Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Acetic acid, butyl ester

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: D.R. Burgess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-566.0kJ/molN/ASchiopu, Bot, et al., 1961Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -609.6 kj/mol from Schiopu, Bot, et al., 1961 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 43.6±0.2 kj/mol from missing citation.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
DH - E.S. Domalski and E.D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-609.6kJ/molCcbSchiopu, Bot, et al., 1961ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3467.kJ/molCcbSchiopu, Bot, et al., 1961Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -609.2 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-3543.kJ/molCcbSchjanberg, 1935Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -533.5 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
228.11298.35Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987T = 294 to 364 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
225.11298.15Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986DH
228.4298.15Fuchs, 1979DH
242.3292.5Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934DH
242.3292.5de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1933DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, M. Frenkel director
BS - R.L. Brown and S.E. Stein
AC - W.E. Acree, Jr., J.S. Chickos
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil399. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 22 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus199.65KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Tfus196.35KN/ATimmermans, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple196.03KN/ABalakina, Petrova, et al., 1979Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Ttriple196.12KN/ABalakina, Petrova, et al., 1979Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc575.4KN/AQuadri and Kudchadker, 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Tc579.KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc560.2KN/ADe Heen, 1888Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 10. K; TRC
Tc561.KN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 10. K; TRC
Tc579.1KN/APawlewski, 1882Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc30.90barN/AQuadri and Kudchadker, 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.20 bar; TRC
Pc31.00barN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.0132 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap43. ± 4.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
36.28399.2N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
40.5356.A,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 341. - 399. K. See also Sheehan and Langer, 1969.; AC
40.8347.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 332. - 399. K. See also Kliment, Fried, et al., 1964 and Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
41.3341.DTAMeyer, Awe, et al., 1980Based on data from 326. - 404. K.; AC
43.0 ± 0.1313.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
41.7 ± 0.1328.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
40.6 ± 0.1343.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
39.4 ± 0.1358.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
37.5398.N/ASchiopu, Bot, et al., 1961, 2AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 358.64.070.306579.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
332.89 - 399.244.268031440.231-61.362Kliment, Fried, et al., 1964Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - M. M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and S. G. Lias
B - J.E. Bartmess
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H9Si+ + Acetic acid, butyl ester = (C3H9Si+ bullet Acetic acid, butyl ester)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C6H12O2 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C6H12O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar209.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar133.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
147.468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C3H9Sn+ + Acetic acid, butyl ester = (C3H9Sn+ bullet Acetic acid, butyl ester)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + C6H12O2 = (C3H9Sn+ bullet C6H12O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar174.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar140.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
101.525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C6H11O2- + Hydrogen cation = Acetic acid, butyl ester

By formula: C6H11O2- + H+ = C6H12O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1551. ± 17.kJ/molG+TSHaas, Giblin, et al., 1998gas phase; From transesterification equilibria; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1523. ± 17.kJ/molIMREHaas, Giblin, et al., 1998gas phase; From transesterification equilibria; B

Acetic acid, butyl ester + Water = Acetic acid + 1-Butanol

By formula: C6H12O2 + H2O = C2H4O2 + C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.3 ± 0.2kJ/molCmWadso, 1958liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis; ALS

Ketene + 1-Butanol = Acetic acid, butyl ester

By formula: C2H2O + C4H10O = C6H12O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-146.9kJ/molCmRice and Greenberg, 1934liquid phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: R. Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
3.5 XN/A
3.57500.XN/A
2.13200.XN/A
3.66000.MN/A
3.0 VN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - J.E. Bartmess
LLK - S.G. Lias, R.D. Levin, and S.A. Kafafi
RDSH - H.M. Rosenstock, K. Draxl, B.W. Steiner, and J.T. Herron

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.92 ± 0.05PEBenoit, Harrison, et al., 1977LLK
10.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
9.56 ± 0.03PIVilesov and Terenin, 1957RDSH
10.02 ± 0.05PEBenoit, Harrison, et al., 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.17PESweigart and Turner, 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C2H3O2+12.33 ± 0.12?EIBrion and Dunning, 1963RDSH
C3H5O2+11.70 ± 0.05?EIBrion and Dunning, 1963RDSH
C3H7+11.56 ± 0.10?EIBrion and Dunning, 1963RDSH
C4H9+11.31 ± 0.10?EIBrion and Dunning, 1963RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C6H11O2- + Hydrogen cation = Acetic acid, butyl ester

By formula: C6H11O2- + H+ = C6H12O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1551. ± 17.kJ/molG+TSHaas, Giblin, et al., 1998gas phase; From transesterification equilibria; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1523. ± 17.kJ/molIMREHaas, Giblin, et al., 1998gas phase; From transesterification equilibria; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: M. M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and S. G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C3H9Si+ + Acetic acid, butyl ester = (C3H9Si+ bullet Acetic acid, butyl ester)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C6H12O2 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C6H12O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar209.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar133.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
147.468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated

C3H9Sn+ + Acetic acid, butyl ester = (C3H9Sn+ bullet Acetic acid, butyl ester)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + C6H12O2 = (C3H9Sn+ bullet C6H12O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar174.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar140.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
101.525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 352284

