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1-Pentadecene

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1140.1488.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
PackedSE-30150.1490.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryApolane130.1485.4Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApolane160.1486.7Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980, 2N2 or H2; Column length: 250. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L154.1488.Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980, 2N2 or H2; Column length: 250. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L164.1488.0Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980, 2N2 or H2; Column length: 250. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L164.1488.2Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980, 2N2 or H2; Column length: 250. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L164.1488.8Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980, 2N2 or H2; Column length: 250. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L164.1491.3Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980, 2N2 or H2; Column length: 250. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane130.1484.Soják, Hrivnák, et al., 1974 
CapillarySqualane130.1485.Soják, Hrivnák, et al., 1974 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011489.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011490.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-20M110.1527.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M110.1526.7Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980, 2N2; Column length: 300. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1492.8Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51492.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51492.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51492.Dural, Bagci, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51492.Ertugrul, Dural, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-11486.Senatore, Rigano, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51489.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51492.4Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51492.5Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51492.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1489.Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51494.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11487.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-51492.4Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51492.5Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51492.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1488.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryDB-51493.Zaikin and Borisov, 2002He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 30C => 5K/min=120C => 10C/min => 270C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1515.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1994He, 60. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1550.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1552.Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 198860. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-51495.Sivadier, Ratel, et al., 200960. m/0.32 mm/1.00 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51473.Havlik, Kokoska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-51492.Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH1490.Sojak, Kubinec, et al., 2006150. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51491.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51492.Yayli, Yasar, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 13. min
CapillaryDB-51492.Woerdenbag, Windono, et al., 200430. m/0.249 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51490.Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11491.Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011488.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011490.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-11489.Binder and French, 19944. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone1490.Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-11489.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-11489.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-11489.Binder, Turner, et al., 1990, 24. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySE-541492.Scribe, Ngoumbi-Nzouzi, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-1011500.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011491.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011483.Stern, Flath, et al., 198550. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySP-21001488.Alencar, Alves, et al., 1983He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-301488.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
PackedApiezon L1488.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1493.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1493.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillarySE-521502.Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDexsil 3001478.Lockey, 1981Column length: 15. m; Program: 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 340 0C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1512.Havlik, Kokoska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1544.Binder and French, 19944. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1558.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 199360. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1545.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1545.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1545.Binder, Turner, et al., 1990, 24. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1540.Buttery, Maddox, et al., 1986He, 60. C @ 40. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.66 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1540.Buttery, Parker, et al., 198150. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Beens, Tijssen, et al., 1998
Beens, J.; Tijssen, R.; Blomberg, J., Prediction of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic separations. A theoretical and practical exercise, J. Chromatogr. A, 1998, 822, 2, 233-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(98)00649-9 . [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980
Soják, L.; Krupcík, J.; Janák, J., Comparison of capillary columns coated with C87 hydrocarbon and squalane in the analysis of n-pentadecene isomers, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 191, 199-206, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86380-3 . [all data]

Soják, Krupcík, et al., 1980, 2
Soják, L.; Krupcík, J.; Janák, J., Gas chromatography of all C15-C18 linear alkenes on capillary columns with very high resolution power, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 195, 1, 43-64, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81542-3 . [all data]

Soják, Hrivnák, et al., 1974
Soják, L.; Hrivnák, J.; Ostrovský, I.; Janák, J., Capillary Gas Chromatography of Linear Alkenes on Squalane. Separation and Identification of n-Pentadecenes and n-Hexadecenes, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 91, 613-622, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97942-7 . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Rang, Orav, et al., 1988
Rang, S.A.; Orav, A.E.; Kuningas, K.R.; Meister, A.E.; Strense, T.V.; Eisen, O.G., Gas-Chromatographic Characteristics of unsaturated hydrocarbons, Academy of Sciences of Estonia SSR, Tallinn, Estonia SSR, 1988, 208. [all data]

Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007
Zeng, Y.-X.; Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Yang, H.; Fang, H.-Z.; Yi, L.-Z.; Zeng, Z.-D., Comparative analysis of volatile components from Clematis species growing in China, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2007, 595, 1-2, 328-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.12.022 . [all data]

Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2006
Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L.; Bagci, Y.; Dural, H.; Ertugrul, K.; Uysal, T.; Savran, A., A multivariate statistical approach to Centaurea classification using essential oil composition data of some species from Turkey, Pl. Syst. Evol., 2006, 261, 1-4, 217-228, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-006-0448-3 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oils and in vivo emission of volatiles of four Lamium species from Italy: L. purpureum, L. hybridum, L. bifidum and L. amplexicaule, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 63-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.047 . [all data]

Dural, Bagci, et al., 2003
Dural, H.; Bagci, Y.; Ertugrul, K.; Demirelma, H.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey, Centaurea mucronifera and Centaurea chrysantha, collected in the same habitat, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 12, 1417-1425, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00128-5 . [all data]

