Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Isobornyl acetate


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1275.2Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m
PackedApiezon L150.1258.ter Heide, 1968N2, Embacel; Column length: 2.5 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-11268.Srivastava, Srivastava, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 3. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBPX-51302.El-Ghorab, Mansour, et al., 200425. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51290.Viña and Murillo, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 0.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1262.Palá-Paúl, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-11275.Raina, Srivastava, et al., 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11268.Raina, Srivastava, et al., 2002, 225. m/0.55 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySSP-11256.Nagarajan, Rao, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51288.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51288.de Marchese, de Heluani, et al., 2007He; Program: 60C(5min) => 3C/min => 100C => 1C/min => 160C => 10C/min => 240C(10min)

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1625.Tudor, Moldovan, et al., 1999Phase thickness: 0.08 «mu»m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1623.ter Heide, 1968N2, Embacel; Column length: 2.5 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1554.Nébié, Yaméogo, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryInnowax1582.Viña and Murillo, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 0.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1552.Nagarajan, Rao, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51287.Benzo, Gilardoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51287.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySPB-11268.Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51290.Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51283.Javidnia K., Miri R., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11278.Kuiate, Bessière, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51294.Liu J.M., Nan P., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1262.Pavlovic, Kovacevic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1284.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51286.Su, Ho, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Cioni, Flamini, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1265.Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51285.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1285.6Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1288.Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1289.3Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Ceccarini, Macchia, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Flamini, Bader, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51286.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11261.Ramezani, Behravan, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 265. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1267.Tzakou, Vagias, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51287.Bader, Flamini, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Macchioni, Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1286.Hudaib, Speroni, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1282.Shang, Hu, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51284.Couladis, Tsortanidou, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 380. C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1289.Hudaib, Grazia Bellardi, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 210. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51302.David, Scanlan, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillarySE-301286.Paramonov, Khalilova, et al., 20006. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11282.7Helmig, Klinger, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, -50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 175. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1278.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199525. m/0.2 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-11268.Bartley and Foley, 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 290. C @ 5. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1292.3Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillarySE-521287.Guerrini, Sacchetti, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51289.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 280C
CapillarySE-521290.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101568.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1570.Kjeldsen, Christensen, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 32. C @ 1. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1565.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1559.Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 260. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1568.Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 240. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1580.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1582.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199550. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 170. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-11286.Dehshahri, Afsharypuor, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1286.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1287.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryElite-5 MS1285.Baharum, Bunawan, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51286.Ho, Wang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1287.Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1283.Pripdeevech, Chumpolsri, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1290.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-51286.Yang, Zhang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 3. min
CapillaryHP-51286.Verdian-rizi, 200825. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1283.Adams, Beauchamp, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1280.Basta, Pavlovic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51279.Cheraif, Ben Jannet, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 4. min
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1285.Hudaib and Aburjai, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1275.Safaei-Ghomi, Bamoniri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 3. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1286.Vagionas, Graikou, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11259.Iranshahi, Amin, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 2.5 K/min, 265. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51285.Rout, Naik, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51296.Shafi, Jose, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBPX-51296.Dickschat, Martens, et al., 200525. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryHP-51284.Duarte, Figueira, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 7. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51281.Khayyat and Karimi, 2005He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51282.Khayyat and Karimi, 2005He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1286.Petrakis, Roussis, et al., 20053. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51286.Skoula and Grayer, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1285.Slavkovska, Couladis, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-51292.Gauvin, Ravaomanarivo, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51285.Kalvandi, Sefidkon, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11262.Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 2.5 K/min, 265. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51285.Senatore, Rigano, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51296.Shafi, Nambiar, et al., 200425. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBPX-51305.Vilaseca, Guy, et al., 200425. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1279.Curini, Bianchi, et al., 2003He, 4. K/min; Column length: 12.5 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryRSL-2001274.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1265.Kanjilal, Kotoky, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2.5 min, 5. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1266.Santos and Cordeiro, 2003He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-51280.Velickovic, Randjelovic, et al., 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.53 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Velickovic, Randjelovic, et al., 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.53 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51285.Kobaisy, Tellez, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11262.Palá-Paúl, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 2002, 250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryHP-51286.Gallori, Flamini, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1282.Shang, Hu, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-11270.Choo, Wong, et al., 199950. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51317.Porta, Porcedda, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-11279.Sefidkon and Mirza, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51281.El-Sakhawy, El-Tantawy, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11272.Werkhoff and Güntert, 199760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51282.2Gawdzik, Mardarowicz, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-11275.Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011279.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1268.Kaul, Singh, et al., 19935. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl polydimethyl siloxane1286.Chaverri, Diaz, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51285.Nezhadali and Parsa, 201030. m/0.20 mm/0.32 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 140 0C 50 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryZB-1 MS1277.Bajpai, Al-Reza, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryHP-5MS1270.Ning, Zheng, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 180 0C (2 min) 15 0C -> 280 0C
CapillaryHP-51304.Jordan, Martinez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(4min) => 1C/min => 64C => 2.5C/min => 155C => 5C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1286.Judzentiene and Buzelyte, 200650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 5C/min => 160C(1min) => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryBPX-51285.Judzentiene and Mockute, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(0.2min) => 3K/min => 186C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryHP-51275.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51288.Singh, Maurya, et al., 2005Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 65C(1min) => 1C/min => 75C (2min) => 0.5C/min => 81C(2min) => 3C/min => 180C(7min)
CapillaryHP-51304.Sotomayor, Martínez, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(4min) => 1C/min => 64C => 2.5C/min => 155C => 5C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-51285.Vilaseca, Guy, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301273.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1285.Mockute and Judzentiene, 200350. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(5min) => 3C/min => 100C (1min) => 25C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51301.7David, Scanlan, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1279.Shang, Hu, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1273.Zenkevich, 1999Program: not specified
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1278.Sagrero-Nieves and Bartley, 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011279.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1562.Cheraif, Ben Jannet, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-Innowax1584.Mendivil, Rodrigues, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101571.Wong, Sivasothy, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101549.Gauvin, Ravaomanarivo, et al., 200460. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1583.Werkhoff and Güntert, 199760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1577.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1582.Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1584.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1613.Stancher and Pertoldi, 1967Hydrogen, Gas-Chrom Z (80-100 mesh), 4. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 65. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1584.Hudaib and Aburjai, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1574.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1584.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

