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Butanedioic acid, diethyl ester

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelco CO Wax-10DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxSupelko CO Wax
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.
Phase thickness (mum)
Program 35 0C (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 25 0C/min -> 250 0C (6 min)not specifiednot specified40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
I 1679.1686.1690.1687.1683.
ReferencePrompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelko CO WaxStabilwaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)
Program not specified35 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)not specified40 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 160 0C 7 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
I 1700.1673.1677.1701.1664.
ReferenceVekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 2009Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009Li, Tao, et al., 2008Tao, Wenlai, et al., 2008
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeHeHydrogenHe
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)
Program 40 0C (4 min) 3 0C/min -> 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 120 0C 7 0C/min -> 175 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min)40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)40C(3min) => 4C/min => 160C => 7C/min => 230C (8min)60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 220 0C 3 0C/min -> 245 0C (20 min)50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
I 1701.1678.1701.1668.1675.
ReferenceYongsheng, Hua, et al., 2008Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007Li, Tao, et al., 2007Selli, 2007Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxSupelcowax-10InnowaxCarbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60. 30.
Carrier gas He He He
Column diameter (mm) 0.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.5
Program 30C(2min) => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)not specified50C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240Cnot specified60C(2min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C(20min)
I 1716.1662.1674.1668.1655.
ReferenceWeldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 2007Riu-Aumatell, Bosch-Fuste´, et al., 2006Selli, Kürkçüoglu, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 2003
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBNukolDB-WaxSupelcowax-10PEG
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeN2He Hydrogen
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25
Program 50C(5min) => 7C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C(10min)45C(5min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 3C/min => 190C(40min)25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C40C(20min) => 1.5C/min => 200C(4min) => 10C/min => 250C(120min)35 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C 3 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 240 0C (2 min)
I 1683.1667.1642.1668.1698.
ReferenceEscalona, Birkmyre, et al., 2001López and Dufour, 2001Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 2001Rogerson, Castro, et al., 2001Vas, Gal, et al., 1998
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 30.60.60.
Carrier gas  HeHe
Column diameter (mm) 0.530.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25  
Program 80C(5min) => 5C/min => 155C => 4C/min => 240C(30min)not specifiednot specified
I 1689.1673.1680.
ReferenceMiranda-Lopez, Libbey, et al., 1992Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012
Prompona, K.-D.; Kandylis, P.; Tsakiris, A.; Kanellaki, M.; Kourkoutas, Y., Application of alternative technologies for elimination of artificial colorings in alcoholic beverages produced by Citrus medica and potential impact on human health, Food Nutrition Sci., 2012, 3, 07, 959-969, https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2012.37127 . [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Xiao, Dai, et al., 2011
Xiao, Z.; Dai, S.; Niu, Y.; Yu, H.; Zhu, J.; Tian, H.; Gu, Y., Discrimination of Chinese vinegars based on headspace solid-phase microextraction - gas chromatography mass spectrometry of volatile compounds and multivariate analysis, J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 8, c1125-c1135, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02356.x . [all data]

Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010
Vekiari, S.A.; Orepoulou, V.; Kourkoutas, Y.; Kamoun, N.; Msallem, M.; Psimouli, V.; Arapoglou, D., Characterization and seasonal variations of the quality of virgin olive oil of the Thoumbolia and Koroneiki varieties from Southern Greece, Grasas y Aceites, 2010, 61, 3, 221-231, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.108709 . [all data]

Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 2009
Chinnici, F.; Guerrero, E.D.; Sonni, F.; Natali, N.; Marin, R.N.; Riponi, C., Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) characterization of volatile compounds in quality vinegars with protected Europian geographical indication, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 11, 4784-4792, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf804005w . [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Li, Tao, et al., 2008
Li, H.; Tao, Y.-S.; Wang, H.; Zhang, L., Impact odorants of Chardonnay dry white wine from Changli Counti (China), Eur. Food. Res. Technol., 2008, 227, 1, 287-292, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-007-0722-9 . [all data]

