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Pyrazine, 3-ethyl-2,5-dimethyl-


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chemical Concepts
NIST MS number 223442

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1455.Shimoda and Shibamoto, 1990He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1078.Cerny and Guntz-Dubini, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillarySPB-51083.Deport, Ratel, et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBPX-51088.Dickschat J.S., Wagner-Dobler I., et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51081.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-51079.Siegmund and Murkovic, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m, -30. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBPX-51099.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBPX-51081.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51088.Ames, Guy, et al., 2001, 250. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51091.Ames, Guy, et al., 2001, 250. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11056.Kim, 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBPX-51084.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51082.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-51078.Whitfield and Mottram, 20014. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1081.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11063.Wu, Wang, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryBPX-51086.Hill, Isaacs, et al., 199950. m/0.325 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51087.Hill, Isaacs, et al., 199950. m/0.325 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51093.Hill, Isaacs, et al., 199950. m/0.325 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51094.Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51082.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-51082.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryBPX-51088.Ames, Defaye, et al., 199750. m/0.325 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11053.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11053.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11053.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-11055.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11062.Specht and Baltes, 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-11058.Zhang, Dorjpalam, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-11059.Izzo and Ho, 199150. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySE-301054.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySPB-11056.Huang, Bruechert, et al., 198760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-11056.Huang, Bruechert, et al., 198760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 40. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-541080.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 200625. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C(1min) => 4C/min => 140C => 20C/min => 240C(5min)
CapillaryDB-51069.Moon, Cliff, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 3C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 260C(2min)
CapillaryZB-51055.Lu, Hao, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 3C/min => 209C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1082.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1086.Martin and Ames, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 250C(15min)
CapillaryCP-Sil81086.Martin and Ames, 2001, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 250C (15min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1082.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-51088.Parker, Hassell, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: oC(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-541079.Tairu, Hofmann, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C (5min) => 10C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryBPX-51086.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryBPX-51095.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: OC (5min) => 60C/min => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryBPX-51092.Owens J.D., Allagheny N., et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: OC => 60C/min => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 250C(20min)
CapillaryDB-11062.Kuo, Zhang, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: -40C => 40C/min => 40C => 2C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-11062.Kuo, Zhang, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: -40C => 40C/min => 40C => 2C/min => 260C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1447.Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1450.Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1433.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1443.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1444.Kim, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101446.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryFFAP1477.Stephan and Steinhart, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPEG-20M1449.Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 199760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1438.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1449.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1439.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1408.Wu and Liou, 1992H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 1.5 K/min, 200. C @ 80. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101446.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101447.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1449.Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 198860. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1449.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1450.Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1429.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 200625. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1438.Alasalvar, Shahidi, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C => 2.5C/min => 155C
CapillaryFFAP1430.Tairu, Hofmann, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C (5min) => 10C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101439.Baek and Cadwallader, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C => (6C/min) => 80C(6min) => (15C/min) => 200C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1441.Amrani-Hemaimi, Cerny, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 6C/min => 150C => 30C/min => 240C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1083.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 999930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 15. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1079.Fanaro, Duarte, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 0.5 min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 0.5 min
CapillaryDB-51063.Shedid, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-11054.Du, Clery, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-51085.Du, Clery, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 8.5 min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySLB-5MS1093.Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 200810. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1.5 min, 10. K/min; Tend: 295. C
CapillaryDB-51089.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS1091.Schirack, Drake, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryMDN-51079.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryMDN-51080.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51083.Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 280. C @ 11.4 min
CapillaryDB-51079.Sanz, Czerny, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1080.Welty, Marshall, et al., 2001He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-11072.Chen and Ho, 199960. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-51080.Boylston and Viniyard, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryDB-11098.Chen and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11054.Buttery, Ling, et al., 199730. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-11061.Lu, Yu, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-11054.Buttery and Ling, 1995He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-11071.Yu and Ho, 199560. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-11054.Buttery, Stern, et al., 1994He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-11086.Yu, Wu, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-11067.Yu, Wu, et al., 1994, 260. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
PackedSE-541082.Schieberle, 1991Chromosorb G AW DMCS (100-120 mesh), 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 3. m
CapillaryHP-51082.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11053.Flath, Matsumoto, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11054.Flath, Matsumoto, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11055.Flath, Matsumoto, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11055.Flath, Matsumoto, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011059.Mihara and Masuda, 1987N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-11051.Wu, Liou, et al., 1987Hydrogen, 1. K/min, 200. C @ 35. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-51071.Gallois and Grimont, 1985H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011051.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1051.Lorenz, Stern, et al., 19834. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1054.Lorenz, Stern, et al., 19834. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySE-301055.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1052.Rodrigues, Hanson, et al., 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (15 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-51071.Yu and Zhang, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 260 0C 15 0C/min -> 280 0C (1 min)
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1085.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1079.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541080.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5MS1079.Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 200810. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1082.Wan Aida, Ho, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 80 0C (1 min) 20 0C -> 100 0C (1 min) 30 0C/min -> 230 0C (2 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1075.Xie, Sun, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1078.Xie, Sun, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1055.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1074.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-51083.Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors and Their Approximate Concentrations, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => 2C/min => 140C => 10C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1080.Chuang, Lee, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 50 0C (15 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1082.Ho, Wan Aida, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => 20C/min => 80C (1min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 30C/min => 230C(3min)
CapillaryBPX-51089.Duflos, Moine, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 5C/min => 100C => 20C/min => 280C (5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1056.Counet, Ouwerx, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1057.Counet, Callemien, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C=3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryDB-51077.Matsui, Guth, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillarySE-541079.Zehentbauer and Grosch, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 50C/min => 60C(2min) => 4C/min => 230C
CapillarySE-541079.Schermann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillarySE-541079.Schermann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-51079.Schieberle and Grosch, 1994He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-11053.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11055.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1434.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1443.Onishi, Inoue, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1431.Du, Clery, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 6. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1480.Marin, Pozrl, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1430.Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors and Their Approximate Concentrations, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1430.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1416.Schirack, Drake, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1416.Schirack, Drake, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1456.Yanagimoto, Ochi, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1442.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1449.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1452.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP1435.Qian and Reineccius, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP1433.Sanz, Czerny, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1474.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1459.Chyau and Mau, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min, 210. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1474.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1435.Buttery, Orts, et al., 199930. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1458.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1435.Buttery and Ling, 199830. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1459.Chyau, Lin, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min, 210. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1449.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1439.Wong and Bernhard, 1988He, 70. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1408.Wu, Liou, et al., 1987Hydrogen, 1. K/min, 200. C @ 35. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1431.Liardon and Ledermann, 1980H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 39. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1447.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1449.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1471.Xiao, Dai, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1421.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1429.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP1421.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1460.Shu and Shen, 200830. m/0.53 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1447.Shu and Shen, 200830. m/0.53 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax1453.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1439.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1423.Krings, Zelena, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1449.Didzbalis, Ritter, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 60C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryInnowax1456.Ito and Mori, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 3 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 260 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1446.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryFFAP1419.Matsui, Guth, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryFFAP1429.Zehentbauer and Grosch, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryFFAP1445.Schermann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP1445.Schermann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillarySupelcowax-101433.Schieberle and Grosch, 1994He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1400.Mihara and Masuda, 1987Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Shimoda and Shibamoto, 1990
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Bredie, Mottram, et al., 2002
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Ames, Guy, et al., 2001
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Ames, Guy, et al., 2001, 2
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Kim, 2001
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DeMilo, Lee, et al., 1996
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Specht and Baltes, 1994
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Zhang, Dorjpalam, et al., 1992
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Izzo and Ho, 1991
Izzo, H.V.; Ho, C.-T., Isolation and identification of the volatile components of an extruded autolyzed yeast extract, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 12, 2245-2248, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00012a029 . [all data]