ter Heide, 1968
ter Heide, R., Studies on terpenes. II. Characterization of monoterpene esters by gas and thin-layer chromatography, Z. Anal. Chem., 1968, 236, 215-227. [all data]

Srivastava, Srivastava, et al., 2006
Srivastava, A.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V., Volatile composition of Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. rhizome from central and southern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 423-426, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1680 . [all data]

El-Ghorab, Mansour, et al., 2004
El-Ghorab, A.H.; Mansour, A.F.; El-massry, K.F., Effect of extraction methods on the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of Egyptian marjoram (Majorana hortensis Moench), Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 54-61, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1276 . [all data]

Viña and Murillo, 2003
Viña, A.; Murillo, E., Essential oil composition from twelve varieties of basil (Ocimum spp) grown in Columbia, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2003, 14, 5, 744-749, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532003000500008 . [all data]

Palá-Paúl, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 2002
Palá-Paúl, J.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Sanz, J., Essential oil composition of Schizogyne glaberrima DC, a species endemic to the Canary Islands, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 13-14, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1043 . [all data]

Raina, Srivastava, et al., 2002
Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunder, K.V., The essential oil of 'greater galangal' [Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.] from the lower Himalayan region of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 358-360, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1105 . [all data]

Raina, Srivastava, et al., 2002, 2
Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Ahmad, A.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Aggarwal, K.K., Essential oil composition of Curcuma longa L. cv. Roma from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 2, 99-102, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1053 . [all data]

Nagarajan, Rao, et al., 2001
Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Gurudutt, K.N., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br., Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 3, 212-214, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.985 . [all data]

Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 1998
Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Santos, A.S.; Silva, M.H.L.; Maia, J.G.S., Essential oils of Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Br growing wild in the Brazilian Amazon, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 1, 47-48, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199801/02)13:1<47::AID-FFJ690>3.0.CO;2-0 . [all data]

de Marchese, de Heluani, et al., 2007
de Marchese, M.J.A.; de Heluani, C.S.; Catalán, C.A.N.; Griffin, C.A.; Vaughn, J.B., Jr.; Herz, W., Incisol, an alcohol with a novel sesquiterpene skeleton from Xenophyllum incisum, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 3, 169-175, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.10.006 . [all data]

Tudor, Moldovan, et al., 1999
Tudor, E.; Moldovan, D.; Zârna, N., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on two carbowax-20M glass capillary columns with different film thickness. 2, Rev. Roum. Chim., 1999, 44, 7, 665-675. [all data]

Nébié, Yaméogo, et al., 2004
Nébié, R.H.C.; Yaméogo, R.T.; Bélanger, A.; Sib, F.S., Composition chimique des huiles essentielles d'Ageratum conyzoïdes du Burkina Faso, C.R. Chim., 2004, 7, 10-11, 1019-1022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crci.2003.12.027 . [all data]

