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Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxFFAPFFAP
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.35.35.
Tend (C) 200.200.200.225.225.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.10.10.
Initial hold (min) 1.1.1.5.5.
Final hold (min) 10.10.10.25.25.
I 1390.1390.1390.1406.1385.
ReferenceCho, Namgung, et al., 2008Cho, Namgung, et al., 2008Cho I.H., Lee S.M., et al., 2007Lozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 2007Lozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase FFAPDB-WaxRTX-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.220.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.50.5
Tstart (C) 35.40.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 225.240.230.250.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.7.2.4.7.
Initial hold (min) 5.  5. 
Final hold (min) 25.5.35.15.5.
I 1402.1398.1395.1396.1401.
ReferenceLozano P.R., Miracle E.R., et al., 2007Mahattanatawee K., Perez-Cacho P.R., et al., 2007Paolini, Muselli, et al., 2007Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 2007Ruiz Perez-Cacho, Mahattanatawee, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.50.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.70.40.40.50.
Tend (C) 260.220.250.200.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.3.4.10.
Initial hold (min)  7.5.1.5.
Final hold (min)  20.10.10.25.
I 1387.1411.1395.1390.1392.
ReferenceSaroglou, Marin, et al., 2007Arena, Guarrera, et al., 2006Aromdee and Sriubolmas, 2006Cho, Kim, et al., 2006Fernandez-Segovia, Escriche, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxCP-Wax 52CBZB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.30.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.250.15
Tstart (C) 60.40.40.40.35.
Tend (C) 220.265.265.250.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.7.7.4.5.
Initial hold (min) 10.   5.
Final hold (min)  5.5. 10.
I 1382.1409.1408.1401.1387.
ReferenceFlamini, Tebano, et al., 2006Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 2006Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 2006Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 2006Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBLM-120DB-WaxCP-Wax 52CBDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.50.30.60.30.
Carrier gas   He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.50.50.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.50.50.35.40.
Tend (C) 220.240.260.203.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.4.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.  4. 
Final hold (min) 30.30.5. 20.
I 1384.1417.1389.1387.1369.
ReferenceMahadevan and Farmer, 2006Pinto, Guedes, et al., 2006Selli, Rannou, et al., 2006Alasalvar, Taylor, et al., 2005Berlinet, Ducruet, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxStabilwaxStabilwaxSupelcowax-10DB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.60.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.240.240.280.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.3.3.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 3.5.5.2. 
Final hold (min) 20.10.10. 20.
I 1385.1378.1387.1400.1380.
ReferenceCarunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 2005Cros S., Lignot B., et al., 2005Cros, Lignot, et al., 2005Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 2005Fanciullino, Gancel, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-20DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxRTX-Wax
Column length (m) 50.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.250.320.250.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.251.0.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.40.45.70.60.
Tend (C) 220.250.250.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.5.2.2.
Initial hold (min)   1.2. 
Final hold (min) 20.20.12.20.35.
I 1388.1380.1416.1407.1395.
ReferenceFerrari, Tomi, et al., 2005Gancel, Ollitrault, et al., 2005Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 2005Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005Paolini, Costa, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Carbowax 20MMegawaxZB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.20.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.45.40.40.
Tend (C) 240.200.250.220.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.2.5.
Initial hold (min) 5. 0.176.2.
Final hold (min) 10.10. 10.5.
I 1394.1356.1380.1372.1380.
ReferenceRiu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005Smadja, Rondeau, et al., 2005Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2005Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2005Wu, Zorn, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax-10RTX-WaxHP-WaxHP-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.20.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.70.45.60.60.
Tend (C) 220.220.240.240.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 10. 6.  
Final hold (min)  15.10.  
I 1396.1393.1378.1385.1385.
ReferenceBertoli, Menichini, et al., 2004Cavaleiro, Salgueiro, et al., 2004Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2004Flamini, Bader, et al., 2004Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-WaxHP-InnowaxZB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.150.50.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.35.40.45.
