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Phosphorus dimer

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to P2+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)10.53eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.630 ± 0.050LPESJones, Ganteför, et al., 1995Vertical Detachment Energy: 0.68±0.05 eV; B
0.589 ± 0.025LPESSnodgrass, Coe, et al., 1985B
<0.649985PDFeldman, Rackwitz, et al., 1977B
0.24 ± 0.23EIAEBennett, Margrave, et al., 1974From P4; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
11.7 ± 0.5EIBalducci, Gigli, et al., 1981LLK
10.53EVALHuber and Herzberg, 1979LLK
10.567 ± 0.002SCarroll and Mitchell, 1975LLK
10.3 ± 0.5EIGingerich, Cocke, et al., 1974LLK
9.7EIDrowart, Myers, et al., 1973LLK
10.60PEPotts, Glenn, et al., 1972LLK
9.7 ± 0.5EISmoes, Myers, et al., 1971LLK
11.2EIGingerich and Piacente, 1971LLK
10.7 ± 0.1SDonovan and Strachan, 1971LLK
11.0 ± 0.3EIDeMaria, Gingerich, et al., 1968RDSH
9.6 ± 0.3EICarlson, Kohl, et al., 1968RDSH
11.8 ± 0.5EIGutbier, 1961RDSH
10.62 ± 0.01PEBulgin, Dyke, et al., 1976Vertical value; LLK
10.84PEPotts, Glenn, et al., 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
P+15.9PEIGingerich and Piacente, 1971LLK
P+15.1 ± 0.3PEIDeMaria, Gingerich, et al., 1968RDSH


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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Jones, Ganteför, et al., 1995
Jones, R.O.; Ganteför, G.; Hunsicker, S.; Pieperhoff, P., Structure and Spectroscopy of Phosphorous Cluster anions: Theory (simulated annealing) and Experiment (Photoelectron Detachment), J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 103, 22, 9549, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.469969 . [all data]

Snodgrass, Coe, et al., 1985
Snodgrass, J.T.; Coe, J.V.; Freidhoff, C.B.; McHugh, K.M.; Bowen, K.H., Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy of P2-, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1985, 122, 352. [all data]

Feldman, Rackwitz, et al., 1977
Feldman, D.; Rackwitz, R.; Kaiser, H.J.; Heincke, E., Photodetachment bei einigen neagtiven molekulionen: P2-, As2-, CH2-, CH3-, S3-, Z. Naturforsch. A:, 1977, 32, 600. [all data]

Bennett, Margrave, et al., 1974
Bennett, S.L.; Margrave, J.L.; Franklin, J.L., High temperature negative ions. Electron impact study of tetratomic phosphorous vapor, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 1647. [all data]

Balducci, Gigli, et al., 1981
Balducci, G.; Gigli, G.; Guido, M., Dissociation energies of the molecules CrPO2(g) and CoO(g) by high-temperature mass spectrometry, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1981, 77, 1107. [all data]

Huber and Herzberg, 1979
Huber, K.P.; Herzberg, G., Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure. IV. Constants of Diatomic Molecules,, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1979, ,1. [all data]

Carroll and Mitchell, 1975
Carroll, P.K.; Mitchell, P.I., The absorption spectrum of diatomic phosphorus between 1370 and 600 A, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A, 1975, 342, 93. [all data]

Gingerich, Cocke, et al., 1974
Gingerich, K.A.; Cocke, D.L.; Kordis, J., Gaseous phosphorus compounds. X. Mass spectrometric determination of the dissociation energies of arsenic and bismuth monophosphides, J. Phys. Chem., 1974, 78, 603. [all data]

Drowart, Myers, et al., 1973
Drowart, J.; Myers, C.E.; Szwarc, R.; Vander Auwera-Mahieu, A.; Uy, O.M., The dissociation energies of the molecules PS, PSe, and PTe, High Temp. Sci., 1973, 5, 482. [all data]

Potts, Glenn, et al., 1972
Potts, A.W.; Glenn, K.G.; Price, W.C., General discussion, Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc., 1972, 54, 65. [all data]

Smoes, Myers, et al., 1971
Smoes, S.; Myers, C.E.; Drowart, J., Determination of the atomization energies of CP, C2P, CP2 and C2P2 by high temperature Knudsen cell mass spectrometry, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1971, 8, 10. [all data]

Gingerich and Piacente, 1971
Gingerich, K.A.; Piacente, V., Gaseous phosphorus compounds. IV. Thermodynamic study of gallium monophosphide with a mass spectrometer and dissociation energy of aluminum diphosphide, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 2498. [all data]

Donovan and Strachan, 1971
Donovan, R.J.; Strachan, P., Vacuum U.-V. spectra of transient molecules and radicals, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1971, 67, 3407. [all data]

DeMaria, Gingerich, et al., 1968
DeMaria, G.; Gingerich, K.A.; Piacente, V., Vaporization of aluminum phosphide, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 49, 4705. [all data]

Carlson, Kohl, et al., 1968
Carlson, K.D.; Kohl, F.J.; Uy, O.M., Mass spectrometry of molecules of the nitrogen family, Advan. Chem. Ser., 1968, 72, 245. [all data]

Gutbier, 1961
Gutbier, H., Massenspektrometrische Untersuchungen der Verdampfungsvorgange bei einigen Verbindungen mit Zinkblende-Gitter im Temperaturbereich um 1000 degree K, Z. Naturforsch. A:, 1961, 16, 268. [all data]

Bulgin, Dyke, et al., 1976
Bulgin, D.K.; Dyke, J.M.; Morris, A., HeI photoelectron spectrum of the P2(X1«SIGMA»+) molecule, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1976, 72, 2225. [all data]


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