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Lead oxide


Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas70.29kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1971
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar239.98J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1971

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 2500. - 6000.2500. - 6000.
A 36.0167536.01675
B 2.0529552.052955
C -0.879201-0.879201
D 0.1627050.162705
E -0.377326-0.377326
F 58.2019558.20195
G 280.8732280.8732
H 70.2912070.29120
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in December, 1971 Data last reviewed in December, 1971

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-202.25kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1971
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid,1 bar73.38J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1971
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-219.41kJ/molReviewChase, 1998red phase; Data last reviewed in December, 1971

Liquid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 1159. - 2500.
A 65.00221
B -0.003325
C 0.001718
D -0.000297
E -0.000306
F -221.6307
G 152.0390
H -202.2491
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in December, 1971

Solid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 298. - 1159.298. - 762.762. - 1159.
A 51.651487.46557047.86340
B 10.49858179.586012.55480
C -2.693856-233.5490-0.001810
D 1.758934109.20700.000416
E -0.7877180.2338320.000200
F -237.9006-226.9830-234.8160
G 121.338532.54460118.9100
H -219.4094-219.4090-219.4090
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment red phase; Data last reviewed in December, 1971 yellow phase; Data last reviewed in December, 1971 yellow phase; Data last reviewed in December, 1971

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.1 ± 0.1eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.7220 ± 0.0060LPESPolak, Gilles, et al., 1993B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.4 ± 0.3EIMakarov and Zbezhneva, 1993LL
9.5 ± 0.4EISemenikhin, Rykov, et al., 1983LBLHLM
9.08 ± 0.10EIZmbov and Miletic, 1978LLK
9.1 ± 0.5EIUy and Drowart, 1969RDSH
9.0 ± 0.5EIDrowart, Colin, et al., 1965RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
Pb+11. ± 1.OEIUy and Drowart, 1969RDSH

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner COBLENTZ SOCIETY
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin DESOTO CHEMICAL COATINGS, INC.
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 4712
Date Not specified, most likely prior to 1970
Name(s) LITHARGE
State SOLID (0.8 mg / 300 mg CsI DISC)
Instrument Not specified, most likely a grating spectrometer.
Resolution 4
Sampling procedure TRANSMISSION
Data processing DIGITIZED BY NIST FROM HARD COPY (FROM TWO SEGMENTS)

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Constants of diatomic molecules

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Klaus P. Huber and Gerhard H. Herzberg

Data collected through July, 1977

Symbols used in the table of constants
SymbolMeaning
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for 208Pb16O
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
Fragments of two further absorption systems in the region 54800 - 57500 cm-1; not fully published.
Barrow, 1970
G 51661 540.5 H 6        G larrow X R 51570 H
Barrow, 1970
F 51153 558.5 H 3        F larrow X R 51072 H
Barrow, 1970
E 0+ 34454 454 H 7  (0.239) 1 (0.0014)    (2.18) E lrarrow X R 34320 H
missing citation; Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
D 1 30198.7 530.5 H 2.92  0.2711 2 3 0.0031  (0.28E-6)  2.046 D lrarrow X 4 R 30103.5 H
Howell, 1936; missing citation; Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961; missing citation
C' 1 24947 494 H 3.0  0.248 5 0.0018  (0.25E-6)  2.14 C' larrow X R 24833 H
Howell, 1936; Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961; Barrow, 1970
C 0+ 23820 532 6 H 3.9  0.254 0.002  (0.25E-6)  2.11 C larrow X R 23725 H
Howell, 1936; Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961; Barrow, 1970
B 1 22285 498.0 7 H 2.20  0.2646 8 3 0.0026  (0.30E-6)  2.071 B lrarrow X 9 10 R 22173.4 H
Howell, 1936; Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
A 0+ 19862.6 444.3 11 H 0.54 11  0.25869 3 0.00138  (0.33E-6)  2.0946 A lrarrow X 9 4 R 19725.0 H
Bloomenthal, 1930; missing citation; Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961; Linton and Broida, 1976
b 0- (3Sigma+) (16454) (441)         b rarrow X R 16315 H
Oldenborg, Dickson, et al., 1975; Kurylo, Braun, et al., 1976
a 1 (3Sigma+) 16024.9 481.5 H 2.45  (0.252)     (2.12) a rarrow X R 15905.4 H
missing citation; Kurylo, Braun, et al., 1976; missing citation
X 1Sigma+ 0 721.0 H 3.54 12  0.3073056 3 0.0019148  (0.223E-6)  1.921813 13  
Torring, 1964
Matrix IR sp.
Ogden and Ricks, 1972