Tend (C) 220.260.220.230.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.5.5.6.
Initial hold (min) 10. 5.2.10.
Final hold (min)   10.10.30.
I 1385.1387.1385.1406.1398.
ReferenceFlamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2004Grujic-Jovanovic, Skaltsa, et al., 2004Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004Mahajan, Goddik, et al., 2004Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 45.45.45.40.40.
Tend (C) 240.240.240.240.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.6.3.6.6.
Initial hold (min) 10.10.10.10.10.
Final hold (min) 30.30.30.25.25.
I 1398.1398.1382.1375.1380.
ReferenceNielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004, 2Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004, 3Nielsen and Poll, 2004Varming, Andersen, et al., 2004Varming, Petersen, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxHP-WaxDB-WaxHP-WaxHP-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeN2HeN2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 200.220.250.220.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.3.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 5.10. 10.10.
Final hold (min) 20. 20.  
I 1376.1354.1367.1385.1385.
ReferenceZheng, Kim, et al., 2004Bader, Caponi, et al., 2003Brat, Rega, et al., 2003Campeol, Flamini, et al., 2003Campeol, Flamini, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxSupelcowaxSupelcowaxStabilwaxHP-Wax
Column length (m) 15.25.25.60.30.
Carrier gas He  HeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.35.35.40.60.
Tend (C) 225.225.225.240.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.3.5.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5.5.10.
Final hold (min) 20.10.10.10. 
I 1394.1408.1408.1387.1385.
ReferenceChisholm, Jell, et al., 2003Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 2003Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 2003Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003Emilio Tomei, Manganelli, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxAT-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas H2 He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.35.65.
Tend (C) 245.240.240.240.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.57.6.6.2.
Initial hold (min)   10.2.10.
Final hold (min) 20.5.30.6.60.
I 1380.1402.1398.1409.1382.
ReferenceGancel, Ollitrault, et al., 2003Högnadóttir and Rouseff, 2003Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2003Peterson and Reineccius, 2003Pino, Almora, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxHP-InnowaxMegawaxZB-WaxSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.50.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.60.40.40.35.
Tend (C) 240.260.220.220.195.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.2.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 5. 6. 5.
Final hold (min) 5. 10. 90.
I 1398.1387.1372.1388.1398.
ReferenceRega, Fournier, et al., 2003Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2003Brunton, Cronin, et al., 2002Chung, Yung, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-20AT-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.60.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHe He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.65.35.35.40.
Tend (C) 220.250.195.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.10.2.
Initial hold (min)  10.5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 20.60.90.30.30.
I 1388.1381.1398.1384.1393.
ReferenceLota, de Rocca Serra, et al., 2002Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002Chung, Yung, et al., 2001Karagül-Yüceer, Drake, et al., 2001Kim, 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCP-Wax 52CBBP-20AT-WaxAT-Wax
Column length (m) 30.50.50.60.60.
Carrier gas HeH2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.220.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50 0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.60.65.65.
Tend (C) 240.200.220.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 7.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min)    10.10.
Final hold (min) 5.  60.60.
I 1421.1391.1388.1382.1381.
ReferenceLin and Rouseff, 2001Liu, Yang, et al., 2001Lota, Serra, et al., 2001Pino and Marbot, 2001Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CBSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.60.50.50.30.
Carrier gas HeHe HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.20.25
Tstart (C) 50.45.60.30.75.
Tend (C) 230.250.220.220.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.4.2.2.5
Initial hold (min)  0.175.1.3 
Final hold (min) 60. 30.  
I 1389.1380.1382.1376.1387.
ReferenceShimoda, Yoshimura, et al., 2001Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2001Chevance, Farmer, et al., 2000Jensen, Christensen, et al., 2000Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-WaxMegawaxCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 60.15.15.30.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.530.530.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.51.1.0.25 
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 250.220.220.220.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.5.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.3.3.6.5.
Final hold (min) 10.30.30.10.30.