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.796.2Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillaryDB-180.784.76Mijin and Antonovic, 200630. m/0.256 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-580.805.85Mijin and Antonovic, 200660. m/0.321 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-10.805.2Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-110.801.5Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-120.804.7Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.801.6Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.799.4Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.798.2Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.796.8Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-10160.797.88Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryHP-10160.797.88Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillarySPB-160.796.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
CapillarySE-54110.809.4Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-54130.808.3Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-54150.806.6Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 198915. m/0.28 mm/2.5 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-30100.786.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-30120.774.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-3080.810.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-30100.786.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.774.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30140.781.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.810.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedSE-30150.790.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillarySE-30100.818.Haken, Madden, et al., 1983Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.796.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedSE-30100.792.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedPorapack Q200.770.Goebel, 1982N2
CapillaryOV-10180.796.4Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedSqualane100.784.Evans and Newton, 1976N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 2. m
PackedSqualane100.786.Evans and Newton, 1976N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 2. m
PackedSqualane100.786.Evans and Newton, 1976N2, Chromosorb G; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30150.794.Haken, Ho, et al., 1975Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30150.794.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.802.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30100.805.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30150.787.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedDC-200100.794.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 4. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-1799.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1804.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1796.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1802.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1801.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1796.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1799.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillarySE-54817.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101800.Morales and Duque, 1987He, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101788.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101789.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101805.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101810.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedApiezon L787.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh), 4. K/min; Column length: 1.2 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-54800.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Program: 50C (10min) => 2C/min => 75C => 3C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 200C
PackedApiezon L775.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh); Column length: 1.2 m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30794.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.1082.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
CapillaryOV-351100.1053.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351120.1064.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35160.1080.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1079.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1091.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1036.Kevei and Kozma, 1976Chromosorb
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1068.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1085.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1078.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-201075.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101086.Wong and Teng, 1994He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryBP-201095.Wyllie and Leach, 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1078.Umano, Shoji, et al., 1986N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1070.Buttery, Seifert, et al., 1982He, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 170. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5812.Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5812.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5812.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5815.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS812.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5797.Rodríguez-Burruezo, Kollmannsberger, et al., 200430. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5814.Siegmund, Derler, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, -30. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH804.9Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryUltra-2820.Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB816.Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB791.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5813.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 2001He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-Sulfur792.3de Lacy Costello, Evans, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, 40. C @ 12.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1795.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB791.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB791.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-5811.Shalit, Katzir, et al., 2001He, 50. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1818.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5830.1Komárek, Richter, et al., 1998He, 5.5 K/min; Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 350. C
CapillaryDB-1794.Bartelt, 199730. m/0.32 mm/5. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-5813.Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5817.Guichard and Souty, 1988H2, 30. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min; Column length: 0.32 m; Column diameter: 1. mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-1797.De Pooter, Omar, et al., 198530. m/0.5 mm/0.8 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1799.De Pooter, Omar, et al., 198530. m/0.5 mm/0.8 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-30793.Korhonen, 1984N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySE-52819.de Pooter, Montens, et al., 1983He, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 10. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedSE-30802.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS812.8Tret'yakov, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryDB-5802.Sampaio and Nogueira, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 220C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-5814.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5814.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5820.Mayr, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40 C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB816.Fuhrmann and Grosch, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 5C/min => 170C => 20C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryRTX-5815.Fuhrmann and Grosch, 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5812.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryDB-5MS810.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C (5min) => 2C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 250C (15min)
CapillaryHP-5812.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryBPX-5813.Bauchot, Mottram, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He; Program: 0 0C (8 min) -> (1 min) -> 50 0C (2 min) 2.5 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 250 0C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr1075.Aubert and Chanforan, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1075.Hashizume M., Gordon M.H., et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1070.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr1080.Aubert C. and Pitrat M., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1075.Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1049.Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1100.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1105.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101100.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1075.Aubert and Bourger, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1057.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr1067.Ménager, Jost, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1052.Varming, Andersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryCarbowax1086.8Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1072.Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2003He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryAT-Wax1052.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1056.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1052.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101078.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryFFAP1086.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1072.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1059.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1072.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1050.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1059.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1064.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1066.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1076.2Wang and Sun, 198725. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1075.2Wang and Sun, 198725. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1077.4Wang and Sun, 198725. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 8. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1074.5Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1074.0Wang and Sun, 19853. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1074.4Wang and Sun, 19854. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1073.7Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1074.1Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 90. C
CapillaryOV-3511057.Korhonen, 1984N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1058.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 160. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1065.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101077.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101085.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1075.Mehinagic, Royer, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C(30min) => 5C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1080.Mehinagic, Royer, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C(30min) => 5C/min => 240C
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1062.Aubert, Baumann, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 250C(10 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1062.Aubert, Baumann, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax1074.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax1075.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax1080.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax1082.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1075.Klesk and Qian, 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 2C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryFFAP1067.Fuhrmann and Grosch, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 5C/min => 170C => 20C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1082.Iversen, Jakobsen, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 32C(1.5min) => 3C/min => 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 200C (10min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101073.Cadwallader and Xu, 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => (6C/min) => 80C(6min) => (15C/min) => 200C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP1065.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane105.791.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane75.794.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane90.793.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.792.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.790.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone140.788.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.794.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryDB-160.796.Shimadzu, 2003, 260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedSE-3070.805.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 
PackedDC-400150.769.Anderson, 1968Helium, Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3.0 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS809.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS786.Raffo, Kelderer, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5816.Gogus, Ozel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 7. min, 15. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-5815.Setkova, Risticevic, et al., 200710. m/0.18 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 0.5 min, 50. K/min, 275. C @ 0.5 min
CapillaryHP-5817.Tapia, Perich, et al., 200725. m/0.2 mm/0.32 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5828.Tapia, Perich, et al., 200725. m/0.2 mm/0.32 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5810.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5820.Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5819.Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5829.Dickschat, Martens, et al., 200525. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryDB-5812.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRTX-5Sil815.Holland, Larkov, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5817.0Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-5812.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5812.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5812.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5800.Azodanlou, Darbellay, et al., 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryZB-1810.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryBPX-5823.Diaz and Kite, 20025. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-5815.Isidorov and Jdanova, 20023. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryRSL-200795.Ngassoum, Jirovetz, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5813.Santos-Gomes and Fernandes-Ferreira, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryBP-1795.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5808.Kim, Kim, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 8. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5807.Simic, Andjelkovic, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Hydrogen or helium (He2 wrote in original paper), 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryOV-101796.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5823.Jung, Wichmann, et al., 199925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOptima 1799.Fons, Rapior, et al., 199825. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-1798.Ong, Acree, et al., 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5812.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS813.Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1789.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1794.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1786.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1794.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1793.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1798.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-5818.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101800.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101793.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5793.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5814.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1798.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101800.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySP 2100797.Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Helium, 10. K/min; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30796.Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-30808.Alves and Jennings, 1979Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryOV-1800.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups813.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups819.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS811.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5776.da Fonseca, Bizerra, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 17 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBPX-5813.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5810.Riahi, Pourbasheer, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane794.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5812.Beaulieu and Lancaster, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone794.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryLM-5800.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2007Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 50 0C (10 min) 2 oC/min -> 75 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryLM-5793.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2007Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryVB-5812.Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 4C/min => 175C => 10C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-30794.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1813.Merle, Verdeguer, et al., 200730. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(5min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C(10min)
CapillaryZB-5820.Kubota T., Dorea H.S., et al., 2006Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS819.Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5812.Beaulieu, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C => 5C/min => 100C => 15C/min => 250C (19C)
CapillarySPB-5808.Crook, Boylston, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C => 4C/min => 95C => 5C/min => 115C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-5812.Crook, Boylston, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C => 4C/min => 95C => 5C/min => 115C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-5MS810.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-30793.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5812.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5811.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryBPX-5814.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryHP-5816.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone794.N/AProgram: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5812.van Ruth, Grossmann, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -30C(1min) => 100C/min => 40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone796.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1804.Yen and Lin, 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 40 - 80 0C at 2 0C/min 80 - 200 0C at 5 0C/min 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-1799.Ong, Acree, et al., 1998Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1795.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-1802.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1802.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySPB-1795.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1794.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB812.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillaryDB-1796.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1796.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1800.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1800.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryOV-101793.Morales and Duque, 1987He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101793.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.799.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1797.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax60.1093.Shimadzu, 2003, 250. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1068.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 57 CB1046.Callejon, Morales, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 150. C @ 17.5 min
CapillaryDB-Wax1074.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1070.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1077.Prososki, Etzel, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1064.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1088.Qian and Wang, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1059.Rizzolo, Cambiaghi, et al., 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1066.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1070.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1075.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1092.Chida, Sone, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1105.Culleré, Escudero, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1072.Narain, Almeida, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1072.Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1100.Franco and Shibamoto, 2000He, 50. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101047.Kim, Kim, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 8. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1076.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1072.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1059.Parada and Duque, 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1071.Parada and Duque, 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1071.Pollak and Berger, 199630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 210. C @ 25. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1076.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1077.Young, Gilbert, et al., 199630. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 30. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101070.Girard and Lau, 199590. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 20. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1059.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1068.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1070.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1114.Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Helium, 10. K/min; Column length: 31. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1063.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1075.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1098.Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 190 0C (11 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillaryFFAP1040.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1059.Rowan, Hunt, et al., 200920. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 2.9 0C/min -> 100 0C 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1059.Rowan, Hunt, et al., 2009, 220. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 2/9 0C/min -> 100 0C 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1088.Valappil, Fan, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 110 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101077.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101085.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryFFAP1082.Lara, Echeverría, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1082.Lopez, Villatoro, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1065.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 1 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 195 0C (45 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1070.Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1070.Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryFFAP1082.Lara, Graell, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1073.Quijano and Pino, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 50 0C (4 min) -> 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1074.Mattheis, Fan, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)
CapillaryFFAP1082.Echeverría, Correa, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1057.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-FFAP1082.Echeverria, Fuentes, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1060.Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryFFAP1086.Lopez, Lavilla, et al., 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C(2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryFFAP1068.Lambert, Demazeau, et al., 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryCross-linked FFAP1086.Lavilla, Puy, et al., 199950. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryFFAP1086.López, Lavilla, et al., 199850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C (1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryPEG1075.Vas, Gal, et al., 199840. m/0.182 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C 3 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 240 0C (2 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1070.Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C(5min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1059.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1091.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1078.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Schiopu, Bot, et al., 1961
Schiopu, M.; Bot, O.; Onu, V., Studiul termodinamic si cinetic al sistemului acetat de n-butil-apa. Nota I., Bul. Inst. Poleteh. Iasi, 1961, 7, 115-118. [all data]

