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Dibenzothiophene

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1160.1717.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-101180.1739.8Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Large deviations from similar measurements; Measurement made at atypical conditions

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-11741.9Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011728.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199715. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1733.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1742.Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996Program: 50C (2min) => 20C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 210C => 10C/min => 300C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1724.Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996Program: 50C (2min) => 20C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 210C => 10C/min => 300C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra-11722.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryPB-11719.Andersson and Weis, 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51719.Andersson and Weis, 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51764.Soderstrom, White, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51774.Soderstrom, White, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51774.Soderstrom, White, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51776.Soderstrom, White, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51780.Soderstrom, White, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1728.Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1721.Zenkevich, 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1766.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1768.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRxi-5 MS295.47Zeigler, Schantz, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 340. C @ 0. min
CapillaryDB-5MS295.99Sun, Zhou, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 16. min
CapillaryHP-5296.06Pedersen, Durant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6. K/min, 310. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5295.59Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5295.59Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS295.73Zhou, Wang, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 65. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 290. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5MS295.85Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5295.6Durlak, Biswas, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 15. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5295.6Durlak, Biswas, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 15. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5296.01Williams and Bottrill, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryPB-1295.77Andersson and Weis, 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5295.78Andersson and Weis, 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5295.96Wang, Fingas, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySPB-5296.3Knobloch and Engewald, 199340. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB295.9Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-101295.95Blanco, Blanco, et al., 1989H2, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5295.4Palmentier, Britten, et al., 198980. C @ 1. min, 3.5 K/min, 300. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5295.59Wise, Benner, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-73295.9Arpino, Ignatiadis, et al., 198768. m/0.28 mm/0.15 «mu»m, 1.5 K/min
CapillaryDB-5296.03Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5294.74Tong, Centen, et al., 1985He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-5295.312Tong, Shore, et al., 1984He, 80. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-52296.00Kong, Lee, et al., 1982H2, 8. K/min; Column length: 19.6 m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySE-52295.39Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 198220. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 265. C
CapillarySE-52296.01Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 198220. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 265. C
CapillarySE-52295.81Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5296.Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS295.95Wang, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 258C => 2C/min => 300C(4min)
CapillaryHP-5MS295.59Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS295.95Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS295.70Zhou, Wang, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5295.7Lundstedt, Haglund, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5294.65Thuss, Popp, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.10 «mu»m, He; Program: A: 105 0C (2 min) 2.5 0C -> 230 0C 50 0C/min -> 305 0C (15 min) B: 95 0C (2 min) 3.8 0C/min -> 310 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5293.59Mössner, de Alda, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 45 C/min => 150C (2 min) => 2 C/min => 300 C (25 min)
CapillaryHP-5295.7Becker, Nilsson, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 25C/min => 160C => 3C/min => 300C(50min)
CapillaryDB-5295.28Zamperlini, Silva, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 90C (1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 4C/min => 310C (20min)
CapillarySE-54295.24Guillen, Iglesias, et al., 1992Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5295.2Paschke, Herbel, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 100 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB295.8Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB295.9Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54295.9Peterman and Delfino, 199015. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 125 0C (15 min) 1 0C/min -> 131 0C 4 0C/min -> 247 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-5294.9Takada, Onda, et al., 1990He; Program: 70C(2min) => 30C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 310C
CapillaryOV-101295.9Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5295.81Tong, Centen, et al., 1985He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Lee's RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax295.17Andersson and Weis, 199430. m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997
Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 1997, 76, 5, 415-423, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(97)85518-4 . [all data]

Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 208, 1, 9-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)87953-4 . [all data]

Zhang, Shen, et al., 2000
Zhang, M.-J.; Shen, S.-D.; Chen, S.-Y.; Sun, Y.-H., Analysis of heavy oil fractions in high-temperature coal tar by capillary gas chromatography/fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 2000, 18, 3, 241-246. [all data]

Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 1997
Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00078-2 . [all data]

Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996
Oda, J.; Ichikawa, S.; Mori, T., Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulates by capillary GC/MS method with programmed temperature relative retention index, Bunseki Kagaku, 1996, 45, 9, 825-835, https://doi.org/10.2116/bunsekikagaku.45.825 . [all data]

Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 1996
Elizalde-González, M.P.; Hutfliess, M.; Hedden, K., Retention index system, adsorption characteristics, and sructure correlations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fuels, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 6, 345-352, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240190608 . [all data]

Andersson and Weis, 1994
Andersson, J.T.; Weis, U., Gas Chromatographic Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds with Fluorinated Analogues as Internal Standards, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 659, 1, 151-161, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)85017-8 . [all data]

