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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxFFAPRTX-WaxVF-Wax MSTC-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.220.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Tstart (C) 60.45.60.60.40.
Tend (C) 220.220.230.220.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.2.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 1.1. 5.3.
Final hold (min) 5.5.30.25. 
I 1396.1379.1403.1396.1395.
ReferenceFeng, Zhuang, et al., 2011Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxFFAPDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHydrogenHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.30. 
Tend (C) 230.230.240.230.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.6.6.8.6.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2.5. 
Final hold (min) 20.20. 10.5.
I 1394.1404.1385.1391.1385.
ReferenceChen, Song, et al., 2009Chen, Song, et al., 2009Christlbauer and Schieberle, 2009Karlsson, Birgersson, et al., 2009Mallia, Escher, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TC-WAXCP-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 230.230.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.6.8.8.8.
Initial hold (min) 3.2.3.3.3.
Final hold (min)  15.9.59.59.5
I 1391.1369.1401.1405.1406.
ReferenceMiyazawa, Tomita, et al., 2009Mo, Fan, et al., 2009Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxStabilwaxDB-WaxDB-WaxHP-20M
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.50.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.500.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.35.30.30.70.
Tend (C) 200.225.200.200.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.6.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 3.5.4.4.4.
Final hold (min) 9.510.30.30. 
I 1420.1388.1387.1389.1365.
ReferenceRochat, Egger, et al., 2009Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 2009Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008Blazevic and Mastelic, 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-20MInnowaxRTX-WaxHP-InnowaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 50.30.60.50.30.
Carrier gas Helium HeHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.220.200.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.200.25
Tstart (C) 70.40.60.45.50.
Tend (C) 180.200.230.190.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.10.2.4.6.5
Initial hold (min) 4.5. 2.1.5
Final hold (min)  15.35.50.10.
I 1365.1392.1395.1399.1390.
ReferenceBlazevic and Mastelic, 2008Kaypak and Avsar, 2008Paolini, Tomi, et al., 2008Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP InnowaxStabilwaxDB-WaxCarbowaxCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 30.60.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.20.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.250.50.250.5
Tstart (C) 60.40.40.60.40.
Tend (C) 260.240.240.250.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.5.2.4.
Initial hold (min)  5. 8.8.
Final hold (min)  10. 15.20.
I 1390.1387.1402.1367.1396.
ReferenceCapetanos, Saroglou, et al., 2007Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2007Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase RTX-WaxBP-20BP-20DB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.50.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.220.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.70.60.70.70.
Tend (C) 220.220.220.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.4.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.4. 2.2.
Final hold (min) 10.5.20.20.20.
I 1394.1398.1387.1392.1393.
ReferencePrososki, Etzel, et al., 2007Rawat, Gulati, et al., 2007Boti, Muselli, et al., 2006Lan Phi N.T., Nishiyama C., et al., 2006Lan Phi N.T., Nishiyama C., et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-20MDB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax-PEGZB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.60.30.60.60.
Carrier gas He  HeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.200.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.20.250.250.250.5
Tstart (C) 70.70.40.60.40.
Tend (C) 180.230.200.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.8.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 4.2.3.8.2.
Final hold (min) 15.20.20.15.10.
I 1365.1395.1381.1367.1412.
ReferenceMastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 2006Sawamura, Onishi, et al., 2006Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 2006Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxCarbowax 20MSupelcowaxStabilwaxStabilwax
Column length (m) 50.50.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeliumHeH2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.20.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.20.50.5
Tstart (C) 60.40.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.190.230.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.4.6.6.
Initial hold (min)  2.30.5.5.
Final hold (min) 60.30. 5.5.
I 1393.1372.1366.1381.1372.
ReferenceBendimerad and Bendiab, 2005de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005Gauvin and Smadja, 2005Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxDB-WaxDB-WaxStabilwax DASupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeN2N2 He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.53
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.51.
Tstart (C) 60.70.70.40.40.
Tend (C) 240.230.230.180.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.2.2.5.4.
Initial hold (min)  2.2.5.2.
Final hold (min) 30.20.20. 20.
I 1395.1407.1407.1419.1417.
ReferenceJoichi, Yomogida, et al., 2005Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005, 2Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 2005Rochat and Chaintreau, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10CP-Wax 52CBSupelcowax-10ZB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHe Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.530.530.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.1.0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 240.240.220.220.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.3.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.1.5.2.
Final hold (min) 20.20. 10.5.
I 1418.1420.1391.1398.1375.
ReferenceRochat and Chaintreau, 2005Rochat and Chaintreau, 2005Rohloff and Bones, 2005Vichi, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2005N/A
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-WaxZB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHelium N2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.35.70.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.240.230.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.4.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.5.2.5.
Final hold (min) 5.5.10.20. 
I 1375.1380.1417.1405.1415.
ReferenceN/AN/AChida, Sone, et al., 2004Choi, 2004Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxStabilwaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.50.60.60.
Carrier gas  NitrogenHeHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.20.25 
Tstart (C) 70.70.45.40.70.
Tend (C) 230.230.190.240.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.4.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2.5. 
Final hold (min) 20. 50.10.60.
I 1410.1410.1390.1387.1397.
ReferenceSawamura, Son, et al., 2004Sawamura, Sou, et al., 2004Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003Mookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeN2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.70.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 220.230.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 10.2.10.10.10.
Final hold (min) 10.20.   
I 1400.1379.1396.1391.1389.
ReferenceSuleimenov, Atazharova, et al., 2003Tu, Onishi, et al., 2003Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-20DB-WaxRTX-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas H2HeHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.250.25
Tstart (C) 45.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 230.250.180.245.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.8.5.1.53.
Initial hold (min) 1.5.5. 10.
Final hold (min) 10.5.20.20.10.
