCHP-Innowax FSC
Column length (m) 60.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 260C(5min)35C(5min) => 2C/min => 173C(1min) => 15C/min => 210C(5min)60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
I 1159.1142.1112.1159.1159.
ReferenceTabanca, Demirci, et al., 2006Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 2006Giuseppe, Manuela, et al., 2005Sezik E., Kocakulak E., et al., 2005Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-Innowax FSCCarbowax 20MInnowax FSCHP-InnowaxInnowax FSC
Column length (m) 60. 60.30.60.
Carrier gas He HeH2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.250.50.25
Program 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240Cnot specified60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C40C (8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 240C60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
I 1159.1144.1159.1107.1159.
ReferenceDemirci, Paper, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Baser, Demirei, et al., 2002Paroul, Rota, et al., 2002Tunalier, Kirimer, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MInnowaxInnowax FSCInnowax FSCHP-Wax
Column length (m)  60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas H2HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.250.25
Program not specified60C(10min) => 4C/min => 200C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C50 0C 3 K/min -> 200 0C 8 K/min -> 280 0C
I 1150.1159.1159.1159.1135.
ReferenceGallori, Bilia, et al., 2001Özcan, Akgül, et al., 2001Saglam, Gozler, et al., 2001Tabanca N., Demirci F., et al., 2001Usubillaga, Aparicio, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxHP-Innowax FSCInnowax FSCInnowax FSCCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeliumHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.2
Program 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)
I 1159.1159.1156.1159.1145.
ReferenceBaser, Özek, et al., 2000Bagci, Baser, et al., 1999Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 1999Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 1999Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase FFAPCarbowax 20MNB-351CP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 25.60.25.50.50.
Carrier gas H2HeHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.330.250.21.51.5
Program 40C(5min) => 4C/min => 170C => 8C/min => 240C (12min)not specified35C(5min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 240C (20min)40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
I 1116.1150.1145.1152.1152.
ReferenceReddy, Angers, et al., 1998Tirado, Stashenko, et al., 1995Kerrola and Kallio, 1994Luning, de Rijk, et al., 1994Luning, de Rijk, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wang, Tian, et al., 2013
Wang, G.-J.; Tian, L.; Fan, Y.-M.; Qi, M.-L., Headspace single drop microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile compounds from herba Asari, J. Anal. Methods in Chemistry, 2013, 1-6. [all data]

Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012
Prompona, K.-D.; Kandylis, P.; Tsakiris, A.; Kanellaki, M.; Kourkoutas, Y., Application of alternative technologies for elimination of artificial colorings in alcoholic beverages produced by Citrus medica and potential impact on human health, Food Nutrition Sci., 2012, 3, 07, 959-969, https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2012.37127 . [all data]

Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011
Miyazaki, T.; Plotto, A.; Goodner, K.; Gmitter F.G., Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 3, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4205 . [all data]

Noorizadeh, Farmany, et al., 2011
Noorizadeh, H.; Farmany, A.; Noorizadeh, M., Quantitative structure-retention relationships analysis of retention index of essential oils, Quim. Nova, 2011, 34, 2, 242-249, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422011000200014 . [all data]

Povolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011
Povolo, M.; Cabassi, G.; Profaizer, M.; Lanteri, S., Study on the use of evolved gas analysis FT-IR (EGA FT-IR) for the evaluation of cheese volatile fraction, The Open Food Sci. J., 2011, 5, 1, 10-16, https://doi.org/10.2174/1874256401105010010 . [all data]

Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009
Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 2009, 115, 4, 1326-1336, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.01.066 . [all data]

Wedge, Klun, et al., 2009
Wedge, D.E.; Klun, J.A.; Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Ozek, T.; Baser, K.H.C.; Liu, Z.; Zhang, S.; Cantrell, C.L.; Zhang, J., Bioactivity-guided fractionation and GC/MS fingerprinting of Amgelica sinensis and Angelica archangelica root components for antifungal and mosquito deterrent activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 2, 464-470, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802820d . [all data]

Hudaib and Aburjai, 2007
Hudaib, M.; Aburjai, T., Volatile components of Thymus vulgaris L. from wild-growing and cultivated plants in Jordan, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 322-327, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1800 . [all data]

Kaya, Benirci, et al., 2007
Kaya, A.; Benirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Micromorphology of glandular trichomes of Nepeta congesta Fisch. Mey. var. congesta (LAmiaceae) and chemical analysis of the essential oils, South African J. Botany, 2007, 73, 1, 29-34, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2006.05.004 . [all data]

Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007
Narain, N.; Galvao, M.S.; Madruga, M.S., Volatile compounds captured through purge and trap technique in caja-umbu (Spondias sp.) fruits during maturation, Food Chem., 2007, 102, 3, 726-731, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.06.003 . [all data]

Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 2007
Vichi, S.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; López-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Analytical, Nutritional, and Clinical Methods. Comparative study of different extraction techniques for the analysis of virgin olive oil aroma, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 3, 1171-1178, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.02.018 . [all data]

Erdurak, Coskun, et al., 2006
Erdurak, C.S.; Coskun, M.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Composition of the essential oil of fruits and roots of Ferulago isaurica Pesmen and F. syriaca Boiss. (Umbelliferae) from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 118-121, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1540 . [all data]

Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 2006
Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Ozek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Can Baser, K.H.; Bedir, E.; Khan, I.A.; Wedge, D.E., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella species gathered from Central and Northern Turkey, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1117, 2, 194-205, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.075 . [all data]

Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 2006
Vichi, S.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; López-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons of virgin olive oil by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1125, 1, 117-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.05.029 . [all data]