Soderstrom, White, et al., 2001
Soderstrom, M.; White, E.; Abis, L.; Sliwakowski, M., Summary report of the eight meeting of the validation group for the updating of the central OPCW analytical database, 28-29 November 2000, CS-2001-2242, Verification Division S/239/2001, 2001, 14. [all data]

Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 1998
Oda, J.; Yasuhara, A.; Matsunaga, K.; Saito, Y., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of the particulate accumulated in the tunnel duct of freeway and generation of their oxygenated derivatives, Jpn. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 1998, 44, 5, 334-351, https://doi.org/10.1248/jhs1956.44.334 . [all data]

Zenkevich, 1994
Zenkevich, I.G., Contemporary State of Informational Maintenance for Gas Chromatographic Identification of Chlorinated Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, Zh. Ecol. Khim., 1994, 3, 2, 111-119. [all data]

Geldon, 1989
Geldon, A.L., Ground Water Hydrology of the Central Raton Basin, Colorado and New Mexico, US Geological Survey, US Government Printing Office, 1989, 104. [all data]

Zeigler, Schantz, et al., 2012
Zeigler, C.; Schantz, M.; Wise, S.; Robbat, A., Mass spectra and retention indices for polycyclic aromatic sulfur heterocycles and some alkylated analogs, Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, 2012, 32, 2, 154-176, https://doi.org/10.1080/10406638.2011.651679 . [all data]

Sun, Zhou, et al., 2008
Sun, P.; Zhou, Q.; Li, G.; Wang, X.; Zhao, Y.; Cao, L., fingerprint analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in crude oil by internal standard method, J. Instrumental Anal., 2008, 27, 4, 344-348. [all data]

Pedersen, Durant, et al., 2005
Pedersen, D.U.; Durant, J.L.; Taghizadeh, K.; Hemond, H.F.; Lafleur, A.L.; Cass, G.R., Human cell mutagenes in respirable airborne particles from the Northeastern United States. 2. Quantification of mutagenes and other organic compounds., Environ. Sci. Technol., 2005, 39, 24, 9547-9560, https://doi.org/10.1021/es050886c . [all data]

Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004
Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 2004, 48, 2, 169-180. [all data]

Zhou, Wang, et al., 2004
Zhou, J.; Wang, T.; Shi, Q.; Huang, Y.; Mao, T.; Zhong, N.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, X., Determination of sulfur and oxygen containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in inhalable particulate by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Chin. Mass Spectrom. Soc., 2004, 25, 3, 134-140. [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Durlak, Biswas, et al., 1998
Durlak, S.K.; Biswas, P.; Shi, J.; Bernhard, M.J., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon particulate and gaseous emissions from polystyrene combustion, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1998, 32, 15, 2301-2307, https://doi.org/10.1021/es9709031 . [all data]

Williams and Bottrill, 1995
Williams, P.T.; Bottrill, R.P., Sulfur-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in tyre pyrolysis oil, Fuel, 1995, 74, 5, 736-742, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-2361(94)00005-C . [all data]

Wang, Fingas, et al., 1994
Wang, Z.; Fingas, M.; Li, K., Fractionation of a light crude oil and identification and quantitation of aliphatic, aromatic, and biomarker comopunds by GC-FID and GC-MS, Part II, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1994, 32, 9, 367-382, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/32.9.367 . [all data]

Knobloch and Engewald, 1993
Knobloch, T.; Engewald, W., Identification of some polar polycyclic compounds in emissions from brown-coal-fired residential stoves, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1993, 16, 4, 239-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240160407 . [all data]

Bundt, Herbel, et al., 1991
Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1991, 14, 2, 91-98, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240140205 . [all data]

Blanco, Blanco, et al., 1989
Blanco, C.G.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Guillen, M.D., Capillary gas chromatography of some polycyclic aromatic compounds on several stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 465, 3, 378-385, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)92675-5 . [all data]

Palmentier, Britten, et al., 1989
Palmentier, J.-P.F.; Britten, A.J.; Charbonneau, G.M.; Karasek, F.W., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in lubricating oil base stocks using high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 469, 241-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96459-3 . [all data]

Wise, Benner, et al., 1988
Wise, S.A.; Benner, B.A.; Byrd, G.D.; Chesler, S.N.; Rebbert, R.E.; Schantz, M.M., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coal tar standard reference material, Anal. Chem., 1988, 60, 9, 887-894, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00160a012 . [all data]

