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4-Heptanone

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-298.3 ± 1.3kJ/molCcbDubois and Herzog, 1972 

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil417. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 30 out of 31 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus240.7KN/ATimmermans, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus240.6KN/ATimmermans, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc602.0KN/APulliam, Gude, et al., 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; by the sealed ampule method; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.30mol/lN/APulliam, Gude, et al., 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap47.8kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 343. - 383. K.; AC
Deltavap46.2 ± 0.4kJ/molGCCSaluja, Peacock, et al., 1979AC
Deltavap46.7kJ/molN/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1975AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
45.5319.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 304. - 490. K. See also Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1975.; AC
57.5311.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 296. - 417. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC
40.7303.N/ARintelen, Saylor, et al., 1937Based on data from 283. - 323. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
296. - 416.95.949772199.856-46.879Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
17.53236.Fiege, Joh, et al., 1996AC
16.16240.2Fiege, Joh, et al., 1996AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C7H13O- + Hydrogen cation = 4-Heptanone

By formula: C7H13O- + H+ = C7H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1518. ± 10.kJ/molD-EAZimmerman, Reed, et al., 1977gas phase
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1488. ± 11.kJ/molH-TSZimmerman, Reed, et al., 1977gas phase

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.10 ± 0.04eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)845.0kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity815.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.04 ± 0.02PEAshmore and Burgess, 1978LLK
9.10 ± 0.01PEHernandez, Masclet, et al., 1977LLK
9.15PECocksey, Eland, et al., 1971LLK
9.84EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969RDSH
9.12 ± 0.03PIVilesov, 1960RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H7+11.80?EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969RDSH
C4H7O+10.61C3H7EIPotzinger and Bunau, 1969RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C7H13O- + Hydrogen cation = 4-Heptanone

By formula: C7H13O- + H+ = C7H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1518. ± 10.kJ/molD-EAZimmerman, Reed, et al., 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1488. ± 11.kJ/molH-TSZimmerman, Reed, et al., 1977gas phase; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-4187
NIST MS number 227872

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.853.4Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillaryHP-1110.855.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-150.852.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-170.853.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-190.854.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-30100.859.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-30110.860.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3080.859.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3090.859.Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedSqualane80.817.Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987H2
PackedApiezon L120.837.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.851.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L130.833.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L190.838.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5860.Mahmood, Kaul, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 25. min

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax110.1157.1Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax50.1139.4Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax70.1145.0Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax90.1151.1Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryPEG-20M80.1120.8Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.13 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.1131.9Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.19 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.1135.5Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.22 «mu»m, He

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS869.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS872.Bonaiti, Irlinger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(8min) => 3C/min => 20C => 10C/min => 150C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS874.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-160.852.Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101851.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySPB-5873.Sivadier, Ratel, et al., 200960. m/0.32 mm/1.00 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5871.Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5871.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-5873.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1848.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryOV-101857.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1850.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5878.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone853.Feng and Mu, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone855.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone868.Hadorn, Eberhard, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1852.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30853.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane852.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone853.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5877.Timón, Ventanas, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 35 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min)
CapillarySPB-1857.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1857.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1857.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1857.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1118.Pollak and Berger, 199630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 210. C @ 25. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101170.Girard and Lau, 199590. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 20. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1131.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1162.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryInnowax1139.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1131.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1131.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Dubois and Herzog, 1972
Dubois, J.-E.; Herzog, H., Heats of formation of aliphatic ketones: Structure correlation based on environment treatment, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun., 1972, 932-933. [all data]

Timmermans, 1927
Timmermans, J., The Melting Point of Organic Substances, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1927, 36, 502. [all data]

Timmermans, 1921
Timmermans, J., The Freezing Points of Organic Substances IV. New Exp. Determinations, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1921, 30, 62. [all data]

Pulliam, Gude, et al., 1994
Pulliam, M.K.; Gude, M.T.; Teja, A.S., The Critical Properties of Twelve Isomeric n-Alkanones with Six to Nine Carbon Atoms, Experimental Results for DIPPR 1990-91 Projects on Phase Equilibria and Pure Component Properties, 1994, 1994, DIPPR Data Ser. No. 2, p. 184-87. [all data]

Chickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995
Chickos, James S.; Hosseini, Sarah; Hesse, Donald G., Determination of vaporization enthalpies of simple organic molecules by correlations of changes in gas chromatographic net retention times, Thermochimica Acta, 1995, 249, 41-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(95)90670-3 . [all data]