Schjanberg, 1935
Schjanberg, E., Die Verbrennungswarmen und die Refraktionsdaten einiger chlorsubstituierter Fettsauren und Ester., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. A, 1935, 172, 197-233. [all data]

Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987
Zabransky, M.; Hynek, V.; Finkeova-Hastabova, J.; Vesely, F., Heat capacities of six liquid esters as a function of temperature, Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm., 1987, 52, 251-256. [all data]

Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986
Jimenez, E.; Romani, L.; Paz Andrade, M.I.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Molar excess heat capacities and volumes for mixtures of alkanoates with cyclohexane at 25°C, J. Solution Chem., 1986, 15(11), 879-890. [all data]

Fuchs, 1979
Fuchs, R., Heat capacities of some liquid aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic esters at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1979, 11, 959-961. [all data]

Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934
Kolosovskii, N.A.; Udovenko, W.W., Specific heat of liquids. II., Zhur. Obshchei Khim., 1934, 4, 1027-1033. [all data]

de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1933
de Kolossowsky, N.A.; Udowenko, W.W., Mesure des chaleurs specifique moleculaires de quelques liquides, Compt. rend., 1933, 197, 519-520. [all data]

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Timmermans, 1921
Timmermans, J., The Freezing Points of Organic Substances IV. New Exp. Determinations, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1921, 30, 62. [all data]

Balakina, Petrova, et al., 1979
Balakina, M.M.; Petrova, G.V.; Vasil'ev, I.A., Heat capacity of butyl acetate and butyl Butyrate in a liquid state., Termodin. Org. Soedin., 1979, No. 8, 37. [all data]

Quadri and Kudchadker, 1991
Quadri, S.K.; Kudchadker, A.P., Measurement of the critical temperatures and critical pressures of some thermally stable or mildly unstable esters, ketones, and ethers, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1991, 23, 129-34. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

De Heen, 1888
De Heen, P., Research on Physics and Theory of Liquids, Experimental Part Paris, 1888. [all data]

Nadezhdin, 1887
Nadezhdin, A., Rep. Phys., 1887, 23, 708. [all data]

Pawlewski, 1882
Pawlewski, B., The critical temperatures of ester compounds, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1882, 15, 2460-4. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Sheehan and Langer, 1969
Sheehan, Richard J.; Langer, Stanley H., Vapor pressures of fluorine- and silicon-containing derivatives of some hydroxylic compounds, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1969, 14, 2, 248-250, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60041a011 . [all data]

Kliment, Fried, et al., 1964
Kliment, V.; Fried, V.; Pick, J., Gleichgewicht flüssigkeit-dampf XXXIII. Systeme butylacetat-phenol und wasser-phenol, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1964, 29, 9, 2008-2015, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19642008 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Meyer, Awe, et al., 1980
Meyer, Edwin F.; Awe, Michael J.; Wagner, Robert E., Cohesive energies in polar organic liquids. 4. n-Alkyl acetates, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1980, 25, 4, 371-374, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60087a030 . [all data]

Svoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980
Svoboda, Václav; Uchytilová, Vera; Majer, Vladimír; Pick, Jirí, Heats of vaporization of alkyl esters of formic, acetic and propionic acids, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1980, 45, 12, 3233-3240, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19803233 . [all data]

Schiopu, Bot, et al., 1961, 2
Schiopu, I.M.; Bot, O.; Onu, V., Bull. Inst. Politeh. Iasi., 1961, 7, 115. [all data]

Wojtyniak and Stone, 1986
Wojtyniak, A.C.M.; Stone, A.J., A High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Study of the Bonding of Trimethylsilylium to Oxygen and Aromatic Bases, Can. J. Chem., 1986, 74, 59. [all data]

Stone and Splinter, 1984
Stone, J.A.; Splinter, D.E., A high-pressure mass spectrometric study of the binding of (CH3)3Sn+ to lewis bases in the gas phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1984, 59, 169. [all data]

Haas, Giblin, et al., 1998
Haas, G.W.; Giblin, D.E.; Gross, M.L., The Mechanism and Thermodynamics of Transesterification of Acetate-Ester Enolates in the Gas Phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1998, 172, 1-2, 25, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1176(97)83245-4 . [all data]

Wadso, 1958
Wadso, I., The heats of hydrolysis of some alkyl acetates, Acta Chem. Scand., 1958, 12, 630-633. [all data]

Rice and Greenberg, 1934
Rice, F.O.; Greenberg, J., Ketene. III. Heat of formation and heat of reaction with alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1934, 38, 2268-2270. [all data]

Benoit, Harrison, et al., 1977
Benoit, F.M.; Harrison, A.G.; Lossing, F.P., Hydrogen migrations in mass spectrometry III-Energetics of formation of [R'CO2H2]+ in the mass spectra of R'CO2R, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1977, 12, 78. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Vilesov and Terenin, 1957
Vilesov, F.I.; Terenin, A.N., The photoionization of the vapors of certain organic compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1957, 115, 744, In original 539. [all data]

Sweigart and Turner, 1972
Sweigart, D.A.; Turner, D.W., Lone pair orbitals and their interactions studied by photoelectron spectroscopy. I. Carboxylic acids and their derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1972, 94, 5592. [all data]

Brion and Dunning, 1963
Brion, C.E.; Dunning, W.J., Electron impact studies of simple carboxylic esters, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1963, 59, 647. [all data]

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Mijin and Antonovic, 2006
Mijin, D.; Antonovic, D.G., The temperature dependence of the retention index for n-alkyl esters of acetic, propionic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2006, 71, 6, 629-637, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0606629M . [all data]

Wang, Liu, et al., 2005
Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 2005, 81, 2, 184-190, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2005.02.003 . [all data]

Garay, 2000
Garay, F., Application of a flow-tunable, serially coupled gas chromatographic capillary column system for the analysis of complex mixtures, Chromatographia Sup., 2000, 51, 1, s108-s120, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492792 . [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Gerbino, T., Gas chromatographic separation and automatic identification of complex mixtures of organic solvents in indrustrial wates, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 585, 2, 273-280, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)85088-W . [all data]

Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 1989
Grigor'eva, D.N.; Vasil'ev, A.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Variation in retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of homologous series of n-alkyl acetates, n-alkyl methyl ketones, and methyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids as a function of homolog number and analysis temperature, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1989, 44, 1, 68-73. [all data]

Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989
Tarjan, G.; Nyiredy, Sz.; Gyor, M.; Lombosi, E.R.; Lombosi, T.S.; Budahegyi, M.V.; Meszaros, S.Y.; Takacs, J.M., Review. Thirtieth Anniversary of the Retention Index According to Kovats in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 1-92, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94099-8 . [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1986
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 1986, 356, 79-94, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91468-7 . [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Haken, Madden, et al., 1983
Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XX. Capillary column studies of alkyl acetates, chloroacetates, dichloroacetates and trichloroacetates, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 256, 221-229, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88235-2 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Horna, A.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. IV. Separation of homologous series of certain halogenopropyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 281, 299-303, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87889-4 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. Separation of homologous series of esters of halogenated carboxylic acids on a glass capillary column with the non-polar stationary silicone phase OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 244, 1, 142-147, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80131-4 . [all data]