Benzo, Gilardoni, et al., 2007
Benzo, M.; Gilardoni, G.; Gandini, C.; Caccialanza, G.; Finzi, P.V.; Vidari, G.; Abdo, S.; Layedra, P., Determination of the threshold odor concentration of main odorants in essential oils using gas chromatography-olfactometry incremental dilution technique, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1150, 1-2, 131-135, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.031 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2007
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Bader, A., Essential oils of the aerial parts of three Salvia species from Jordan: Salvia lanigera, S. spinosa and S. syriaca, Food Chem., 2007, 100, 2, 732-735, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.10.032 . [all data]

Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2007
Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L.; Ceccarini, L.; Ricci, A.S.; Longo, I., Comparison between the conventional method of extraction of essential oil of Laurus nobilis L. and a novel method which uses microwaves applied in situ, without resorting to an oven, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1143, 1-2, 36-40, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.01.031 . [all data]

Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 2006
Blagojevic, P.; Radulovic, N.; Palic, R.; Stojanovic, G., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Serbian wild-growing Srtemisia absinthium and Artemisia vulgaris, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 13, 4780-4789, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060123o . [all data]

Javidnia K., Miri R., et al., 2006
Javidnia K.; Miri R.; Javidnia A., Constituents of the essential oil of Scabiosa flavida from Iran, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2006, 42, 5, 529-530, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-006-0206-3 . [all data]

Kuiate, Bessière, et al., 2006
Kuiate, J.R.; Bessière, J.M.; Vilarem, G.; Amvam Zollo, P.H., Chemical composition and antidermatophytic properties of the essential oils from leaves, flowers and fruits of Cupressus lusitanica Mill. from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 693-697, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1686 . [all data]

Liu J.M., Nan P., et al., 2006
Liu J.M.; Nan P.; Tsering Q.; Tsering T.; Bai Z.K.; Wang L.; Liu Z.J.; Zhong Y., Volatile constituents of the leaves and flowers of Salvia przewalskii Maxim. from Tibet, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 435-438, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1607 . [all data]

Pavlovic, Kovacevic, et al., 2006
Pavlovic, M.; Kovacevic, N.; Tzakou, O.; Couladis, M., Essential oil composition of Anthemis triumfetti (L.) DC., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 297-299, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1592 . [all data]

Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 2006
Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1104, 1-2, 313-322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.11.087 . [all data]

Su, Ho, et al., 2006
Su, Y.-C.; Ho, C.-L.; Wang, E.I.-C.; Chang, S.-T., Antifungal activities and chemical compositions of essential oils from leaves of four eucalypts, Taiwan J. For. Sci., 2006, 21, 1, 49-61. [all data]

Cioni, Flamini, et al., 2005
Cioni, P.L.; Flamini, G.; Caponi, C.; Ceccarini, L.; Morelli, I., Analysis of volatile fraction, fixed oil and tegumental waxes of the seeds of two different cultivars of Helianthus annuus, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 4, 713-717, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.04.031 . [all data]

Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 2005
Estevez, M.; Ventanas, S.; Ramirez, R.; Cava, R., Influence of the Addition of Rosemary Essential Oil on the Volatiles Pattern of Porcine Frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 21, 8317-8324, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051025q . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2005
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Edraki, N., Chemical composition of Ferula persica Wild. essential oil from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 605-606, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1496 . [all data]

Zhao, Liang, et al., 2005
Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Fang, H.-Z.; Li, X.-N., Temperature-programmed retention indices for gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis of plant essential oils, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1096, 1-2, 76-85, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.09.067 . [all data]

Ceccarini, Macchia, et al., 2004
Ceccarini, L.; Macchia, M.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Caponi, C.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of Helianthus annuus L. leaves and heads of two cultivated hybride Carlos and Florom 350, Ind. Crops Prod., 2004, 19, 1, 13-17, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(03)00076-1 . [all data]

Flamini, Bader, et al., 2004
Flamini, G.; Bader, A.; Cioni, P.L.; Katbeh-Bader, A.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oil of leaves, galls, and ripe and unripe fruits of Jordian Pistacia palaestina Boiss., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 3, 572-576, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034773t . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2004
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Maccioni, S.; Baldini, R., Phytochemical typologies in some populations of Myrtus communis L. on Caprione Promontory (East Liguria, Italy), Food Chem., 2004, 85, 4, 599-604, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.08.005 . [all data]

Ramezani, Behravan, et al., 2004
Ramezani, M.; Behravan, J.; Yazdinezhad, A., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the volatile oil of Artemisia khorassanica from Iran, Pharm. Biol., 2004, 42, 8, 599-602, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200490902482 . [all data]