I 1383.1386.1437.1383.1389.
ReferenceDarriet, Pons, et al., 2002Fu, Yoon, et al., 2002Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 2002Gancel, Ollé, et al., 2002Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxTC-WAX FFSDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.5 0.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.60.70.
Tend (C) 210.210.240.240.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.7.3.2.
Initial hold (min)     2.
Final hold (min)   5. 20.
I 1395.1396.1395.1398.1391.
ReferenceKumazawa and Masuda, 2002Kumazawa and Masuda, 2002Lin, Rouseff, et al., 2002Miyazawa, Maehara, et al., 2002Tu, Onishi, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxTC-WaxHP-FFAP
Column length (m) 60.60.30.60.50.
Carrier gas He HeliumHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25 0.5
Tstart (C) 40.50.25.80.35.
Tend (C) 200.210.220.250.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.1.54.4.6.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.   
Final hold (min)  10.30.47.15.
I 1380.1397.1380.1401.1393.
ReferenceUmano, Hagi, et al., 2002Chyau and Mau, 2001Duque, Bonilla, et al., 2001Miyazawa, Kurose, et al., 2001Preininger and Ullrich, 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 30.60.60.60.25.
Carrier gas He HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.3
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Tstart (C) 50.30.35.40.60.
Tend (C) 220.170.200.200.190.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.4.2.5.
Initial hold (min) 3.4.10.2.2.
Final hold (min)  30.  20.
I 1392.1390.1409.1391.1386.
ReferenceWeckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 2001Buttery, Light, et al., 2000Girard and Durance, 2000Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000Xue, Ye, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxPEG-20MDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas  N2N2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.530.53
Phase thickness (mum)  0.25   
Tstart (C) 30.40.70.60.60.
Tend (C) 170.210.220.210.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 4.    
Final hold (min) 60.    
I 1390.1376.1395.1414.1415.
ReferenceButtery, Orts, et al., 1999Chyau and Mau, 1999Hirose, Joichi, et al., 1999Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP Innowax FSPInnowaxHP-InnowaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.5
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.34.
Tend (C) 220.220.220.240.200.
Heat rate (K/min)    4.5.
Initial hold (min) 10.10.10. 3.
Final hold (min) 10.   10.
I 1400.1400.1400.1393.1419.
ReferenceKaya, Baser, et al., 1999Kaya, Baser, et al., 1999, 2Kaya, Baser, et al., 1999, 3Ngassoum, Yonkeu, et al., 1999Schlüter, Steinhart, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxPEG-20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.25.60.
Carrier gas HeHe  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  1.
Tstart (C) 34.40.30.50.50.
Tend (C) 200.200.170.230.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.2.2.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 3.2.4.  
Final hold (min) 10. 30. 40.
I 1380.1389.1389.1390.1392.
ReferenceSchlüter, Steinhart, et al., 1999Umano, Nakahara, et al., 1999Buttery and Ling, 1998Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxInnowaxCBP-20HP-Innowax FSC
Column length (m) 25.25.30.25.60.
Carrier gas     He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 35.35.40.35.60.
Tend (C) 250.250.240.200.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.6.5.4.
Initial hold (min)   10.5.10.
Final hold (min)   25. 10.
I 1380.1380.1390.1382.1400.
ReferenceOng and Acree, 1998Ong, Acree, et al., 1998Petersen, Poll, et al., 1998Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 1998Tümen, Baser, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MPEG-20MTC-WaxSupelcowax-10Carbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas He  He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)    0.25 
Tstart (C) 70.70.80.40.60.
Tend (C) 210.220.240.200.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.3.2.
Initial hold (min)   5.3.4.
Final hold (min)    30. 
I 1395.1395.1394.1394.1368.
ReferenceAwano, Honda, et al., 1997Awano, Ichikawa, et al., 1997Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996Wong and Lai, 1996Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeH2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.25  
Phase thickness (mum)   0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.50.60.60.
Tend (C) 180.180.150.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.8.8.
Initial hold (min) 4.4.10.5.5.
Final hold (min)   20.10.10.
I 1382.1387.1382.1396.1400.
ReferenceKobayashi, Tsuda, et al., 1995Kobayashi, Tsuda, et al., 1995Tirado, Stashenko, et al., 1995Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 230.230.230.230.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.8.8.8.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5.5.4.
Final hold (min) 10.10.10.10. 
I 1394.1396.1396.1398.1411.
ReferenceSteullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.50.80.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHe   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 60.60.70.50.50.
Tend (C) 180.180.170.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 4.4.   
Final hold (min)    10.10.
I 1368.1368.1382.1388.1388.
ReferenceKawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Binder, Benson, et al., 1990Binder, Turner, et al., 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas     He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)     0.25
Tstart (C) 50.70.50.50.40.
Tend (C) 230.200.230.250.175.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.4.1.
Initial hold (min)  2.0.10.15.
Final hold (min) 10. 10.5. 
I 1388.1393.1389.1388.1395.
ReferenceBinder, Turner, et al., 1990, 2Wyllie, Brophy, et al., 1990Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Binder and Flath, 1989Hsieh, Williams, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MDB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.50.30.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2HeliumN2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.220.320.220.22
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 80.80.40.80.80.
Tend (C) 200.200.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.6.3.3.
Initial hold (min)   1.  
Final hold (min)      
I 1382.1382.1403.1382.1382.
ReferenceMihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Andersen J.F., Mikolajczak K.L., et al., 1987Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 150.3.31.150.150.
Carrier gas  HeHelium  
Substrate  Chromosorb G AW DMCS   
Column diameter (mm) 0.66 0.500.640.64
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.50.50.
Tend (C) 170.180.200.170.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.4.10.1.1.
Initial hold (min) 40.  30.30.
Final hold (min)      
I 1390.1389.1379.1390.1390.
ReferenceButtery, Xu, et al., 1985Schieberle and Grosch, 1983Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Buttery, Parker, et al., 1981Buttery and Kamm, 1980
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 150.50.50.100.100.
Carrier gas  N2N2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.640.280.280.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 50.80.80.70.70.
Tend (C) 170.170.170.170.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.1.1.1.1.
Initial hold (min) 30.    
Final hold (min)      
I 1390.1348.1349.1388.1388.
ReferenceButtery, Ling, et al., 1980Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1980Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1980Shibamoto and Jennings, 1977Shibamoto and Jennings, 1977
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Mastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 2006
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Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Bendimerad, N.; Bendiab, S.A.T., Composition and antibacterial activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) essential oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 2947-2952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047937u . [all data]