Evans and Newton, 1976
Evans, M.B.; Newton, R., Inverse gas chromatography in the study of polymer degradation. Part I. Oxidation of squalene as a model for the oxidative degradation of natural rubber, Chromatographia, 1976, 9, 11, 561-566, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275963 . [all data]

Haken, Ho, et al., 1975
Haken, J.K.; Ho, D.K.M.; Vaughan, C.E., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VII. The retention behaviour of pyruvate esters and related carbonyl and carboxyl compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1975, 106, 2, 317-325, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)93839-1 . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1970, 3, 4, 180-195, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269018 . [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Rohrschneider, 1966
Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflüssigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 22, 6-22, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97064-5 . [all data]

Shimadzu, 2003
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 2), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 1992
Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 10, 1925-1929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00022a040 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1990
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 2, 471-477, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00092a031 . [all data]

Rembold, Wallner, et al., 1989
Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 659-662, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a018 . [all data]

Morales and Duque, 1987
Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 4, 538-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00076a024 . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Rasmussen, 1983
Rasmussen, P., Identification of Volatile Components of Jacjfruit by Gas Chromatography / MAss Spectrometry with Two Different Columns, Anal. Chem., 1983, 55, 8, 1331-1335, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00259a033 . [all data]

Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2000
Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lanças, F.M., Identificação de compostos voláteis de maçãs (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment., 2000, 20, 2, 164-171, retrieved from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sciarttextpid=S0101-20612000000200007lng=ptnrm=iso. [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Kevei and Kozma, 1976
Kevei, E.; Kozma, E., Gaschromatographische Untersuchungsmethoden zur Aromaprüfung in gekochtem Schweinefleisch (M. semimembranosus), Nahrung, 1976, 20, 3, 243-252, https://doi.org/10.1002/food.19760200303 . [all data]

Wong and Teng, 1994
Wong, K.C.; Teng, Y.E., Volatile Components of Mimusops elengi L. Flowers, J. Essent. Oil Res., 1994, 6, 5, 453-458, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1994.9698425 . [all data]

Wyllie and Leach, 1990
Wyllie, S.G.; Leach, D.N., Aroma volatiles of Cucumis melo cv. golden crispy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 11, 2042-2044, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00101a008 . [all data]

Umano, Shoji, et al., 1986
Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 4, 593-596, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00070a003 . [all data]

Buttery, Seifert, et al., 1982
Buttery, R.G.; Seifert, R.M.; Ling, L.C.; Soderstrom, E.L.; Ogawa, J.M.; Turnbaugh, J.G., Additional aroma components of honeydew melon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 6, 1208-1211, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00114a051 . [all data]

Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 2007
Quijano, C.E.; Salamanca, G.; Pino, J.A., Aroma volatile constituents of Colombian varieties of mango (Mangifera indica L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 401-406, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1812 . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2007
Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 53-60, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1758 . [all data]

Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 2005
Mahattanatawee, K.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A., Volatile constituents and character impact compounds of selected Florida's tropical fruit, Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 2005, 118, 414-418. [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Rodríguez-Burruezo, Kollmannsberger, et al., 2004
Rodríguez-Burruezo, A.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Prohens, J.; Nitz, S.; Nuez, F., Analysis of the volatile aroma constituents of parental and hybrid clones of pepino (Solanum muricatum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 18, 5663-5669, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040107w . [all data]

Siegmund, Derler, et al., 2004
Siegmund, B.; Derler, K.; Pfannhauser, W., Chemical and sensory effects of glass and laminated carton packages on fruit juice products. Still a controversial topic, Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 2004, 37, 4, 481-488, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2003.11.005 . [all data]

Censullo, Jones, et al., 2003
Censullo, A.C.; Jones, D.R.; Wills, M.T., Speciation of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in solventborne aerosol coatings by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography, J. Coat. Technol., 2003, 75, 936, 47-53, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02697922 . [all data]

Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 2003
Ceva-Antunes, P.M.N.; Bizzo, H.R.; Alves, S.M.; Antunes, O.A.C., Analysis of volatile compounds of taperebá (Spondias mombin L.) and Cajá (Spondias mombin L.) by simultaneous distillation and extraction (SDE) and solid phase microextraction (SPME), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 5, 1387-1392, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf025873m . [all data]

Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 2002
Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Ames, J.M.; Bakker, J., Comparison of the volatile components of eight cultivars of potato after microwave baking, Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 2002, 35, 1, 80-86, https://doi.org/10.1006/fstl.2001.0819 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 21, 6023-6026, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011456i . [all data]

Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 2001
Isidorov, V.A.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jaroszynska, J.; Bal, K., Gas chromatographic analysis of essential oils with preliminary partition of components, Phytochem. Anal., 2001, 12, 2, 87-90, https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.564 . [all data]

de Lacy Costello, Evans, et al., 2001
de Lacy Costello, B.P.J.; Evans, P.; Ewen, R.J.; Gunson, H.E.; Jones, P.R.H.; Ratcliffe, N.M.; Spencer-Phillips, P.T.N., Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses of volatile organic compounds from potato tubers inoculated with Phytophthora infestans or Fusarium coeruleum, Plant Pathol., 2001, 50, 4, 489-496, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3059.2001.00594.x . [all data]

Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 2001
Larráyoz, P.; Addis, M.; Gauch, R.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of dynamic headspace and simultaneous distillation extraction techniques used for the analysis of the volatile components in three European PDO ewes milk cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 2001, 11, 11-12, 911-926, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-6946(01)00144-3 . [all data]

Pino and Marbot, 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5880-5882, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010270g . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5883-5887, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010414r . [all data]

Shalit, Katzir, et al., 2001
Shalit, M.; Katzir, N.; Tadmor, Y.; Larkov, O.; Burger, Y.; Shalekhet, F.; Lastochkin, E.; Ravid, U.; Amar, O.; Edelstein, M.; Karchi, Z.; Lewinsohn, E., Acetyl-CoA: alcohol acetyltransferase activity and aroma formation in ripening melon fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 2, 794-799, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001075p . [all data]

Valero, Sanz, et al., 1999
Valero, E.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., Volatile components in microwave- and conventionally-heated milk, Food Chem., 1999, 66, 3, 333-338, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00069-2 . [all data]

Komárek, Richter, et al., 1998
Komárek, K.; Richter, P.; Hoffmann, J., Capillary gas chromatography of n-butyl and isobutyl-, n-amyl and isoamyl polyethylene glycol ethers and their derivatives, J. Chromatogr. A, 1998, 800, 2, 305-315, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)01144-8 . [all data]

Bartelt, 1997
Bartelt, R.J., Calibration of a commercial solid-phase microextraction device for measuring headspace concentrations of organic volatiles, Anal. Chem., 1997, 69, 3, 364-372, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac960820n . [all data]

Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993
Gómez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A.; Hartsell, P.L., Volatile compounds in apricot, plum, and their interspecific hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 10, 1669-1676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00034a029 . [all data]

Guichard and Souty, 1988
Guichard, E.; Souty, M., Comparison of the relative quantities of aroma compounds found in fresh apricot (Prunus armeniaca) from six different varieties, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1988, 186, 4, 301-307, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01027031 . [all data]

De Pooter, Omar, et al., 1985
De Pooter, H.L.; Omar, M.N.; Coolsaet, B.A.; Schamp, N.M., The Essential Oil of Greater Galanga (Alpinia Galanga) from Malaysia, Phytochemistry, 1985, 24, 1, 93-96, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)80814-6 . [all data]

