Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Carbon dioxide

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-94.051 ± 0.031kcal/molReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
Deltafgas-94.054kcal/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in September, 1965
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar51.0958 ± 0.0024cal/mol*KReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
gas,1 bar51.097cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in September, 1965

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

View table.

Temperature (K) 298. - 1200.1200. - 6000.
A 5.97451113.90210
B 13.190000.650113
C -8.052431-0.117660
D 1.8997110.009284
E -0.032657-1.540941
F -96.46451-101.7970
G 54.5514163.00490
H -94.05411-94.05411
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in September, 1965 Data last reviewed in September, 1965

Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 1 to 50

Oxygen cation + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen cation bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: O2+ + CO2 = (O2+ bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.8 ± 0.9kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 4 out of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Nakajima, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar18.9cal/mol*KDTIllies, 1988gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K)=9.80 kcal/mol; M
Deltar20.7cal/mol*KN/ADotan, Davidson, et al., 1978gas phase; switching reaction(O2+)O2, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Conway and Janik, 1970; M
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.4kcal/molDTRakshit and Warneck, 1981gas phase; M
Deltar4.3kcal/molFADotan, Davidson, et al., 1978gas phase; switching reaction(O2+)O2, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Conway and Janik, 1970; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
9.4600.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; M

CO2+ + Carbon dioxide = (CO2+ bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: CO2+ + CO2 = (CO2+ bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16. ± 1.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 out of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.1cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Nakajima, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar18.6cal/mol*KDTIllies, 1988gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K)=15.9 kcal/mol; M
Deltar19.5cal/mol*KDTVan Koppen, Kemper, et al., 1983gas phase; M
Deltar22.8cal/mol*KPHPMSHeadley, Mason, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar21.1cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; M

O- + Carbon dioxide = (O- bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: O- + CO2 = (O- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48. ± 10.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 out of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.0 ± 5.0kcal/molIMREAdams and Bohme, 1970gas phase; O3- + CO2 <=> CO3- + O2; B

Iodide + Carbon dioxide = (Iodide bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: I- + CO2 = (I- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.7 ± 1.8kcal/molN/APiani, Becucci, et al., 2008gas phase; Stated electron affinity is the Vertical Detachment Energy; B
Deltar4.0 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar4.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar3.20kcal/molN/AGomez, Taylor, et al., 2002gas phase; EA=Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity is stepwise difference in EAs.; B
Deltar5.60 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Deltar18.2cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B
Deltar0.80 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsBanic and Iribarne, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar0.40 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B

Oxygen anion + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: O2- + CO2 = (O2- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.00 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Deltar17.7 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPack and Phelps, 1966gas phase; Corrected with more recent EA(O2) = 0.45 eV; B,M
Deltar25.4 ± 4.6kcal/molPDisVestal and Mauclaire, 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Deltar21.cal/mol*KDTPack and Phelps, 1966gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B
Deltar12.2 ± 1.2kcal/molIMREPack and Phelps, 1966gas phase; Corrected with more recent EA(O2) = 0.45 eV; B
Deltar10.0kcal/molFAAdams and Bohme, 1970gas phase; switching reaction(O2-)O2; Conway and Nesbit, 1968; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.9296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(O2-)H2O; Arshadi and Kebarle, 1970; M

Fluorine anion + Carbon dioxide = (Fluorine anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: F- + CO2 = (F- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.07kcal/molN/AArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995, 2gas phase; B
Deltar32.3 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar31.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar33.0 ± 3.0kcal/molIMREMcMahon and Northcott, 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Deltar24.cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.3 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B
Deltar24.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar11.6kcal/molFASpears and Ferguson, 1973gas phase; DG>; M

