Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Phenol, 4-ethyl-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-144.3 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbBiddiscombe, Handley, et al., 1963 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-224.4 ± 1.0kJ/molCcbBiddiscombe, Handley, et al., 1963ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-4352.82 ± 0.92kJ/molCcbBiddiscombe, Handley, et al., 1963Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -224.4 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
206.9298.15Nichols and Wads, 1975DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil490. ± 5.KAVGN/AAverage of 17 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus319. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 14 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc716.45KN/AAmbrose, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub80.3 ± 0.1kJ/molVBiddiscombe, Handley, et al., 1963ALS
Deltasub80.1kJ/molN/ABiddiscombe, Handley, et al., 1963DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
53.2459.A,GS,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 444. - 503. K. See also Biddiscombe, Handley, et al., 1963, 2.; AC
56.5348.N/AStage, Müller, et al., 1953Based on data from 337. - 503. K.; AC
54.7373.N/AStage, Müller, et al., 1953Based on data from 337. - 503. K.; AC
53.8398.N/AStage, Müller, et al., 1953Based on data from 337. - 503. K.; AC
51.3423.N/AStage, Müller, et al., 1953Based on data from 337. - 503. K.; AC
47.6473.N/AStage, Müller, et al., 1953Based on data from 337. - 503. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
444.90 - 502.294.140091550.369-116.136Biddiscombe, Handley, et al., 1963Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C8H9O- + Hydrogen cation = Phenol, 4-ethyl-

By formula: C8H9O- + H+ = C8H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1463. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1435. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C8H10O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.84EIRussell, Freiser, et al., 1983LBLHLM

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C6H7+11.27?EIRussell, Freiser, et al., 1983LBLHLM
C7H7O+10.39CH3EIRussell, Freiser, et al., 1983LBLHLM
C7H7O+10.8 ± 0.1CH3EITait, Shannon, et al., 1962RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C8H9O- + Hydrogen cation = Phenol, 4-ethyl-

By formula: C8H9O- + H+ = C8H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1463. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1435. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

IR spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 341131

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

UVVis spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Source Bol'shakov, et al., 1969
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 20209
Instrument unknown
Melting point 45
Boiling point 217.9

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Biddiscombe, Handley, et al., 1963
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Handley, R.; Harrop, D.; Head, A.J.; Lewis, G.B.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XIII. Preparation and physical properties of pure ethylphenols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 5764-5768. [all data]

Nichols and Wads, 1975
Nichols, N.; Wads, I., Thermochemistry of solutions of biochemical model compounds. 3. Some benzene derivatives in aqueous solution, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1975, 7, 329-336. [all data]

Ambrose, 1963
Ambrose, D., Critical Temperatures of Some Phenols and Other Organic Compounds, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1963, 59, 1988. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Biddiscombe, Handley, et al., 1963, 2
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Handley, R.; Harrop, D.; Head, A.J.; Lewis, G.B.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., 1099. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XIII. Preparation and physical properties of pure ethylphenols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 5764, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630005764 . [all data]

Stage, Müller, et al., 1953
Stage, H.; Müller, E.; Faldix, P., Erdol u Kohle, 1953, 6, 375. [all data]

Fujio, McIver, et al., 1981
Fujio, M.; McIver, R.T., Jr.; Taft, R.W., Effects on the acidities of phenols from specific substituent-solvent interactions. Inherent substituent parameters from gas phase acidities, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 4017. [all data]

Russell, Freiser, et al., 1983
Russell, D.H.; Freiser, B.S.; McBay, E.H.; Canada, D.C., The structure of decomposing [C7H7O]+ ions: Benzyl versus tropylium ion structures, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1983, 18, 474. [all data]

Tait, Shannon, et al., 1962
Tait, J.M.S.; Shannon, T.W.; Harrison, A.G., The structure of substituted C7 ions from benzyl derivatives at the appearance potential threshold, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1962, 84, 4. [all data]

Bol'shakov, et al., 1969
Bol'shakov, G.F., et al., Ultraviolet spectra of heteroorganic compounds, 1969, 240. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References