Tzakou, Vagias, et al., 2004
Tzakou, O.; Vagias, C.; Gani, A.; Yannitsaros, A., Volatile constituents of essential oils isolated at different growth stages from three Conyza species growing in Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 425-428. [all data]

Bader, Flamini, et al., 2003
Bader, A.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of Achillea santolina L. and Achillea biebersteinii Afan. collected in Jordan, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 1, 36-38, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1147 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Differences in the fragrances of pollen, leaves, and floral parts of garland (Chrysanthemum coronarium) and composition of the essential oils from flowerheads and leaves, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 8, 2267-2271, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf021050l . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003, 2
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Variability of the essential oil of Viola etrusca, Ann. Bot. Rome, 2003, 91, 4, 493-497, https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcg039 . [all data]

Macchioni, Cioni, et al., 2003
Macchioni, F.; Cioni, P.L.; Flamini, G.; Morelli, I.; Maccioni, S.; Ansaldi, M., Chemical composition of essential oils from needles, branches and cones of Pinus pinea, P. halepensis, P. pinaster and P. nigra from central Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 139-143, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1178 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2002
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Differences in the fragrances of pollen and different floral parts of male and female flowers of Laurus nobilis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 16, 4647-4652, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020269x . [all data]

Hudaib, Speroni, et al., 2002
Hudaib, M.; Speroni, E.; di Pietra, A.M.; Cavrini, V., GC/MS evaluation of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) oil composition and variations during the vegetative cycle, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., 2002, 29, 4, 691-700, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0731-7085(02)00119-X . [all data]

Shang, Hu, et al., 2002
Shang, C.; Hu, Y.; Deng, C.; Hu, K., Rapid determination of volatile constituents of Michelia alba flowers by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 942, 1-2, 283-288, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01382-6 . [all data]

Couladis, Tsortanidou, et al., 2001
Couladis, M.; Tsortanidou, V.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Harvala, C., Composition of the essential oils of Argyranthemum species growing in the Canary Islands, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 103-106, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.954 . [all data]

Hudaib, Grazia Bellardi, et al., 2001
Hudaib, M.; Grazia Bellardi, M.; Rubies-Autonell, C.; Fiori, J.; Cavrini, V., Chromatographic (GC-MS, HPLC) and virological evaluations of Salvia sclarea infected by BBWV-I, Farmaco, 2001, 56, 3, 219-227, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-827X(01)01038-2 . [all data]

David, Scanlan, et al., 2000
David, F.; Scanlan, F.; Sandra, P., Retention time locking in flavor analysis, Proceedings 23rd ISCC; CD-ROM, 2000, retrieved from http://www.richrom.com/assets/CD23PDF. [all data]

Paramonov, Khalilova, et al., 2000
Paramonov, E.A.; Khalilova, A.Z.; Odinokov, V.N.; Khalilov, L.M., Identification and biological activity of volatile organic compounds isolated from plants and insects. III. Chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compoundsof Aegopodium podagraria, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2000, 36, 6, 584-586, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1017563708858 . [all data]

Helmig, Klinger, et al., 1999
Helmig, D.; Klinger, L.F.; Guenther, A.; Vierling, L.; Geron, C.; Zimmerman, P., Biogenic volatile organic compound emissions (BVOCs). I. Identifications from three continental sites in the U.S., Chemosphere, 1999, 38, 9, 2163-2187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(98)00425-1 . [all data]

Píry, Príbela, et al., 1995
Píry, J.; Príbela, A.; Durcanská, J.; Farkas, P., Fractionation of volatiles from blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) by different extractive methods, Food Chem., 1995, 54, 1, 73-77, https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(95)92665-7 . [all data]

Bartley and Foley, 1994
Bartley, J.P.; Foley, P., Supercritical fluid extraction of Australian-grown ginger (Zingiber officinale), J. Sci. Food Agric., 1994, 66, 3, 365-371, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740660314 . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Guerrini, Sacchetti, et al., 2006
Guerrini, A.; Sacchetti, G.; Muzzoli, M.; Rueda, G.M.; Medici, A.; Besco, E.; Bruni, R., Composition of the Volatile Fraction of Ocotea bofo Kunth (Lauraceae) Calyces by GC-MS and NMR Fingerprinting and Its Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 20, 7778-7788, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0605493 . [all data]

Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 2001
Isidorov, V.A.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jdanova, M.A., Partition coefficients of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 923, 1-2, 127-136, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)00929-3 . [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Assessment of the Volatile Composition of Juices of Apricot, Peach, and Pear According to Two Pectolytic Treatments, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7837-7843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051397z . [all data]

Kjeldsen, Christensen, et al., 2003
Kjeldsen, F.; Christensen, L.P.; Edelenbos, M., Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 18, 5400-5407, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030212q . [all data]