I 1407.1419.1411.1372.1383.
ReferenceLe Guen, Prost, et al., 2000Peng, 2000Peng, 2000Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2000Chevance and Farmer, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CBSupelcowax-10BP-20FFAP
Column length (m) 50.50.60.50.60.
Carrier gas   HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.220.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.250.250.5
Tstart (C) 60.40.35.60.50.
Tend (C) 220.220.195.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.2.2.5.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5. 3.
Final hold (min) 30.30.90.35.15.
I 1383.1383.1399.1388.1420.
ReferenceChevance and Farmer, 1999, 2Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 2Chung, 1999Lota, Serra, et al., 1999Stephan and Steinhart, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxBP-20DB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.50.25.60.60.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.220.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.425
Tstart (C) 40.60.50.50.45.
Tend (C) 200.230.240.230.300.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.4.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 5. 3. 3.
Final hold (min) 60.35.  20.
I 1390.1392.1388.1397.1386.
ReferenceCha, Kim, et al., 1998Mariotti, Costa, et al., 1997Möllenbeck, König, et al., 1997Shimoda, Wu, et al., 1996Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas He He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.20.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 30.50.50.50.50.
Tend (C) 170.230.230.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.    
Final hold (min) 20.  60.60.
I 1382.1385.1385.1391.1391.
ReferencePíry, Príbela, et al., 1995Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995, 2Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxCP-Wax 52CBDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.30.50.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)  0.25  0.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.50.40.
Tend (C) 200.195.200.200.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.1.55.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.10.10.3.
Final hold (min)  40. 80. 
I 1394.1396.1387.1352.1388.
ReferenceSumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994Chung and Cadwallader, 1993Umano, Hagi, et al., 1992Wu and Liou, 1992Frohlich and Schreier, 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10CP-WAX 57CBSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.60.50.60.60.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 175.175.200.175.175.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.4.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 20.20. 20.20.
I 1397.1398.1386.1398.1402.
ReferenceTanchotikul and Hsieh, 1989Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 1989Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 1988Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 1988Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPacked
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50. 
Carrier gas He 
Substrate  Celite 545
Column diameter (mm) 0.32 
Phase thickness (mum)   
Tstart (C) 50.75.
Tend (C) 200.228.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.6
Initial hold (min) 5. 
Final hold (min) 40. 
I 1378.1386.
ReferenceChen, Kuo, et al., 1986van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Cho, Namgung, et al., 2008
Cho, I.H.; Namgung, H.-J.; Choi, H.-K.; Kim, Y.-S., Volatiles and key odorants in the pileus and stipe of pine-mushroom (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.), Food Chem., 2008, 106, 1, 71-76, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.05.047 . [all data]

Cho I.H., Lee S.M., et al., 2007
Cho I.H.; Lee S.M.; Kim S.Y.; Choi H.K.; Kim K.O.; Kim Y.S., Differentiation of aroma characteristics of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) of different grades using gas chromatography-olfactometry and sensory analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 6, 2323-2328, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062702z . [all data]

Lozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 2007
Lozano P.R.; Drake M.; Benitez D.; Cadwallader K.R., Instrumental and sensory characterization of heat-induced odorants in aseptically packaged soy milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3018-3026, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631225 . [all data]

Lozano P.R., Miracle E.R., et al., 2007
Lozano P.R.; Miracle E.R.; Krause A.J.; Drake M.; Cadwallader K.R., Effect of cold storage and packaging material on the major aroma components of sweet cream butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 19, 7840-7846, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071075q . [all data]

Mahattanatawee K., Perez-Cacho P.R., et al., 2007
Mahattanatawee K.; Perez-Cacho P.R.; Davenport T.; Rouseff R., Comparison of three lychee cultivar odor profiles using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-sulfur detection, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 5, 1939-1944, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062925p . [all data]

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Notes

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References