Korhonen, 1984
Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Analyses. XXVI. Separation of Unsaturated Alcohols and Their Acetyl and Haloacetyl Derivatives on Capillary Columns Coated with SE-30 and OV-351, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 288, 329-346, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93710-0 . [all data]

de Pooter, Montens, et al., 1983
de Pooter, H.L.; Montens, J.P.; Willaert, G.A.; Dirinck, P.J.; Schamp, N.M., Treatment of golden delicious apples with aldehydes and carboxylic acids: effect on the headspace composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 4, 813-818, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00118a034 . [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2008
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2008. [all data]

Sampaio and Nogueira, 2006
Sampaio, T.S.; Nogueira, P.C.L., Volatile components of mangaba fruit (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) at three stages of maturity, Food Chem., 2006, 95, 4, 606-610, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.01.038 . [all data]

Wang, Finn, et al., 2005
Wang, Y.; Finn, C.; Qian, M.C., Impact of Growing Environment on Chickasaw Blackberry ( Rubus L.) Aroma Evaluated by Gas Chromatography Olfactometry Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 9, 3563-3571, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048102m . [all data]

Mayr, van Ruth, et al., 2003
Mayr, D.; van Ruth, S.; Märk, T.D., Evaluation of the influence of mastication on temporal aroma release of ripe and unripe bananas, using a model mouth system and gas chromatography-olfactometry, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2003, 217, 4, 291-295, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-003-0777-1 . [all data]

Fuhrmann and Grosch, 2002
Fuhrmann, E.; Grosch, W., Character impact odorants of the apple cultivars Elstar and Cox Orange, Nahrung/Food, 2002, 46, 3, 187-193, https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3803(20020501)46:3<187::AID-FOOD187>3.0.CO;2-5 . [all data]

Beaulieu and Grimm, 2001
Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1345-1352, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0005768 . [all data]

Boulanger and Crouzet, 2001
Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Identification of the aroma components of acerola (Malphigia glabra L.): free and bound flavor compounds, Food Chem., 2001, 74, 2, 209-216, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00128-5 . [all data]

Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 2001
Isidorov, V.A.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jdanova, M.A., Partition coefficients of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 923, 1-2, 127-136, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)00929-3 . [all data]

Bauchot, Mottram, et al., 1998
Bauchot, A.D.; Mottram, D.S.; Dodson, A.T.; John, P., Effect of aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase antisense gene on the formation of volatile esters in cantaloupe charentais melon (Cv. Védrandais), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 11, 4787-4792, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980692z . [all data]

Aubert and Chanforan, 2007
Aubert, C.; Chanforan, C., Postharvest Changes in Physicochemical Properties and Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.). Characterization of 28 Cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3074-3082, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf063476w . [all data]

Hashizume M., Gordon M.H., et al., 2007
Hashizume M.; Gordon M.H.; Mottram D.S., Light-induced off-flavor development in cloudy apple juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 22, 9177-9182, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0715727 . [all data]

Aubert C. and Pitrat M., 2006
Aubert C.; Pitrat M., Volatile compounds in the skin and pulp of Queen Anne's pocket melon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 21, 8177-8182, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061415s . [all data]

Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 2006
Kourkoutas, D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the volatile compositions and flavour properties of cantaloupe, Galia and honeydew muskmelons, Food Chem., 2006, 97, 1, 95-102, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.03.026 . [all data]

Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 2006
Osorio, C.; Alarcon, M.; Moreno, C.; Bonilla, A.; Barrios, J.; Garzon, C.; Duque, C., Characterization of Odor-Active Volatiles in Champa ( Campomanesia lineatifolia R. P.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 2, 509-516, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052098c . [all data]

Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 2005
Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 2005, 15, 6-9, 741-758, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idairyj.2004.11.007 . [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Assessment of the Volatile Composition of Juices of Apricot, Peach, and Pear According to Two Pectolytic Treatments, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7837-7843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051397z . [all data]

Aubert and Bourger, 2004
Aubert, C.; Bourger, N., Investigation of volatiles in charentais cantaloupe melons (Cucumis melo Var. cantalupensis). Characterization of aroma constituents in some cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 14, 4522-4528, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049777s . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Ménager, Jost, et al., 2004
Ménager, I.; Jost, M.; Aubert, C., Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of strawberry (Cv. Cigaline) during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 5, 1248-1254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0350919 . [all data]

Varming, Andersen, et al., 2004
Varming, C.; Andersen, M.L.; Poll, L., Influence of thermal treatment on black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) juice aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 25, 7628-7636, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049435m . [all data]

Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2003
Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Maneerat, C.; Li, X.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K., Evaluation of aroma compounds contributing to muskmelon flavor in Porapak Q extracts by aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 11, 3415-3418, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0209950 . [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 6, 2280-2287, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981027t . [all data]

Ott, Fay, et al., 1997
Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 850-858, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960508e . [all data]

Shimoda, Wu, et al., 1996
Shimoda, M.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Aroma compounds from aqueous solution of Haze (Rhus succedanea) honey determined by adsorptive column chromatography, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 12, 3913-3918, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9601168 . [all data]

Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995
Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1616-1620, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a037 . [all data]

Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994
Sumitani, H.; Suekane, S.; Nakatani, A.; Tatsuka, K., Changes in composition of volatile compounds in high pressure treated peach, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 3, 785-790, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00039a037 . [all data]

Suárez and Duque, 1991
Suárez, M.; Duque, C., Volatile constituents of lulo (Salanum vestissimum D.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 8, 1498-1500, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00008a026 . [all data]

Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 1989
Fröhlich, O.; Duque, C.; Schreier, P., Volatile constituents of curuba (Passiflora mollissima) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 2, 421-425, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00086a033 . [all data]

Wang and Sun, 1987
Wang, T.; Sun, Y., On the influence of the solute sample size on temperature-programmed retention indices, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1987, 10, 11, 603-606, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240101105 . [all data]

Wang and Sun, 1985
Wang, T.; Sun, Y., Correlation of Retention Indices obtained with Two Temperature Programmes, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 330, 167-171, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)81973-7 . [all data]

Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982
Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Hwang, L.S.; Wu, J.S.-B.; Wu, C.-M., Headspace components of passion fruit juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 6, 1211-1215, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00114a052 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Mehinagic, Royer, et al., 2006
Mehinagic, E.; Royer, G.; Symoneaux, R.; Jourjon, F.; Prost, C., Characterization of Odor-Active Volatiles in Apples: Influence of Cultivars and Maturity Stage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2678-2687, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052288n . [all data]

Aubert, Baumann, et al., 2005
Aubert, C.; Baumann, S.; Arguel, H., Optimization of the Analysis of Flavor Volatile Compounds by Liquid-Liquid Microextraction (LLME). Application to the Aroma Analysis of Melons, Peaches, Grapes, Strawberries, and Tomatoes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 23, 8881-8895, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0510541 . [all data]

Klesk, Qian, et al., 2004
Klesk, K.; Qian, M.; Martin, R.R., Aroma extract dilution analysis of cv. meeker (Rubus idaeus L.) red raspberries from Oregon and Washington, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5155-5161, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0498721 . [all data]

Klesk and Qian, 2003
Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis of Cv. Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Cv. Evergreen (R. Iaciniatus L.) blackberries, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 11, 3436-3441, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0262209 . [all data]

Klesk and Qian, 2003, 2
Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Preliminary aroma comparison of Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Evergreen (R. laciniatus L.) blackberries by dynamic headspace/OSME technique, J. Food Sci., 2003, 68, 2, 697-700, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2003.tb05734.x . [all data]

Iversen, Jakobsen, et al., 1998
Iversen, C.K.; Jakobsen, H.B.; Olsen, C.-E., Aroma changes during black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) nectar processing, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1132-1136, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970513y . [all data]

Cadwallader and Xu, 1994
Cadwallader, K.R.; Xu, Y., Analysis of volatile components in fresh grapefruit juice by purge and trap/gas chromatography, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 3, 782-784, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00039a036 . [all data]

