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Carbon dioxide

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, M. Frenkel director
AC - W.E. Acree, Jr., J.S. Chickos

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Ttriple216.58KN/AMarsh, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.008 K; recommended as fixed point for thermometery; TRC
Ttriple216.58KN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 K; TRC
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Ptriple5.185barN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 bar; TRC
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Tc304.18KN/ASuehiro, Nakajima, et al., 1996Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 K; TRC
Tc304.1KN/AWeber, 1989Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Tc304.35KN/ALi and Kiran, 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tc304.200KN/AMorrison, 1981Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Tc304.23KN/AEfremova and Shvarts, 1972Visual, agreement with literature evidence of sample purity; TRC
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Pc73.80barN/ASuehiro, Nakajima, et al., 1996Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 bar; TRC
Pc73.40barN/ALi and Kiran, 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.50 bar; TRC
Pc73.825barN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 bar; TRC
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
Vc0.0919l/molN/ALi and Kiran, 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.001 l/mol; TRC
QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
rhoc10.6mol/lN/ASuehiro, Nakajima, et al., 1996Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 mol/l; TRC
rhoc10.590mol/lN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.007 mol/l; TRC
rhoc10.8mol/lN/AAndrizhievskii and Chernova, 1970Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 mol/l; TRC
rhoc10.64mol/lN/ALowry and Erickson, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.034 mol/l; from a plot of (DN(liq) + DN(g))/2 based on exp. measurement and extrapolated to 31.0 deg C; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol)Temperature (K)MethodReferenceComment
16.7288.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 273. - 304. K.; AC
16.4258.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 216. - 273. K.; AC
16.5282.N/ABoublík and Aim, 1972Based on data from 267. - 303. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K)ABCReferenceComment
154.26 - 195.896.812281301.679-3.494Giauque and Egan, 1937Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol)Temperature (K)MethodReferenceComment
26.1207.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 198. - 216. K.; AC
27.2 ± 0.470. - 102.LEBryson, Cazcarra, et al., 1974AC
25.9188.N/AAmbrose, 1956Based on data from 179. - 198. K.; AC
26.3167.AStull, 1947Based on data from 139. - 195. K.; AC
25.2195.N/AGiauque and Egan, 1937, 2Based on data from 154. - 196. K.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Marsh, 1987
Marsh, K.N., Recommended Reference Materials for the Realization of Physicochemical Properties, Blackwell Sci. Pub., Oxford, 1987. [all data]

Angus, Armstrong, et al., 1976
Angus, S.; Armstrong, B.; de Reuck, K.M., International Thermodynamic Tables of the Fluid State - 3 Carbon Dioxide, Pergamon, New York, 1976. [all data]

Suehiro, Nakajima, et al., 1996
Suehiro, Y.; Nakajima, M.; Yamada, K.; Uematsu, M., Critical parameters of {xCO2 + (1 - x)CHF3} for x = (1.0000, 0.7496, 0.5013 , and 0.2522), J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1996, 28, 1153-1164. [all data]

Weber, 1989
Weber, L.A., Simple Apparatus for Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Measurements with Data for the Binary Systems of Carbon Dioxide with n-Butane and Isobutane, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1989, 34, 171. [all data]

Li and Kiran, 1988
Li, L.; Kiran, E., Gas-Liquid Critical Properties of Methylamine + Nitrous Oxide and Methylamine + Ethylene Binary Mixtures, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1988, 33, 342. [all data]

Morrison, 1981
Morrison, G., Effect of water on the critical points of carbon dioxide and ethane, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 759-61. [all data]

Efremova and Shvarts, 1972
Efremova, G.D.; Shvarts, A.V., Higher-order Critical Phenomena in Ternary Systems. The Methanol-Carbon Dioxide-Ethane System, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1972, 46, 237-239. [all data]

Andrizhievskii and Chernova, 1970
Andrizhievskii, A.A.; Chernova, N.I., Application of the Moving Meniscus Method in the Study of the Critical Phenomena in One-component Systems, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1970, 44, 1519. [all data]

Lowry and Erickson, 1927
Lowry, H.H.; Erickson, W.R., The Densities of Coexisting Liquid and Gaseous Carbon Dioxide and the Solubility of Water in Liquid Carbon Dioxide., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1927, 49, 2729-2734. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987. [doi:10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2] [all data]

Boublík and Aim, 1972
Boublík, T.; Aim, K., Heats of vaporization of simple non-spherical molecule compounds, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1972, 37, 11, 3513-3521. [doi:10.1135/cccc19723513] [all data]

Giauque and Egan, 1937
Giauque, W.F.; Egan, C.J., Carbon Dioxide. The Heat Capacity and Vapor Pressure of the Solid. The Heat of Sublimation. Thermodynamic and Spectroscopic Values of the Entropy, J. Chem. Phys., 1937, 5, 1, 45-54. [doi:10.1063/1.1749929] [all data]

Bryson, Cazcarra, et al., 1974
Bryson, Charles E.; Cazcarra, Victor; Levenson, Leonard L., Sublimation rates and vapor pressures of water, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and xenon, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1974, 19, 2, 107-110. [doi:10.1021/je60061a021] [all data]

Ambrose, 1956
Ambrose, D., The vapour pressures and critical temperatures of acetylene and carbon dioxide, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1956, 52, 772. [doi:10.1039/tf9565200772] [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540. [doi:10.1021/ie50448a022] [all data]

Giauque and Egan, 1937, 2
Giauque, W.F.; Egan, C.J., Carbon Dioxide. The Heat Capacity and Vapor Pressure of the Solid. The Heat of Sublimation. Thermodynamic and Spectroscopic Values of the Entropy, J. Chem. Phys., 1937, 5, 1, 45. [doi:10.1063/1.1749929] [all data]


Notes

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