Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Silver trimer


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to Ag3+ (ion structure unspecified)

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
2.430 ± 0.050LPESHandschuh, Cha, et al., 1995EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Adiabatic EA est as up to 1 eV smaller; B
2.66 ± 0.20LPESTaylor, Pettiettehall, et al., 1992EA set as 0.2 eV above onset to correct for unresolved hot bands.; B
<2.43997LPDGantefor, Cox, et al., 1990Not 0-0 transition, big Franck-Condon problem.; B
2.27 ± 0.10LPESGanteför, Gausa, et al., 1990EA: threshold, >=EA(adiabatic). Vertical Detachment Energy: 2.43±0.1 eV.; B
2.360 ± 0.010LPESHo, Ervin, et al., 1990Vertical Detachment Energy: 2.43±0.01 eV; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
6.20EIJackschath, Rabin, et al., 1992LL
6.2 ± 0.2EIFranzreb, Wucher, et al., 1990LL
<=7.0IMBBuckner, Gord, et al., 1988LL

Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Marilyn E. Jacox

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 31150 Ar Fedrigo, Harbich, et al., 1993
Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 28570 Ar Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 27550 Ar Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 26700 Ar Fedrigo, Harbich, et al., 1993
Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 30200 Kr Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 26200 Kr Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 27500 Kr Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990

State:   2E


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 26969.0 gas 2E''-X 365 385 Cheng and Duncan, 1988
LaiHing, Cheng, et al., 1989
Ellis, Robles, et al., 1993
Wedum, Grant, et al., 1994
Sioutis, Stakhursky, et al., 2007
Tx = 25900 Ar 2E''-X Fedrigo, Harbich, et al., 1993
Tx = 26200 Kr 2E''-X Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1' 1 Sym. stretch 158.2 gas MPI LF Cheng and Duncan, 1988
LaiHing, Cheng, et al., 1989
Ellis, Robles, et al., 1993
Wedum, Grant, et al., 1994
Sioutis, Stakhursky, et al., 2007
e' 2 Deformation 100.5 gas MPI LF Cheng and Duncan, 1988
LaiHing, Cheng, et al., 1989
Ellis, Robles, et al., 1993
Wedum, Grant, et al., 1994

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 24900 Kr Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 23870 Ar Schulze, Becker, et al., 1978
Ozin, Huber, et al., 1979
Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990
Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 23470 Ar Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 23700 Kr Schulze, Becker, et al., 1978
Ozin, Huber, et al., 1979
Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990

State:   ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

Tx = 23700 Xe Schulze, Becker, et al., 1978
Ozin, Huber, et al., 1979
Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990

State:   2A1' ?


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 19809 ± 2 gas 495 505 Okazaki, Saito, et al., 1996
Tx = 20490 Ar Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000
Tx = 20300 Ar Fedrigo, Harbich, et al., 1993
Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000
Tx = 19880 Ar Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000
Tx = 16450 Ar Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000
Tx = 16180 Ar Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000
Tx = 16100 Ar Fedrigo, Harbich, et al., 1993
Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000
Tx = 21830 Kr Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990
Tx = 19500 Kr Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990
Tx = 17900 Kr Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990
Tx = 16000 Kr Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1' 1 Sym. stretch 107 gas EM Okazaki, Saito, et al., 1996
e' 2 Deformation 94 gas EM Okazaki, Saito, et al., 1996

State:   X


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

a1' 1 Sym. stretch 121 gas LF Ellis, Robles, et al., 1993
Wedum, Grant, et al., 1994
Sioutis, Stakhursky, et al., 2007
1 Sym. stretch 119 Ar Ra Haslett, Bosnick, et al., 1999
1 Sym. stretch 120 T Kr Ra Schulze, Becker, et al., 1978, 2
e' 2 Deformation 67 gas LF Sioutis, Stakhursky, et al., 2007

Additional references: Jacox, 1994, page 60; Jacox, 1998, page 161; Jacox, 2003, page 52

Notes

TTentative assignment or approximate value
oEnergy separation between the v = 0 levels of the excited and electronic ground states.
xEnergy separation between the band maximum of the excited electronic state and the v = 0 level of the ground state.

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Handschuh, Cha, et al., 1995
Handschuh, H.; Cha, C.Y.; Bechthold, P.S.; Gantefor, G.; Eberhardt, W., Electronic shells or molecular orbitals: Photoelectron spectra of Ag-n(-) clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 16, 6406, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.469356 . [all data]

Taylor, Pettiettehall, et al., 1992
Taylor, K.J.; Pettiettehall, C.L.; Cheshnovsky, O.; Smalley, R.E., Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectra of Coinage Metal Clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 1992, 96, 4, 3319, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.461927 . [all data]

Gantefor, Cox, et al., 1990
Gantefor, G.F.; Cox, D.M.; Kaldor, A., High Resolution Photodetachment Spectroscopy of Jet-Cooled Metal Cluster Anions - Au2- and Ag3-, J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 93, 11, 8395, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.459272 . [all data]

Ganteför, Gausa, et al., 1990
Ganteför, G.; Gausa, M.; Meiwes-Broer, K.-H.; Lutz, H.O., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Silver and Palladium Cluster Anions, J. Chem. Soc. Farad. Trans., 1990, 86, 13, 2483, https://doi.org/10.1039/ft9908602483 . [all data]