Saluja, Peacock, et al., 1979
Saluja, P.P.S.; Peacock, L.A.; Fuchs, R., Enthalpies of interaction of aliphatic ketones with polar and nonpolar solvents, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 1958-1962. [all data]

Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1975
Ambrose, D.; Ellender, J.H.; Lees, E.B.; Sprake, C.H.S.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds XXXVIII. Vapour pressures of some aliphatic ketones, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1975, 7, 5, 453-472, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(75)90275-X . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Rintelen, Saylor, et al., 1937
Rintelen, J.C.; Saylor, J.H.; Gross, P.M., The Densities and Vapor Pressures of Some Alkylbenzenes, Aliphatic Ketones and n-Amyl Chloride 1, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 6, 1129-1130, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01285a050 . [all data]

Fiege, Joh, et al., 1996
Fiege, C.; Joh, R.; Petri, M.; Gmehling, J., Solid-Liquid Equilibria for Different Heptanones with Benzene, Cyclohexane, and Ethanol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 6, 1431-1433, https://doi.org/10.1021/je960140h . [all data]

Zimmerman, Reed, et al., 1977
Zimmerman, A.H.; Reed, K.J.; Brauman, J.I., Photodetachment of electrons from enolate anions. Gas phase electron affinities of enolate radicals, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 7203. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Ashmore and Burgess, 1978
Ashmore, F.S.; Burgess, A.R., Photoelectron spectra of the unbranched C5-C7 alkenes, aldehydes and ketones, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1978, 74, 734. [all data]

Hernandez, Masclet, et al., 1977
Hernandez, R.; Masclet, P.; Mouvier, G., Spectroscopie de photoelectrons d'aldehydes et de cetones aliphatiques, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1977, 10, 333. [all data]

Cocksey, Eland, et al., 1971
Cocksey, B.J.; Eland, J.H.D.; Danby, C.J., The effect of alkyl substitution on ionisation potential, J. Chem. Soc., 1971, (B), 790. [all data]

Potzinger and Bunau, 1969
Potzinger, P.; Bunau, G.v., Empirische Beruksichtigung von Uberschussenergien bei der Auftrittspotentialbestimmung, Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem., 1969, 73, 466. [all data]

Vilesov, 1960
Vilesov, F.I., The photoionization of vapors of compounds whose molecules contain carbonyl groups, Dokl. Phys. Chem., 1960, 132, 521, In original 1332. [all data]

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Héberger and Görgényi, 1999
Héberger, K.; Görgényi, M., Principal component analysis of Kováts indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1999, 845, 1-2, 21-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00323-4 . [all data]

Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 1997
Golovnya, R.V.; Syomina, L.A.; Samusenko, A.L., Temperature changes of sorption parameters of di-n-alkylketones and methylcyclohexanones in capillary gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 46, 2, 314-318, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02494370 . [all data]

Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987
Fernández-Sánchez, E.; García-Domínguez, J.A.; García-Muñoz, J.; Menéndez, V.; Molera, M.J., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices on binary mixed stationary phases, An. Quim., 1987, 83, 56-58. [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Mahmood, Kaul, et al., 2004
Mahmood, U.; Kaul, V.K.; Acharya, R., Volatile constituents of Capillipedium parviflorum, Phytochemistry, 2004, 65, 14, 2163-2166, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2004.04.003 . [all data]

Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1994
Orav, A.; Kuningas, K.; Kailas, T.; Koplimets, E.; Rang, S., Effect of adsorption on the retention values in capillary columns coated with OV-225 and PEG 20M, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 659, 1, 143-150, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)85016-X . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Bonaiti, Irlinger, et al., 2005
Bonaiti, C.; Irlinger, F.; Spinnler, H.E.; Engel, E., An iterative sensory procedure to select odor-active associations in complex consortia of microorganisms: application to the construction of a cheese model, J. Dairy Sci., 2005, 88, 5, 1671-1684, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)72839-3 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 2000, 55, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(99)00137-0 . [all data]

Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002
Amboni, R.D.DeM.C.; Junkes, B. daS.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Quantitative structure-property relationships study of chromatographic retention indices and normal boiling points for oxo compounds using the semi-empirical topological method, J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem), 2002, 586, 1-3, 71-80, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-1280(02)00062-3 . [all data]

Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2011
Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N.; Zhakovskaya, Z.A.; Khoroshko, L.O., Gas chromatographic identification of chlorination products of aliphatic ketones, J. Chromatogr., 2011, 1218, 21, 3291-3299, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2010.12.056 . [all data]

Sivadier, Ratel, et al., 2009
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Notes

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