Chlorine anion + Carbon dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: Cl- + CO2 = (Cl- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.80 ± 0.50kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995, 2gas phase; Affinity: shift in apparent EA from lesser-solvated ion. Ignores any neutral-neutral bond.; B
Deltar7.60kcal/molTDEqHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar8.00 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar19.6cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.10kcal/molTDEqHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Deltar2.10 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B

(Iodide bullet 2Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Iodide bullet 3Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (I- bullet 2CO2) + CO2 = (I- bullet 3CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.20kcal/molN/AGomez, Taylor, et al., 2002gas phase; EA=Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity is stepwise difference in EAs.; B
Deltar3.7 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar4.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.6 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(Iodide bullet 4Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Iodide bullet 5Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (I- bullet 4CO2) + CO2 = (I- bullet 5CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.70kcal/molN/AGomez, Taylor, et al., 2002gas phase; EA=Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity is stepwise difference in EAs.; B
Deltar3.1 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar4.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.4 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(Iodide bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Iodide bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (I- bullet CO2) + CO2 = (I- bullet 2CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.6 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar4.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar2.60kcal/molN/AGomez, Taylor, et al., 2002gas phase; EA=Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity is stepwise difference in EAs.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(Iodide bullet 5Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Iodide bullet 6Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (I- bullet 5CO2) + CO2 = (I- bullet 6CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.0 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar1.80kcal/molN/AGomez, Taylor, et al., 2002gas phase; EA=Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity is stepwise difference in EAs.; B
Deltar4.2kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.cal/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet Carbon dioxide) + Water = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Na+ bullet CO2) + H2O = (Na+ bullet H2O bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.7kcal/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M
Deltar22.9kcal/molFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Na+) 2H2O; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970, Peterson, Mark, et al., 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.3cal/mol*KHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M
Deltar25.6cal/mol*KFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Na+) 2H2O; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970, Peterson, Mark, et al., 1984; M

CHO2+ + Carbon dioxide = (CHO2+ bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: CHO2+ + CO2 = (CHO2+ bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.8kcal/molPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1992gas phase; M
Deltar18.0kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar19.1kcal/molPHPMSJennings, Headley, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar20.1kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.6cal/mol*KPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1992gas phase; M
Deltar22.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar27.1cal/mol*KPHPMSJennings, Headley, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar24.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; M

(Iodide bullet 3Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Iodide bullet 4Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (I- bullet 3CO2) + CO2 = (I- bullet 4CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.80kcal/molN/AGomez, Taylor, et al., 2002gas phase; EA=Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity is stepwise difference in EAs.; B
Deltar3.6 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar4.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.0 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

Nitrogen oxide anion + Carbon dioxide = (Nitrogen oxide anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: NO2- + CO2 = (NO2- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.30 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Deltar9.30 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Deltar24.2cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.1 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B
Deltar2.00 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B

Nitric oxide anion + Carbon dioxide = (Nitric oxide anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: NO- + CO2 = (NO- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.5 ± 0.3kcal/molDTIllies, 1988gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K)=8.60 kcal/mol; M
Deltar7.7 ± 0.4kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; M
Deltar13.8kcal/molFADunkin, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1971gas phase; switching reaction(NO+)NO, «DELTA»rH<; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.0cal/mol*KDTIllies, 1988gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K)=8.60 kcal/mol; M
Deltar13.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; M

(Bromine anion bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Bromine anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Br- bullet CO2) + CO2 = (Br- bullet 2CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.1 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar6.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.3 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(CO2+ bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (CO2+ bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (CO2+ bullet CO2) + CO2 = (CO2+ bullet 2CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.6 ± 0.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Nakajima, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar8.3kcal/molEICameron, Aitken, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Deltar3.3kcal/molPILinn and Ng, 1981gas phase; M
Deltar6.0kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.1cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Nakajima, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar24.0cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; M