Ho, Ervin, et al., 1990
Ho, J.; Ervin, K.M.; Lineberger, W.C., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Metal Cluster Anions - Cun-, Agn-, and Aun-, J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 93, 10, 6987, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.459475 . [all data]

Jackschath, Rabin, et al., 1992
Jackschath, C.; Rabin, I.; Schulze, W., Electron impact ionization of silver clusters Agn, n<36, Z. Phys. D, 1992, 22, 517. [all data]

Franzreb, Wucher, et al., 1990
Franzreb, K.; Wucher, A.; Oechsner, H., Electron impact ionization of small silver and copper clusters, Z. Phys. D, 1990, 17, 51. [all data]

Buckner, Gord, et al., 1988
Buckner, S.W.; Gord, J.R.; Freiser, B.S., Gas phase studies of Zn2, Ag3, and Ag5., J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 88, 3678. [all data]

Fedrigo, Harbich, et al., 1993
Fedrigo, S.; Harbich, W.; Buttet, J., Optical response of Ag2, Ag3, Au2, and Au3 in argon matrices, J. Chem. Phys., 1993, 99, 8, 5712, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.465920 . [all data]

Rabin, Schulze, et al., 2000
Rabin, I.; Schulze, W.; Ertl, G.; Felix, C.; Sieber, C.; Harbich, W.; Buttet, J., Absorption and fluorescence spectra of Ar-matrix-isolated Ag3 clusters, Chem. Phys. Lett., 2000, 320, 1-2, 59, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2614(00)00211-6 . [all data]

Harbich, Fedrigo, et al., 1990
Harbich, W.; Fedrigo, S.; Meyer, F.; Lindsay, D.M.; Lignieres, J.; Rivoal, J.C.; Kreisle, D., Deposition of mass selected silver clusters in rare gas matrices, J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 93, 12, 8535, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.459291 . [all data]

Cheng and Duncan, 1988
Cheng, P.Y.; Duncan, M.A., Vibronic spectroscopy and dynamics in the jet-cooled silver trimer, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1988, 152, 4-5, 341, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(88)80103-9 . [all data]

LaiHing, Cheng, et al., 1989
LaiHing, K.; Cheng, P.Y.; Duncan, M.A., Laser photoionization and spectroscopy of gas phase silver clusters, Z. Phys. D, 1989, 13, 2, 161, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01398586 . [all data]

Ellis, Robles, et al., 1993
Ellis, A.M.; Robles, E.S.J.; Miller, T.A., Dispersed fluorescence spectroscopic study of the ground electronic state of silver trimer, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1993, 201, 1-4, 132, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(93)85046-Q . [all data]

Wedum, Grant, et al., 1994
Wedum, E.E.; Grant, E.R.; Cheng, P.Y.; Willey, K.F.; Duncan, M.A., On the assignment of Jahn--Teller effects in the ultraviolet absorption spectrum of Ag3, J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 100, 9, 6312, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.467093 . [all data]

Sioutis, Stakhursky, et al., 2007
Sioutis, I.; Stakhursky, V.L.; Pitzer, R.M.; Miller, T.A., Jahn-Teller and related effects in the silver trimer. II: Vibrational analysis of the A [sup 2]E[sup ´´]-X [sup 2]E[sup ´] electronic transition, J. Chem. Phys., 2007, 126, 12, 124309, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2430704 . [all data]

Schulze, Becker, et al., 1978
Schulze, W.; Becker, H.U.; Abe, H., The preparation of silver molecules Agn (n < 10) in Kr matrices and their ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra, Chem. Phys., 1978, 35, 1-2, 177, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(78)85203-3 . [all data]

Ozin, Huber, et al., 1979
Ozin, G.A.; Huber, H.; Mitchell, S.A., Selective, naked cluster cryophotochemistry: trisilver, Ag3, Inorg. Chem., 1979, 18, 10, 2932, https://doi.org/10.1021/ic50200a065 . [all data]

Okazaki, Saito, et al., 1996
Okazaki, T.; Saito, Y.; Kasuya, A.; Nishina, Y., Optical emission spectra of Ag3 molecules in the gas evaporation technique, J. Chem. Phys., 1996, 104, 3, 812, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.470806 . [all data]

Haslett, Bosnick, et al., 1999
Haslett, T.L.; Bosnick, K.A.; Fedrigo, S.; Moskovits, M., Resonance Raman spectroscopy of matrix-isolated mass-selected Fe[sub 3] and Ag[sub 3], J. Chem. Phys., 1999, 111, 14, 6456, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.480014 . [all data]

Schulze, Becker, et al., 1978, 2
Schulze, W.; Becker, H.U.; Minkwitz, R.; Manzel, K., Matrix Raman spectra of Ag2 and Ag3, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1978, 55, 1, 59, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(78)85132-X . [all data]

Jacox, 1994
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1994, 464. [all data]

Jacox, 1998
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement A, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 2, 115-393, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556017 . [all data]

Jacox, 2003
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement B, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2003, 32, 1, 1-441, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1497629 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References