Yasuhara, 1987
Yasuhara, A., Identification of Volatile Compounds in Poultry Manure by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 387, 371-378, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94539-X . [all data]

Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009
Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 2009, 1216, 10, 1630-1639, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.025 . [all data]

Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007
Lebrón-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-López, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1160, 1-2, 276-288, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.05.025 . [all data]

Shimadzu, 2003, 2
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 3), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977
Yabumoto, K.; Jennings, W.G.; Yamaguchi, M., Gas chromatographic retention as identification criteria, Anal. Biochem., 1977, 78, 1, 244-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(77)90029-X . [all data]

Anderson, 1968
Anderson, D.G., USe of Kovats retention indices and response factors for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of coating solvents, J. Paint Technol., 1968, 40, 527, 549-557. [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Quijano, C.E.; Castro, D., Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) at two ripening stages, Ciencia e Technologia de Alimentos, 2010, 30, 1, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000100028 . [all data]

Raffo, Kelderer, et al., 2009
Raffo, A.; Kelderer, M.; Paoletti, F.; Zanella, A., Impact of innovative controlled atmosphere storage technologies and postharvest treatment on volatile compound production in Cv. Pinova apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 3, 915-923, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802054y . [all data]

Gogus, Ozel, et al., 2007
Gogus, F.; Ozel, M.Z.; Lewis, A.C., The Effect of Various Drying Techniques on Apricot Volatiles Analysed Using Direct Desorption-GC-TOF/MS, Talanta, 2007, 73, 2, 321-325, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.03.048 . [all data]

Setkova, Risticevic, et al., 2007
Setkova, L.; Risticevic, S.; Pawliszyn, J., Rapid headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic?time-of-flight mass spectrometric method for qualitative profiling of ice wine volatile fraction II: Classification of Canadian and Czech ice wines using statistical evaluation of the data, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1147, 2, 224-240, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.052 . [all data]

Tapia, Perich, et al., 2007
Tapia, T.; Perich, F.; Pardo, F.; Palma, G.; Quiroz, A., Identification of volatiles from differently aged red clover (Trifolium pratense) root extracts and behavioural responses of clover root borer (Hylastinus obscurus) (Marsham) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) to them, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 2, 61-67, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.05.020 . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 2006
Isidorov, V.; Purzynska, A.; Modzelewska, A.; Serowiecka, M., Distribution coefficients of aliphatic alcohols, carbonyl compounds and esters between air and Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fiber coating, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 560, 1-2, 103-109, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2005.12.043 . [all data]

Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 2006
Shen X.; Gao Y.; Su Q.D., Constituents of the essential oil of Rhizoma polygonati, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 556-558, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1666 . [all data]

Dickschat, Martens, et al., 2005
Dickschat, J.S.; Martens, T.; Brinkhoff, T.; Simon, M.; Schulz, S., Volatiles released by a Streptomyces species isolated from the North Sea, Chemistry and Biodiversity, 2005, 2, 7, 837-865, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200590062 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2005
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese Yanghe Daqu Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7931-7938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051011k . [all data]

Holland, Larkov, et al., 2005
Holland, D.; Larkov, O.; Bar-Ya'akov, I.; Bar, E.; Zax, A.; Brandeis, E.; Ravid, U.; Lewinsohn, E., Developmental and varietal differences in volatile ester formation and acetyl-CoA: alcohol acetyl transferase activities in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 18, 7198-7203, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050519k . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Azodanlou, Darbellay, et al., 2003
Azodanlou, R.; Darbellay, C.; Luisier, J.-L.; Villettaz, J.-C.; Amadò, R., Quality assessment of strawberries (Fragaria species), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 3, 715-721, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0200467 . [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2003
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctulatus), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 510-514, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1259 . [all data]

Diaz and Kite, 2002
Diaz, A.; Kite, G.C., A comparison of the pollination ecology of Arum maculatum and A. italicum in England, Watsonia, 2002, 24, 171-181. [all data]

Isidorov and Jdanova, 2002
Isidorov, V.; Jdanova, M., Volatile organic compounds from leaves litter, Chemosphere, 2002, 48, 9, 975-979, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00074-7 . [all data]

Ngassoum, Jirovetz, et al., 2001
Ngassoum, M.B.; Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G., SPME/GC/MS analysis of headspace aroma compounds of the Cameroonian fruit Tetrapleura tetraptera (Thonn.) Taub., Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2001, 213, 1, 18-21, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170100330 . [all data]

Santos-Gomes and Fernandes-Ferreira, 2001
Santos-Gomes, P.C.; Fernandes-Ferreira, M., Organ- and season-dependent variation in the essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L. cultivated at two different sites, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 6, 2908-2916, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001102b . [all data]

Health Safety Executive, 2000
Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24, retrieved from http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/mdhs/pdfs/mdhs96.pdf. [all data]

Kim, Kim, et al., 2000
Kim, H.-J.; Kim, K.; Kim, N.-S.; Lee, D.-S., Determination of floral fragrances of Rosa hybrida using solid-phase trapping-solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 902, 2, 389-404, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00863-3 . [all data]

Simic, Andjelkovic, et al., 2000
Simic, N.; Andjelkovic, S.; Palic, R.; Vajs, V.; Milosavljevic, S., Volatile constituents of Achillea serbica Nym., Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 141-143, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<141::AID-FFJ881>3.0.CO;2-O . [all data]

Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000
Tamura, H.; Boonbumrung, S.; Yoshizawa, T.; Varanyanond, W., Volatile components of the essential oil in the pulp of four yellow mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) in Thailand, Food Sci. Technol. Res., 2000, 6, 1, 68-73, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.6.68 . [all data]

Jung, Wichmann, et al., 1999
Jung, A.; Wichmann, K.-H.; Kolb, M., VOC emission of polymeric packaging materials, LaborPraxis, 1999, 23, 9, 20-22. [all data]

Fons, Rapior, et al., 1998
Fons, F.; Rapior, S.; Gargadennec, A.; Andary, C.; Bessiere, J.-M., Volatile components of Plantago lanceolata (Plantaginaceae), Acta bot. Gallica, 1998, 145, 4, 265-269, https://doi.org/10.1080/12538078.1998.10516306 . [all data]

Ong, Acree, et al., 1998
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 2, 611-615, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970665t . [all data]

Larsen and Frisvad, 1995
Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 1995, 99, 10, 1153-1166, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0953-7562(09)80271-2 . [all data]

Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994
Gomez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A., Comparative study of the aromatic profiles of two different plum species: Prunus salicina Lindl and Prunus simonii L., J. Sci. Food Agric., 1994, 65, 1, 111-115, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740650116 . [all data]

Shiota, 1993
Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 2056-2062, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a046 . [all data]

Peppard, 1992
Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 2, 257-262, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00014a018 . [all data]

Macku and Shibamoto, 1991
Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Headspace volatile compounds formed from heated corn oil and corn oil with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1265-1269, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a014 . [all data]

Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1991
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1991, 46, 1421-1429. [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990
Spadone, J.-C.; Takeoka, G.; Liardon, R., Analytical Investigation of Rio Off-Flavor in Green Coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 1, 226-233, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00091a050 . [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984
del Rosario, R.; de Lumen, B.O.; Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R., Comparison of headspace volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 1011-1015, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a015 . [all data]

Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982
Labropoulos, A.E.; Palmer, J.K.; Tao, P., Flavor evaluation and characterization of yogurt as affected by ultra-high temperature and vat processes, J. Dairy Sci., 1982, 65, 2, 191-196, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(82)82176-0 . [all data]

Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981
Dirinck, P.J.; de Pooter, H.L.; Willaert, G.A.; Schamp, N.M., Flavor quality of cultivated strawberries: the role of the sulfur compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 316-321, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a024 . [all data]

