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Oxygen cation


Constants of diatomic molecules

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: K.P. Huber and G. Herzberg

Data collected through March, 1977

Symbols used in the table of constants
SymbolMeaning
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for 16O2+
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
A detailed review of O2+ and its spectrum may be found in Krupenie, 1972. Predicted electronc states and potential functions Beebe, Thulstrup, et al., 1976; contains references to earlier theoretical work.
x2 2Sigma- 532.1 eV 1          x2 rarrow A 526.4 eV 2
LaVilla, 1975
           (x2 rarrow X) 531.8 eV 3
LaVilla, 1975
x1 4Sigma- 531.0 eV 1          x1 rarrow a 526.4 eV 2
LaVilla, 1975
Several additional states observed in ESCA studies Siegbahn, Nordling, et al., 1969 and tentatively assigned by Jonathan, Morris, et al., 1974.
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
(2Sigmag-) 29.5 eV 4           
(4Sigmag-) 27.5 eV 4           
(2Sigmau-) 15.8 eV 5           
c 4Sigmau- (100914) [1545] 6   [1.561] 7   [6.7E-6]  [1.1620] c rarrow b V 51540.7 Z
LeBlanc, 1963; missing citation
(2Piu) (90000) 8           
B 2Sigmag- 66719 1156 9 22 9       (1.298) 10  
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
D (2Deltag) 62730 920 11 (12)       (1.33) 12  
C (2Phiu) (53620) (900) 13          
b 4Sigmag- 49552 1196.77 Z 17.09 14  1.28729 15 0.02206  5.81E-6 1.85E-7 1.27964 b 16 rarrow a 17 V 16666.74 Z
Nevin, 1938; Nevin and Murphy, 1941; Weniger, 1962
b' (4Pig) (48000) 18          b' larrow a 
Moselev, Tadjeddine, et al., 1976
A 2Piu 40669.3 19 898.25 Z 13.573 7  1.06170 0.01936 20 -1.73E-4 5.94E-6 21  1.40905 A 22 rarrow X 23 R 40068.1 Z
Bozoky, 1937; Feast, 1950; Bhale and Rao, 1968; Krupenie, 1972; Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973; Colbourn and Douglas, 1977; Bhale and Narasimham, 1976
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
a 4Piui 32964 24 1035.69 Z 10.39 14  1.10466 0.01575 25  4.88E-6 25  1.38138  
X 2Pig 197.3 26 1904.77 Z 16.259 14  1.6913 0.01976 27  5.32E-6 28  1.1164  
0 1904.77 Z 16.259 14  1.6913 0.01976 27  5.32E-6 28  1.1164  