Chevance and Farmer, 1999
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Identification of major volatile odor compounds in frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5151-5160, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990515d . [all data]

Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 2
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Release of volatile odor compounds from full-fat and reduced-fat frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5161-5168, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9905166 . [all data]

Dehshahri, Afsharypuor, et al., 2012
Dehshahri, S.; Afsharypuor, S.; Asghari, G.; Mohagheghzadeh, A., Determination of volatile glucosinolate degradation products in seed coat, stem and in vitro cultures of Moringa peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori, Res. Pharmaceutical Sci., 2012, 7, 1, 51-56. [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Baharum, Bunawan, et al., 2010
Baharum, S.N.; Bunawan, H.; Ghani, M.A.; Mustafa, W.A.W.; Noor, N.M., Analysis of the chemical composition of the essential oil of Polygonum minus Huds. using two-dimensional gas chromatography - time of flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS), Molecules, 2010, 15, 10, 7006-7015, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15107006 . [all data]

Ho, Wang, et al., 2010
Ho, C.-L.; Wang, E.I.-C.; Yu, H.-T.; Yu, H.-M.; Su, Y.-C., Composition amd antioxidant activities of essential oils of different tissues from Cryptomeria japonica D. Don, Quarterly J. Chin. Forestry, 2010, 32, 1, 63-76. [all data]

Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 2010
Ogunwande, I.A.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Omikorede, O.; Azeez, R.A.; Ayodele, A.A.; Kamil, Y.O., Aromatic plants growing in Nigeria: essential oil constituents of Cassia alata (Linn.) Roxb. and Helianthus annuus L., Rec. Nat. Prod., 2010, 4, 4, 211-217. [all data]

Pripdeevech, Chumpolsri, et al., 2010
Pripdeevech, P.; Chumpolsri, W.; Suttiarporn, P.; Wongpornchai, S., The chemical composition and antioxidant activities of Basil from Thailand using retention indices and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, J. Seb. Chem. Soc., 2010, 75, 11, 1503-1513, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100203125P . [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Yang, Zhang, et al., 2010
Yang, X.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, Y.; Zhao, H.; Dong, A.; Xu, L.; Yang, L.; Ma, Y.; Wang, J., Analysis if the essential oils of pine cones of Pinus koraiensis Steb. et Zucc. and P. sylvestris L. from China, J. Essen. Oil Res., 2010, 22, 5, 446-448, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700368 . [all data]

Verdian-rizi, 2008
Verdian-rizi, M., Phenological variations of Laurus nobilis L. essential oil from Iran, Electronic J. Environ. Agricultural Food Chem., 2008, 7, 11, 3321-3325. [all data]

Adams, Beauchamp, et al., 2007
Adams, R.P.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Dev, V.; Dutz, S.M., New Natural Products Isolated from One-Seeded Juniperus of the Southwestern United States: Isolation and Occurence of 2-Ethenyl-3-methyl Phanol and Its Derivatives, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2007, 19, 2, 146-152, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2007.9699247 . [all data]

Basta, Pavlovic, et al., 2007
Basta, A.; Pavlovic, M.; Couladis, M.; Tzakou, O., Essential oil composition of the flowerheads of Chrysanthemum coronarium L. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 3, 197-200, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1781 . [all data]

Cheraif, Ben Jannet, et al., 2007
Cheraif, I.; Ben Jannet, H.; Hammami, M.; Khouja, M.L.; Mighri, Z., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils of Cupressus arizonica Greene, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 12, 813-820, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2007.05.009 . [all data]

Hudaib and Aburjai, 2007
Hudaib, M.; Aburjai, T., Volatile components of Thymus vulgaris L. from wild-growing and cultivated plants in Jordan, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 322-327, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1800 . [all data]

Safaei-Ghomi, Bamoniri, et al., 2007
Safaei-Ghomi, J.; Bamoniri, A.; Hatami, A.; Batooli, H., Composition of the Essential Oil of Stachys acerosa Growing in Central Iran, Chem. Nat. Comp., 2007, 43, 1, 37-39, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-007-0026-0 . [all data]

Vagionas, Graikou, et al., 2007
Vagionas, K.; Graikou, K.; Ngassapa, O.; Runyoro, D.; Chinou, I., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of three Satureja species growing in Tansania, Food Chem., 2007, 103, 2, 319-324, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.07.051 . [all data]

Iranshahi, Amin, et al., 2006
Iranshahi, M.; Amin, G.; Sourmaghi, M.S.; Shafiee, A.; Hadjiakhoondi, A., Sulphur-containing compounds in the essential oil of the root of Ferula persica Willd. var. persica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 260-261, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1574 . [all data]

