Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Fenchone


Phase change data

Go To: Top, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil466.2KN/AOthmer, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

IR spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner SRD/NIST
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin EPA-IR VAPOR PHASE LIBRARY
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1084.1Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1088.Angioni, Barra, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51087.Viña and Murillo, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 0.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-11084.Raina, Srivastava, et al., 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryPTE-51090.Gudzic, Dordevic, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.39 «mu»m, H2, 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryDB-51087.Adams, 200030. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51088.Adams, 2000, 230. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillarySE-301070.Kardali, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 200025. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-11080.Breheret, Talou, et al., 199750. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11102.Burns and Tingey, 198360. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51087.Adams, 199830. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax1391.Viña and Murillo, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 0.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1087.Vagionas, Ngassapa, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-11097.Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51088.Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryBP-11067.Bousmaha, Boti, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51088.Dob, Dahmane, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 3. min
CapillarySPB-11066.Salgueiro L.R., Pinto E., et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-51086.Zeller and Rychlik, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1069.Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006H2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryRTX-11069.Cozzani, Muselli, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11067.Ferrari, Tomi, et al., 200550. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-11066.Antunes, Sevinate-Pinto, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1088.Mardarowicz, Wianowska, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51088.Sartoratto, Machado, et al., 200425. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 7. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51087.Stashenko, Jaramillo, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 15. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 40. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1095.Mimica-Dukic, Kujundzic, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11080.Senatore, Lentini, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 270. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1066.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200225. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 6. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1066.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-11071.Pintore, Usai, et al., 200250. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1078.Shang, Hu, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBP-11066.Rezzi, Cavaleiro, et al., 200150. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11080.4Helmig, Klinger, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, -50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 175. C
CapillaryHP-11086.Stashenko, Cervantes, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-11060.Bicchi, Rubiolo, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 50. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51087.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11080.Combariza, Tirado, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryOV-1011072.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011072.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51092.Guichard and Souty, 1988H2, 30. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min; Column length: 0.32 m; Column diameter: 1. mm; Tend: 180. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1092.Pérez, Navarro, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(4min) => 10C/min => 200C(0.5min) => 20C/min => 260C(5min)
CapillaryBPX-51106.Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 210C => 40C/min => 240C (4min)
CapillarySE-521087.Guerrini, Sacchetti, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySPB-11071.Díaz-Maroto, Sánchez Palomo, et al., 200450. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 70C(3min) => 4C/min => 120C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillarySPB-11065.Sanz, Soria, et al., 200427. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 3C/min => 180C => 8C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryBP-11069.Filippini, Tomi, et al., 2000Program: not specified
CapillarySE-521090.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201396.Bousmaha, Boti, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol1427.Dob, Dahmane, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101400.Salgueiro L.R., Pinto E., et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1389.Zeller and Rychlik, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1389.Cozzani, Muselli, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-201395.Ferrari, Tomi, et al., 200550. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101385.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-201401.Pintore, Usai, et al., 200250. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1422.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 200060. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryInnowax1410.Stashenko, Cervantes, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1396.Bicchi, Rubiolo, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.3 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1391.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201392.Filippini, Tomi, et al., 2000Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1084.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS1090.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1091.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB1069.Mothana, Hasson, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 22. min; Tstart: 45. C
CapillaryDB-1-MS1063.Takeoka, Hobbs, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 35. min
CapillaryHP-51088.Maridass, 200925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 7. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1088.Adams, Beauchamp, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1085.Araque, Rojas, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryZB-51090.Mohottalage, Tabacchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11074.Pala-Paul, Brophy, et al., 200750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11075.Salehi, Asghari, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-521087.Ozcan, Chalchat, et al., 2006Helium, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11081.Pala-Paul J., Perez-Alonso M.J., et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1052.Pitarokili, Tzakou, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1089.Sajjadi, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11073.Sonboli, Mirjalili, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-11057.Wong, Sivasothy, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-11075.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11060.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1087.Malencic, Couladis, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1093.Wang, Guo, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51085.Woerdenbag, Windono, et al., 200430. m/0.249 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryRSL-2001078.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRSL-2001080.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1071.Khanavi, Hadjiakhoondi, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.39 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51087.Mookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003Helium, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 60. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-11076.Perez-Alonso, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51088.Zrira, Elamrani, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-51087.Ghannadi, Sajjadi, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryHP-51090.Isidorov and Jdanova, 20023. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-51099.Kim and Lee, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-1011066.Orav, Kailas, et al., 200250. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11070.Yamini, Sefidkon, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1086.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1086.Cherchi, Deidda, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011064.Orav and Kann, 2001He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1078.Shang, Hu, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-11088.Fraternale, Giamperi, et al., 200030. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 80. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51083.Lis-Balchin and Roth, 2000He, 9. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryDB-11067.Senatore, Napolitano, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-11058.Lopes, Koketsu, et al., 199925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51069.Porta, Porcedda, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-11086.Stashenko, Cervantes, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-1011080.Zollo, Biyiti, et al., 19985. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-11076.Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-11072.Ramanoelina, Viano, et al., 199450. m/0.27 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1075.Mallavarapu, Ramesh, et al., 19935. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1011072.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011072.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-541083.Kollmannsberger, Nitz, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryBP-11067.Wyllie, Brophy, et al., 199045. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11050.Albano, Lima, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1089.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1-MS1065.Takeoka, Hobbs, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51087.Riahi, Pourbasheer, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1090.Zellner, Amorim, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 32 0C (1 min) 50 0C/min -> 115 0C 1.5 0C/min -> 145 0C 12 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1085.Xie, Sun, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryHP-5MS1087.Cole, Haber, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C
CapillarySE-521087.Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-51090.Lo Cantore, Iacobellis, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMDN-51071.Moretti, Madonia, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (1 min) ballistically -> 60 0C 2 0C/min -> 120 0C 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (5 min)
CapillarySE-301080.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1077.Shang, Hu, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11067.Kéita, Vincent, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11050.Baratta, Dorman, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryDB-51087.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1068.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011080.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1067.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
PackedOV-1011077.Swigar and Silverstein, 1981N2, Chromosorb G 60-80mesh DMCS; Column length: 2.5 m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1426.Zeng, Xie, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 4.5 min
CapillaryTC-FFAP1405.Kurose, Okamura, et al., 2007He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1392.Pala-Paul, Brophy, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201388.La Guerche S., Dauphin B., et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 45. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101398.Wong, Sivasothy, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryInnowax1410.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1414.Mookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003Helium, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 60. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1383.Zrira, Elamrani, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101397.Orav, Kailas, et al., 200260. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1410.Kasali, Oyedeji, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 215. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1397.Orav and Kann, 2001He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1410.Stashenko, Cervantes, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1402.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1391.Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1390.Kollmannsberger, Nitz, et al., 199245. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1407.Wyllie, Brophy, et al., 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1432.Stancher and Pertoldi, 1967Hydrogen, Gas-Chrom Z (80-100 mesh), 4. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 65. C; Tend: 220. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1432.Stancher and Pertoldi, 1967Hydrogen, Gas-Chrom Z (80-100 mesh), 4. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 65. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-20M1410.Zellner, Amorim, et al., 200925. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 50 0C/min -> 110 0C 1.5 0C/min -> 145 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1410.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1406.Demirci, Baser, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1406.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1406.Tabanca N., Demirci F., et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1403.Kéita, Vincent, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1410.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone181.31Eckel, Ross, et al., 1993Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Othmer, 1943
Othmer, D.F., Composition of vapors from boiling binary solutions, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1943, 35, 614-20. [all data]

