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1-Butanol, 3-methyl-, acetate

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax CBVF-Wax MSDB-WaxCP-Wax 57 CBDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.30.50.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHydrogenHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.200.25
Tstart (C) 50.60. 35.40.
Tend (C) 150.220.240.150.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.6.4.3.5
Initial hold (min)  5. 5.10.
Final hold (min) 5.25.5.17.530.
I 1122.1125.1116.1112.1140.
ReferenceAlves, da Penha, et al., 2012Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010Mallia, Escher, et al., 2009Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.30.40.70.40.
Tend (C) 240.210.230.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 15.5.4.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 10. 2.2.2.
Final hold (min) 19. 5.20.15.
I 1147.1111.1102.1137.1102.
ReferenceCharoensiddhi and Anprung, 2008Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008Xu, Fan, et al., 2007Choi, 2006Fan and Qian, 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxDB-WaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 30.15.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2HeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 230.230.200.230.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.6.2.4.5.
Initial hold (min) 2. 3.2.5.
Final hold (min) 15.20.15.5.15.
I 1124.1129.1105.1128.1103.
ReferenceFan and Qian, 2006, 2Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 2006Komes, Ulrich, et al., 2006Fan and Qian, 2005Isogai, Utsunomiya, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxPEG-20MDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas H2 H2HeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.200.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.200.50.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.50.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.180.200.185.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.10.4.5.
Final hold (min)  30.10.20. 
I 1147.1110.1133.1118.1134.
ReferenceCulleré, Escudero, et al., 2004Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004Alves and Franco, 2003Lee and Noble, 2003López, Ortín, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10DB-WaxFFAPDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeH2HeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.51.0.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.35.40.
Tend (C) 200.200.200.240.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.4.5.4.
Initial hold (min) 10.10.5.3.5.
Final hold (min)     60.
I 1120.1118.1130.1128.1132.
ReferenceVichi, Castellote, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002Lecanu, Ducruet, et al., 2002Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxCarbowax 20MSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.60.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeH2HeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.50.5
Tstart (C) 40.60.60.40.35.
Tend (C) 200.280.245.190.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.3.2.5.
Initial hold (min)   3.5.5.
Final hold (min)   20. 20.
I 1112.1108.1143.1128.1142.
ReferenceWei, Mura, et al., 2001Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 2000Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MHP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.25.25.60.
Carrier gas HeHe  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.5   
Tstart (C) 40.40.35.35.50.
Tend (C) 190.190.250.250.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.4.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.   
Final hold (min)     40.
I 1128.1128.1101.1101.1130.
ReferenceFerreira, Ardanuy, et al., 1998Ferreira, Lopez, et al., 1998Ong and Acree, 1998Ong, Acree, et al., 1998Wada and Shibamoto, 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.80.80.60.60.
Carrier gas He  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.20.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25  0.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.70.70.30.30.
Tend (C) 200.170.170.180.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 3.  4.4.
Final hold (min) 30.    
I 1140.1110.1110.1118.1118.
ReferenceWong and Lai, 1996Egolf and Jurs, 1993Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Takeoka and Butter, 1989Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.
Carrier gas H2H2
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25
Tstart (C) 30.30.
Tend (C) 180.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.
Final hold (min)   
I 1122.1122.
ReferenceTakeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Alves, da Penha, et al., 2012
Alves, V.C.C.; da Penha, M.F.A.; Pinto, N. deO.F.; Garruti, D. dosS., Volatile compounds profile of Musa FHIA 02: an option to counter losses by Black Sigatoka, Nat. Prod. J., 2012, 5, 55-60. [all data]

Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010
Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Oliveira, J.M.; Teixeira, J.A.; de Almeida e Silva, J.B.; Schwan, R.F., Characterization of different fruit wines made from cacao,cupuassu, gabiroba, jaboticaba and umbu, Food Sci. Technol., 2010, 43, 1564-1572. [all data]

Mallia, Escher, et al., 2009
Mallia, S.; Escher, F.; Dubois, S.; Schieberle, P.; Schlichtherle-Cerny, H., Characterization and quantification of odor-active compounds in unsaturated fatty acid/conjugated linoleic acid (UFA/CLA)-enriched butter and in conventional butter during storage and induced oxidation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 16, 7464-7472, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9002158 . [all data]

Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008
Callejon, R.M.; Morales, M.L.; Ferreira, A.C.S.; Troncoso, A.M., Defining the typical aroma of sherry vinegar: sensory and chemical approach, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 17, 8086-8095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf800903n . [all data]

Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 2008
Caldeira, I.; de Sousa, R.B.; Balchior, A.P.; Climaco, M.C., A sensory and chemical approach to the aroma of wooden aged Lourinha wine brandy, Ciencia Tec. Vitiv., 2008, 23, 2, 97-110. [all data]

Charoensiddhi and Anprung, 2008
Charoensiddhi, S.; Anprung, P., Bioacrive compounds and volatile compounds of Thai bael fruit (Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa) as a valuable source for functional food ingredients, Internat. Food Res. J., 2008, 15, 3, 287-295. [all data]

Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008
Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 2008, 14, 3, 269-276, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.14.269 . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Choi, 2006
Choi, H.-S., Headspace analyses of fresh leaves and stems of Angelica gigas Nakai, a Korean medicinal herb, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 604-608, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1602 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006, 2
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 333-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1621 . [all data]

Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 2006
Kishimoto, T.; Wanikawa, A.; Kono, K.; Shibata, K., Comparison of the Odor-Active Compounds in Unhopped Beer and Beers Hopped with Different Hop Varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 23, 8855-8861, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061342c . [all data]

Komes, Ulrich, et al., 2006
Komes, D.; Ulrich, D.; Lovric, T., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Croatian Rhine Riesling wine, subregion Zagorje, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2006, 222, 1-2, 1-7, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-0094-y . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2005
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese Yanghe Daqu Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7931-7938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051011k . [all data]

Isogai, Utsunomiya, et al., 2005
Isogai, A.; Utsunomiya, H.; Kanda, R.; Iwata, H., Changes in the Aroma Compounds of Sake during Aging, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 10, 4118-4123, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047933p . [all data]

Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004
Culleré, L.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Gas chromatography-olfactometry and chemical quantitative study of the aroma of six premium auality Spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 6, 1653-1660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0350820 . [all data]

Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004
Narain, N.; Almeida, J.N.; Galvão, M.S.; Madruga, M.S.; de Brito, E.S., Volatile compounds in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa) and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L.) fruits obtained by dynamic headspace technique, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment. Campinas, 2004, 24, 2, 212-216, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612004000200009 . [all data]

Alves and Franco, 2003
Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 985, 1-2, 297-301, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01398-5 . [all data]

Lee and Noble, 2003
Lee, S.-J.; Noble, A.C., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Californian Chardonnay wines using GC-olfactometry and GC-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 27, 8036-8044, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034747v . [all data]

López, Ortín, et al., 2003
López, R.; Ortín, N.; Pérez-Trujillo, J.P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Impact odorants of different young white wines from the Canary islands, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 11, 3419-3425, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf026045w . [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6572-6577, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030269c . [all data]

Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002
Ferreira, V.; Ortín, N.; Escudero, A.; López, R.; Cacho, J., Chemical characterization of the aroma of grenache Rosé wines: aroma extract dilution analysis, quantitative determination, and sensory reconstitution studies, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 14, 4048-4054, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0115645 . [all data]

Lecanu, Ducruet, et al., 2002
Lecanu, L.; Ducruet, V.; Jouquand, C.; Gratadoux, J.J.; Feigenbaum, A., Optimization of headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the odor analysis of surface-ripened cheese, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 13, 3810-3817, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0117107 . [all data]

Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001
Ferreira, V.; Aznar, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J., Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 10, 4818-4824, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010283u . [all data]

Wei, Mura, et al., 2001
Wei, A.; Mura, K.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile chemicals extracted from beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 8, 4097-4101, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010325e . [all data]

Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 2000
Korány, K.; Mednyánszky, Zs.; Amtmann, M., Preliminary results of a recognition method visualizing the aroma and fragrance features, Acta Aliment., 2000, 29, 2, 187-198, https://doi.org/10.1556/AAlim.29.2000.2.9 . [all data]

Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000
Kotseridis, Y.; Baumes, R., Identification of impact odorants in Bordeaux red grape juice, in the commercial yeast used for its fermentation, and in the produced wine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 2, 400-406, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990565i . [all data]

Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999
Lopez, R.; Ferreira, V.; Hernandez, P.; Cacho, J.F., Identification of impact odorants of young red wines made with Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache grape varieties: a comparative study, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1999, 79, 11, 1461-1467, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199908)79:11<1461::AID-JSFA388>3.0.CO;2-K . [all data]

Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 1998
Campeanu, G.; Burcea, M.; Doneanu, C.; Namolosanu, I.; Visan, L., GC/MS characterization of the volatiles isolated from the wines obtained from the indigenous cultivar Feteasca Regala, Analusis, 1998, 26, 2, 93-97, https://doi.org/10.1051/analusis:1998117 . [all data]

Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 1998
Ferreira, V.; Ardanuy, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J.F., Relationship between flavor dilution values and odor unit values in hydroalcoholic solutions: role of volatility and a practical rule for its estimation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 10, 4341-4346, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980144l . [all data]

Ferreira, Lopez, et al., 1998
Ferreira, V.; Lopez, R.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.F., The Aroma of Red Wine: Hierarchy Grenache and Nature of its Main Odorants, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1998, 77, 2, 259-267, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199806)77:2<259::AID-JSFA36>3.0.CO;2-Q . [all data]

Ong and Acree, 1998
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E., Gas chromatography/olfactory analysis of lychee (Litchi chinesis Sonn.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 6, 2282-2286, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9801318 . [all data]

Ong, Acree, et al., 1998
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 2, 611-615, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970665t . [all data]

Wada and Shibamoto, 1997
Wada, K.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds from a wine using solid phase extraction, gas chromatography, and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 11, 4362-4366, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970157j . [all data]

Wong and Lai, 1996
Wong, K.C.; Lai, F.Y., Volatile constituents from the fruits of four Syzygium species grown in Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 1996, 11, 1, 61-66, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199601)11:1<61::AID-FFJ539>3.0.CO;2-1 . [all data]

Egolf and Jurs, 1993
Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 1993, 65, 21, 3119-3126, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00069a027 . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.) in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s)., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237. [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Güntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 553-560, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a037 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References