Rout, Naik, et al., 2006
Rout, P.K.; Naik, S.N.; Rao, Y.R., Composition of the concrete, absolute, headspace and essential oil of the flowers of Michelia champaca Linn., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 6, 906-911, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1742 . [all data]

Shafi, Jose, et al., 2006
Shafi, P.M.; Jose, B.; Radhamani, K.T.; Clery, R.A., Influence of pH on essential oil composition of Zanthoxylum rhetsa seeds obtained by steam distillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 317-318, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1598 . [all data]

Dickschat, Martens, et al., 2005
Dickschat, J.S.; Martens, T.; Brinkhoff, T.; Simon, M.; Schulz, S., Volatiles released by a Streptomyces species isolated from the North Sea, Chemistry and Biodiversity, 2005, 2, 7, 837-865, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200590062 . [all data]

Duarte, Figueira, et al., 2005
Duarte, M.C.T.; Figueira, G.M.; Sartoratto, A.; Rehder, V.L.G.; Delarmelina, C., Anti-Candida activity of Brazilian medicinal plants, J. Ethnopharmacol., 2005, 97, 2, 305-311, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.11.016 . [all data]

Khayyat and Karimi, 2005
Khayyat, M.H.; Karimi, H., Composition of the volatile oils of three different species of Artemisia, Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2005, 1, 1, 29-32. [all data]

Petrakis, Roussis, et al., 2005
Petrakis, P.V.; Roussis, V.; Papadimitriou, D.; Vagias, C.; Tsitsimpikou, C., The effect of terpenoid extracts from 15 pine species on the feeding behavioural sequence of the late instars of the pine processionary caterpillar Thaumetopoea pityocampa, Behav. Processes, 2005, 69, 3, 303-322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2004.12.008 . [all data]

Skoula and Grayer, 2005
Skoula, M.; Grayer, R.J., Volatile oils of Coridothymus capitatus, Satureja thymbra, Satureja spinosa and Thymbra calostachya (Lamiaceae) from Crete, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 573-576, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1489 . [all data]

Slavkovska, Couladis, et al., 2005
Slavkovska, V.; Couladis, M.; Bojovic, S.; Tzakou, O.; Pavlovic, M.; Lakusic, B.; Jancic, R., Essential oil and its systematic significance in species of Micromeria Bentham from Serbia Montenegro, Plant Systematics and Evolution, 2005, 255, 1-2, 1-15, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-005-0303-y . [all data]

Gauvin, Ravaomanarivo, et al., 2004
Gauvin, A.; Ravaomanarivo, H.; Smadja, J., Comparative analysis by gas chromatography?mass spectrometry of the essential oils from bark and leaves of Cedrelopsis grevei Baill, an aromatic and medicinal plant from Madagascar, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1029, 1-2, 279-282, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2003.12.012 . [all data]

Kalvandi, Sefidkon, et al., 2004
Kalvandi, R.; Sefidkon, F.; Atri, M.; Mirza, M., Analysis of the essential oil of Thymus eriocalyx from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 341-343, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1312 . [all data]

Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 2004
Sarkhail, P.; Amin, G.; Shafiee, A., Composition of the essential oil of Phlomis persica Boiss and Phlomis chorassanica Bunge from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 6, 538-540, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1338 . [all data]

Senatore, Rigano, et al., 2004
Senatore, F.; Rigano, D.; de Fusco, R.; Bruno, M., Composition of the essential oil from flowerheads of Chrysanthemum coronarium L. (Asteraceae) growing wild in Southern Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 2, 149-152, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1285 . [all data]

Shafi, Nambiar, et al., 2004
Shafi, P.M.; Nambiar, M.K.G.; Clery, R.A.; Sarma, Y.R.; Veena, S.S., Composition and antifungal activity of the oil of Artemisia nilagirica (Clarke) Pamp, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 377-379, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698748 . [all data]

Vilaseca, Guy, et al., 2004
Vilaseca, A.; Guy, I.; Charles, B.; Guinaudeau, H.; de Arias, A.R.; Fournet, A., Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of Hedeoma mandoniana essential oils, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 380-383, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698749 . [all data]

Curini, Bianchi, et al., 2003
Curini, M.; Bianchi, A.; Epifano, F.; Bruni, R.; Torta, L.; Zambonelli, A., Composition and in vitro antifungal activity of essential oils of Erigeron canadensis and Myrtus communis from France, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2003, 39, 2, 191-194, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024818015122 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2003
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Shafi, M.P.; Leela, N.K., Analysis of the essential oils of the leaves, stems, rhizomes and roots of the medicinal plant Alpinia galanga from southern India, Acta Pharm. Hung., 2003, 53, 73-81. [all data]

