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Tetrachloroethylene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-12.43kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in September, 1967
Deltafgas-24. ± 4.kJ/molReviewManion, 2002weighted average of several measurements of equilibria involving C2Cl6,CCl4, C2Cl4, C2HCl5, and C2HCl3; DRB
Deltafgas-15.kJ/molCmKirkbride, 1956ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar343.42J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in September, 1967

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 298. - 1100.1100. - 6000.
A 72.76227131.6291
B 130.95460.825549
C -111.9299-0.179961
D 34.697660.013780
E -0.644470-6.485786
F -41.18395-69.40294
G 393.4684476.3651
H -12.42602-12.42602
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in September, 1967 Data last reviewed in September, 1967

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-64. ± 4.kJ/molReviewManion, 2002derived from recommended «DELTA»fHgas° and «DELTA»vapH°; DRB
Deltafliquid-54.4kJ/molCmKirkbride, 1956ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-830. ± 10.kJ/molCcbSmith, Bjellerup, et al., 1953ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid240.6J/mol*KN/ANovoselova, Rabinovich, et al., 1986DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
147.16298.15Wilhelm, Lainez, et al., 1989DH
157.9298.15Novoselova, Rabinovich, et al., 1986T = 6 to 300 K.; DH
146.5298.15Grolier, Inglese, et al., 1982T = 298.15 K. One data point given.; DH
139.7298.Kurbatov, 1948T = 16 to 119°C, mean Cp two temperatures.; DH
146.9298.von Reis, 1881T = 291 to 410 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil394.2 ± 0.4KAVGN/AAverage of 14 out of 15 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus250.97KN/ADreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Tfus250.6KN/AVan de Vloed, 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple250.81KN/ANovoselova, Rabinovich, et al., 1986, 2Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc620.KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap39.72kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap39.72 ± 0.05kJ/molReviewManion, 2002weighted average of several measurements plus a correction for non-ideality; DRB
Deltavap39.7 ± 0.1kJ/molCMajer, Sváb, et al., 1980AC
Deltavap39.7 ± 0.84kJ/molVMathews, 1926Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 34.7 ± 0.1 kJ/mol; ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
34.68394.1N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
38.4322.N/ADejoz, Cruz Burguet, et al., 1995Based on data from 307. - 393. K.; AC
38.7325.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 310. - 393. K. See also Boublík and Aim, 1972.; AC
38.9315.N/APolak, Murakami, et al., 1970Based on data from 300. - 380. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
37.6348.N/AFried, Gallant, et al., 1967Based on data from 333. - 373. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
301.03 - 380.844.180561440.819-49.171Polak, Murakami, et al., 1970Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.880250.81Novoselova, Rabinovich, et al., 1986DH
10.88250.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
43.38250.81Novoselova, Rabinovich, et al., 1986DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
3.9210.Domalski and Hearing, 1996CAL
43.38250.8

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.820125. - 210.crystaline, IIcrystaline, INovoselova, Rabinovich, et al., 1986DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
5.26125. - 210.crystaline, IIcrystaline, INovoselova, Rabinovich, et al., 1986DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Ethane, pentachloro- = Tetrachloroethylene + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C2HCl5 = C2Cl4 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.1 ± 4.5kJ/molEqkLevanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979liquid phase; GC
Deltar39.kJ/molEqkLevanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979gas phase

Tetrachloroethylene + Chlorine = Ethane, hexachloro-

By formula: C2Cl4 + Cl2 = C2Cl6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-153.6 ± 2.5kJ/molCmKirkbride, 1956liquid phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -150. kJ/mol

H2CaO2 + 2Ethane, pentachloro- = CaCl2 + 2Tetrachloroethylene + 2Water

By formula: H2CaO2 + 2C2HCl5 = CaCl2 + 2C2Cl4 + 2H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-181.6kJ/molCmKirkbride, 1956liquid phase

Ethane, hexachloro- = Tetrachloroethylene + Chlorine

By formula: C2Cl6 = C2Cl4 + Cl2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar132.6 ± 4.2kJ/molEqkPuyo, Balesdent, et al., 1963gas phase

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.0584800.LN/A 
0.0704500.MN/A 
0.063 MN/A 
0.0563600.MN/A 
0.082 XN/AValue given here as cited in missing citation.
0.037 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.0625300.XN/A 
0.0595500.MN/A 
0.0544400.XN/A 
0.0574900.MGossett, 1987 
0.0544400.XN/A 
0.0575100.XN/A 
0.0654600.XN/A 
0.0575100.MN/A 
0.0361500.XN/A 
0.0614700.XLeighton and Calo, 1981 
0.044 LN/A 
0.0575200.XN/A 
0.0405000.XN/A 
0.034 VN/A 
0.040 VN/AValue at T = 293. K.
0.12 VN/AValue at T = 275. K.
0.081 CN/A 
0.037 VN/A 
0.050 MPearson and McConnell, 1975The same data was also published in missing citation. Value at T = 293. K.

