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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C2H7N+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.24 ± 0.08eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)222.2kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity214.3kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.2 ± 0.1PEAue, Webb, et al., 1980LLK
8.2PEAue and Bowers, 1979LLK
8.83EIBaldwin, Loudon, et al., 1977LLK
8.2 ± 0.1PEAue, Webb, et al., 1976LLK
8.30PEVovna and Vilesov, 1974LLK
8.25 ± 0.02PEMaier and Turner, 1973LLK
8.07PECullen, Frost, et al., 1972LLK
8.25PECornford, Frost, et al., 1971LLK
8.36PEAl-Joboury and Turner, 1964RDSH
8.24 ± 0.02PIWatanabe and Mottl, 1957RDSH
8.95PEDaamen and Oskam, 1978Vertical value; LLK
8.97PEKimura and Osafune, 1975Vertical value; LLK
8.85PEGibbins, Lappert, et al., 1975Vertical value; LLK
8.929PEAue, Webb, et al., 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH3+14.8CH3NHEISenSharma and Franklin, 1973LLK
CH4N+10.80?EILoudon and Webb, 1977LLK
C2H3+16.6 ± 0.5?EIGallegos and Kiser, 1962RDSH
C2H6N+9.65HEILossing, Lam, et al., 1981LLK
C2H6N+10.55?EILoudon and Webb, 1977LLK
C2H6N+10.50?EILoudon and Webb, 1977LLK
C2H6N+9.41 ± 0.06HEISolka and Russell, 1974LLK
C2H6N+10.1 ± 0.1HEITaft, Martin, et al., 1965RDSH
H4N+14.05 ± 0.05?EIHaney and Franklin, 1969RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C2H6N- + Hydrogen cation = Dimethylamine

By formula: C2H6N- + H+ = C2H7N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar395.1 ± 2.0kcal/molD-EARadisic, Xu, et al., 2002gas phase; BDE supported by 72GOL/SOL, over McMillen and Golden, 1982; B
Deltar396.44 ± 0.89kcal/molG+TSMacKay, Hemsworth, et al., 1976gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar387.9 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSRadisic, Xu, et al., 2002gas phase; BDE supported by 72GOL/SOL, over McMillen and Golden, 1982; B
Deltar389.20 ± 0.60kcal/molIMREMacKay, Hemsworth, et al., 1976gas phase; B


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Aue, Webb, et al., 1980
Aue, D.H.; Webb, H.M.; Davidson, W.R.; Vidal, M.; Bowers, M.T.; Goldwhite, H.; Vertal, L.E.; Douglas, J.E.; Kollman, P.A.; Kenyon, G.L., Proton affinities photoelectron spectra of three-membered-ring J. Heterocycl. Chem., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1980, 102, 5151. [all data]

Aue and Bowers, 1979
Aue, D.H.; Bowers, M.T., Chapter 9. Stabilities of positive ions from equilibrium gas phase basicity measurements in Ions Chemistry,, ed. M.T. Bowers, 1979. [all data]

Baldwin, Loudon, et al., 1977
Baldwin, M.A.; Loudon, A.G.; Webb, K.S.; Cardnell, P.C., Charge location and fragmentation under electron impact. V-The ionization potentials of (methylated) phosphoramides, guanidines, formamides, acetamides, ureas and thioureas, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1977, 12, 279. [all data]

Aue, Webb, et al., 1976
Aue, D.H.; Webb, H.M.; Bowers, M.T., Quantitative proton affinities, ionization potentials, and hydrogen affinities of alkylamines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 311. [all data]

Vovna and Vilesov, 1974
Vovna, V.I.; Vilesov, F.I., Photoelectron spectra the structure of molecular orbitals of methyl amines, Opt. Spectrosc., 1974, 36, 251. [all data]

Maier and Turner, 1973
Maier, J.P.; Turner, D.W., Steric inhibition of resonance studied by molecular photoelectron spectroscopy Part 3. Anilines, Phenols and Related Compounds, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1973, 69, 521. [all data]

Cullen, Frost, et al., 1972
Cullen, W.R.; Frost, D.C.; Leeder, W.R., The ultraviolet and photoelectron spectra of some unsaturated fluorocarbon derivatives, J. Fluorine Chem., 1972, 1, 227. [all data]