Ertugrul, Dural, et al., 2003
Ertugrul, K.; Dural, H.; Tugay, O.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oils from flowers of Centaurea kotschyi var. kotschyi and C. kotschyi var. decumbens from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 95-97, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1168 . [all data]

Senatore, Rigano, et al., 2003
Senatore, F.; Rigano, D.; de Fusco, R.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea cineraria L. subsp. umbrosa (lacaita) Pign. and Centaurea napifolia L. (Asteraceae), two species growing wild in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 3, 248-251, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1179 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003
Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 2003, 64, 3, 743-752, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00386-8 . [all data]

Song, Lai, et al., 2003
Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s)., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193. [all data]

Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 2001
Skaltsa, H.D.; Mavrommati, A.; Constantinidis, T., A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect. Swainsonianeae (Labiatae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 57, 2, 235-244, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00003-6 . [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Centaurea pelia DC., C. thessala Hausskn. subsp. drakiensis (Freyn Sint.) Georg. and C. zuccariniana DC. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 7-11, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<7::AID-FFJ860>3.0.CO;2-3 . [all data]

Lai and Song, 1995
Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 1995, 74, 10, 1436-1451, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-2361(95)00108-H . [all data]

Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 2006
Varlet V.; Knockaert C.; Prost C.; Serot T., Comparison of odor-active volatile compounds of fresh and smoked salmon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 9, 3391-3401, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf053001p . [all data]

Zaikin and Borisov, 2002
Zaikin, V.G.; Borisov, R.S., Chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of Fishcer-Tropsch synthesis products, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 2002, 57, 6, 544-551. [all data]

Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1994
Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds produced from peanut oil heated with different amounts of cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 8, 1743-1746, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00044a032 . [all data]

Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994
Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 984-988, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a028 . [all data]

Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 1988
Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1988, 46, 2, 227-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740460211 . [all data]

Sivadier, Ratel, et al., 2009
Sivadier, G.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Latency and persistence of diet volatile biomarkers in lamb fats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 2, 645-652, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802467q . [all data]

Havlik, Kokoska, et al., 2006
Havlik, J.; Kokoska, L.; Vasickova, S.; Valterova, I., Chemical composition of essential oil from the seeds of Nigella arvensis L. and assessment of its actimicrobial activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 713-717, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1713 . [all data]

Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 2006
Senatore, F.; Landolfi, S.; Celik, S.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea calcitrapa L. and Centaurea sphaerocephala L. ssp. sphaerocephala, two Asteraceae growing wild in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 282-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1585 . [all data]

Sojak, Kubinec, et al., 2006
Sojak, L.; Kubinec, R.; Jurdakova, H.; Hajekova, E.; Bajus, M., GC-MS of polyethylene and polypropylene thermal cracking produxts, Petroleum Coal, 2006, 48, 1, 1-14. [all data]

Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 2005
Senatore, F.; Apostolides Arnold, N.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea eryngioides Lam. and Centaurea liberica Trev. var. hermonis Boiss. Lam., two Asteraceae growing wild in Lebanon, Nat. Prod. Res., 2005, 19, 8, 749-754, https://doi.org/10.1080/14786410412331302136 . [all data]

Yayli, Yasar, et al., 2005
Yayli, N.; Yasar, A.; Gülec, C.; Usta, A.; Kolayli, S.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Karaoglu, S., Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Centaurea sessilis and Centaurea armena, Phytochemistry, 2005, 66, 14, 1741-1745, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.04.006 . [all data]

Woerdenbag, Windono, et al., 2004
Woerdenbag, H.J.; Windono, T.; Bos, R.; Riswan, S.; Quax, W.J., Composition of the essential oils of Kaempferia rotunda L. and Kaempferia angustifolia Roscoe rhizomes from Indonesia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 2, 145-148, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1284 . [all data]

Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 2002
Flamini, G.; Ertugrul, K.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Dural, H.; Bagci, Y., Volatile constituents of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey: C. pseudoscabiosa subsp. pseudoscabiosa and C. hadimensis, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2002, 30, 10, 953-959, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00043-1 . [all data]

Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 1996
Stashenko, E.E.; Puertas, M.A.; Combariza, M.Y., Volatile secondary metabolites from Spilanthes americana obtained by simultaneous steam distillation--solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 1996, 752, 1-2, 223-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00480-3 . [all data]

Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995
Tamura, H.; Nakamoto, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Characteristic aroma compounds in green algae (Ulva pertusa) volatiles, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 1995, 42, 11, 887-891, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.42.887 . [all data]

Binder and French, 1994
Binder, R.G.; French, R.C., Volatile components of Canada thistle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 12, 2942-2945, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00048a056 . [all data]

Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993
Bravo, A.; Hotchkiss, J.H., Identification of volatile compounds resulting from the thermal oxidation of polyethylene, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1993, 47, 10, 1741-1748, https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1993.070471004 . [all data]

Binder, Benson, et al., 1990
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Notes

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