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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-1CP Sil 8 CBCP Sil 8 CBDB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeH2H2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.260.250.250.250.26
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.50.50.50.60.
Tend (C) 246.280.220.220.246.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min)  3.2.2. 
Final hold (min)      
I 1102.1084.1094.1094.1101.
ReferenceAdams, González Elizondo, et al., 2006Allegrone, Belliardo, et al., 2006Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006, 2Adams, Morris, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5MSHP-5HP-5MSHP-5BP-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.50.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 250.280.280.275.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.4.5.
Initial hold (min) 10.5.   
Final hold (min) 5.25.   
I 1102.1087.1089.1108.1104.
ReferenceAsuming, Beauchamp, et al., 2005Mahmood, Kaul, et al., 2004Couladis, Chinou, et al., 2003Nickavar, Salehi-Sormagi, et al., 2002Raina, Lal, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5MSSE-54DB-5DB-5HP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.260.260.260.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 250.246.240.246.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min)      
Final hold (min)      
I 1102.1102.1102.1102.1102.
ReferenceSalido, Altarejos, et al., 2002Adams, 2000Adams, 2000, 2Adams, 2000, 3Roussis, Tsoukatou, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  He HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.260.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.60.50.60.60.
Tend (C) 250.246.235.240.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.15.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 5. 2.  
Final hold (min)   2.  
I 1108.1102.1104.1101.1102.
ReferenceTzakou, Harvala, et al., 2000Adams, 1999Dickens, 1999da Silva, Andrade, et al., 1999da Silva, Zoghbi, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30DB-1DB-1SE-54OV-101
Column length (m) 25.60.60.30.50.
Carrier gas N2  He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.250.23
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.25 
Tstart (C) 60.30.30.0.80.
Tend (C) 180.220.220.250.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.12.2.
Initial hold (min) 10.4.4.12. 
Final hold (min) 1.    
I 1084.1082.1087.1101.1084.
ReferenceJantan, Ahmad, et al., 1996Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996Rembold, Wallner, et al., 1989Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101SF96+IgepalSE-30SE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 50.127.50.50.50.
Carrier gas   HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.230.750.50.50.5
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 80.70.40.40.70.
Tend (C) 200.190.170.170.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.1.3.3.5.
Initial hold (min)   3.3.2.
Final hold (min)     5.
I 1084.1078.1086.1087.1095.
ReferenceOhnishi and Shibamoto, 1984Palma-Fleming and Kepner, 1983Greenberg, 1981Greenberg, 1981Greenberg, 1981, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 50.70.70.70.70.
Carrier gas HeN2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.50.280.280.280.28
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 70.80.80.80.80.
Tend (C) 170.200.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.    
Final hold (min) 5.    
I 1097.1086.1088.1088.1087.
ReferenceGreenberg, 1981, 2Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1979Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Adams, González Elizondo, et al., 2006
Adams, R.P.; González Elizondo, M.S.; González Elizondo, M.; Slinkman, E., DNA fingerprinting and terpenoid analysis of Juniperus blancoi var. huehuentensis (Cupressaceae), a new subalpine variety from Durango, Mexico, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2006, 34, 3, 205-211, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2005.11.004 . [all data]

Allegrone, Belliardo, et al., 2006
Allegrone, G.; Belliardo, F.; Cabella, P., Comparison of volatile concentrations in hand-squeezed juices of four different lemon varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 5, 1844-1848, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051206s . [all data]

Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006
Tayoub, G.; Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Rabier, J.; Ruzzier, M.; Viano, J., Composition of volatile oils of Styrax (Styrax officinalis L.) leaves at different phenological stages, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2006, 34, 9, 705-709, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.05.008 . [all data]

Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006, 2
Tayoub, G.; Schwob, I.; Bessière, J.-M.; Rabier, J.; Masotti, V.; J.; M.; Girard, G.; Viano, J., Essential oil composition of leaf, flower and stem of Styrax (Styrax officinalis L.) from south-eastern France, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 809-812, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1731 . [all data]

Adams, Morris, et al., 2005
Adams, R.P.; Morris, J.A.; Pandey, R.N.; Schwarzbach, A.E., Cryptic speciation between Juniperus deltoides and Juniperus oxycedrus (Cupressaceae) in the Mediterranean, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 8, 771-787, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2005.01.001 . [all data]

Asuming, Beauchamp, et al., 2005
Asuming, W.A.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Descalzo, J.T.; Dev, B.C.; Dev, V.; Frost, S.; Ma, C.W., Essential oil composition of four Lomatium Raf. species and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 1, 17-26, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.06.005 . [all data]