Arpino, Ignatiadis, et al., 1987
Arpino, P.J.; Ignatiadis, I.; de Rycke, G., Sulphur-containing polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons from petroleum. Examination of their possible statistical formation in sediments, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 390, 2, 329-348, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94385-7 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Tong, Centen, et al., 1985
Tong, H.Y.; Centen, J.D.; Karasek, F.W.; Jellum, E.; Helland, P., Identification of Trace Organic Compounds in Dimethyl Sulphoxide Solution Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 324, 373-383, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)81336-4 . [all data]

Tong, Shore, et al., 1984
Tong, H.Y.; Shore, D.L.; Karasek, F.W.; Helland, P.; Jellum, E., Identification of organic compounds obtained from incineration of municipal waste by high-performance liquid chromatographic fractionation and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 285, 423-441, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87784-0 . [all data]

Kong, Lee, et al., 1982
Kong, R.C.; Lee, M.L.; Tominaga, Y.; Pratap, R.; Iwao, M.; Castle, R.N.; Wise, S.A., Capillary Column Gas Chromatographic Resolution of Isomeric Polycylic Aromatic Sulfur Heterocycles in a Coal Liquid, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1982, 20, 11, 502-510, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/20.11.502 . [all data]

Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 1982
Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 252, 1-20, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88394-1 . [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]

Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007
Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2007, 79, 1-2, 215-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2006.12.004 . [all data]

Wang, Li, et al., 2007
Wang, Z.; Li, K.; Lambert, P.; Yang, C., Identification, characterization and quantitation of pyrogenic polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons and other organic compounds in tire fire products, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1139, 1, 14-26, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.10.085 . [all data]

Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 2
Wang, Z.; Li, K.; Lambert, P.; Brown, C.E.; Yang, C.; Hollebone, B.P., Identification and characterization of polycyclic aromatic compounds in tire fire products and differentiation of pyrogenic PAHs from petrogenic PAHs in Proceedings of the 30th Arctic and Marine Oilspill (AMOP) Technical Seminar. Vol.1, 2007, 61-85. [all data]

Lundstedt, Haglund, et al., 2003
Lundstedt, S.; Haglund, P.; Öberg, L., Degradation and formation of polycyclic aromatic compounds during bioslurry treatment of an aged gasworks soil, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 2003, 22, 7, 1413-1420, https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620220701 . [all data]

Thuss, Popp, et al., 2000
Thuss, U.; Popp, P.; Ehrlich, C.; Kalkoff, W.-D., Identification and quantification of thaarenes in the flue gas of lignite-fired domestic heating, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 2000, 23, 7/8, 457-473, https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4168(20000801)23:7/8<457::AID-JHRC457>3.0.CO;2-7 . [all data]

Mössner, de Alda, et al., 1999
Mössner, S.G.; de Alda, M.J.L.; Sander, L.C.; Lee, M.L.; Wise, S.A., Gas chromatographic retention behavior of polycyclic aromatic sulfur heterocyclic compounds, (dibenzothiophene, naphtho[b]thiophenes, benzo[b]naphthothiophenes and alkyl-substituted derivatives) on stationary phases of different selectivity, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 841, 2, 207-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00363-5 . [all data]

Becker, Nilsson, et al., 1998
Becker, G.; Nilsson, U.; Colmsjö, A.; Östman, C., Determination of polycyclic aromatic sulfur heterocyclic compounds in airborne particulate by gas chromatography with atomic emission and mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 1998, 826, 1, 57-66, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(98)00729-8 . [all data]

Zamperlini, Silva, et al., 1997
Zamperlini, G.C.M.; Silva, M.R.S.; Vilegas, W., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sugar cane soot by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Chromatographia, 1997, 46, 11/12, 655-663, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02490527 . [all data]

Guillen, Iglesias, et al., 1992
Guillen, M.D.; Iglesias, M.J.; Dominguez, A.; Blanco, C.G., Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon retention indices on SE-54 stationary phase of the volatile components of a coal tar pitch. Relationships between chromatographic retention and thermal reactivity, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 591, 1-2, 287-295, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80246-Q . [all data]

Paschke, Herbel, et al., 1992
Paschke, A.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Determination of mono- to tetracyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in lubricating oil, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 12, 827-833, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240151211 . [all data]

Peterman and Delfino, 1990
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Takada, H.; Onda, T.; Ogura, N., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban street dusts and their source materials by capillary gas chromatography, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1990, 24, 8, 1179-1186, https://doi.org/10.1021/es00078a005 . [all data]

Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986
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Notes

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