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Gauvin and Smadja, 2005
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Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005
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Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005, 2
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Stoyanova, A.; Balinova, A.; Guangjiun, Z.; Xihan, M., Solid phase microextraction/gas chromatographic and olfactory analysis of the scent and fixative properties of the essential oil of Rosa damascena L. from China, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 7-12, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1375 . [all data]

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Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005, 2
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Rochat and Chaintreau, 2005
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Vichi, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2005
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Chida, Sone, et al., 2004
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Choi, 2004
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Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004
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Sawamura, Son, et al., 2004
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Sawamura, Sou, et al., 2004
Sawamura, M.; Sou, U.-S.; Choi, H.-S.; Kim, M.-S.; Phi, N.T.L.; Fears, M.; Kumagai. C., Composition changes in commercial lemon essential oil for aromatherapy, Int. J. Aromatherapy, 2004, 14, 1, 27-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijat.2004.02.001 . [all data]

Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004
Soria, A.C.; Gonzalez, M.; de Lorenzo, C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanza, J., Characterization of artisanal honeys from Madrid (Central Spain) on the basis of their melissopalynological, physicochemical and volatile composition data, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 1, 121-130, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.06.012 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., IMSTEC'03 Conference Proceedings, Processing of industrial mussel cooking juices by reverse osmosis: pollution abatement and aromas recovery, Universoty of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 2003, 6. [all data]

Mookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003
Mookdasanit, J.; Tamura, H.; Yoshizawa T.; Tokunaga T.; Nakanishi, K., Trace Volatile Compounds in Essential Oil of Citrus Sudachi by Means of Modified Solvent Extraction Method, Food Sci Technol. Res., 2003, 9, 1, 54-61, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.9.54 . [all data]

Suleimenov, Atazharova, et al., 2003
Suleimenov, E.M.; Atazharova, G.A.; Demirchi, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Adekenov, S.M., Essential oil composition of Artemisia Lercheana and A. Sieversiana of Kazakhstan flora in Recent problems of development of new medicines of natural origin, Proceedings of symposium, St.Petersburg - Pushkin, 2003, 382-385. [all data]

Tu, Onishi, et al., 2003
Tu, N.T.M.; Onishi, Y.; Son, U.S.; Ogawa, E.; Ukeda, H.; Sawamura, M., Characteristic odour components of Citrus inflata Hort. Ex Tanaka (Mochiyu) cold-pressed peel oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 454-459, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1252 . [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: modifications induced by oxidation and suitable markers of oxidative status, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6564-6571, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030268k . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 2
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6572-6577, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030269c . [all data]

Darriet, Pons, et al., 2002
Darriet, P.; Pons, M.; Henry, R.; Dumont, O.; Findeling, V.; Cartolaro, P.; Calonnec, A.; Dubourdieu, D., Impact odorants contributing to the fungus type aroma from grape berries contaminated by powdery mildew (Uncinula necator); incidence of enzymatic activities of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 11, 3277-3282, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011527d . [all data]

Fu, Yoon, et al., 2002
Fu, S.-G.; Yoon, Y.; Basemore, R., Aroma-actie components in fermented bamboo shoots, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 3, 549-554, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010883t . [all data]

Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 2002
Galindo-Cuspinera, V.; Lubran, M.B.; Rankin, S.A., Comparison of volatile compounds in water- and oil-soluble annatto (Bixa orellana L.) extracts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 7, 2010-2015, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011325h . [all data]

Gancel, Ollé, et al., 2002
Gancel, A.-L.; Ollé, D.; Ollitrault, P.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf and peel volatile compounds of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden], Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 6, 416-424, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1119 . [all data]

Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002
Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K.; Osajima, Y., Analysis of aromatic volatile compounds in 'Miyabi' melon (Cucumis melo L.) using the Porapak Q column, J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 2002, 71, 4, 517-525, https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs.71.517 . [all data]

Kumazawa and Masuda, 2002
Kumazawa, K.; Masuda, H., Identification of potent odorants in different green tea varieties using flavor dilution technique, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 20, 5660-5663, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020498j . [all data]

Lin, Rouseff, et al., 2002
Lin, J.; Rouseff, R.L.; Barros, S.; Naim, M., Aroma composition changes in early season grapefruit juice produced from thermal concentration, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 4, 813-819, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011154g . [all data]

Miyazawa, Maehara, et al., 2002
Miyazawa, M.; Maehara, T.; Kurose, K., Composition of the essential oil from the leaves of Eruca sativa, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 3, 187-190, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1079 . [all data]

Tu, Onishi, et al., 2002
Tu, N.T.M.; Onishi, Y.; Choi, H.-S.; Kondo, Y.; Bassore, S.M.; Ukeda, H.; Sawamura, M., Characteristic odor components of Citrus sphaerocarpa Tanaka (Kabosu) cold-pressed peel oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 10, 2908-2913, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011578a . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 2002
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from newly hybrid citrus, dekopon (Shiranuhi mandarin Suppl. J.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 19, 5355-5359, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0203951 . [all data]

Chyau and Mau, 2001
Chyau, C.-C.; Mau, J.-L., Effects of various oils on volatile compounds of deep-fried shallot flavouring, Food Chem., 2001, 74, 1, 41-46, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00336-8 . [all data]

Duque, Bonilla, et al., 2001
Duque, C.; Bonilla, A.; Bautista, E.; Zea, S., Exudation of low molecular wight compounds (thiobismethane, methyl isocyanide, amd methyl isothiocyanate) as a possible chemical defense mechanism in the marine sponge Ircinia felix, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 2001, 29, 5, 459-467, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(00)00081-8 . [all data]

Miyazawa, Kurose, et al., 2001
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Notes

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