Bromine anion + Carbon dioxide = (Bromine anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: Br- + CO2 = (Br- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.3 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995, 2gas phase; Affinity: shift in apparent EA from lesser-solvated ion. Ignores any neutral-neutral bond.; B
Deltar6.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.8 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2CO2) + CO2 = (Cl- bullet 3CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B
Deltar6.80kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.1 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B
Deltar0.10kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet CO2) + CO2 = (Cl- bullet 2CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B
Deltar7.20kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.8cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.4 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B
Deltar1.00kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B

Hydronium cation + Carbon dioxide = (Hydronium cation bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: H3O+ + CO2 = (H3O+ bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.3kcal/molPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1992gas phase; M
Deltar15.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar14.4kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.2cal/mol*KPHPMSSzulejko and McMahon, 1992gas phase; M
Deltar24.6cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar20.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; M

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2Water bullet Carbon dioxide) + Water = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 3Water bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Na+ bullet 2H2O bullet CO2) + H2O = (Na+ bullet 3H2O bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.4kcal/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.5kcal/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M

(Oxygen cation bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen cation bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (O2+ bullet CO2) + CO2 = (O2+ bullet 2CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.6 ± 0.5kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Nakajima, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar7.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Nakajima, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar15.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Carbon dioxide = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Carbon dioxide bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Na+ bullet 3H2O) + CO2 = (Na+ bullet CO2 bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.2kcal/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/APeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.3kcal/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet 3Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 4Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Na+ bullet 3CO2) + CO2 = (Na+ bullet 4CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.4kcal/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/APeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
0.7310.HPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Sodium ion (1+) + Carbon dioxide = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: Na+ + CO2 = (Na+ bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.9kcal/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Deltar13.7kcal/molFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.1cal/mol*KHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Deltar19.8cal/mol*KFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.6310.DTKeller and Beyer, 1971gas phase; low E/N; M

(Iodide bullet 6Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Iodide bullet 7Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (I- bullet 6CO2) + CO2 = (I- bullet 7CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.3 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar1.90kcal/molN/AGomez, Taylor, et al., 2002gas phase; EA=Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity is stepwise difference in EAs.; B

(Iodide bullet 7Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Iodide bullet 8Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (I- bullet 7CO2) + CO2 = (I- bullet 8CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.1 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar1.90kcal/molN/AGomez, Taylor, et al., 2002gas phase; EA=Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity is stepwise difference in EAs.; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3CO2) + CO2 = (Cl- bullet 4CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.40kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; entropy estimated.; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.cal/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.80kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; entropy estimated.; B

CO3- + Carbon dioxide = C2O5-

By formula: CO3- + CO2 = C2O5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.90 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B
Deltar7.10 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.0 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B
Deltar0.60 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B

HO- + Carbon dioxide = (HO- bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: HO- + CO2 = (HO- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.9 ± 2.5kcal/molCIDTSquires, 1992gas phase; Dissociative protonation threshold at nPrSH, 9 kcal> calc. CIDC(HOCO2-..HSH) = 7:1 HOCO2-; B
Deltar87.60kcal/molEndoHierl and Paulson, 1984gas phase; Implies «DELTA»Hacid = 291.4, anion appears too stable - JEB; B

(CO2+ bullet 2Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (CO2+ bullet 3Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (CO2+ bullet 2CO2) + CO2 = (CO2+ bullet 3CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.0kcal/molEICameron, Aitken, et al., 1994gas phase; M
Deltar5.1 ± 0.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Nakajima, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar2.8kcal/molPILinn and Ng, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.1cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Nakajima, et al., 1988gas phase; M

(Sodium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Carbon dioxide) + Water = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2Water bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Na+ bullet H2O bullet CO2) + H2O = (Na+ bullet 2H2O bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.4kcal/molHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.6cal/mol*KHPMSPeterson, Mark, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970; M

(Fluorine anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Fluorine anion bullet 4Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (F- bullet 3CO2) + CO2 = (F- bullet 4CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.2 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(Fluorine anion bullet 4Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Fluorine anion bullet 5Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (F- bullet 4CO2) + CO2 = (F- bullet 5CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.0 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(Fluorine anion bullet 5Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Fluorine anion bullet 6Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (F- bullet 5CO2) + CO2 = (F- bullet 6CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.4 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