Notes

1Strong perturbations make the constants for this state somewhat uncertain. For 206Pb0. Be = 0.2421 Barrow, 1970, alphae = 0.0026 Barrow, 1970.
2Perturbations in v=0 Ram, Singh, et al., 1973.
3RKR potential functions Nair, Singh, et al., 1965.
4Franck-Condon factors Nicholls, Fraser, et al., 1959.
5 Barrow, 1970 quotes Be = 0.2491 Barrow, 1970 (extrapololated from v=6,7) for 206PbO.
6The vibrational numbering of Howell, 1936 has been increased by 2.
7Vibrational constants from Howell, 1936; Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961 give omegae = 493.5 Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961, omegaexe= 2.26 Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961. Irregular vibrational intervals.
8Rotational perturbations in v=1 Ram, Singh, et al., 1973.
9Lifetimes tau[B(v=0,1)] = 2.58 mus Oldenborg, Dickson, et al., 1975; tau[A(v=2)] = 3.75 mus Oldenborg, Dickson, et al., 1975.
10Relative intensities Dube, Upadhya, et al., 1970; transition probabilities Dube, 1971.
11Constants derived from band heads with v' leq 6 Linton and Broida, 1976, in good agreement with results quoted by Barrow, 1970 from an unpublished thesis by Travis (rotational analysis of v=0... 3 of 206PbO) but considerably smaller than earlier values (omegae = 451.7, omegaexe = 3.33) proposed by Bloomenthal, 1930.
12Ground state levels observed to v=l5 Linton and Broida, 1976.
13Microwave sp. 15
14Thermochemical value (mass-spectrometry) Drowart, Colin, et al., 1965. From the Pb + O3 chemiluminescence spectrum under single-collision conditions Oldenborg, Dickson, et al., 1975 derive D00 geq 3.74 eV.
15Stark effect, muel(v=0) = 4.64 D Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1969. Zeeman effect, gJ(v=0) = -0.1623 Honerjager and Tischer, 1973.

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Constants of diatomic molecules, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Polak, Gilles, et al., 1993
Polak, M.L.; Gilles, M.K.; Gunion, R.F.; Lineberger, W.C., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of PbO-, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1993, 210, 1-3, 55, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(93)89099-4 . [all data]

Makarov and Zbezhneva, 1993
Makarov, A.V.; Zbezhneva, S.G., Use of high-temperature mass spectrometry for analysis of the vapour phase of some substances used in film deposition, Vysokochist. Veshchestva, 1993, 1, 124. [all data]

Semenikhin, Rykov, et al., 1983
Semenikhin, V.I.; Rykov, A.N.; Sidorov, L.N., Mass spectrometric study of the evaporation of lead monoxide, Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1983, 47, 1008, In original 1663. [all data]

Zmbov and Miletic, 1978
Zmbov, K.F.; Miletic, M., Mass spectrometric determination of the dissociation energy of PbO2 and ionization potentials of PbO and PbO2 molecules, Adv. Mass Spectrom., 1978, 7, 573. [all data]

Uy and Drowart, 1969
Uy, O.M.; Drowart, J., Mass spectrometric determination of the dissociation energies of the molecules BiO, BiS, BiSe and BiTe, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1969, 65, 3221. [all data]