Giuseppe, Manuela, et al., 2005
Giuseppe, Z.; Manuela, G.; Marta, B.; Vincenzo, G., Application of artificial neural network on mono- and sesquiterpenes compounds determined by headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the Piedmont ricotta cheese traceability, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1071, 1-2, 247-253, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.11.083 . [all data]

Sezik E., Kocakulak E., et al., 2005
Sezik E.; Kocakulak E.; Baser K.H.C.; Ozek T., Composition of the essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus subsp macrocarpa from Turkey, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, 41, 3, 352-354, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0149-0 . [all data]

Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 2005
Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Kirimer, N.; Baser, K.H.C.; Bedir, E.; Khand, I.A.; Wedge, D.E., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella aurea, Pimpinella corymbosa, Pimpinella peregrina and Pimpinella puberula gathered from Eastern and Southern Turkey, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1097, 1-2, 192-198, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.10.047 . [all data]

Demirci, Paper, et al., 2004
Demirci, F.; Paper, D.H.; Franz, G.; Hüsnü Can Baser, K., Investigation of the origanum onites L. essential oil using the Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM) assay, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 2, 251-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034850k . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Baser, Demirei, et al., 2002
Baser, K.H.C.; Demirei, B.; Özek, T.; Akalin, E.; Özhatay, N., Micro-distilled volatile compounds from Ferulago species growing in Western Turkey, Pharm. Biol., 2002, 40, 6, 466-471, https://doi.org/10.1076/phbi.40.6.466.8439 . [all data]

Paroul, Rota, et al., 2002
Paroul, N.; Rota, L.; Frizzo, C.; Atti dos Santos, A.C.; Moyna, P.; Gower, A.E.; Serafini, L.A., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Angelica root obtained by hydrodistillation and supercritical CO2 extraction, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2002, 14, 4, 282-285, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2002.9699855 . [all data]

Tunalier, Kirimer, et al., 2002
Tunalier, Z.; Kirimer, N.; Baser, K.H.C., The composition of essential oils from various parts of Juniperus foetidissima, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2002, 38, 1, 43-47, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015725630556 . [all data]

Gallori, Bilia, et al., 2001
Gallori, S.; Bilia, A.R.; Mulinacci, N.; Bicchi, C.; Rubiolo, P.; Vincieri, F.F., Identification of volatile constituents of Tambourissa leptophylla, Planta Medica, 2001, 67, 3, 290-292, https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2001-12001 . [all data]

Özcan, Akgül, et al., 2001
Özcan, M.; Akgül, A.; Bascr, K.H.C.; Özck, T.; Tabanca, N., Essential oil composition of sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum) form Turkey, Nahrung/Food, 2001, 45, 5, 353-356, https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3803(20011001)45:5<353::AID-FOOD353>3.0.CO;2-4 . [all data]

Saglam, Gozler, et al., 2001
Saglam, H.; Gozler, T.; Kivcak, B.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Volatile compounds from Haplophyllum myrtifolium, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2001, 37, 5, 442-444, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014467225815 . [all data]

Tabanca N., Demirci F., et al., 2001
Tabanca N.; Demirci F.; Ozek T.; Tumen G.; Baser K.H.C., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Origanum x dolichosiphon P. H. Davis, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2001, 37, 3, 238-241, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012513922871 . [all data]

Usubillaga, Aparicio, et al., 2001
Usubillaga, A.; Aparicio, R.; Romero, M.; Rojas, L.B.; Khouri, N., Volatile constituents from the leaves of four Libanothamus species from the Venezuelan Andes, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 3, 209-211, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.981 . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2000
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Demirci, B.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oil of Glaucosciadium cordifolium (Boiss.) Burtt et Davis from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 45-46, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<45::AID-FFJ867>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]

Bagci, Baser, et al., 1999
Bagci, E.; Baser, K.H.C.; Kürkcüoglu, M.; Babac, T.; Celik, S., Study of the essential oil composition of two subspecies of Abies cilicica (Ant. et Kotschy) Carr. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 1, 47-49, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199901/02)14:1<47::AID-FFJ782>3.0.CO;2-R . [all data]

Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 1999
Kirimer, N.; Tabanca, N.; Ozek, T.; Basher, K.H.C.; Tumen, G., Composition of essential oils from two endemic Sideritis species of Turkey, Chem. Natural Comp., 1999, 35, 1, 61-64, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02238211 . [all data]

Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998
Jakobsen, H.B.; Hansen, M.; Christensen, M.R.; Brockhoff, P.B.; Olsen, C.E., Aroma volatiles of blanched green peas (Pisum sativum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 9, 3727-3734, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980026y . [all data]

Reddy, Angers, et al., 1998
Reddy, M.V.B.; Angers, P.; Gosselin, A.; Arul, J., Characterization and use of essential oil from Thymus vulgaris against Botrytis cinerea and Rhizopus stolonifer in strawberry fruits, Phytochemistry, 1998, 47, 8, 1515-1520, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00795-4 . [all data]

Tirado, Stashenko, et al., 1995
Tirado, C.B.; Stashenko, E.E.; Combariza, M.Y.; Martinez, J.R., Comparative study of Colombian citrus oils by high-resolution gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1995, 697, 1-2, 501-513, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)00955-9 . [all data]

Kerrola and Kallio, 1994
Kerrola, K.M.; Kallio, H.P., Extraction of volatile compounds of angelica (Angelica archangelica L.) root by liquid carbon dioxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 10, 2235-2245, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00046a030 . [all data]

Luning, de Rijk, et al., 1994
Luning, P.A.; de Rijk, T.; Wichers, H.J.; Roozen, J.P., Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and sniffing port analyses of volatile compounds of fresh bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) at different ripening stages, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 977-983, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a027 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, References