Notes

1Removal of a 1s0 electron from the ground state of O2. 31
2Unresolved vertical transitions.
3Predicted vertical transition; in the X-ray emission spectrum of LaVilla, 1975 this transition is hidden by an artefact.
4Removal of a 2sigmag electron from the ground state of O2. 32
5Removal of a 2sigmau electron from the ground state of O2. 33
6Average of values obtained by photoelectron spectroscopy Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970 and from the limits of Codling and Madden's Rydberg series.
7Spin splitting constant epsilon = 0.44 cm-1. Only bands having v'=0 occur in emission; predissociation Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970, Schopman and Locht, 1974.
8Diffuse (predissociating) state observed in the photoelectron spectrum of O2; vertical I.P. ~24 eV Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970, Gardner and Samson, 1975. Probably highest 2Piu sate of configuration ...piu3pig2 Dixon and Hull, 1969.
9From the limits of Tanaka and Takamine's Rydberg series; in good agreement with constants obtained from photoelectron spectra Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970. Predissociation Doolittle, Schoen, et al., 1968, Schopman and Locht, 1974, Stockdale and Deleanu, 1974.
10Franck-Condon factor analysis of photoelectron band intensities Jonathan, Morris, et al., 1974.
11Only observed in the photoelectron spectrum of O2(1Deltag) Jonathan and Morris, 1971, Jonathan, Morris, et al., 1974; tentatively identified as convergence limit of a fragmentary Rydberg series Lindholm, 1968. Predissociation Schopman and Locht, 1974.
12Franck-Condon factor analysis of the photoelectron spectrum Jonathan, Morris, et al., 1974.
13Only observed in the photoelectron spectrum of O2(1Deltag) Jonathan, Morris, et al., 1974; vibrational numbering uncertain.
14RKR potential curves Krupenie, 1972, Albritton, Schmeltekopf, et al., 1979. Calculated Franck-Condon factors for ionizing transitions from X 3Sigmag-, a 1Deltag, b 1Sigmag+ Halmann and Laulicht, 1965, Asundi and Ramachandrarao, 1969, Krupenie, 1972, Albritton, Schmeltekopf, et al., 1979, and for recombination transitions from X 2Pig and a 4Piu to B 3Sigmau- Krupenie, 1972. Halmann and Laulicht, 1965 give also results for 16O18O and 18O2; note, however, that their calculations for transitions to X 2Pig are based on the previously accepted but now abandoned vibrational numbering for the ground state of O2+ and lead to disagreement with observed photo-electron intensities Spohr and Puttkamer, 1967. Experimental Franck-Condon factors from photoelectron spectra Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970, Gardner and Samson, 1974, Gardner and Samson, 1975.
15Spin splitting constant epsilon =0.1487 cm-1.
16Radiative lifetime tau = 1.15 mus Jeunehomme, 1966, Fink and Welge, 1968, Borst and Zipf, 1970, Fairbairn, 1974.
17Observed in various discharges Rao, 1963 and in aurorae Nicolet and Dogniaux, 1950, Vegard, 1950, Dahlstrom and Hunten, 1951, Rao, 1964. Excitation by electron impact Nishimura, 1968, by fast ions Herman, Ferguson, et al., 1961, Dufay, Druetta, et al., 1965. Franck-Condon factors Krupenie, 1972, Albritton, Schmeltekopf, et al., 1979. Rotational line strengths Zare, 1972.
18Weakly bound state arising from 3P + 4S Beebe, Thulstrup, et al., 1976; in its unstable region observed by laser photofragment spectroscopy.
19Av increases from A0 = -3.6 to A15 = +10.0 Bhale, 1972, Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973, Colbourn and Douglas, 1977, Bhale and Narasimham, 1976. Theoretical interpretation Raftery and Richards, 1975.
20Constants fitted to v'leq8 Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973. Additional Bv values up to v=15 are listed by Colbourn and Douglas, 1977 who also give Lambda-type doubling constants.
21Dv= +0.06(v+1/2) + 0.012(v+1/2)2 Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973; the Dv values have been computed Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973 from the experimental potential curve.
22Radiative lifetime tau = 0.69 mus Jeunehomme, 1966, Fink and Welge, 1968.
23Excitation by electron impact; its effect on the rotational temperature Branscomb, 1950. Franck-Condon factors Asundi and Ramachandrarao, 1969, Albritton, Schmeltekopf, et al., 1969, Krupenie, 1972, Albritton, Schmeltekopf, et al., 1979.
24A0...A6 = -47.79 ... -48.01 Kovacs and Weniger, 1962; anomalous dependence on J of the multiplet splitting Budo and Kovacs, 1955, Kovacs and Weniger, 1962. Te calculated from the limit (b 4Sigmag-) of Tanaka and Takamine's Rydberg series with I.P (O2), v00(brarrowa), and the constants for a, X.
25Constants representing v=0,1,2; betae = -0.095~E-6, v=0,1,2 Nevin, 1938. For v = 3...6, see Nevin and Murphy, 1941, Weniger, 1962. Slightly different constants in Veseth, 1975.
26Av decreases from A0 = +200.33 Colbourn and Douglas, 1977 to A10 = +192.05 Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973. See also Raftery and Richards, 1975.
27Constants fitted to vleq10 Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973. Selected Bv values have been reevaluated from more precise measurements by Colbourn and Douglas, 1977 who also give improved Lambda-type doubling constants.
28Dv= +0.03E-6(v+1/2) + ... Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973; Dv computed from RKR potential Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973.
29D00(O2) + I.P.(O) - I.P.(O2)
30From the electron impact appearance potential of O2++, A.P. = 36.3 eV Dorman and Morrison, 1963, and I.P.(O2). Daly and Powell, 1967 give A.P. = 37.2 eV.
31Highly excited states (K limits) observed in X-ray photo-electron Siegbahn, Nordling, et al., 1969 and emission LaVilla, 1975 spectra.
32Observed in the low-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectrum of Siegbahn, Nordling, et al., 1969. In the 304 Å photoelectron spectrum Gardner and Samson, 1975, 2, Gardner and Samson, 1975 find a very broad maximum corresponding to 4Sigmag- and two sharp peaks (I.P. 40.33 and 40.40 eV) corresponding to 2Sigmag-.
33Observed in the X-ray photoelectron spectrum Siegbahn, Nordling, et al., 1969. A very weak broad maximum appears near 27.5 eV in the 304 Å photoelectron spectrum of Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970; not confirmed by Gardner and Samson, 1975. See also Jonathan, Morris, et al., 1974.