Mahmood, Kaul, et al., 2004
Mahmood, U.; Kaul, V.K.; Acharya, R., Volatile constituents of Capillipedium parviflorum, Phytochemistry, 2004, 65, 14, 2163-2166, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2004.04.003 . [all data]

Couladis, Chinou, et al., 2003
Couladis, M.; Chinou, I.B.; Tzakou, O.; Petrakis, P.V., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Hypericum rumeliacum subsp. apollinis (Boiss. Heldr.), Phytother. Res., 2003, 17, 2, 152-154, https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1093 . [all data]

Nickavar, Salehi-Sormagi, et al., 2002
Nickavar, B.; Salehi-Sormagi, M.H.; Amin, Gh.; Daneshtalab, M., Steam volatiles of Vaccinium arctostaphylos, Pharm. Biol., 2002, 40, 6, 448-449, https://doi.org/10.1076/phbi.40.6.448.8449 . [all data]

Raina, Lal, et al., 2002
Raina, V.K.; Lal, R.K.; Tripathi, S.; Khan, M.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Srivastava, S.K., Erratum. Essential oil composition of genetically diverse stocks of Murraya koenigii from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 404, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1139 . [all data]

Salido, Altarejos, et al., 2002
Salido, S.; Altarejos, J.; Nogueras, M.; Sánchez, A.; Pannecouque, C.; Witvrouw, M.; De Clercq, E., Chemical studies of essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. badia, J. Ethnopharmacol., 2002, 81, 1, 129-134, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(02)00045-4 . [all data]

Adams, 2000
Adams, R.P., Systematics of smooth leaf margin Juniperus of the western hemisphere based on leaf essential oils and RAPD DNA fingerprinting, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 2, 149-162, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00047-2 . [all data]

Adams, 2000, 2
Adams, R.P., Systematics of Juniperus section Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 6, 515-528, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00089-7 . [all data]

Adams, 2000, 3
Adams, R.P., The serrate leaf margined Juniperus (Section Sabina) of the western hemisphere: systematics and evolution based on leaf essential oils and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 10, 975-989, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(00)00022-3 . [all data]

Roussis, Tsoukatou, et al., 2000
Roussis, V.; Tsoukatou, M.; Petrakis, P.V.; Chinou, I.; Skoula, M.; Harborne, J.B., Volatile constituents of four Helichrysum species growing in Greece, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 2, 163-175, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00046-0 . [all data]

Tzakou, Harvala, et al., 2000
Tzakou, O.; Harvala, C.; Galati, E.M.; Sanogo, R., Essential oil composition of Nepeta argolica Borey et Chaub. subsp. argolica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 2, 115-118, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200003/04)15:2<115::AID-FFJ877>3.0.CO;2-9 . [all data]

Adams, 1999
Adams, R.P., Systematics of multi-seeded eastern hemisphere Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and RAPD DNA fingerprinting, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1999, 27, 7, 709-725, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00016-2 . [all data]

Dickens, 1999
Dickens, J.C., Predator-prey interactions: olfactory adaptations of generalist and specialist predators, Agric. For. Entomol., 1999, 1, 1, 47-54, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-9563.1999.00007.x . [all data]

da Silva, Andrade, et al., 1999
da Silva, M.H.L.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Luz, A.I.R.; da Silva, J.D.; Maia, J.G.S., The essential oils of Lantana camara L. occurring in North Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 4, 208-210, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199907/08)14:4<208::AID-FFJ811>3.0.CO;2-F . [all data]

da Silva, Zoghbi, et al., 1999
da Silva, M.H.L.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Maia, J.G.S., The essential oils of Peperomia pellucida Kunth and P. circinnata link var. circinnata, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 5, 312-314, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199909/10)14:5<312::AID-FFJ835>3.0.CO;2-B . [all data]

Jantan, Ahmad, et al., 1996
Jantan, I.; Ahmad, A.S.; Ahmad, A.R.; Ali, N.A.M.; Ayop, N., Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 1996, 8, 6, 627-632, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1996.9701030 . [all data]

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Rembold, Wallner, et al., 1989
Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 659-662, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a018 . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Palma-Fleming and Kepner, 1983
Palma-Fleming, H.A.; Kepner, R.E., Volatile components of California live oak, Quercus agrifolia, Phytochemistry, 1983, 22, 6, 1503-1505, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)84047-9 . [all data]

Greenberg, 1981
Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 6, 1276-1280, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00108a043 . [all data]

Greenberg, 1981, 2
Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of poultry byproduct meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 4, 831-834, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00106a038 . [all data]

Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981
Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 366-370, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a035 . [all data]

Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1979
Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of Castanopsis flower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1979, 27, 4, 847-850, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60224a025 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References