C7O15- + 7Carbon dioxide = C8O17-

By formula: C7O15- + 7CO2 = C8O17-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Fluorine anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Fluorine anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (F- bullet 2CO2) + CO2 = (F- bullet 3CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.6cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.5 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(Fluorine anion bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Fluorine anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (F- bullet CO2) + CO2 = (F- bullet 2CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.9 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(Oxygen anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (O2- bullet 2CO2) + CO2 = (O2- bullet 3CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

(Oxygen anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen anion bullet 4Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (O2- bullet 3CO2) + CO2 = (O2- bullet 4CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

(Oxygen anion bullet 4Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen anion bullet 5Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (O2- bullet 4CO2) + CO2 = (O2- bullet 5CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

(Oxygen anion bullet 5Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen anion bullet 6Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (O2- bullet 5CO2) + CO2 = (O2- bullet 6CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

(Oxygen anion bullet 6Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen anion bullet 7Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (O2- bullet 6CO2) + CO2 = (O2- bullet 7CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

(Oxygen anion bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (O2- bullet CO2) + CO2 = (O2- bullet 2CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.60 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

(Nitrogen oxide anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Nitrogen oxide anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (NO2- bullet 2CO2) + CO2 = (NO2- bullet 3CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

(Nitrogen oxide anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Nitrogen oxide anion bullet 4Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (NO2- bullet 3CO2) + CO2 = (NO2- bullet 4CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

(Nitrogen oxide anion bullet 4Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Nitrogen oxide anion bullet 5Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (NO2- bullet 4CO2) + CO2 = (NO2- bullet 5CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

(Nitrogen oxide anion bullet 5Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Nitrogen oxide anion bullet 6Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (NO2- bullet 5CO2) + CO2 = (NO2- bullet 6CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.9 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.1cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1992gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Cox, Wagman, et al., 1984
Cox, J.D.; Wagman, D.D.; Medvedev, V.A., CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, 1984, 1. [all data]

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Hiraoka, Nakajima, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Nakajima, G.; Shoda, S., Determination of the Stabilities of CO2+(CO2)n and O2+(CO2)n Clusters with n = 1 - 6, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1988, 146, 6, 535, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(88)87495-5 . [all data]

Illies, 1988
Illies, A.J., Thermochemistry of the Gas - Phase Ion - Molecule Clustering of CO2+CO2, SO2+CO2, N2O+N2O, O2+CO2, NO+CO2 and NO+N2O: Description of a New Hybrid Drift Tube/Ion Source with Coaxial Electron Beam and Ion Exit Apertures, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 10, 2889, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100321a037 . [all data]

Dotan, Davidson, et al., 1978
Dotan, I.; Davidson, J.A.; Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Albritton, D.L., Reactions of O2+.O2 with CO2, O3 and CH4 and O2+.O3 with H2O and CH4 and their Role in Stratospheric Ion Chemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 1978, 83, C8, 4036, https://doi.org/10.1029/JC083iC08p04036 . [all data]

Conway and Janik, 1970
Conway, D.C.; Janik, G.S., Determination of the Bond Energies for the Series O2 - O2+ through O2 - O10+, J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 53, 5, 1859, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1674262 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Field, 1977
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Field, F.H., Proton Affinity and Ion - Molecule Clustering in CO2 and CS2. Applications in Martian Ionospheric Chemistry, J. Chem. Phys., 1977, 66, 10, 4527, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.433706 . [all data]

Rakshit and Warneck, 1981
Rakshit, A.B.; Warneck, P., Formation and Reactions of O2+.CO2, O2+.H2O and O2+(CO2)2 Ions, Int. J. Mass Spectrom Ion Phys., 1981, 40, 2, 135, https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7381(81)80037-X . [all data]