References

Go To: Top, Constants of diatomic molecules, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Krupenie, 1972
Krupenie, P.H., The spectrum of molecular oxygen, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1972, 1, 423. [all data]

Beebe, Thulstrup, et al., 1976
Beebe, N.H.F.; Thulstrup, E.W.; Andersen, A., Configuration interaction calculations of low-lying electronic states of O2,O2+, and O22+, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 64, 2080. [all data]

LaVilla, 1975
LaVilla, R.E., The O K«alpha» and C K«alpha» emission and O K absorption spectra from O2 and CO2. IV, J. Chem. Phys., 1975, 63, 2733. [all data]

Siegbahn, Nordling, et al., 1969
Siegbahn, K.; Nordling, C.; Johansson, G.; Hedman, J.; Heden, P.F.; Hamrin, k.; Gelius, U.; Bergmark, T.; Werme, L.O.; Manne, R.; Baer, ESCA Applied to Free Molecules, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969, 0. [all data]

Jonathan, Morris, et al., 1974
Jonathan, N.; Morris, A.; Okuda, M.; Ross, K.J.; Smith, D.J., Vacuum ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy of transient species, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1974, 70, 1810. [all data]

LeBlanc, 1963
LeBlanc, F.J., Electronic states of Hopfield's oxygen emission bands, J. Chem. Phys., 1963, 38, 487. [all data]

Nevin, 1938
Nevin, T.E., Rotational analysis of the first negative band spectrum of oxygen, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London A, 1938, 237, 471. [all data]

Nevin and Murphy, 1941
Nevin, T.E.; Murphy, T., Analysis of the (0,3) band of the first negative system of the 0g+ molecule, Proc. R. Ir. Acad. Sect. A:, 1941, 46, 169-181. [all data]

Weniger, 1962
Weniger, S., Etude du spectre de la molecule d'oxygene ionisee dans le proche infra-rouge, J. Phys. Radium, 1962, 23, 225. [all data]

Moselev, Tadjeddine, et al., 1976
Moselev, J.T.; Tadjeddine, M.; Durup, J.; Ozenne, J.-B.; Pernot, C.; Tabche-Fouhaille, A., High resolution threshold photofragment spectroscopy of O2+(a4«PI»u --> f4«PI»g), Phys. Rev. Lett., 1976, 37, 891. [all data]

Bozoky, 1937
Bozoky, L.v., Rotationsanalyse von O2+-, 2«PI»-->2«PI»-banden, Z. Phys., 1937, 104, 275. [all data]

Feast, 1950
Feast, M.W., New O2+ second negative bands: a note on O3 and O«PI» emission spectra, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sect. A, 1950, 63, 557. [all data]

Bhale and Rao, 1968
Bhale, G.L.; Rao, P.R., Isotope shifts in the second negative bands of O2+, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., 1968, A67, 350. [all data]

Albritton, Harrop, et al., 1973
Albritton, D.L.; Harrop, W.J.; Schmeltekopf, A.L.; Zare, R.N., Rotational analysis of the A2«PI»u-X2«PI»g second negative band system of O2+, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1973, 46, 89. [all data]

Colbourn and Douglas, 1977
Colbourn, E.A.; Douglas, A.E., A remeasurement of some constants of the O2+ and N2+ molecules, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1977, 65, 332. [all data]

Bhale and Narasimham, 1976
Bhale, G.L.; Narasimham, N.A., Reinvestigation of the second negative (A2«PI»u-X2«PI»g) band system of O2+, Pramana, 1976, 7, 324. [all data]

Edqvist, Lindholm, et al., 1970
Edqvist, O.; Lindholm, E.; Selin, L.E.; Asbrink, L., On the photoelectron spectrum of O2, Physica Scripta, 1970, 1, 25. [all data]

Schopman and Locht, 1974
Schopman, J.; Locht, R., The observation of predissociations in the oxygen molecular ion by low-energy electron impact, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1974, 26, 596. [all data]

Gardner and Samson, 1975
Gardner, J.L.; Samson, J.A.R., Photoion and photoelectron spectroscopy of oxygen, J. Chem. Phys., 1975, 62, 4460. [all data]

Dixon and Hull, 1969
Dixon, R.N.; Hull, S.E., The photo-ionization of «pi»-electrons from O2, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1969, 3, 367. [all data]

Doolittle, Schoen, et al., 1968
Doolittle, P.H.; Schoen, R.I.; Schubert, K.E., Dissociative photoionization of O2, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 49, 5108. [all data]

Stockdale and Deleanu, 1974
Stockdale, J.A.D.; Deleanu, L., Vibrational structure in kinetic energy spectra of O+ ions from electron impact dissociative ionization of O2: predissociation of the B2«SIGMA»g- state of O2+, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1974, 28, 588. [all data]

Jonathan and Morris, 1971
Jonathan, N.; Morris, A., High resolution vacuum ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of transient species: O2(1«DELTA»g) and previously unobserved states of O2+, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 54, 11, 4954-4955. [all data]

Lindholm, 1968
Lindholm, E., Rydberg series in small molecules. IV. Rydberg series in O2, Ark. Fys., 1968, 40, 9, 117-124. [all data]