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Angioni, Barra, et al., 2006
Angioni, A.; Barra, A.; Coroneo, V.; Dessi, S.; Cabras, P., Chemical composition, seasonal variability, and antifungal activity of Lavandula stoechas L. ssp. stoechas essential oils from stem/leaves and flowers, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 12, 4364-4370, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0603329 . [all data]

Viña and Murillo, 2003
Viña, A.; Murillo, E., Essential oil composition from twelve varieties of basil (Ocimum spp) grown in Columbia, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2003, 14, 5, 744-749, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532003000500008 . [all data]

Raina, Srivastava, et al., 2002
Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunder, K.V., The essential oil of 'greater galangal' [Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.] from the lower Himalayan region of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 358-360, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1105 . [all data]

Gudzic, Dordevic, et al., 2001
Gudzic, B.; Dordevic, S.; Palic, R.; Stojanovic, G., Essential oils of Hypericum olympicum L. and Hypericum perforatum L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 3, 201-203, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.978 . [all data]

Adams, 2000
Adams, R.P., Systematics of Juniperus section Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 6, 515-528, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00089-7 . [all data]

Adams, 2000, 2
Adams, R.P., The serrate leaf margined Juniperus (Section Sabina) of the western hemisphere: systematics and evolution based on leaf essential oils and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 10, 975-989, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(00)00022-3 . [all data]

Kardali, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 2000
Kardali, M.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Pérez-Alonso, M., Essential Oil Constituents of Sideritis ibanyezii Pau, Botanica Complutensis, 2000, 24, 101-106. [all data]

Breheret, Talou, et al., 1997
Breheret, S.; Talou, T.; Rapior, S.; Bessiére, J.-M., Monoterpenes in the aroma of fresh wild mushrooms (Basidiomycetes), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 831-836, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960417h . [all data]

Burns and Tingey, 1983
Burns, W.F.; Tingey, D.T., GC/MS Analysis of biogenic volatile hydrocarbons on a chemically-bonded fused silica column, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1983, 21, 8, 341-345, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/21.8.341 . [all data]

Adams, 1998
Adams, R.P., The essential oils and chemotaxonomy of Juniperus sect. Juniperus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1998, 26, 6, 637-645, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00020-9 . [all data]