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Huang, Bruechert, et al., 1987
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Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2006
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Lu, Hao, et al., 2005
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Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 2002
Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of the volatile components of two cultivars of potato cooked by boiling, conventional baking and microwave baking, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 9, 1080-1087, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1148 . [all data]

Martin and Ames, 2001
Martin, F.L.; Ames, J.M., Formation of Strecker aldehydes and pyrazines in a fried potato model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 8, 3885-3892, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010310g . [all data]

Martin and Ames, 2001, 2
Martin, F.L.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of flavor compounds of potato chips fried in palmolein and silicone fluid, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 2001, 78, 8, 863-866, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-001-0356-2 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000, 2
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 2000, 55, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(99)00137-0 . [all data]

Parker, Hassell, et al., 2000
Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3497-3506, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991302r . [all data]

Tairu, Hofmann, et al., 2000
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Elmore, Mottram, et al., 1999
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., Effect of the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of beef muscle on the profile of aroma volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 4, 1619-1625, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980718m . [all data]

Bredie, Mottram, et al., 1998
Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Aroma volatiles generated during extrusion cooking of maize flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 4, 1479-1487, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9708857 . [all data]

Owens J.D., Allagheny N., et al., 1997
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Kuo, Zhang, et al., 1989
Kuo, M.-C.; Zhang, Y.; Hartman, T.G.; Rosen, R.T.; Ho, C.-T., Selective purge-and-trap method for the analysis of volatile pyrazines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 4, 1020-1022, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00088a045 . [all data]

Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 2007
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Mahadevan and Farmer, 2006
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Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 7, 2690-2696, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981166a . [all data]

Stephan and Steinhart, 1999
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Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 1997
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Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 1996
Shimoda, M.; Peralta, R.R.; Osajima, Y., Headspace gas analysis of fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 11, 3601-3605, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960345u . [all data]

Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 1996
Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Nakada, Y.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Identification and sensory characterization of volatile flavor compounds in sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 12, 3909-3912, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960115f . [all data]

Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995
Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1616-1620, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a037 . [all data]

Wu and Liou, 1992
Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E., Volatile components of water-boiled duck meat and Cantonese style roasted duck, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 5, 838-841, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00017a026 . [all data]

Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 1989
Tanchotikul, U.; Hsieh, T.C.-Y., Volatile Flavor Components in Crayfish Waste, J. Food Sci., 1989, 54, 6, 1515-1520, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1989.tb05149.x . [all data]

Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 1988
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Whitfield, Mottram, et al., 1988
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Notes

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