Tao, Wenlai, et al., 2008
Tao, L.; Wenlai, F.; Yan, X., Characterization of volatile and semi-volatile compounds in Chinese rica wines by headspace solid phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Inst. Brew., 2008, 114, 2, 172-179, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2008.tb00323.x . [all data]

Yongsheng, Hua, et al., 2008
Yongsheng, T.; Hua, L.; Hua, W.; Li, Z., Volatile composition of young Cabernet Savignon red wine from Changli Counti (China), J. Food Composition and Analysis, 2008, 21, 8, 689-694, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2008.05.007 . [all data]

Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 428-435, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.12.053 . [all data]

Li, Tao, et al., 2007
Li, H.; Tao, Y.-S.; Wang, H.; Zhang, L., Impact odorants of Chardonnay dry white wine from Changli County (China), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2007, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-007-0722-9 . [all data]

Selli, 2007
Selli, S., Volatile constituents of orange obtained from moro oranges (Citrus Sinensis L. Osbeck), J. Food Quality, 2007, 30, 3, 330-341, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4557.2007.00124.x . [all data]

Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007
Tian, Y.; Zhang, X.; Huang, T.; Zou, K.; Zhou, J., Research advances on the essential oils from leaves of Eucalyptus, Food Fermentation Ind. (Chinese), 2007, 33, 10, 143-147. [all data]

Weldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 2007
Weldegergis B.T.; Tredoux A.G.J.; Crouch A.M., Application of a headspace sorptive extraction method for the analysis of volatile components in South African wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 21, 8696-8702, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071554p . [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Bosch-Fuste´, et al., 2006
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Bosch-Fuste´, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Development of volatile compounds of cava (Spanish sparkling wine) during long ageing time in contact with lees, Food Chem., 2006, 95, 2, 237-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.01.029 . [all data]

Selli, Kürkçüoglu, et al., 2004
Selli, S.; Kürkçüoglu, M.; Kafkas, E.; Cabaroglu, T.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Canbas, A., Volatile flavour components of mandarin wine obtained from clementines (Citrus reticula Blanco) extracted by solid-phase microextraction, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 413-416, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1323 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 2003
Selli, s.; Cabaroglu, T.; Canbas, A., Flavour components of orange wine made from a Turkish cv. Kozan, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2003, 38, 5, 587-593, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2621.2003.00691.x . [all data]

Escalona, Birkmyre, et al., 2001
Escalona, H.; Birkmyre, L.; Piggott, J.R.; Paterson, A., Relationship between sensory perception volatile and phenolic components in commercial Spanish red wines from different regions, J. Inst. Brew., 2001, 107, 3, 157-166, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2001.tb00087.x . [all data]

López and Dufour, 2001
López, M.G.; Dufour, J.P., Chapter 6. Tequilas: charm analysis of Blanco, Teposado, and Anejo tequilas, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 2001, 782, 62-72. [all data]

Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 2001
Miranda, E.J.F.; Nogueira, R.I.; Pontes, S.M.; Rezende, C.M., Odour-active compounds of banana passa identified by aroma extract dilution analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 4, 281-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.997 . [all data]

Rogerson, Castro, et al., 2001
Rogerson, F.S.S.; Castro, H.; Fortunato, N.; Azevedo, Z.; Macedo, A.; de Freitas, V.A.P., Chemicals with sweet aroma descriptors found in Portuguese wines from the Douro region: 2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-2-ene-1,4-dione and diacetyl, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 1, 263-269, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000948c . [all data]

Vas, Gal, et al., 1998
Vas, G.; Gal, L.; Harangi, J.; Dobo, A.; Vekey, K., Determination of volatile aroma compounds of Blaeufrankisch wines extracted by solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1998, 36, 10, 505-510, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/36.10.505 . [all data]

Miranda-Lopez, Libbey, et al., 1992
Miranda-Lopez, R.; Libbey, L.M.; Watson, B.T.; McDaniel, M.R., Odor analysis of Pinot noir wines from grapes of different maturities by a gas chromatography-olfactometry technique (Osme), J. Food Sci., 1992, 57, 4, 985-993, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1992.tb14339.x . [all data]

Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982
Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1982, 33, 1, 47-50. [all data]


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, References