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Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PE-5HP-5HP-55 % Phenyl methyl siloxane5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane
Column length (m) 20.30.30.  
Carrier gas  HeliumHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.180.300.3  
Phase thickness (mum) 0.180.250.25  
Tstart (C) 50.50.50.50.80.
Tend (C) 345.200.200.250.300.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.5.5.2.8.
Initial hold (min) 1.55.5. 2.
Final hold (min)  15.15. 10.
I 351.6340.0340.351.22352.80
ReferenceJamoussi, Kanzari, et al., 2007Wang, Hou, et al., 2007Shao, Wang, et al., 2006Skrbic and Onjia, 2006Skrbic and Onjia, 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5DB-5MSDB-5MSPTE-5
Column length (m) 30.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHe   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.50.25
Tstart (C) 50.35.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 310.300.310.310.300.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.3.10.4.8.
Initial hold (min) 1.5 1.1.1.5
Final hold (min) 10.   12.5
I 352.67351.91352.54352.72352.85
ReferencePedersen, Durant, et al., 2005Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002Wang, Jia, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-5HP-5HP-5
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 50.50.50.50.50.
Tend (C) 310.310.310.310.310.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2.2.2.
Final hold (min)      
I 352.13352.18352.27352.29352.36
ReferenceMiao and Wu, 1999Miao and Wu, 1999Miao and Wu, 1999Miao and Wu, 1999Miao and Wu, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-5HP-5HP-5
Column length (m)    30.30.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)    0.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.50.50.50.50.
Tend (C) 310.310.310.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.5.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2.2.2.
Final hold (min)    20.20.
I 352.41352.65352.65352.33352.37
ReferenceMiao and Wu, 1999Miao and Wu, 1999Miao and Wu, 1999Piao, Chu, et al., 1999Piao, Chu, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5SE-52SE-54DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.25.
Carrier gas     He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.300.250.3
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25   
Tstart (C) 50.50.40.50.60.
Tend (C) 300.300.250.300.270.
Heat rate (K/min) 15.15.4.4.5.
Initial hold (min)     2.
Final hold (min)      
I 346.6346.6351.86351.88351.51
ReferenceDurlak, Biswas, et al., 1998Durlak, Biswas, et al., 1998Wang, Peng, et al., 1997Chen, 1996Williams and Horne, 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-52DB-5SPB-5SE-54SE-52
Column length (m) 30.30.30.20.25.
Carrier gas  He He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.220.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.25 0.20 
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.50.130.
Tend (C) 300.285.300.300.260.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.8.4.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.3.2.  
Final hold (min) 20.29.5   
I 353.40351.4352.9352.52351.63
ReferenceShaogang and Xiaobai, 1994Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 1993Knobloch and Engewald, 1993Guillén, Blanco, et al., 1989Hasegawa, Muragishi, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5SE-52DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.12.30.30.
Carrier gas   HydrogenHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.25 0.260.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.250.1
Tstart (C) 80.40.120.50.60.
Tend (C) 290.280.285.300.290.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.3.6.10.
Initial hold (min) 1.2. 4. 
Final hold (min)  5. 20. 
I 351.87351.91351.22352.77361.6
ReferenceSye, Lin, et al., 1988Wise, Benner, et al., 1988Boenke and Ballschmiter, 1987Rostad and Pereira, 1986Quilliam, Lant, et al., 1985
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5Methyl SiliconeDB-5SE-52
Column length (m) 30.30. 30.20.
Carrier gas HeHe HeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.25 0.320.30
Phase thickness (mum) 0.1   0.25
Tstart (C) 60.90.100.80.40.
Tend (C) 290.325.275.300.265.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.4.2.3.4.
Initial hold (min)    1.2.
Final hold (min)    10. 
I 365.4352.09347.41352.163351.51
ReferenceQuilliam, Lant, et al., 1985Tong, Centen, et al., 1985Shlyakhov, 1984Tong, Shore, et al., 1984Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase SE-52
Column length (m) 12.
Carrier gas He
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.3
Phase thickness (mum) 0.34
Tstart (C) 50.
Tend (C) 250.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.
Initial hold (min)  
Final hold (min)  
I 351.22
ReferenceLee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Jamoussi, Kanzari, et al., 2007
Jamoussi, B.; Kanzari, F.; Hassine, B.B.; Abderrabba, A., Using Bezier curves for the calculation of retention indices of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the so-called Lee's scale in temperature-programmed gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 2007, 45, 1, 22-27, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/45.1.22 . [all data]

Wang, Hou, et al., 2007
Wang, G.; Hou, Z.; Sun, Y.; Liu, Y.; Xie, B.; Liu, S., Investigation of pyrolysis behavior of fenoxycarb using PY-GC-MS assisted with chemometric methods, Chem. Anal., 2007, 52, 141-156. [all data]

Shao, Wang, et al., 2006
Shao, X.; Wang, G.; Sun, Y.; Zhang, R.; Xie, K.; Liu, H., Determination and Characterization of the Pyrolysis Products of Isoprocarb by GC-MS, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 2006, 44, 3, 141-147, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/44.3.141 . [all data]

Skrbic and Onjia, 2006
Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Prediction of Lee Retention Indices of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Artificial Neural Networks, J. Chromatorg. A, 2006, 1108, 2, 279-284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.080 . [all data]

