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1,4-Naphthalenedione

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-23.3 ± 0.45kcal/molCcbRibeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
14.99100.Singh S.N., 1969Comparison with values estimated by difference method [ Dorofeeva O.V., 1997] supposes that selected value of S(298.15 K) can be underestimated by 20 J/mol*K. Uncertainty of Cp(298.15 K) is evaluated as 10 J/mol*K.; GT
24.097200.
35.500298.15
35.903300.
46.967400.
56.472500.
64.175600.
71.960700.
75.339800.
79.412900.
82.6911000.
85.5231100.
87.6361200.
89.8471300.
91.5111400.
92.9211500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-45.05 ± 0.41kcal/molCcbRibeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-1100.4 ± 0.26kcal/molCcbRibeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -45.05 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)
Deltacsolid-1101.559kcal/molCcbMagnus, 1956Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -43.898 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)
Deltacsolid-1100.8kcal/molCcbSwietoslawski and Starczedska, 1925Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -44.7 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus399.15KN/ASchmitt and Reid, 1986Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub21.7 ± 0.2kcal/molCRibeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989ALS
Deltasub21.7kcal/molN/ARibeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989DRB
Deltasub21.7 ± 0.2kcal/molCRibeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989AC
Deltasub17.3kcal/molCMagnus, 1956ALS

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
21.7 ± 0.5313.TE,MEde Kruif, 1981AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.5 ± 0.1eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.81 ± 0.11TDEqChowdhury, Heinis, et al., 1986«DELTA»Gea(423 K) = 40.2 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea = -4.0 eu; B
1.804 ± 0.048IMREFukuda and McIver, 1985«DELTA»Gea(355 K) = -40.2 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea =-4.0, est. from data in Heinis, Chowdhury, et al., 1988; B
>0.799982ECDChen and Wentworth, 1983B
>0.598425ESCollins, Christophorou, et al., 1970B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.4PEMillefiori, Gulino, et al., 1990LL
9.67 ± 0.02PERedchenko, Freimanis, et al., 1980LLK
9.49PELauer, Schafer, et al., 1975LLK
9.56 ± 0.01PIPotapov and Sorokin, 1971LLK
9.60PEMillefiori, Gulino, et al., 1990Vertical value; LL

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C6H4+15.7 ± 0.2?EIGrutzmacher and Lohmann, 1967RDSH

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin D.HENNEBERG, MAX-PLANCK INSTITUTE, MULHEIM, WEST GERMANY
NIST MS number 61222

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Kuboyama, 1960
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 1783
Instrument Cary 14M
Melting point 128.5
Boiling point sub

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30180.1410.Llobera and García-Raso, 1987N2, Chromosorb P AW DMCS; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30190.1418.Llobera and García-Raso, 1987N2, Chromosorb P AW DMCS; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30200.1427.Llobera and García-Raso, 1987N2, Chromosorb P AW DMCS; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M180.2205.Llobera and García-Raso, 1987N2, Chromosorb P AW DMCS (60-80 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M190.2216.Llobera and García-Raso, 1987N2, Chromosorb P AW DMCS (60-80 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M200.2228.Llobera and García-Raso, 1987N2, Chromosorb P AW DMCS (60-80 mesh); Column length: 2. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1365.Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS241.61Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS241.61Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillarySPB-5241.6Knobloch and Engewald, 199340. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-52240.82Boenke and Ballschmiter, 1987Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillarySE-52240.82Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ribeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989
Ribeiro Da Silva, M.A.V.; Ribeiro Da Silva, D.M.C.; Teixeira, J.A.S., Enthalpies of combustion of 1,4-naphthoquinone, 9,10-anthraquinone, 9,10-phenanthraquinone, 1,4,9,10-anthradiquinone, 5,8-dihydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone, and 1,4-dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1989, 21, 265-274. [all data]

Singh S.N., 1969
Singh S.N., Thermodynamic properties of some condensed ring quinones, Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys., 1969, 7, 52-53. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1997
Dorofeeva O.V., Unpublished results. Thermocenter of Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, 1997. [all data]

Magnus, 1956
Magnus, A., Die resonanzenergien der parachinone Aui grund der prazisionsmessungsen ihrer verbrennungswarmen durch herrn gerhard wittwer, Z. Phys. Chem. (Neue Folge), 1956, 9, 141-161. [all data]

Swietoslawski and Starczedska, 1925
Swietoslawski, W.; Starczedska, H., Correction des donnees thermochimiques de M.A. Valeur, J. Chem. Phys., 1925, 22, 399-401. [all data]