Vagionas, Ngassapa, et al., 2007
Vagionas, K.; Ngassapa, O.; Runyoro, D.; Graikou, K.; Gortzi, O.; Chinou, I., Chemical analysis of edible aromatic plants growing in Tanzania, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 4, 1711-1717, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.05.029 . [all data]

Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 2006
Blagojevic, P.; Radulovic, N.; Palic, R.; Stojanovic, G., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Serbian wild-growing Srtemisia absinthium and Artemisia vulgaris, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 13, 4780-4789, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060123o . [all data]

Bousmaha, Boti, et al., 2006
Bousmaha, L.; Boti, J.B.; Bekkara, F.A.; Castola, V.; Casanova, J., Infraspecific chemical variability of the essential oil of Lavandula dentata L. from Algeria, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 368-372, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1659 . [all data]

Dob, Dahmane, et al., 2006
Dob, T.; Dahmane, D.; Agli, M.; Chelghoum, C., Essential oil composition of Lavandula stoechas from Algeria, Pharm. Biol., 2006, 44, 1, 60-64, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200500496421 . [all data]

Salgueiro L.R., Pinto E., et al., 2006
Salgueiro L.R.; Pinto E.; Goncalves M.J.; Costa I.; Palmeira A.; Cavaleiro C.; Pina-Vaz C.; Rodrigues A.G.; Martinez-De-Oliveira J., Antifungal activity of the essential oil of Thymus capitellatus against Candida, Aspergillus and dermatophyte strains, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 749-753, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1610 . [all data]

Zeller and Rychlik, 2006
Zeller, A.; Rychlik, M., Character impact odorants of fennel fruits and fennel tea, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 10, 3686-3692, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052944j . [all data]

Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006
Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; König, W.A., Secondary metabolites from Ganoderma lucidum and Spongiporus leucomallellus, Phytochemistry, 2006, 67, 2, 202-211, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.10.025 . [all data]

Cozzani, Muselli, et al., 2005
Cozzani, S.; Muselli, A.; Desjobert, J.-M.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Tomi, F.; Casanova, J., Chemical composition of essential oil of Teucrium polium subsp. capitatum (L.) from Corsica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 4, 436-441, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1463 . [all data]

Ferrari, Tomi, et al., 2005
Ferrari, B.; Tomi, F.; Casanova, J., Composition and chemical variability of Ferula communis essential oil from Corsica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 180-185, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1405 . [all data]

Antunes, Sevinate-Pinto, et al., 2004
Antunes, T.; Sevinate-Pinto, I.; Barroso, J.G.; Cavaleiro, C.; Salgueiro, L.R., Micromorphology of trichomes and composition of essential oil of Teucrium capitatum, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 336-340, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1310 . [all data]

Mardarowicz, Wianowska, et al., 2004
Mardarowicz, M.; Wianowska, D.; Dawidowicz, A.L.; Sawicki, R., The influence of sample treatment on SPME extracts from conifers. I. Comparison of terpene composition in Engelmann Spruce (Picea engelmanii) using hydrodistillation, SPME and PLE, Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska Lublin - Polonia, 2004, 59, 3, 25-42. [all data]

Sartoratto, Machado, et al., 2004
Sartoratto, A.; Machado, A.L.M.; Delarmelina, C.; Figueira, G.M.; Duarte, M.C.T.; Rehder, V.L.G., Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from aromatic plants used in Brazil, Braz. J. Microbiol., 2004, 35, 4, 275-280, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822004000300001 . [all data]

Stashenko, Jaramillo, et al., 2004
Stashenko, E.E.; Jaramillo, B.E.; Martínez, J.R., Analysis of volatile secondary metabolites from Colombian Xylopia aromatica (Lamarck) by different extraction and headspace methods and gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1025, 1, 105-113, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2003.10.059 . [all data]

Mimica-Dukic, Kujundzic, et al., 2003
Mimica-Dukic, N.; Kujundzic, S.; Sokovic, M.; Couladis, M., Essential oil composition and antifungal activity of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. obtained by different distillation conditions, Phytother. Res., 2003, 17, 4, 368-371, https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1159 . [all data]

Senatore, Lentini, et al., 2003
Senatore, F.; Lentini, F.; Venza, F.; Bruno, M.; Napolitano, F., Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Anisochilus carnosus (Linn. fil.) Benth., a Tamil plant acclimatized in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 3, 202-204, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1183 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Quert, R.; García, H., Study of essential oils of Eucalyptus resinifera Smith, E. tereticornis Smith and Corymbia maculata (Hook.) K.D. Hill L.A.S. Johnson, grown in Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 1-4, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1026 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 2
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Bello, A., Volatile compounds of Psidium salutare (H.B.K.) Berg. fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 18, 5146-5148, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0116303 . [all data]

Pintore, Usai, et al., 2002
Pintore, G.; Usai, M.; Bradesi, P.; Juliano, C.; Boatto, G.; Tomi, F.; Chessa, M.; Cerri, R.; Casanova, J., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. oils from Sardinia and Corsica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 15-19, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1022 . [all data]