Kanjilal, Kotoky, et al., 2003
Kanjilal, P.B.; Kotoky, R.; Singh, R.S., Chemical composition of the leaf oil of Altingia excelsa Nornha, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 449-450, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1250 . [all data]

Santos and Cordeiro, 2003
Santos, J.G.S.; Cordeiro, M.S.C., Óleos essenciais da folha de Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., 2003, retrieved from http://www.sbq.org.br/ranteriores/23/resumos/0785-1. [all data]

Velickovic, Randjelovic, et al., 2003
Velickovic, D.T.; Randjelovic, N.V.; Ristic, M.S.; Velickovic, A.S.; Smelcerovic, A.A., Chemical constituents and antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extracts obtained from the flower, leaf, and stem of Salvia officinalis L., J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2003, 68, 1, 17-24, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0301017V . [all data]

Kobaisy, Tellez, et al., 2002
Kobaisy, M.; Tellez, M.R.; Dayan, F.E.; Duke, S.O., Phytotoxicity and volatile constituents from leaves of Callicarpa japonica Thunb., Phytochemistry, 2002, 61, 1, 37-40, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00207-8 . [all data]

Palá-Paúl, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 2002, 2
Palá-Paúl, J.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Sanz, J., Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the volatile components of Ageratina adenophora Spreng., growing in the Canary Islands, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 947, 2, 327-331, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00016-X . [all data]

Gallori, Flamini, et al., 2001
Gallori, S.; Flamini, G.; Bilia, A.R.; Morelli, I.; Landini, A.; Vincieri, F.F., Chemical composition of some traditional herbal drug preparations: essential oil and aromatic water of costmary (Balsamita suaveolens Pers.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5907-5910, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0107656 . [all data]

Shang, Hu, et al., 2001
Shang, C.; Hu, Y.; Deng, C.; Hu, K., Rapid determination of volatile constituents of Michelia alba flowers by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry with solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 942, 1-2, 283-288, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01382-6 . [all data]

Choo, Wong, et al., 1999
Choo, L.-C.; Wong, S.-M.; Liew, K.-Y., Essential oil of nutmeg pericarp, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1999, 79, 13, 1954-1957, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199910)79:13<1954::AID-JSFA460>3.0.CO;2-I . [all data]

Porta, Porcedda, et al., 1999
Porta, G.D.; Porcedda, S.; Marongiu, B.; Reverchon, E., Isolation of eucalyptus oil by supercritical fluid extraction, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 4, 214-218, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199907/08)14:4<214::AID-FFJ814>3.0.CO;2-H . [all data]

Sefidkon and Mirza, 1999
Sefidkon, F.; Mirza, M., Chemical composition of the essential oils of two Salvia species from Iran, Salvia virgata Jacq. and Salvia syriaca L., Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 1, 45-46, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199901/02)14:1<45::AID-FFJ774>3.0.CO;2-S . [all data]

El-Sakhawy, El-Tantawy, et al., 1998
El-Sakhawy, F.S.; El-Tantawy, M.E.; Ross, S.A.; El-Sohly, M.A., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Murraya exotica L., Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 1, 59-62, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199801/02)13:1<59::AID-FFJ693>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]

Werkhoff and Güntert, 1997
Werkhoff, P.; Güntert, M., Identification of some ester compounds in bourbon vanilla beans, Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 1997, 30, 4, 429-431, https://doi.org/10.1006/fstl.1996.0194 . [all data]

Gawdzik, Mardarowicz, et al., 1996
Gawdzik, J.; Mardarowicz, M.; Suprynowicz, Z.; Kawka, S.; Wolski, T., Supercritical fluid extraction of essential oils from the fruits of Archangelica off. Hoffm. and their characterization by GC/MS, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 4, 237-240, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240190416 . [all data]

Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 1996
Stashenko, E.E.; Puertas, M.A.; Combariza, M.Y., Volatile secondary metabolites from Spilanthes americana obtained by simultaneous steam distillation--solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 1996, 752, 1-2, 223-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00480-3 . [all data]

Egolf and Jurs, 1993
Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 1993, 65, 21, 3119-3126, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00069a027 . [all data]

Kaul, Singh, et al., 1993
Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B.; Sood, R.P., Volatile Constituents of the Essential Oil of Tanacetum longifolium Wall., J. Essent. Oil Res., 1993, 5, 6, 597-601, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1993.9698290 . [all data]

