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Antimony tetramer


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
<1.00 ± 0.10LPESPolak, Gerber, et al., 1992Vertical Detachment Energy: 1.57±0.05 eV.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.40 ± 0.10PEElbel, Kudnig, et al., 1984LBLHLM
7.8EIBusse and Weil, 1982LBLHLM
8.4 ± 0.3EIKordis and Gingerich, 1973LLK
7.70 ± 0.06EICabaud, Hoareau, et al., 1973LLK
8.3 ± 0.3EIKohl, Prusaczyk, et al., 1967RDSH
9.1 ± 0.3EIGutbier, 1961RDSH
7.7 ± 0.3EIDeMaria, Drowart, et al., 1959RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
Sb+15.0Sb3EIBusse and Weil, 1982LBLHLM
Sb+15. ± 0.5?EIDeMaria, Drowart, et al., 1959RDSH
Sb2+11.4Sb2EIBusse and Weil, 1982LBLHLM
Sb2+1.?EIDeMaria, Drowart, et al., 1959RDSH
Sb3+10.2SbEIBusse and Weil, 1982LBLHLM
Sb3+10.8 ± 0.3SbEIKordis and Gingerich, 1973LLK
Sb3+10.4 ± 0.3SbEIKohl, Prusaczyk, et al., 1967RDSH
Sb3+10.8 ± 0.3SbEIDeMaria, Drowart, et al., 1959RDSH

Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Marilyn E. Jacox

State:   a


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 9700 T gas Polak, Gerber, et al., 1992

State:   X


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1 1 242.1 ± 0.5 Ne Ra Bondybey, Schwartz, et al., 1981
Sontag and Weber, 1982
1 241.5 ± 0.3 Ar Ra Sontag and Weber, 1982
1 239.6 ± 0.3 Kr Ra Sontag and Weber, 1982
e 2 137.1 ± 0.3 Ar Ra Sontag and Weber, 1982
2 135.8 ± 0.3 Kr Ra Sontag and Weber, 1982
f2 3 179.1 ± 0.5 Ne Ra Bondybey, Schwartz, et al., 1981
Sontag and Weber, 1982
3 178.5 ± 0.3 Ar Ra Sontag and Weber, 1982
3 177.1 ± 0.3 Kr Ra Sontag and Weber, 1982

Additional references: Jacox, 1994, page 189

Notes

TTentative assignment or approximate value
oEnergy separation between the v = 0 levels of the excited and electronic ground states.

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Polak, Gerber, et al., 1992
Polak, M.L.; Gerber, G.; Ho, J.; Lineberger, W.C., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Small Antimony Cluster Anions - Sb(-) Sb2(-), Sb3(-), and Sb4(-), J. Chem. Phys., 1992, 97, 12, 8990, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.463326 . [all data]

Elbel, Kudnig, et al., 1984
Elbel, S.; Kudnig, J.; Grodzicki, M.; Lempka, H.J., Photoelectron spectra of Group V compounds. The elements: Sb4, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1984, 109, 312. [all data]

Busse and Weil, 1982
Busse, B.; Weil, K.G., Mass spectrometric studies on the vapour phase composition over solid and fused Cs3Sb, Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem., 1982, 86, 93. [all data]

Kordis and Gingerich, 1973
Kordis, J.; Gingerich, K.A., Mass spectroscopic investigation of the equilibrium dissociation of gaseous Sb2, Sb3, Sb4, SbP, SbP3, and P2, J. Chem. Phys., 1973, 58, 5141. [all data]

Cabaud, Hoareau, et al., 1973
Cabaud, B.; Hoareau, A.; Nounou, P.; Uzan, R., High temperature mass spectrometric study of polyatomic antimony species by electron impact. Direct evidence for the existence of Sb3 molecules, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1973, 11, 157. [all data]

Kohl, Prusaczyk, et al., 1967
Kohl, F.J.; Prusaczyk, J.E.; Carlson, K.D., New gaseous molecules of the pnictides, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1967, 89, 5501. [all data]

Gutbier, 1961
Gutbier, H., Massenspektrometrische Untersuchungen der Verdampfungsvorgange bei einigen Verbindungen mit Zinkblende-Gitter im Temperaturbereich um 1000 degree K, Z. Naturforsch. A:, 1961, 16, 268. [all data]

DeMaria, Drowart, et al., 1959
DeMaria, G.; Drowart, J.; Inghram, M.G., Thermodynamic study of InSb with a mass spectrometer, J. Chem. Phys., 1959, 31, 1076. [all data]

Bondybey, Schwartz, et al., 1981
Bondybey, V.E.; Schwartz, G.P.; Griffiths, J.E., Study of molecular antimony: Sb4 and Sb2 in solid neon, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1981, 89, 2, 328, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(81)90026-6 . [all data]

Sontag and Weber, 1982
Sontag, H.; Weber, R., Matrix-isolation spectroscopy of small antimony clusters, Chem. Phys., 1982, 70, 1-2, 23, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(82)85100-8 . [all data]

Jacox, 1994
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1994, 464. [all data]


Notes

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