Shang, Hu, et al., 2002
Shang, C.; Hu, Y.; Deng, C.; Hu, K., Rapid determination of volatile constituents of Michelia alba flowers by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 942, 1-2, 283-288, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01382-6 . [all data]

Rezzi, Cavaleiro, et al., 2001
Rezzi, S.; Cavaleiro, C.; Bighelli, A.; Salgueiro, L.; da Cunha, A.P.; Casanova, J., Intraspecific chemical variability of the leaf essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata from Corsica, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2001, 29, 2, 179-188, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(00)00044-2 . [all data]

Helmig, Klinger, et al., 1999
Helmig, D.; Klinger, L.F.; Guenther, A.; Vierling, L.; Geron, C.; Zimmerman, P., Biogenic volatile organic compound emissions (BVOCs). I. Identifications from three continental sites in the U.S., Chemosphere, 1999, 38, 9, 2163-2187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(98)00425-1 . [all data]

Stashenko, Cervantes, et al., 1999
Stashenko, E.E.; Cervantes, M.; Combariza, Y.; Fuentes, H.; Martínez, J.R., HRGC/FID and HRGC/MSD analysis of the secondary metabolites obtained by different extraction methods from Lepechinia schiedeana, an in vitro evaluation of its antioxidant activity, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1999, 22, 6, 343-349, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-4168(19990601)22:6<343::AID-JHRC343>3.0.CO;2-J . [all data]

Bicchi, Rubiolo, et al., 1998
Bicchi, C.; Rubiolo, P.; Marschall, H.; Weyerstahl, P.; Laurent, R., Constituents of Artemisia roxburghiana Besser essential oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 1, 40-46, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199801/02)13:1<40::AID-FFJ688>3.0.CO;2-Z . [all data]

Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 1998
Isidorov, V.A.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Dubis, E.N.; Slowikowski, A.; Wojciuk, E., Group identification of essential oils components using partition coefficients in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 1998, 814, 1-2, 253-260, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(98)00398-7 . [all data]

Combariza, Tirado, et al., 1994
Combariza, M.Y.; Tirado, C.B.; Stashenko, E.; Shibamoto, T., Limonene concentration in lemon (Citrus volkameriana) peel oil as a function of ripeness, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1994, 17, 9, 643-646, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240170905 . [all data]

Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992
Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1992, 39, 1, 16-24, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.39.16 . [all data]

Guichard and Souty, 1988
Guichard, E.; Souty, M., Comparison of the relative quantities of aroma compounds found in fresh apricot (Prunus armeniaca) from six different varieties, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1988, 186, 4, 301-307, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01027031 . [all data]

Pérez, Navarro, et al., 2007
Pérez, R.A.; Navarro, T.; de Lorenzo, C., HS-SPME analysis of the volatile compounds from spices as a source of flavour in 'Campo Real' table olive preparations, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 265-273, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1791 . [all data]

Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 2006
Cardeal, Z.L.; da Silva, M.D.R.G.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometric analysis of pepper volatiles, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 2006, 20, 19, 2823-2836, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2665 . [all data]

Guerrini, Sacchetti, et al., 2006
Guerrini, A.; Sacchetti, G.; Muzzoli, M.; Rueda, G.M.; Medici, A.; Besco, E.; Bruni, R., Composition of the Volatile Fraction of Ocotea bofo Kunth (Lauraceae) Calyces by GC-MS and NMR Fingerprinting and Its Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 20, 7778-7788, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0605493 . [all data]

Díaz-Maroto, Sánchez Palomo, et al., 2004
Díaz-Maroto, M.C.; Sánchez Palomo, E.; Castro, L.; González Viñas, M.A.; Pérez-Coello, M.S., Changes produced in the aroma compounds and structural integrity of basil (Ocimum basilicum L) during drying, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2004, 84, 15, 2070-2076, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1921 . [all data]

Sanz, Soria, et al., 2004
Sanz, J.; Soria, A.C.; García-Vallejo, M.C., Analysis of volatile components of Lavandula luisieri L. by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1024, 1-2, 139-146, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2003.10.024 . [all data]

Filippini, Tomi, et al., 2000
Filippini, M.-H.; Tomi, F.; Casanova, J., Composition of the leaf oil of Ferula arrigonii Bocchieri, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 195-198, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<195::AID-FFJ891>3.0.CO;2-6 . [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Assessment of the Volatile Composition of Juices of Apricot, Peach, and Pear According to Two Pectolytic Treatments, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7837-7843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051397z . [all data]

Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 2000
Brophy, J.J.; Goldsack, R.J.; Punruckvong, A.; Bean, A.R.; Forster, P.I.; Lepschi, B.J.; Doran, J.C.; Rozefelds, A.C., Leaf essential oils of the genus Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) in eastern Australia. Part 7. Leptospermum petersonii, L. liversidgei and allies, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 5, 342-351, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200009/10)15:5<342::AID-FFJ924>3.0.CO;2-V . [all data]

Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012
Kotowska, U.; Zalikowski, M.; Isidorov, V.A., HS-SPME/GC-MS analysis of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds emitted from municipal sewage sludge, Environ. Monit. Asses., 2012, 184, 5, 2893-2907, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2158-8 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Mothana, Hasson, et al., 2011
Mothana, R.A.A.; Hasson, S.S.; Schultze, W.; Mowitz, A.; Lindequist, U., Phytochemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oils of three endemic Soqotraen Boswellia species, Food Chem., 2011, 126, 3, 1149-1154, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.11.150 . [all data]

Takeoka, Hobbs, et al., 2010
Takeoka, G.R.; Hobbs, C.; Byeoung-Soo, P., Volatile constituents of the aerial parts of Salvia apiana Jepson, J. Essential Oil. Res., 2010, 22, 3, 241-244, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700314 . [all data]

Maridass, 2009
Maridass, M., Inter-generic relationships of Ocimum and Origanum based on GC-MS volatile oils data using software NTSPSpc version 2.0, Ethnobotanical Leaflets, 2009, 13, 83-88. [all data]

Adams, Beauchamp, et al., 2007
Adams, R.P.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Dev, V.; Dutz, S.M., New Natural Products Isolated from One-Seeded Juniperus of the Southwestern United States: Isolation and Occurence of 2-Ethenyl-3-methyl Phanol and Its Derivatives, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2007, 19, 2, 146-152, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2007.9699247 . [all data]

Araque, Rojas, et al., 2007
Araque, M.; Rojas, L.B.; Usubillaga, A., Antibacterial activity of essential oil of Foeniculum vulgare miller againts multiresistant gram-negative bacilli from nosocomial infections, Ciencia, 2007, 15, 3, 366-370. [all data]

Mohottalage, Tabacchi, et al., 2007
Mohottalage, S.; Tabacchi, R.; Guerin, P.M., Components from Sri Lankan Piper betle L. leaf oil and their analogues showing toxicity against the housefly, Musca domestica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 130-138, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1770 . [all data]

Pala-Paul, Brophy, et al., 2007
Pala-Paul, J.; Brophy, J.J.; Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Usano, J.; Soria, S.C., Essential oil composition of the different parts of Eryngium corniculatum Lam. (Apiaceae) from Spain, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1175, 2, 289-293, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.10.061 . [all data]

Salehi, Asghari, et al., 2007
Salehi, P.; Asghari, B.; Mohammadi, F., Hydrodistillation-Headspace Solvent Microextraction: An Efficient Method for Analysis of the Essential Oil from the Seeds of Foeniculum vulgare Mill., Chromatographia, 2007, 65, 1-2, 119-122, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0102-9 . [all data]

Ozcan, Chalchat, et al., 2006
Ozcan, M.M.; Chalchat, J.-C.; Arslan, D.; Ates, A.; Unver, A., Comparative Essential Oil Composition and Antifungal Effect of Bitter Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare ssp. piperitum) Fruit Oils Obtained During Different Vegetation, J. Medicinal Food, 2006, 9, 4, 552-561, https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2006.9.552 . [all data]

Pala-Paul J., Perez-Alonso M.J., et al., 2006
Pala-Paul J.; Perez-Alonso M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela A.; Ballesteros M.T.; Sanz J., Essential oil composition of Sideritis hirsuta L. from Guadalajara Province, Spain, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 410-415, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1727 . [all data]

Pitarokili, Tzakou, et al., 2006
Pitarokili, D.; Tzakou, O.; Loukis, A., Essential oil composition of Salvia verticillata, S. verbenaca, S. glutinosa and S. candidissima growing wild in Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 670-673, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1647 . [all data]

Sajjadi, 2006
Sajjadi, S.E., Analysis of the essential oils of two cultivated basil (Icimum basilicum L.) from Iran, DARU, 2006, 14, 3, 128-130. [all data]

Sonboli, Mirjalili, et al., 2006
Sonboli, A.; Mirjalili, M.H.; Yousefzadi, M., Antimicrobial activity and composition of the essential oil of Cymbopogon Olivieri (Boiss.) Bor from Iran, Iranian J. Pharm. Res., 2006, 1, 65-68. [all data]

Wong, Sivasothy, et al., 2006
Wong, K.C.; Sivasothy, Y.; Boey, P.L., Essential oil of Elettariopsis elan C.K. Lim, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 562-564, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1654 . [all data]

Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Bendimerad, N.; Bendiab, S.A.T., Composition and antibacterial activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) essential oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 2947-2952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047937u . [all data]

Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 2005
Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J.; Palá-Paúl, J.; Iñigo, A.; López, G., The volatile oil composition of the berries of Juniperus macrocarpa Sibth. and Sm., gathered in Spain, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2005, 17, 1, 61-63, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2005.9698831 . [all data]