Schmitt and Reid, 1986
Schmitt, W.J.; Reid, R.C., Solubility of Monofunctional Organic Solids in Chemical Diverse Supercritical Fluids, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1986, 31, 204. [all data]

de Kruif, 1981
de Kruif, C.G., Thermodynamic properties of 1,4-benzoquinone (BQ), 1,4-hydroquinone (HQ), 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ), 1,4-naphthohydroquinone (NHQ), and the complexes BQ--HQ 1:1, NQ--HQ 1:1, NQ--NHQ 2:1, and NQ--NHQ 1:1, J. Chem. Phys., 1981, 74, 10, 5838, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.440898 . [all data]

Chowdhury, Heinis, et al., 1986
Chowdhury, S.; Heinis, T.; Grimsrud, E.P.; Kebarle, P., Entropy Changes and Electron Affinities from Gas-Phase Electron Transfer Equilibria: A- + B = A + B-, J. Phys. Chem., 1986, 90, 12, 2747, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100403a037 . [all data]

Fukuda and McIver, 1985
Fukuda, E.K.; McIver, R.T., Jr., Relative electron affinities of substituted benzophenones, nitrobenzenes, and quinones. [Anchored to EA(SO2) from 74CEL/BEN], J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 2291. [all data]

Heinis, Chowdhury, et al., 1988
Heinis, T.; Chowdhury, S.; Scott, S.L.; Kebarle, P., Electron Affinities of Benzo-, Naphtho-, and Anthraquinones Determined from Gas-Phase Equilibria Measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 2, 400, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00210a015 . [all data]

Chen and Wentworth, 1983
Chen, E.C.M.; Wentworth, W.E., Determination of molecular electron affinities using the electron capture detector in the pulse sampling mode at steady state, J. Phys. Chem., 1983, 87, 45. [all data]

Collins, Christophorou, et al., 1970
Collins, P.M.; Christophorou, L.G.; Chaney, E.L.; Carter, J.G., Energy Dependence of the Electron Attachment Cross Section and the Transient Negative Ion Lifetime for p-Benzoquinone and 1,4-naphthoquinone, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1970, 4, 10, 646, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(70)80108-7 . [all data]

Millefiori, Gulino, et al., 1990
Millefiori, S.; Gulino, A.; Casarin, M., UV Photoelectron spectra, reduction potentials and MO calculations of intramolecularly hydrogen-bonded naphtoquinones, J. Chim. Phys., 1990, 87, 317. [all data]

Redchenko, Freimanis, et al., 1980
Redchenko, V.V.; Freimanis, Y.F.; Dregeris, Y.Y., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of 2,3-Disubtituted naphthoquinones, J. Gen. Chem. USSR, 1980, 50, 1507, In original 1847. [all data]

Lauer, Schafer, et al., 1975
Lauer, G.; Schafer, W.; Schweig, A., Assignment of the four lowest ionized states of p-benzoquinone and the question of "lone pair" splitting in this system, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1975, 33, 312. [all data]

Potapov and Sorokin, 1971
Potapov, V.K.; Sorokin, V.V., Photoionization and ion-molecule reactions in quinones and alcohols, High Energy Chem., 1971, 5, 435, In original 487. [all data]

Grutzmacher and Lohmann, 1967
Grutzmacher, H.-F.; Lohmann, J., Massenspektrometrie instabiler organischer Molekule. I. Ionisations-potential und Bildungsenthalpie von Dehydrobenzol, Ann. Chem., 1967, 705, 81. [all data]

Kuboyama, 1960
Kuboyama, A., The n-«pi»* transition band of acenaphthenequinone, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1960, 33, 8, 1027-1030. [all data]

Llobera and García-Raso, 1987
Llobera, A.; García-Raso, A., Gas chromatographic behaviour of several p-quinones, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 393, 2, 305-311, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94227-X . [all data]

Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 1998
Oda, J.; Yasuhara, A.; Matsunaga, K.; Saito, Y., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of the particulate accumulated in the tunnel duct of freeway and generation of their oxygenated derivatives, Jpn. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 1998, 44, 5, 334-351, https://doi.org/10.1248/jhs1956.44.334 . [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Knobloch and Engewald, 1993
Knobloch, T.; Engewald, W., Identification of some polar polycyclic compounds in emissions from brown-coal-fired residential stoves, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1993, 16, 4, 239-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240160407 . [all data]

Boenke and Ballschmiter, 1987
Boenke, A.; Ballschmiter, K., Fused quinones as retention index marker in high resolution gas chromatography with electron-capture detection (HRGC/ECD) of oxidized aromatic compounds, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 1987, 327, 1, 44-45, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00474554 . [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References