Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Butylated Hydroxytoluene

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-70.96kcal/molCcbBertholon, Giray, et al., 1971 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-99.kcal/molCcbBertholon, Giray, et al., 1971 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-2131.kcal/molCcbBertholon, Giray, et al., 1971Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -100. kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil538.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus344.KN/AInozemtsev, Liakumovich, et al., 1972Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus342.86KN/AWitschonke, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.25 K; TRC
Tfus343.KN/AWitschonke, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub22.0 ± 0.76kcal/molCda Silva, Matos, et al., 2001AC
Deltasub21.0 ± 0.2kcal/molGSVerevkin, 1999Based on data from 298. - 338. K.; AC
Deltasub28.04kcal/molCBertholon, Giray, et al., 1971ALS
Deltasub27.03kcal/molN/ABertholon, Giray, et al., 1971DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
21.0318.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 303. - 343. K.; AC
14.7373.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 358. - 536. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
359.0 - 535.75.044912451.662-49.846Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
20.7 ± 0.2319.GSVerevkin, 1999Based on data from 298. - 338. K.; AC
21.0318.GSStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 303. - 343. K. See also Fel'dshtein and Kuz'minskii, 1971.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
4.744341.7DSCVerevkin, 1999AC
5.700343.7DTAInozemtsev, Liakumovich, et al., 1972AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

p-Cresol + Butylated Hydroxytoluene = 2Phenol, 2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-

By formula: C7H8O + C15H24O = 2C11H16O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.3 ± 0.43kcal/molEqkNesterova, Verevkin, et al., 1985liquid phase

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.80PECetinkaya, Lappert, et al., 1983Vertical value

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2010
NIST MS number 384235

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

UVVis spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Source Fihtengolts, et al., 1969
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 20153
Instrument SF-4
Melting point 71
Boiling point 265

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Bertholon, Giray, et al., 1971
Bertholon, G.; Giray, M.; Perrin, R.; Vincent-Falquet-Berny, M.F., No. 532. - Etude physicochimique des phenols. OX. - Ethanlpies de combustion et energies de resonance des alcoyl et aryphenols, Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1971, 3180-3187. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Inozemtsev, Liakumovich, et al., 1972
Inozemtsev, P.P.; Liakumovich, A.G.; Gracheva, Z.D., Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1972, 46, 6, 914. [all data]

Witschonke, 1954
Witschonke, C.R., Freezing point and purity data for some organic compounds, Anal. Chem., 1954, 26, 562-4. [all data]

da Silva, Matos, et al., 2001
da Silva, Manuel A.V. Ribeiro; Matos, M. Agostinha R.; Miranda, Margarida S.; Sousa, M. Helena F.A.; dos Santos, Rui M. Borges; Bizarro, Magda M.; Simões, José A. Martinho, Structural Chemistry, 2001, 12, 2, 171-181, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016600727116 . [all data]

Verevkin, 1999
Verevkin, Sergey P., Thermochemistry of phenols: buttress effects in sterically hindered phenols, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1999, 31, 11, 1397-1416, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1999.0466 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Fel'dshtein and Kuz'minskii, 1971
Fel'dshtein, L.S.; Kuz'minskii, A.S., Kauch. Rezina, 1971, 30, 11, 15. [all data]

Nesterova, Verevkin, et al., 1985
Nesterova, T.N.; Verevkin, S.P.; Malova, T.N.; Pilshchikov, V.A., Study of an equilibrium of tert-alkylphenols (thermodynamic analysis of the alkylation of phenols by branched olefins), Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Leningrad), 1985, 58, 827-833. [all data]

Cetinkaya, Lappert, et al., 1983
Cetinkaya, B.; Lappert, M.F.; Suffolk, R.J., Photoelectron spectra of some sterically hindered phenols and related compounds, J. Chem. Res. Synop., 1983, 316. [all data]

Fihtengolts, et al., 1969
Fihtengolts, V.S., et al., Atlas of UV Absorption Spectra of Substances Used in Synthetic Rubber Manufacture, 1969, 94. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References