Malencic, Couladis, et al., 2004
Malencic, Dj.; Couladis, M.; Mimica-Dukic, N.; Popovic, M.; Boza, P., Essential oils of three Salvia species from the Pannonian part of Serbia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 225-228, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1291 . [all data]

Wang, Guo, et al., 2004
Wang, H.; Guo, Y.; Zhang, Z.; An, D., Fast analysis of volatile compounds in natural essences by automatic Static-Headspace-GC-MS, J. Instrum. Anal. (Chinese), 2004, 23, 1, 9-13. [all data]

Woerdenbag, Windono, et al., 2004
Woerdenbag, H.J.; Windono, T.; Bos, R.; Riswan, S.; Quax, W.J., Composition of the essential oils of Kaempferia rotunda L. and Kaempferia angustifolia Roscoe rhizomes from Indonesia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 2, 145-148, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1284 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2003
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Shafi, M.P.; Kaniampady, M.M., Chemotaxonomical analysis of the essential oil aroma compounds of four different Ocimumspecies from southern India, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2003, 217, 2, 120-124, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-003-0708-1 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2003, 2
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Shafi, M.P.; Leela, N.K., Analysis of the essential oils of the leaves, stems, rhizomes and roots of the medicinal plant Alpinia galanga from southern India, Acta Pharm. Hung., 2003, 53, 73-81. [all data]

Khanavi, Hadjiakhoondi, et al., 2003
Khanavi, M.; Hadjiakhoondi, A.; Shafiee, A.; Masoudi, S.; Rustaiyan, A., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Stachys byzanthin C. Koch. from Iran, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2003, 15, 2, 77-78, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2003.9712070 . [all data]

Mookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003
Mookdasanit, J.; Tamura, H.; Yoshizawa T.; Tokunaga T.; Nakanishi, K., Trace Volatile Compounds in Essential Oil of Citrus Sudachi by Means of Modified Solvent Extraction Method, Food Sci Technol. Res., 2003, 9, 1, 54-61, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.9.54 . [all data]

Perez-Alonso, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 2003
Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Palá-Paúl, J.; Sanz, J., Variations in the essential oil composition of Artemisia pedemontana gathered in Spain: chemotype camphor-1,8-cineole and chemotype davanone, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 1, 77-84, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00082-0 . [all data]

Zrira, Elamrani, et al., 2003
Zrira, S.; Elamrani, A.; Benjilali, B., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Pistacia lentiscus L. from Morocco - a seasonal variation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 475-480, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1221 . [all data]

Ghannadi, Sajjadi, et al., 2002
Ghannadi, A.; Sajjadi, S.E.; Beigihasan, A., Composition of the essential oil of Ferula ovina (Boiss.) Boiss. from Iran, DARU, 2002, 10, 4, 165-167, retrieved from http://www1.tums.ac.ir/daru/Daru4%202002/Ghannadi.PDF. [all data]

Isidorov and Jdanova, 2002
Isidorov, V.; Jdanova, M., Volatile organic compounds from leaves litter, Chemosphere, 2002, 48, 9, 975-979, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00074-7 . [all data]

Kim and Lee, 2002
Kim, N.-S.; Lee, D.-S., Comparison of different extraction methods for the analysis of fragrances from Lavandula species by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 982, 1, 31-47, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01445-0 . [all data]

Orav, Kailas, et al., 2002
Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Müürisepp, M., Composition of blackcurrant aroma isolated from leaves, buds, and berries of Ribes nigrum L., Proc. Est. Acad. Sci. Chem., 2002, 51, 4, 225-234. [all data]

Yamini, Sefidkon, et al., 2002
Yamini, Y.; Sefidkon, F.; Pourmortazavi, S.M., Comparison of essential oil composition of Iranian fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) obtained by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and hydrodistillation methods, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 345-348, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1117 . [all data]

Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 2002
Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; da Silva, M.H.L.; Maia, J.G.S., Volatile constituents of Lippia lupulina Cham., Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 29-31, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1032 . [all data]

Cherchi, Deidda, et al., 2001
Cherchi, G.; Deidda, D.; de Gioannis, B.; Marongiu, B.; Pompei, R.; Porcedda, S., Extraction of Santolina insularis essential oil by supercritical carbon dioxide: influence of some process parameters and biological activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 1, 35-43, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<35::AID-FFJ942>3.0.CO;2-Y . [all data]

Orav and Kann, 2001
Orav, A.; Kann, J., Determination of peppermint and orange aroma compounds in food and beverages, Proc. Est. Acad. Sci. Chem., 2001, 50, 4, 217-225. [all data]

Shang, Hu, et al., 2001
Shang, C.; Hu, Y.; Deng, C.; Hu, K., Rapid determination of volatile constituents of Michelia alba flowers by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry with solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 942, 1-2, 283-288, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01382-6 . [all data]

Fraternale, Giamperi, et al., 2000
Fraternale, D.; Giamperi, L.; Ricci, D.; Manunta, A., Composition of the essential oil of Peucedanum verticillare, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 2, 143-147, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00049-6 . [all data]