Alves and Jennings, 1979
Alves, S.; Jennings, W.G., Volatile composition of certain Amazonian fruits, Food Chem., 1979, 4, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(79)90039-6 . [all data]

Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979
Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; Sandra, P.; Schamp, N., Flavor analysis of quince, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1979, 27, 4, 872-876, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60224a058 . [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

da Fonseca, Bizerra, et al., 2009
da Fonseca, A.M.; Bizerra, A.M.C.; de Souza, J.S.N.; Monte, F.J.Q.; de Oliveira M.C.F.; de Mattos, M.C.; Cordell, G.A.; Braz-Filho, R.; Lemos, T.L.G., Constituents and antioxidant activity of two varieties of coconut water (Cocos nucifera L.), Braz. J. Pharmacognosy, 2009, 19, 1B, 193-198. [all data]

Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 2009
Ortiz, A.; Echeverra, G.; Graell, J.; Lara, I., Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored Fuji Kiki-8 apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 11, 4931-4938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9003576 . [all data]

Riahi, Pourbasheer, et al., 2009
Riahi, S.; Pourbasheer, E.; Ganjali, M.R.; Norouzi, P., Investigation of different linear and non-linear chemometric methods for modeling of retention index of essential oil components: Concerns to support vector mashine, J. Hazard. Mat., 2009, 166, 2-3, 853-859, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.11.097 . [all data]

Chen, 2008
Chen, H.-F., Quantitative prediction of gas chromatography retention indices with support vector machines, radial basis neutral networks and multiple linear regression, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2008, 609, 1, 24-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.01.003 . [all data]

Beaulieu and Lancaster, 2007
Beaulieu, J.C.; Lancaster, V.A., Correlating Volatile Compounds, Sensory Attributes, and Quality Parameters in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 23, 9503-9513, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070282n . [all data]

Chen and Feng, 2007
Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 2007, 24, 10, 1404-1408. [all data]

Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2007
Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por chromatoghrafia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, 2007, retrieved from http://www.bibvirt.futuro.nsp.br/content/download/7005/56300/file/cta20u26.pdf. [all data]

Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 2007
Karlshøj, K.; Nielsen, P.V.; Larsen, T.O., Prediction of Penicillium expansum Spoilage and Patulin Concentration in Apples Used for Apple Juice Production by Electronic Nose Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 11, 4289-4298, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070134x . [all data]

Liu, Liang, et al., 2007
Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1307-1315, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.01.038 . [all data]

Merle, Verdeguer, et al., 2007
Merle, H.; Verdeguer, M.; Blázquez, M.A.; Boira, H., Chemical composition of the essential oils from Eriocephalus africanus L. var. africanus populations growing in Spain, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 6, 461-464, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1821 . [all data]

Kubota T., Dorea H.S., et al., 2006
Kubota T.; Dorea H.S.; de Lima Nogueira P.C., Constituintes voláteis dos frutos de Hancornia speciosa (Apocynaceae), 29a Reunião Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Química, PN-271, 2006, retrieved from https://sec.sbq.org.br/cd29ra/listaresumo.htm, https://sec.sbq.org.br/cd29ra/resumos/T1917-1.pdf. [all data]

Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 2005
Alissandrakis, E.; Kibaris, A.C.; Tarantilis, P.A.; Harizanis, P.C.; Polissiou, M., Flavour compounds of Greek cotton honey, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2005, 85, 9, 1444-1452, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2124 . [all data]

Beaulieu, 2005
Beaulieu, J.C., Within-Season Volatile and Quality Differences in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe Cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 22, 8679-8687, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050241w . [all data]

Crook, Boylston, et al., 2004
Crook, L.R.; Boylston, T.D.; Glatz, B.A., Effect of gas environment and sorbate addition on flavor characteristics of irradiated apple cider during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 23, 6997-7004, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049454w . [all data]

Maia, Andrade, et al., 2004
Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), Food Chem., 2004, 85, 2, 195-197, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00292-9 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 2003
Begnaud, F.; Pérès, C.; Berdagué, J.-L., Characterization of volatile effluents of livestock buildings by solid-phase microextraction, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 2003, 83, 10, 837-849, https://doi.org/10.1080/03067310310001603349 . [all data]

Jordán, Margaría, et al., 2003
Jordán, M.J.; Margaría, C.A.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Volatile components and aroma active compounds in aqueous essence and fresh pink guava fruid puree (Psidium guajava L.) by GC-MS and multidimensional GC/GC-O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 5, 1421-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020765l . [all data]

Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 2003
Machiels, D.; van Ruth, S.M.; Posthumus, M.A.; Istasse, L., Gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of the volatile compounds of two commercial Irish beef meats, Talanta, 2003, 60, 4, 755-764, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(03)00133-4 . [all data]

Jordán, Goodner, et al., 2002
Jordán, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 6, 1523-1528, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011077p . [all data]

van Ruth, Grossmann, et al., 2001
van Ruth, S.M.; Grossmann, I.; Geary, M.; Delahunty, C.M., Interactions between artificial saliva and 20 aroma compounds in water and oil model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 5, 2409-2413, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001510f . [all data]

Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999
Estrada, E.; Gutierrez, Y., Modeling chromatographic parameters by a novel graph theoretical sub-structural approach, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 858, 2, 187-199, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00808-0 . [all data]

Yen and Lin, 1999
Yen, G.-C.; Lin, H.-T., Changes in volatile flavor components of guava juice with high-pressure treatment and heat processing and during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 5, 2082-2087, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9810057 . [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1994
Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, 1994, 549-568. [all data]

Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 1993
Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 643, 1-2, 55-69, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80541-F . [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Weller and Wolf, 1989
Weller, J.-P.; Wolf, M., Massenspektroskopie und Headspace-GC, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 1989, 47, 525-532. [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Güntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 553-560, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a037 . [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]

Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008
Callejon, R.M.; Morales, M.L.; Ferreira, A.C.S.; Troncoso, A.M., Defining the typical aroma of sherry vinegar: sensory and chemical approach, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 17, 8086-8095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf800903n . [all data]

Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008
Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 2008, 14, 3, 269-276, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.14.269 . [all data]

Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 1-12. [all data]

Prososki, Etzel, et al., 2007
Prososki, R.A.; Etzel, M.R.; Rankin, S.A., Solvent type affects the number, distribution, and relative quantities of volatile compounds found in sweet whey powder, J. Dairy Sci., 2007, 90, 2, 523-531, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)71535-7 . [all data]

Qian and Wang, 2005
Qian, M.C.; Wang, Y., Seasonal Variations of Volatile Composition and Odor Activity Value of Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Thornless Evergreen (R.laciniatus L.) Blackberries, J. Food. Sci., 2005, 70, 1, c13-c20, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2005.tb09013.x . [all data]

Rizzolo, Cambiaghi, et al., 2005
Rizzolo, A.; Cambiaghi, P.; Grassi, M.; Zerbini, P.E., Influence of 1-Methylcyclopropene and Storage Atmosphere on Changes in Volatile Compounds and Fruit Quality of Conference Pears, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 25, 9781-9789, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051339d . [all data]

Chida, Sone, et al., 2004
Chida, M.; Sone, Y.; Tamura, H., Aroma characteristics of stored tobacco cut leaves analyzed by a high vacuum distillation and canister system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 26, 7918-7924, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049223p . [all data]

Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004
Culleré, L.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Gas chromatography-olfactometry and chemical quantitative study of the aroma of six premium auality Spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 6, 1653-1660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0350820 . [all data]

Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004
Narain, N.; Almeida, J.N.; Galvão, M.S.; Madruga, M.S.; de Brito, E.S., Volatile compounds in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa) and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L.) fruits obtained by dynamic headspace technique, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment. Campinas, 2004, 24, 2, 212-216, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612004000200009 . [all data]

Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002
Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K.; Osajima, Y., Analysis of aromatic volatile compounds in 'Miyabi' melon (Cucumis melo L.) using the Porapak Q column, J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 2002, 71, 4, 517-525, https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs.71.517 . [all data]

Franco and Shibamoto, 2000
Franco, M.R.B.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile composition of some Brazilian fruits: umbu-caja (Spondias citherea), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), araca-boi (Eugenia stipitata), and cupuacu (Theobroma grandiflorum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1263-1265, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9900074 . [all data]

Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999
Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 1999, 46, 9, 587-597, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.46.587 . [all data]

Parada and Duque, 1998
Parada, F.; Duque, C., Studies on the aroma of piñuela fruit pulp (Bromelia plumieri): Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1998, 21, 10, 577-581, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-4168(19981001)21:10<577::AID-JHRC577>3.0.CO;2-V . [all data]

Pollak and Berger, 1996
Pollak, F.C.; Berger, R.G., Geosmin and Related Volatiles in Bioreactor-Cultured Streptomyces citreus CBS 109.60, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1996, 62, 4, 1295-1299. [all data]

Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996
Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 1996, 70, 2, 151-160. [all data]

Young, Gilbert, et al., 1996
Young, H.; Gilbert, J.M.; Murray, S.H.; Ball, R.D., Causal effects of aroma compounds on Royal Gala apple flavours, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1996, 71, 3, 329-336, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199607)71:3<329::AID-JSFA588>3.0.CO;2-8 . [all data]

Girard and Lau, 1995
Girard, B.; Lau, O.L., Effect of maturity and storage on quality and volatile production of 'Jonagold' apples, Food Res. Int., 1995, 28, 5, 465-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/0963-9969(96)81393-7 . [all data]

Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.) in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s)., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237. [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 2010
Kadar, M.; Juan-Borras, M.; Hellebrandova, M.; Domenech, E.; Escriche, I., Volatile fraction composition of Acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia) honey from Romania, Spain, and Check Republic, Bull. USAMV Agriculture, 2010, 67, 2, 259-265. [all data]

Rowan, Hunt, et al., 2009
Rowan, D.D.; Hunt, M.B.; Alspach, P.A.; Whitworth, C.J.; Oraguzie, N.C., Heriability and genetic and phenotypic correlations of apple (Malus x domestica) fruit volatiles in a genetically diverse breeding population, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 17, 7944-7952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901359r . [all data]

Rowan, Hunt, et al., 2009, 2
Rowan, D.D.; Hunt, M.B.; Dimouro A.; Alspach P.A.; Weskett R.; Volz, R.K.; Gardiner, S.E.; Chagne, D., Profiling fruit volatiles in the progeny of a Royal Gala x Granny Smith apple (Malus x domestica) cross, J. Agr. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 17, 7953-7961, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901678v . [all data]

Valappil, Fan, et al., 2009
Valappil, Z.A.; Fan, X.; Zhang, H.Q.; Rouseff, R.L., Impact of thermal and nonthermal processing technologies on unfermented apple cider aroma vilatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 3, 924-929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803142d . [all data]

Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007
Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of Fontina Valle d'Aosta, a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 293-300, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.11.041 . [all data]

Lara, Echeverría, et al., 2007
Lara, I.; Echeverría, G.; Graell, J.; López, M.L., Volatile Emission after Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Mondial Gala Apples (Malus domestica): Relationship to Some Involved Enzyme Activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 15, 6087-6095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070464h . [all data]

Lopez, Villatoro, et al., 2007
Lopez, M.L.; Villatoro, C.; Fuentes, T.; Graell, J.; Lara, I.; Echeverria, G., Volatile compounds, quality parameters and consumer acceptance of 'Pink Lady®' apples stored in different conditions, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 2007, 43, 1, 55-66, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.07.009 . [all data]

Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007
Narain, N.; Galvao, M. deS.; Ferreira, D.DaS.; Navarro, D.M.A.F., Flavor biogeneration in Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) fruit, BioEng. Campinas, 2007, 1, 1, 25-31. [all data]

Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007, 2
Narain, N.; Galvao, M.S.; Madruga, M.S., Volatile compounds captured through purge and trap technique in caja-umbu (Spondias sp.) fruits during maturation, Food Chem., 2007, 102, 3, 726-731, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.06.003 . [all data]

Lara, Graell, et al., 2006
Lara, I.; Graell, J.; López, M.L.; Echeverría, G., Multivariate analysis of modifications in biosynthesis of volatile compounds after CA storage of 'Fuji' apples, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 2006, 39, 1, 19-28, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2005.09.001 . [all data]

Quijano and Pino, 2006
Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Changes in volatile constituents during the ripening of cocona (Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal) fruit, Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2006, 37, 3, 133-136. [all data]

Mattheis, Fan, et al., 2005
Mattheis, J.P.; Fan, X.; Argenta, L.C., Interactive Responses of Gala Apple Fruit Volatile Production to Controlled Atmosphere Storage and Chemical Inhibition of Ethylene Action, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 11, 4510-4516, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050121o . [all data]

Echeverría, Correa, et al., 2004
Echeverría, G.; Correa, E.; Ruiz-Altisent, M.; Graell, J.; Puy, J.; López, L., Characterization of Fuji apples from different harvest dates and storage conditions from measurements of volatiles by gas chromatography and electronic nose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 10, 3069-3076, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf035271i . [all data]

Echeverria, Fuentes, et al., 2003
Echeverria, G.; Fuentes, M.T.; Graell, J.; Lopez, M.L., Relationships between volatile production, fruit quality and sensory evaluation of Fuji apples stored in different atmospheres by means of multivariate analysis, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2003, 84, 1, 5-20, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1554 . [all data]

Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 2001
Miranda, E.J.F.; Nogueira, R.I.; Pontes, S.M.; Rezende, C.M., Odour-active compounds of banana passa identified by aroma extract dilution analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 4, 281-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.997 . [all data]

Lopez, Lavilla, et al., 2000
Lopez, M.L.; Lavilla, M.T.; Recasens, I.; Graell, J.; Vendrell, M., Changes in aroma quality of 'Golden Delicious' apples after storage at different oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2000, 80, 3, 311-324, https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0010(200002)80:3<311::AID-JSFA519>3.0.CO;2-F . [all data]

Lambert, Demazeau, et al., 1999
Lambert, Y.; Demazeau, G.; Largeteau, A.; Bouvier, J.-M., Changes in aromatic volatile composition of strawberry after high pressure treatment, Food Chem., 1999, 67, 1, 7-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00084-9 . [all data]

Lavilla, Puy, et al., 1999
Lavilla, T.; Puy, J.; López, M.L.; Recasens, I.; Vendrell, M., Relationships between volatile production, fruit quality, and sensory evaluation in Granny Smith apples stored in different controlled-atmosphere treatments by means of multivariate analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 9, 3791-3803, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990066h . [all data]

López, Lavilla, et al., 1998
López, M.L.; Lavilla, T.; Recasens, I.; Riba, M.; Vendrell, M., Influence of different oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations during storage on production of volatile compounds by Starking delicious apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 2, 634-643, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9608938 . [all data]

Vas, Gal, et al., 1998
Vas, G.; Gal, L.; Harangi, J.; Dobo, A.; Vekey, K., Determination of volatile aroma compounds of Blaeufrankisch wines extracted by solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1998, 36, 10, 505-510, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/36.10.505 . [all data]

Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 1992
Mattheis, J.P.; Buchanan, D.A.; Fellman, J.K., Volatile compounds emitted by sweet cherries (Prunus avium Cv. Bing) during fruit development and ripening, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 3, 471-474, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00015a022 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References