Cornford, Frost, et al., 1971
Cornford, A.B.; Frost, D.C.; Herring, F.G.; McDowell, C.A., Electronic levels of methyl amines by photoelectron spectroscopy and an i.n.d.o. calculation, Can. J. Chem., 1971, 49, 1135. [all data]

Al-Joboury and Turner, 1964
Al-Joboury, M.I.; Turner, D.W., Molecular photoelectron spectroscopy. Part II. A summary of ionization potentials, J. Chem. Soc., 1964, 4434. [all data]

Watanabe and Mottl, 1957
Watanabe, K.; Mottl, J.R., Ionization potentials of ammonia and some amines, J. Chem. Phys., 1957, 26, 1773. [all data]

Daamen and Oskam, 1978
Daamen, H.; Oskam, A., Bonding properties of some monosubstituted chromium and tungsten hexacarbonyls M(CO)5L (L=amine, substituted pyridine, azine), Inorg. Chim. Acta, 1978, 26, 81. [all data]

Kimura and Osafune, 1975
Kimura, K.; Osafune, K., Sum rule consideration on valence orbital ionization energies in methyl amines, Mol. Phys., 1975, 29, 1073. [all data]

Gibbins, Lappert, et al., 1975
Gibbins, S.G.; Lappert, M.F.; Pedley, J.B.; Sharp, G.J., Bonding studies of transition-metal complexes. Part II. Helium-I photoelectron spectra of homoleptic d0, d1, and d10 tetrakis(dialkylamides) of transition group 4B metals tungsten hexakis(dimethylamide), J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans., 1975, 72. [all data]

Aue, Webb, et al., 1975
Aue, D.H.; Webb, H.M.; Bowers, M.T., Proton affinities, ionization potentials, and hydrogen affinities of nitrogen and oxygen bases. Hybridization effects, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 97, 4137. [all data]

SenSharma and Franklin, 1973
SenSharma, D.K.; Franklin, J.L., Heat of formation of free radicals by mass spectrometry, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 6562. [all data]

Loudon and Webb, 1977
Loudon, A.G.; Webb, K.S., The nature of the [C2H6N]+ and [CH4N]+ ions formed by electron impact on methylated formamides, acetamides, ureas, thioureas and hexamethylphosphoramide, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1977, 12, 283. [all data]

Gallegos and Kiser, 1962
Gallegos, E.J.; Kiser, R.W., Electron impact spectroscopy of the four- and five-membered, saturated heterocyclic compounds containing nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 136. [all data]

Lossing, Lam, et al., 1981
Lossing, F.P.; Lam, Y.-T.; Maccoll, A., Gas phase heats of formation of alkyl immonium ions, Can. J. Chem., 1981, 59, 2228. [all data]

Solka and Russell, 1974
Solka, B.H.; Russell, M.E., Energetics of formation of some structural isomers of gaseous C2H5O+ C2H6N+ ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1974, 78, 1268. [all data]

Taft, Martin, et al., 1965
Taft, R.W.; Martin, R.H.; Lampe, F.W., Stabilization energies of substituted methyl cations. The effect of strong demand on the resonance order, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1965, 87, 2490. [all data]

Haney and Franklin, 1969
Haney, M.A.; Franklin, J.L., Heats of formation of H3O+, H3S+, and NH4+ by electron impact, J. Chem. Phys., 1969, 50, 2028. [all data]

Radisic, Xu, et al., 2002
Radisic, D.; Xu, S.J.; Bowen, K.H., Photoelectron spectroscopy of the anions, CH3NH- and (CH3)(2)N- and the anion complexes, H-(CH3NH2) and (CH3)(2)N-[(CH3)(2)NH), Chem. Phys. Lett., 2002, 354, 1-2, 9-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2614(01)01470-1 . [all data]

McMillen and Golden, 1982
McMillen, D.F.; Golden, D.M., Hydrocarbon bond dissociation energies, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem., 1982, 33, 493. [all data]

MacKay, Hemsworth, et al., 1976
MacKay, G.J.; Hemsworth, R.S.; Bohme, D.K., Absolute gas-phase acidities of CH3NH2, C2H5NH2, (CH3)2NH, and (CH3)3N, Can. J. Chem., 1976, 54, 1624. [all data]


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