Lis-Balchin and Roth, 2000
Lis-Balchin, M.; Roth, G., Composition of the essential oils of Pelargonium odoratissimum, P. exstipulatum, and P. x fragrans (Geraniaceae) and their bioactivity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 6, 391-394, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200011/12)15:6<391::AID-FFJ929>3.0.CO;2-W . [all data]

Senatore, Napolitano, et al., 2000
Senatore, F.; Napolitano, F.; Ozcan, M., Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil from Crithmum maritimum L. (Apiaceae) growing wild in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 186-189, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<186::AID-FFJ889>3.0.CO;2-I . [all data]

Lopes, Koketsu, et al., 1999
Lopes, D.; Koketsu, M.; Carauta, J.P.P.; de Oliveira, R.R.; Kaplan, M.A.C., Chemical composition of Pourouma guianensis Aublet essential oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 4, 233-236, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199907/08)14:4<233::AID-FFJ813>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]

Porta, Porcedda, et al., 1999
Porta, G.D.; Porcedda, S.; Marongiu, B.; Reverchon, E., Isolation of eucalyptus oil by supercritical fluid extraction, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 4, 214-218, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199907/08)14:4<214::AID-FFJ814>3.0.CO;2-H . [all data]

Stashenko, Cervantes, et al., 1998
Stashenko, E.E.; Cervantes, M.; Combariza, Y.; Martínez, J.R., HRGC-FID-MSD Analysis of the Secondary Metabolites Obtained by Different Extraction Methods from Lepechinia schiedeana, and Evaluation of its Antioxidant Activity in vitro in 20th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 1998, 1-11. [all data]

Zollo, Biyiti, et al., 1998
Zollo, P.H.A.; Biyiti, L.; Tchoumbougnang, F.; Menut, C.; Lamaty, G.; Bouchet, Ph., Aromatic plants of tropical central Africa. Part XXXII. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of thirteen essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 2, 107-114, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199803/04)13:2<107::AID-FFJ701>3.0.CO;2-G . [all data]

Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 1996
Stashenko, E.E.; Puertas, M.A.; Combariza, M.Y., Volatile secondary metabolites from Spilanthes americana obtained by simultaneous steam distillation--solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 1996, 752, 1-2, 223-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00480-3 . [all data]

Ramanoelina, Viano, et al., 1994
Ramanoelina, P.A.R.; Viano, J.; Bianchini, J.-P.; Gaydou, E.M., Occurrence of various chemotypes in Niaouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia) essential oils from Madagascar using multivariate statistical analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 5, 1177-1182, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00041a024 . [all data]

Mallavarapu, Ramesh, et al., 1993
Mallavarapu, G.R.; Ramesh, S.; Kaul, P.N.; Battacharya, A.K.; Rao, B.R.R., The essential oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit., J. Essent. Oil Res., 1993, 5, 3, 321-323, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1993.9698230 . [all data]

Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993
Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 1993, 525, 121-136. [all data]

Kollmannsberger, Nitz, et al., 1992
Kollmannsberger, H.; Nitz, S.; Drawert, F., UBer die Aromastoffzusammensetzung von Hochdruckextrakten. I. Pfeffer (Piper nigrum, Var. muntok), Z. Lebensm. Unters Forsch., 1992, 194, 6, 545-551, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01185481 . [all data]

Wyllie, Brophy, et al., 1990
Wyllie, S.G.; Brophy, J.J.; Sarafis, V.; Hobbs, M., Volatile Components of the Fruit of Pistacia Lentiscus, J. Food. Sci., 1990, 55, 5, 1325-1326, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1990.tb03926.x . [all data]

Albano, Lima, et al., 2012
Albano, S.M.; Lima, A.S.; Miguel, M.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Barroso, J.G.; Figueiredo, A.C., Antioxidant, anti-5-lipoxygenase and antiacetylcholinesterase activities of essential oils and decoction water of some aromatic plants, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2012, 6, 1, 35-48. [all data]

Riahi, Pourbasheer, et al., 2009
Riahi, S.; Pourbasheer, E.; Ganjali, M.R.; Norouzi, P., Investigation of different linear and non-linear chemometric methods for modeling of retention index of essential oil components: Concerns to support vector mashine, J. Hazard. Mat., 2009, 166, 2-3, 853-859, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.11.097 . [all data]

Zellner, Amorim, et al., 2009
Zellner, B.D.; Amorim, A.C.L.; de Miranda A.L.P.; Alves, R.J.V.; Barbosa, J.P.; da Costa, G.L.; Rezende, C.M., Screening of the odor-activity and bioactiovity of the essential oils of leaves and flowers of Hyptis Passerina Mart. from the Brazilian Cerrado, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2009, 20, 2, 322-332, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532009000200018 . [all data]

Xie, Sun, et al., 2008
Xie, J.; Sun, B.; Zheng, F.; Wang, S., Volatile flavor constituents in roasted pork of mini-pig, Food Chem., 2008, 109, 3, 506-514, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.12.074 . [all data]