Pedersen, Durant, et al., 2005
Pedersen, D.U.; Durant, J.L.; Taghizadeh, K.; Hemond, H.F.; Lafleur, A.L.; Cass, G.R., Human cell mutagenes in respirable airborne particles from the Northeastern United States. 2. Quantification of mutagenes and other organic compounds., Environ. Sci. Technol., 2005, 39, 24, 9547-9560, https://doi.org/10.1021/es050886c . [all data]

Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004
Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 2004, 48, 2, 169-180. [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Wang, Jia, et al., 2000
Wang, J.; Jia, C.R.; Wong, C.K.; Wong, P.K., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons created in lubricating oils, Water Air Soil Poll., 2000, 120, 3/4, 381-396, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005251618062 . [all data]

Miao and Wu, 1999
Miao, X.; Wu, F., Study on retention behaviors of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by gas chromatography in different operation models, J. Instrumental Anal., 1999, 15, 4, 288-292. [all data]

Piao, Chu, et al., 1999
Piao, M.; Chu, S.; Zheng, M.; Xu, X., Characterization of the combustion products of polyethylene, Chemosphere, 1999, 39, 9, 1497-1512, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00054-5 . [all data]

Durlak, Biswas, et al., 1998
Durlak, S.K.; Biswas, P.; Shi, J.; Bernhard, M.J., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon particulate and gaseous emissions from polystyrene combustion, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1998, 32, 15, 2301-2307, https://doi.org/10.1021/es9709031 . [all data]

Wang, Peng, et al., 1997
Wang, Y.; Peng, P.; Cui, S.; Zhang, Y., Identification of PAH in the Suzhou River bed sediments by GC/MS and PAH retention index system, J. Nanjing Norm. Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 1997, 20, 2, 47-68. [all data]

Chen, 1996
Chen, J., GC and GC/MS methods for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) in sediment of the grand canal of China, Toxicol. Environ. Chem., 1996, 54, 1-4, 69-73, https://doi.org/10.1080/02772249609358297 . [all data]

Williams and Horne, 1995
Williams, P.T.; Horne, P.A., Analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in pyrolytic oil derived from biomass, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1995, 31, 15-37, https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(94)00814-H . [all data]

Shaogang and Xiaobai, 1994
Shaogang, C.; Xiaobai, X., System for calculating the linear temperature-programmed retention indices of polycylic aromatic compounds, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1994, 17, 5, 339-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240170511 . [all data]

Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 1993
Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 642, 1-2, 409-415, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80106-I . [all data]

Knobloch and Engewald, 1993
Knobloch, T.; Engewald, W., Identification of some polar polycyclic compounds in emissions from brown-coal-fired residential stoves, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1993, 16, 4, 239-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240160407 . [all data]

Guillén, Blanco, et al., 1989
Guillén, M.D.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Blanco, C.G., Temperature programmed retention indices of some PAHs on Capillary columns coated with OV-1701 and SE-54, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 8, 552-554, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120816 . [all data]

Hasegawa, Muragishi, et al., 1988
Hasegawa, K.; Muragishi, T.; Usami, S., Component analysis of coal-derivated heavy oil. Analysis of carcinogenic components in neutral nonpolar fractions, Nippon Kagaku Kaishi, 1988, 3, 3, 311-320, https://doi.org/10.1246/nikkashi.1988.311 . [all data]

Sye, Lin, et al., 1988
Sye, W.-F.; Lin, C.-L.; Yen, D.-P.; Tsai, C.-S., Polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons formation from luel and additives combustion, J. Chinese Chem. Soc., 1988, 35, 1, 1-11. [all data]

Wise, Benner, et al., 1988
Wise, S.A.; Benner, B.A.; Byrd, G.D.; Chesler, S.N.; Rebbert, R.E.; Schantz, M.M., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coal tar standard reference material, Anal. Chem., 1988, 60, 9, 887-894, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00160a012 . [all data]

Boenke and Ballschmiter, 1987
Boenke, A.; Ballschmiter, K., Fused quinones as retention index marker in high resolution gas chromatography with electron-capture detection (HRGC/ECD) of oxidized aromatic compounds, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 1987, 327, 1, 44-45, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00474554 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Quilliam, Lant, et al., 1985
Quilliam, M.A.; Lant, M.S.; Kaiser-Farrell, C.; McCalla, D.R.; Sheldrake, C.P.; Kerr, A.A.; Lockington, J.N.; Gibson, E.S., Identification of polycyclic aromatic compounds in of poly-mutagenic emissions from steel casting, Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 1985, 12, 4, 143-150, https://doi.org/10.1002/bms.1200120402 . [all data]

Tong, Centen, et al., 1985
Tong, H.Y.; Centen, J.D.; Karasek, F.W.; Jellum, E.; Helland, P., Identification of Trace Organic Compounds in Dimethyl Sulphoxide Solution Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 324, 373-383, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)81336-4 . [all data]

Shlyakhov, 1984
Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221. [all data]

Tong, Shore, et al., 1984
Tong, H.Y.; Shore, D.L.; Karasek, F.W.; Helland, P.; Jellum, E., Identification of organic compounds obtained from incineration of municipal waste by high-performance liquid chromatographic fractionation and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 285, 423-441, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87784-0 . [all data]

Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 1982
Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 252, 1-20, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88394-1 . [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References