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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil558.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil558.2KN/AKrupatkin and Rozhentsova, 1971Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus445.0KN/ABret-Dibat and Lichanot, 1989Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Tfus445.KN/ABuckingham and Donaghy, 1982BS
Tfus443.5KN/AKrupatkin and Rozhentsova, 1971Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple445.98KN/ASabbah and Buluku, 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 K; TRC
Ttriple445.5KN/AAndrews, Lynn, et al., 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; obtained from cooling curve in absence of air; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap84.4 ± 0.7kJ/molN/AVerevkin and Kozlova, 2008AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub94.13 ± 0.53kJ/molCSabbah and Buluku, 1991, 2«DELTA»Hfusion =21.09±0.4 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltasub94.1kJ/molN/ASabbah and Buluku, 1991, 2DRB
Deltasub94.1 ± 0.5kJ/molCSabbah and Buluku, 1991, 2AC
Deltasub99.2 ± 1.7kJ/molCMagnus, 1956Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = 104. kJ/mol; ALS
Deltasub103.76kJ/molVCoolidge and Coolidge, 1927ALS

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
558.20.973Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS
558.0.973Buckingham and Donaghy, 1982BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
70.5463.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 448. - 559. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
432.3 - 559.5.89473049.481-40.485von Terres, Gebert, et al., 1955Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
100.6 ± 1.3332.N/AChen, Oja, et al., 2006Based on data from 325. - 339. K.; AC
93.7 ± 0.5334.CSabbah and Buluku, 1991, 2AC
101.3341. - 400.GSBender, Bieling, et al., 1983AC
104. ± 1.342.ME,TEde Kruif, 1981AC
103.8313.N/AMagnus, 1956Based on data from 298. - 346. K.; AC
99. ± 2.351.VWolf and Weghofer, 1938ALS
103.8326. - 345.QFCoolidge and Coolidge, 1927AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
26.500444.95N/ABret-Dibat and Lichanot, 1989, 2DH
27.23445.1N/AVerevkin and Kozlova, 2008AC
26.48453.N/ABret-Dibat and Lichanot, 1989, 2AC
27.110445.5N/AAndrews, Lynn, et al., 1926, 2DH
27.11445.1CAndrews, Lynn, et al., 1926, 2AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
59.444.95Bret-Dibat and Lichanot, 1989, 2DH
60.9445.5Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Krupatkin and Rozhentsova, 1971
Krupatkin, I.L.; Rozhentsova, E.P., Some properties of systems with latent liquid immiscibility, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1971, 45, 1700. [all data]

Bret-Dibat and Lichanot, 1989
Bret-Dibat, P.; Lichanot, A., Proprietes thermodynamiques des isomeres de position de benzenes disubstitues en phase condensee, Thermochim. Acta, 1989, 147, 2, 261, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(89)85181-0 . [all data]

Buckingham and Donaghy, 1982
Buckingham, J.; Donaghy, S.M., Dictionary of Organic Compounds: Fifth Edition, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1982, 1. [all data]

Sabbah and Buluku, 1991
Sabbah, R.; Buluku, E.N.L.E., Thermodynamic stury of the three isomers of dihydroxybenzene, Can. J. Chem., 1991, 69, 481. [all data]

Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926
Andrews, D.H.; Lynn, G.; Johnston, J., The Heat Capacities and Heat of Crystallization of Some Isomeric Aromatic Compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1274. [all data]

Verevkin and Kozlova, 2008
Verevkin, Sergey P.; Kozlova, Svetlana A., Di-hydroxybenzenes: Catechol, resorcinol, and hydroquinone, Thermochimica Acta, 2008, 471, 1-2, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2008.02.016 . [all data]

Sabbah and Buluku, 1991, 2
Sabbah, R.; Buluku, E.N.L.E., Thermodynamic study of three isomers of dihydroxybenzene, Can. J. Chem., 1991, 69, 481-488. [all data]

Magnus, 1956
Magnus, A., Die resonanzenergien der parachinone Aui grund der prazisionsmessungsen ihrer verbrennungswarmen durch herrn gerhard wittwer, Z. Phys. Chem. (Neue Folge), 1956, 9, 141-161. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Coolidge and Coolidge, 1927
Coolidge, A.S.; Coolidge, M.S., The sublimation pressures of substituted quinones and hydroquinones, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1927, 49, 100-104. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

von Terres, Gebert, et al., 1955
von Terres, E.; Gebert, F.; Hulsemann, H.; Petereit, H.; Toepsch, H.; Ruppert, W., Zur Kenntnis der physikalisch-chemischen Grundlagen der Gewinnung und Zerlegung der Phenolfraktionen von Steinkohlenteer und Braunkohlenschwelteer. IV. Mitteilung Die Dampfdrucke von Phenol und Phenolderivaten, Brennst.-Chem., 1955, 36, 272-274. [all data]

Chen, Oja, et al., 2006
Chen, Xu; Oja, Vahur; Chan, W. Geoffrey; Hajaligol, Mohammad R., Vapor Pressure Characterization of Several Phenolics and Polyhydric Compounds by Knudsen Effusion Method, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2006, 51, 2, 386-391, https://doi.org/10.1021/je050293h . [all data]

Bender, Bieling, et al., 1983
Bender, R.; Bieling, V.; Maurer, G., The vapour pressures of solids: anthracene, hydroquinone, and resorcinol, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1983, 15, 6, 585-594, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(83)90058-7 . [all data]

de Kruif, 1981
de Kruif, C.G., Thermodynamic properties of 1,4-benzoquinone (BQ), 1,4-hydroquinone (HQ), 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ), 1,4-naphthohydroquinone (NHQ), and the complexes BQ--HQ 1:1, NQ--HQ 1:1, NQ--NHQ 2:1, and NQ--NHQ 1:1, J. Chem. Phys., 1981, 74, 10, 5838, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.440898 . [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H., Uber sublimationswarmen, Z. Phys. Chem., 1938, 39, 194-208. [all data]

Bret-Dibat and Lichanot, 1989, 2
Bret-Dibat, P.; Lichanot, A., Thermodynamic properties of positional isomers of disubstituted benzene in condensed phase, Thermochim. Acta, 1989, 147(2), 261-271. [all data]

Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926, 2
Andrews, D.H.; Lynn, G.; Johnston, J., The heat capacities and heat of crystallization of some isomeric aromatic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1274-1287. [all data]


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