Van Koppen, Kemper, et al., 1983
Van Koppen, P.A.M.; Kemper, P.R.; Illies, A.J.; Bowers, M.T., An Improved High - Pressure, Temperature - Variable Ion Source with Coaxial Electron Beam/Ion Exit Slit, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1983, 54, 3, 263, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(83)80015-9 . [all data]

Headley, Mason, et al., 1982
Headley, J.V.; Mason, R.S.; Jennings, K.R., Kinetics, Equilibria and Diffusion of Ions Produced in N2, CO and CO2, Studied as a Function of Temperature using a High - Pressure Pulsed Mass Spectrometer, J. Chem. Soc., 1982, 78, 933. [all data]

Adams and Bohme, 1970
Adams, N.G.; Bohme, D., Flowing Afterglow Studies of Formation and Reactions of Cluster Ions of O2+, O2-, and O-, J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 52, 6, 3133, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1673449 . [all data]

Piani, Becucci, et al., 2008
Piani, G.; Becucci, M.; Bowen, M.S.; Oakman, J.; Hu, Q.; Continetti, R.E., Photodetachment and dissociation dynamics of microsolvated iodide clusters, Phys. Scripta, 2008, 78, 5, 058110, https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/78/05/058110 . [all data]

Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995
Arnold, D.W.; Bradforth, S.E.; Kim, E.H.; Neumark, D.M., Study of I-(CO2)n, Br-(CO2)n, and I-(N2O)n clusters by anion photoelectron spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 9, 3510, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.468576 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Stability and Structure of Cluster Ions: Halide Ions with CO2, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 87, 6, 3647, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.452962 . [all data]

Gomez, Taylor, et al., 2002
Gomez, H.; Taylor, T.R.; Neumark, D.M., Anion photoelectron spectroscopy of I-2(-)(CO2)(n)(n=1-8) clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 2002, 116, 14, 6111-6117, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1458246 . [all data]

Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980
Keesee, R.G.; Lee, N.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Properties of clusters in the gas phase: V. Complexes of neutral molecules onto negative ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 73, 2195. [all data]

Banic and Iribarne, 1985
Banic, C.M.; Iribarne, J.V., Equilibrium Constants for Clustering of Neutral Molecules about Gaseous Ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1985, 83, 12, 6432, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.449543 . [all data]

Hiraoka and Yamabe, 1992
Hiraoka, K.; Yamabe, S., Formation of the Chelate Bonds in the Cluster O2(-)(CO2)n, CO3(-)(CO2)n, and NO2(-)(CO2)n, J. Chem. Phys., 1992, 97, 1, 643, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.463560 . [all data]

Pack and Phelps, 1966
Pack, J.L.; Phelps, A.V., Electron Attachment and Detachment . II. Mixtures of O2 and CO2 and of O2 and H2O, J. Chem. Phys., 1966, 45, 11, 4316, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1727491 . [all data]

Vestal and Mauclaire, 1977
Vestal, M.L.; Mauclaire, G.H., Photodissociaton of negative ions formed in CO2 and CO2/O2 Mixtures, J. Chem. Phys., 1977, 67, 3758. [all data]

Conway and Nesbit, 1968
Conway, D.C.; Nesbit, L.E., Stability of O4-, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 48, 1, 509, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1667956 . [all data]

Fehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Laboratory studies of negative ion reactions with atmospheric trace constituents, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 3181. [all data]

Arshadi and Kebarle, 1970
Arshadi, M.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of OH- and O2- in the Gas Phase. Comparative Solvation of OH- by Water and the Hydrogen Halides. Effect of Acidity, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1483, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a015 . [all data]

Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995, 2
Arnold, D.W.; Bradforth, S.E.; Kim, E.H.; Neumark, D.M., Study of halogen carbon dioxide clusters and the fluoroformyloxyl radical by photodetachment of X(-)(CO2) (X=I,Cl,Br) and FCO2-, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 9, 3493, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.468575 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1985
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of the main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ICR halide exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 766. [all data]