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.326 ± 0.001eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.640 ± 0.030TDAsChen, Wiley, et al., 1994The experimental HOF of C2Cl4 has been questioned as being too positive: Curtiss, Raghavachari, et al., 7374,11CHA/DEN; B
0.499990ECDWiley, Chen, et al., 1991B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.3256 ± 0.0006SWilliams and Cool, 1990LL
9.51PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
9.34PELake and Thompson, 1970RDSH
9.32 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
9.32PIBralsford, Harris, et al., 1960RDSH
9.5PEVon Niessen, Asbrink, et al., 1982Vertical value; LBLHLM

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CCl2+14.7?EIShapiro and Lossing, 1968RDSH

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. Lafferty


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 341689

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Source Lacher and Park, 1950
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 10176
Instrument Beckman DU
Melting point - 22.3
Boiling point 121.3

Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Takehiko Shimanouchi

Symmetry:   D2h     Symmetry Number sigma = 4


 Sym.   No   Approximate   Selected Freq.  Infrared   Raman   Comments 
 Species   type of mode   Value   Rating   Value  Phase  Value  Phase

ag 1 CC str 1571  D  ia 1571 p liq.
ag 2 CCl2 s-str 447  D  ia 447 p liq.
ag 3 CCl2 scis 237  D  ia 237 p liq.
au 4 CCl2 twist 110  E  ia  ia OC(2«nu»4)
b1g 5 CCl2 a-str 1000  D  ia 1000 liq.
b1g 6 CCl2 rock 347  D  ia 347 dp liq.
b1u 7 CCl2 wag 288  D 288 M liq.  ia
b2g 8 CCl2 wag 512  D  ia 512 dp liq.
b2u 9 CCl2 a-str 908  C 908 S solid solid  ia
b2u 10 CCl2 rock 176  C 176 S liq.  ia
b3u 11 CCl2 s-str 777  C 777 S solid solid  ia
b3u 12 CCl2 scis 310  C 310 W liq.  ia

Source: Shimanouchi, 1972

Notes

SStrong
MMedium
WWeak
iaInactive
pPolarized
dpDepolarized
OCFrequency estimated from an overtone or a combination tone indicated in the parentheses.
C3~6 cm-1 uncertainty
D6~15 cm-1 uncertainty
E15~30 cm-1 uncertainty

Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5100.825.59Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-5120.832.30Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-160.803.Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 199730. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-150.799.Villalobos, 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.96 «mu»m
CapillarySPB-160.801.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
PackedOV-1100.809.Castello and Gerbino, 1988He, Chromosorb W DMCS; Column length: 3. m
PackedOV-1125.814.Castello and Gerbino, 1988He, Chromosorb W DMCS; Column length: 3. m
PackedOV-175.804.Castello and Gerbino, 1988He, Chromosorb W DMCS; Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane80.806.Pacáková, Vojtechová, et al., 1988N2, Chezasorb AW-HMDS; Column length: 1.2 m
PackedSE-30150.825.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30100.814.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-1801.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M50.1044.Villalobos, 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.54 «mu»m, He
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.1038.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
PackedSP-1000100.1050.23Castello and Gerbino, 1988He, Chromosorb W DMCS; Column length: 3. m
PackedSP-1000125.1059.96Castello and Gerbino, 1988He, Chromosorb W DMCS; Column length: 3. m
PackedSP-100075.1036.20Castello and Gerbino, 1988He, Chromosorb W DMCS; Column length: 3. m
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1030.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-201024.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1022.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1022.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5815.45Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2.8 min, 3. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5817.10Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2.8 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5815.9Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1794.8Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5809.3Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199660. m/0.33 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySE-54804.0Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillarySE-54804.0Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min
CapillarySE-54815.Weber, 198625. m/0.31 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryOV-1796.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 19761. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101021.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101026.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-160.801.Shimadzu, 2003, 260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS806.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillarySPB-5814.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBP-1807.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone796.52Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5819.Meynier, Novelli, et al., 199930. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-54823.Huang, Liang, et al., 199636. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1794.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5808.Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS814.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups808.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups815.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS806.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryBP-1794.51Cooke, Hassoun, et al., 200150. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C => 49.9C/min => 5C(3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C(20 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone794.Zenkevich, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone803.Zenkevich, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5806.Ansorena, Astiasarán, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySPB-1811.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-5802.Sorimachi, Tanabe, et al., 1995He; Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1793.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1793.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySPB-1811.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1797.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB816.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillaryDB-1785.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1800.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.789.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.797.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1789.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30796.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Program: -10C (8min) => 12C/min => 26C => 3C/min => 170C (30min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax60.1045.Shimadzu, 2003, 250. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1012.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1012.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1018.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 950-954, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a016 . [all data]


Notes

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