Chaverri, Diaz, et al., 2011
Chaverri, C.; Diaz, C.; Cicco, J.F., Chemical analysis of essential oils from Ocotea gomezii W.C. Burger and Ocotea morae Gomez-Laur. (Lauraceae) collected at Reserva biologica Alberto M. Brenes in Costa Rica and their cytotoxic activity on Tumor cell lines, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2011, 22, 4, s1-s4, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532011000400018 . [all data]

Nezhadali and Parsa, 2010
Nezhadali, A.; Parsa, M., Study of the volatile compounds in Artemisia Sagebrush from Iran using HS/SPME/GC/MS, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Development, 2010, 1, 3, 287-289, https://doi.org/10.7763/IJESD.2010.V1.56 . [all data]

Bajpai, Al-Reza, et al., 2009
Bajpai, V.K.; Al-Reza, S.M.; Choi, U.L.; Lee, J.H.; Kang, S.C., Chemical composition, antibacterial and antioxidant activities of leaf essential oil and extracts of Metasequioa glyptostroboides Miki ex Hu, Food Chem. Toxicol., 2009, 47, 8, 1876-1883, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2009.04.043 . [all data]

Ning, Zheng, et al., 2008
Ning, H.; Zheng, F.; Sun, B.; Xie, J.; Liu, Y., Solvent-free microwave extraction of essential oil from Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim., Food Environ. Ind. (Chinese), 2008, 34, 5, 179-184. [all data]

Jordan, Martinez, et al., 2006
Jordan, M.J.; Martinez, R.M.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A.; Sotomayor, J.A., Seasonal variation of Thymus hyemalis Lange and Spanish Thymus vulgaris L. essential oils composition, Ind. Crops Prod., 2006, 24, 3, 253-263, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2006.06.011 . [all data]

Judzentiene and Buzelyte, 2006
Judzentiene, A.; Buzelyte, J., Chemical composition of essential oils of Artemisia vulgaris L. (mugwort) from North Lithuania, Chemija, 2006, 17, 1, 12-15. [all data]

Judzentiene and Mockute, 2005
Judzentiene, A.; Mockute, D., The inflorescence and leaf essential oils of Tanacetum vulgare L. var. vulgare growing wild in Lithuania, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 5, 487-498, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.11.003 . [all data]

Singh, Maurya, et al., 2005
Singh, G.; Maurya, S.; Catalan, C.; de Lampasona, M.P., Studies on essential oils, Part 42: chemical, antifungal, antioxidant and sprout suppressant studies on ginger essential oil and its oleoresin, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1373 . [all data]

Sotomayor, Martínez, et al., 2004
Sotomayor, J.A.; Martínez, R.M.; García, A.J.; Jordán, M.J., Thymus zygis Subsp. Gracilis: watering level effect on phytomass production and essential oil quality, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 17, 5418-5424, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0496245 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Mockute and Judzentiene, 2003
Mockute, D.; Judzentiene, A., The myrtenol chemotype of essential oil of Tanacetum vulgare L. var. vulgare (tansy) growing wild in the Vilnius region, Chemija, 2003, 14, 2, 103-107. [all data]

David, Scanlan, et al., 2002
David, F.; Scanlan, F.; Sandra, P.; Szelewski, M., Analysis of essential oil compounds using retention time locked methods and retention time databases, 2002, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1999
Zenkevich, I.G., Analytical Parameters of Components of essential Oils for their Gas Chromatographic and Chromato-Mass-Spectral Identification. Acetates of Terpene Alcohols, Rastitelnye Resursy (Plant Resources), 1999, 35, 1, 30-37. [all data]

Sagrero-Nieves and Bartley, 1995
Sagrero-Nieves, L.; Bartley, J.P., Volatile Constituents from the Leaves of Chenopodium ambrosioides L., J. Essent. Oil Res., 1995, 7, 2, 221-223, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1995.9698506 . [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Mendivil, Rodrigues, et al., 2006
Mendivil, E.A.S.; Rodrigues, J.F.; Espinosa, M.E.; Fajardo, J.A.G.; Vosques, E.N.O., Chemical Composition and Fungicidal Activity of the Essential Oil of Thymus vulgaris against Alternaria citri, e-Gnosis, 2006, 4, 1-7, retrieved from http://www.e-gnosis.udg.mx. [all data]

Wong, Sivasothy, et al., 2006
Wong, K.C.; Sivasothy, Y.; Boey, P.L., Essential oil of Elettariopsis elan C.K. Lim, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 562-564, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1654 . [all data]

Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996
Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 1996, 70, 2, 151-160. [all data]

Stancher and Pertoldi, 1967
Stancher, B.; Pertoldi, M.G., Characterization of commercial materials used in synthetic essential oil production. Identification and gas-chromatographic determination of impurities, Rassegna chimica, 1967, 19, 3, 99-109. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References