McMahon and Northcott, 1978
McMahon, T.B.; Northcott, C.J., The Fluoroformate Ion FCO2-: An ICR study of the gas phase lewis acidity of carbon dioxide and related isoelectronic species, Can. J. Chem., 1978, 56, 1068. [all data]

Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970
Arshadi, M.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of Halide Negative Ions in the Gas Phase. II. Comparison of Hydration Energies for the Alkali Positive and Halide Negative Ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1475, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a014 . [all data]

Spears and Ferguson, 1973
Spears, K.G.; Ferguson, E.E., Termolecular and Saturated Termolecular Kinetics for Li+ and F-, J. Chem. Phys., 1973, 59, 8, 4174, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1680610 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Shoda, T.; Morise, K.; Yamabe, S.; Kawai, E.; Hirao, K., Stability and structure of cluster ions in the gas phase: Carbon dioxide with Cl-, H3O+, HCO2+ and HCO+, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 84, 2091. [all data]

Peterson, Mark, et al., 1984
Peterson, K.I.; Mark, T.D.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Thermochemical Properties of Gas - Phase Mixed Clusters: H2O/CO2 with Na+, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 13, 2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150657a042 . [all data]

Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970
Dzidic, I.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of the Alkali Ions in the Gas Phase. Enthalpies and Entropies of Reactions M+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = M+(H2O)n, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1466, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a013 . [all data]

Perry, Rowe, et al., 1980
Perry, R.A.; Rowe, B.R.; Viggiano, A.A.; Albritton, D.L.; Ferguson, E.E.; Fehsenfeld, F.C., Laboratory Measurements of Stratospheric Sodium Ion Measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1980, 7, 9, 693, https://doi.org/10.1029/GL007i009p00693 . [all data]

Szulejko and McMahon, 1992
Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., personal communication, 1992. [all data]

Jennings, Headley, et al., 1982
Jennings, K.R.; Headley, J.V.; Mason, R.S., The Temperature Dependence of Ion - Molecule Association Reactions, Int. J. Mass. Spectrom. Ion Phys, 1982, 45, 315. [all data]

Hiraoka and Yamabe, 1991
Hiraoka, K.; Yamabe, S., Cluster Ions: Gas Phase Stabilities of NO+(O2)n and NO+(CO2)n with n = 1 - 5, J. Chem. Phys., 1991, 95, 9, 6800, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.461518 . [all data]

Dunkin, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1971
Dunkin, D.B.; Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Schelmetekopf, A.L.; Ferguson, E.E., Three-Body Association Reactions of NO+ with O2, N2, and CO2, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 9, 3817, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1675432 . [all data]

Cameron, Aitken, et al., 1994
Cameron, B.R.; Aitken, C.G.; Harland, P.W., Appearence Energies of Small Cluster Ions and their Fragments, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1994, 90, 7, 935, https://doi.org/10.1039/ft9949000935 . [all data]

Linn and Ng, 1981
Linn, S.H.; Ng, C.Y., Photoionization Study of CO2, N2O Dimers and Clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 1981, 75, 10, 4921, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.441931 . [all data]

Keller and Beyer, 1971
Keller, G.E.; Beyer, R.A., CO2 and O2 Clustering to Sodium Ions, J. Geophys. Res., 1971, 74, 1, 289, https://doi.org/10.1029/JA076i001p00289 . [all data]

Squires, 1992
Squires, R.R., Gas Phase Thermochemical Properties of the Bicarbonate and Bisulfate Ions, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1992, 117, 565, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(92)80114-G . [all data]

Hierl and Paulson, 1984
Hierl, P.M.; Paulson, J.F., Translational energy dependence of cross sections for reactions of OH- (H2O)n with CO2 and SO2, J. Chem. Phys., 1984, 80, 4890. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References