Drowart, Colin, et al., 1965
Drowart, J.; Colin, R.; Exsteen, G., Mass spectrometric study of the vaporization of lead monoxide. Dissociation energy of PbO, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1965, 61, 1376. [all data]

Barrow, 1970
Barrow, In Rosen, 1970, 1970, 320. [all data]

Barrow, Deutsch, et al., 1961
Barrow, R.F.; Deutsch, J.L.; Travis, D.N., Rotational analysis of absorption bands of lead monoxide, Nature (London), 1961, 191, 374. [all data]

Howell, 1936
Howell, H.G., The absorption spectrum of lead oxide (PbO), Proc. R. Soc. London A, 1936, 153, 683. [all data]

Bloomenthal, 1930
Bloomenthal, S., Vibrational quantum analysis and isotope effect for the lead oxide band spectra, Phys. Rev., 1930, 35, 34. [all data]

Linton and Broida, 1976
Linton, C.; Broida, H.P., Chemiluminescent spectra of PbO from reactions of Pb atoms, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1976, 62, 396. [all data]

Oldenborg, Dickson, et al., 1975
Oldenborg, R.C.; Dickson, C.R.; Zare, R.N., A new electronic band system of PbO, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1975, 58, 283. [all data]

Kurylo, Braun, et al., 1976
Kurylo, M.J.; Braun, W.; Abramowitz, S.; Krauss, M., A study of the chemiluminescence of the Pb + O3 reactions, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A, 1976, 80, 167. [all data]

Torring, 1964
Torring, T., Das Mikrowellenrotationsspektrum des Bleimonoxids, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1964, 19, 1426. [all data]

Ogden and Ricks, 1972
Ogden, J.S.; Ricks, M.J., Matrix Isolation Studies of Group IV Oxides. IV. Infrared Spectra and Structures of PbO, Pb2O2, and Pb4O4, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 56, 4, 1658, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1677422 . [all data]

Ram, Singh, et al., 1973
Ram, R.S.; Singh, J.; Upadhya, K.N., Structure and analysis of some bands of the B --> X and D --> X systems of PbO, Spectrosc. Lett., 1973, 6, 9, 515-540. [all data]

Nair, Singh, et al., 1965
Nair, K.P.R.; Singh, R.B.; Rai, D.K., Potential-energy curves and dissociation energies of oxides and sulfides of group IV A elements, J. Chem. Phys., 1965, 43, 3570. [all data]

Nicholls, Fraser, et al., 1959
Nicholls, R.W.; Fraser, P.A.; Jarmain, W.R., Transition probability parameters of molecular spectra arising from combustion processes, Combust. Flame, 1959, 3, 13. [all data]

Dube, Upadhya, et al., 1970
Dube, P.S.; Upadhya, K.N.; Rai, D.K., Electronic transition-moment variation in the B1-X1«SIGMA»+ system of PbO and determination of the effective vibrational temperature, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 1970, 10, 1191. [all data]

Dube, 1971
Dube, P.S., Einstein coefficient oscillator strength and the lifetime measurement in the B1 - X1«SIGMA» system of PbO, Curr. Sci., 1971, 40, 32. [all data]

Hoeft, Lovas, et al., 1969
Hoeft, J.; Lovas, F.J.; Tiemann, E.; Tischer, R.; Torring, T., Elektrisches Dipolmoment und Mikrowellenrotationsspektrum von SnO, SnS, PbO und PbS, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1969, 24, 1222. [all data]

Honerjager and Tischer, 1973
Honerjager, R.; Tischer, R., gJ-Faktor der Molekeln SnO und PbO und Anisotropie ihrer magnetischen Suszeptibilitat, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1973, 28, 1372. [all data]

Rosen, 1970
Rosen, B., International tables of selected constants. 17. Spectroscopic data relative to diatomic molecules, Pub. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1970, 0. [all data]


Notes

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