Cole, Haber, et al., 2007
Cole, R.A.; Haber, W.A.; Setzer, W.N., Chemical composition of essential oils of seven species of Eugenia from Monteverde, Costa Rica, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 12, 877-886, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2007.06.013 . [all data]

Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 2006
Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 2006, 78, 13, 1419-1432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2005.07.020 . [all data]

Lo Cantore, Iacobellis, et al., 2004
Lo Cantore, P.; Iacobellis, N.S.; de Marco, A.; Capasso, F.; Senatore, F., Antibacterial activity of Coriandrum sativum L. and Foeniculum vulgare Miller Var. vulgare (Miller) essential oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 26, 7862-7866, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0493122 . [all data]

Moretti, Madonia, et al., 2004
Moretti, V.M.; Madonia, G.; Diaferia, C.; Mentasti, T.; Paleari, M.A.; Panseri, S.; Pirone, G.; Gandini, G., Chemical and microniological parameters and sensory attributes of a typical Sicilian salami ripened in different conditions, Meat Sci., 2004, 66, 4, 845-854, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2003.08.006 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Kéita, Vincent, et al., 2000
Kéita, S.M.; Vincent, C.; Schmit, J.-P.; Bélanger, A., Essential oil composition of Ocimum basilicum L., O. gratissimum L. and O. suave L. in the Republic of Guinea, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 5, 339-341, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200009/10)15:5<339::AID-FFJ922>3.0.CO;2-H . [all data]

Baratta, Dorman, et al., 1998
Baratta, M.T.; Dorman, H.J.; Deans, S.G.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Ruberto, G., Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of some commercial essential oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 4, 235-244, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(1998070)13:4<235::AID-FFJ733>3.0.CO;2-T . [all data]

Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 1997
Isidorov, V.; Zenkevich, I.; Sacharevich, T., Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices for Monoterpenes and Terpenoids from Their Physico-Chemical Constants, Chem. Anal. (Warsaw), 1997, 42, 627-634. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1997
Zenkevich, I.G., Analytical Parameters of Components of Essential Oils for their Chromatographic and Chromato-Spectral Identificaiton. Oxsigenated derivatives of Mono- and Sesquiterpene Hydrocarbons, Rastit, Resursy (Rus.), 1997, 33, 1, 16-28. [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Swigar and Silverstein, 1981
Swigar, A.A.; Silverstein, R.M., Monoterpenes, Aldrich Chemical Company, Milwaukee, WI, USA, 1981, 130. [all data]

Zeng, Xie, et al., 2011
Zeng, Z.; Xie, R.; Zhang, T.; Zhang, H.; Chen, J.Y., Analysis of volatile compositions of Magnolia biondii Pamp by steam distillation and Headspace solid phase micro-extraction, J. Oleo Sci., 2011, 60, 12, 591-596, https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.60.591 . [all data]

Kurose, Okamura, et al., 2007
Kurose, K.; Okamura, D.; Yatagai, M., Composition of the essential oils from the leaves of nine Pinus species and the cones of three of Pinus species, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 10-20, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1609 . [all data]

La Guerche S., Dauphin B., et al., 2006
La Guerche S.; Dauphin B.; Pons M.; Blancard D.; Darriet P., Characterization of some mushroom and earthy off-odors microbially induced by the development of rot on grapes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 24, 9193-9200, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0615294 . [all data]

Kasali, Oyedeji, et al., 2001
Kasali, A.A.; Oyedeji, A.O.; Ashilokun, A.O., Volatile leaf oil constituents of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 5, 377-378, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1019 . [all data]

Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996
Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 1996, 70, 2, 151-160. [all data]

Stancher and Pertoldi, 1967
Stancher, B.; Pertoldi, M.G., Characterization of commercial materials used in synthetic essential oil production. Identification and gas-chromatographic determination of impurities, Rassegna chimica, 1967, 19, 3, 99-109. [all data]

Demirci, Baser, et al., 2003
Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Yildiz, B.; Bahcecioglu, Z., Composition of the essential oils of six endemic Salvia spp. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 116-121, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1173 . [all data]

Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 2003
Tasdemir, D.; Demirci, B.; Demirci, F.; Dönmez, A.A.; Baser, K.H.C.; Rüedi, P., Analysis of the Volatile Components of Five Turkish Rhododendron Species by Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction and GC-MS (HS-SPME-GC-MS), Z. Naturforsch., 2003, 58c, 797-803. [all data]

Tabanca N., Demirci F., et al., 2001
Tabanca N.; Demirci F.; Ozek T.; Tumen G.; Baser K.H.C., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Origanum x dolichosiphon P. H. Davis, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2001, 37, 3, 238-241, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012513922871 . [all data]

Eckel, Ross, et al., 1993
Eckel, W.P.; Ross, B.; Isensee, R.K., Pentobarbital found in ground water, Ground Water, 1993, 31, 5, 801-804, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb00853.x . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References