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indium chloride

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.3 ± 0.2EIDefoort, Chatillon, et al., 1988LL
9.51PEBerkowitz and Dehmer, 1972LLK
9.71PEEgdell and Orchard, 1978Vertical value; LLK

Constants of diatomic molecules

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Klaus P. Huber and Gerhard H. Herzberg

Data collected through January, 1977

Symbols used in the table of constants
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for 115In35Cl
Continuous absorption, ~47600 cm-1.
Miescher and Wehrli, 1933; Froslie and Winans, 1947
D 1           D larrow X 
Miescher and Wehrli, 1933; missing citation; Froslie and Winans, 1947
C 1Pi 37483.6 177.3 HQ 12.6  2      C lrarrow X R 37410.7 HQ
Miescher and Wehrli, 1933; missing citation; missing citation
B 3Pi1 28560.2 339.4 3 H 2.1  [0.1152]   [2.4E-8]  [2.336] B lrarrow X V 28570.9 H
missing citation; Youngner and Winans, 1960; missing citation
A 3Pi0+ 27764.7 340.3 H 2.0  0.1155 0.000654  6.5E-8  2.333 A lrarrow X V 27775.9 H
missing citation; missing citation; missing citation
X 1Sigma+ 0 317.4 HQ 1.01  0.1090580 0.0005178 0.00000084 (5.14E-8)  2.401169 4  
Barrett and Mandel, 1958; Hoeft, 1961; Delvigne and De Wijn, 1966


1Narrow continuum, maximum at 38260 cm-1.
2The rotational analysis of v=0 by Froslie and Winans, 1947 is probably not correct [see Barrow, Glaser, et al., 1955, p.967-8]. Predissociation for vgeq1; the diffuseness is stronger for v=2 than for v=1.
3Constants from Wehrli and Miescher, 1933, slightly different constants in Ashrafunnisa, Rao, et al., 1974.
4Microwave sp. 7
5From thermochemical data and spectroscopic evidence about the 1Pi excited state Barrow, 1960; 4.51 eV by flame photometry Bulewicz, Phillips, et al., 1961.
6Adiabatic potential from the photoelectron spectrum Berkowitz and Dehmer, 1972; vertical potential 9.75 eV
7muel(v=0) = 3.79 D Tiemann, Hoeft, et al., 1972. Quadrupole coupling constants Schenk, Tiemann, et al., 1970.
8From D00(InCl) + I.P.(In) - I.P.(InCl).
9The maximum (vertical potential) of the very broad 2Pi peak is at 10.85 eV, i.e. the 2Pi potential curve in the Franck-Condon region has risen ~ 0.6 eV above its dissociation limit In+(1S) + Cl(2P).


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Constants of diatomic molecules, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Defoort, Chatillon, et al., 1988
Defoort, F.; Chatillon, C.; Bernard, C., Mass-spectrometric study of (indium + chlorine) (g) Enthalpies of formation of InCl(g), and In2Cl6(g), J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1988, 20, 1443. [all data]

Berkowitz and Dehmer, 1972
Berkowitz, J.; Dehmer, J.L., Photoelectron spectroscopy of high-temperature vapors. II. Chemical bonding in the Group III monohalides, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 57, 3194. [all data]

Egdell and Orchard, 1978
Egdell, R.G.; Orchard, A.F., He(II) Photoelectron spectra of indium(I) and thallium(I) halides, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1978, 74, 1179. [all data]

Miescher and Wehrli, 1933
Miescher, E.; Wehrli, M., Bandenspektren des indiumchlorids, Helv. Phys. Acta, 1933, 6, 256. [all data]

Froslie and Winans, 1947
Froslie, H.M.; Winans, J.G., The absorption spectrum of InCl, Phys. Rev., 1947, 72, 481. [all data]

Youngner and Winans, 1960
Youngner, P.; Winans, J.G., Molecular constants of InCl from absorption bands near 3600 angstroms, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1960, 4, 23. [all data]

Barrett and Mandel, 1958
Barrett, A.H.; Mandel, M., Microwave spectra of the Tl, In, and Ga monohalides, Phys. Rev., 1958, 109, 1572. [all data]

Hoeft, 1961
Hoeft, J., Das Mikrowellenrotationsspektrum des Indiummonoclorids, Z. Phys., 1961, 163, 262. [all data]

Delvigne and De Wijn, 1966
Delvigne, G.A.L.; De Wijn, H.W., Microwave rotational spectrum of indium monochloride, J. Chem. Phys., 1966, 45, 3318. [all data]

Barrow, Glaser, et al., 1955
Barrow, R.F.; Glaser, D.V.; Zeeman, P.B., Rotational analysis of bands of the A3«PI»0+, B3«PI»1-X1«SIGMA»+ systems of indium monofluoride, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sect. A, 1955, 68, 962. [all data]

Wehrli and Miescher, 1933
Wehrli, M.; Miescher, E., Die spektren der indiumhalogenide, Helv. Phys. Acta, 1933, 6, 457. [all data]

Ashrafunnisa, Rao, et al., 1974
Ashrafunnisa; Rao, D.V.K.; Murthy, A.A.N.; Rao, P.T., The band spectrum of InCl, Physica (Amsterdam), 1974, 73, 421. [all data]

Barrow, 1960
Barrow, R.F., Dissociation energies of the gaseous monohalides of boron, aluminium, gallium, indium, and thallium, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1960, 56, 952. [all data]

Bulewicz, Phillips, et al., 1961
Bulewicz, E.M.; Phillips, L.F.; Sugden, T.M., Determination of dissociation constants and heats of formation of simple molecules by flame photometry. Part 8. Stabilities of the gaseous diatomic halides of certain metals, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1961, 57, 921. [all data]

Tiemann, Hoeft, et al., 1972
Tiemann, E.; Hoeft, J.; Torring, T., Elektrisches Dipolmoment von InCl, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1972, 27, 869. [all data]

Schenk, Tiemann, et al., 1970
Schenk, B.; Tiemann, E.; Hoeft, J., Hyperfeinstruktur des Rotationsspektrums bei zwei vergleichbaren Quadrupolkopplungskonstanten: InJ, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1970, 25, 1827. [all data]


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