Albritton, Schmeltekopf, et al., 1979
Albritton; Schmeltekopf; Zare, Diatomic Intensity Factors, to be published, cited in Huber and Herzberg, 1979, Wiley, 1979, 1. [all data]

Halmann and Laulicht, 1965
Halmann, M.; Laulicht, I., Isotope effects on vibrational transition probabilities. III. Ionization of isotopic H2, N2,,O2, NO, CO, and HCl molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1965, 43, 1503. [all data]

Asundi and Ramachandrarao, 1969
Asundi, R.K.; Ramachandrarao, Ch.V.S., Revised Franck-Condon factors for the ionization transition of O2 and the second negative band system of O2+, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1969, 4, 89. [all data]

Spohr and Puttkamer, 1967
Spohr, R.; Puttkamer, E.v., Energiemessung von Photoelektronen und Franck-Condon-Faktoren der Schwingungsubergange einiger Molekulionen, Z. Naturforsch., 1967, 22a, 705. [all data]

Gardner and Samson, 1974
Gardner, J.L.; Samson, J.A.R., Vibrational intensity distributions for continuum photoionization of oxygen, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 5472. [all data]

Jeunehomme, 1966
Jeunehomme, M., Oscillator strengths of the negative systems of oxygen, J. Chem. Phys., 1966, 44, 4253. [all data]

Fink and Welge, 1968
Fink, E.H.; Welge, K.H., Lebensdauern und Loschquerschnitte elektronisch angeregter Zustande von N2O+, NO, O2+, CO+ und CO, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1968, 23, 358. [all data]

Borst and Zipf, 1970
Borst, W.L.; Zipf, E.C., Excitation of O2+ first negative bands by electron impact on O2, Phys. Rev. A: Gen. Phys., 1970, 1, 1410. [all data]

Fairbairn, 1974
Fairbairn, A.R., Radiative lifetime of O2+, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 521. [all data]

Rao, 1963
Rao, P.S.R., Vibrational intensities of the O2+ (first negative) bands, Proc. Phys. Soc. London, 1963, 81, 240. [all data]

Nicolet and Dogniaux, 1950
Nicolet, M.; Dogniaux, R., Nouvelles suggestions au sujet de l'interpretation du spectre des aurores, J. Geophys. Res., 1950, 55, 21. [all data]

Vegard, 1950
Vegard, L., Nouveaux resultats importants dans l'etude du spectre des aurores boreales et la physique de l'ionosphere, Ann. Geophys., 1950, 6, 157. [all data]

Dahlstrom and Hunten, 1951
Dahlstrom, C.E.; Hunten, D.M., O2+ and H in the auroral spectrum, Phys. Rev., 1951, 84, 378. [all data]

Rao, 1964
Rao, P.S.R., A comparison of intensities of the O2+ (first negative) bands excited in a hollow-cathode discharge and in aurorae, Nature (London), 1964, 201, 1112. [all data]

Nishimura, 1968
Nishimura, H., Excitation of N2+, O2+ and CO2+ band of electron impact, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., 1968, 24, 130. [all data]

Herman, Ferguson, et al., 1961
Herman, L.; Ferguson, H.I.S.; Nicholls, R.W., Excitation of the first negative system of O2+ by a proton beam in air and oxygen, Can. J. Phys., 1961, 39, 476. [all data]

Dufay, Druetta, et al., 1965
Dufay, M.; Druetta, M.; Eidelsberg, M., Sur la luminescence de l'oxygene excitee par choc de particules accelerees sous 500 keV, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 1965, 260, 1123. [all data]

Zare, 1972
Zare, R.N., Rotational line strengths: the O2+b4«SIGMA»g- - a4«PI»u band system in Molecular Spectroscopy: Modern Research, Rao,K.N.; Mathews,C.W., ed(s)., Academic Press, New York, 1972, 207-221. [all data]

Bhale, 1972
Bhale, G.L., Spin-orbit coupling constant in the A2«PI»u state of O2+, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1972, 43, 171. [all data]

Raftery and Richards, 1975
Raftery, J.; Richards, W.G., On the variation of the spin-orbit coupling in O2+, J. Chem. Phys., 1975, 62, 3184. [all data]

Branscomb, 1950
Branscomb, L.M., Anomalous molecular rotation and the temperature of the upper atmosphere, Phys. Rev., 1950, 79, 619. [all data]

Albritton, Schmeltekopf, et al., 1969
Albritton, D.L.; Schmeltekopf, A.L.; Zare, R.N., Evidence in support of the vibrational renumbering of the O2+ 2«pi»g ground state, J. Chem. Phys., 1969, 51, 1667. [all data]

Kovacs and Weniger, 1962
Kovacs, I.; Weniger, S., Sur l'interpretation de la separation anomale des composantes du multiplet de l'etat 4«PI» de la molecule d'oxygene ionisee, J. Phys. Radium, 1962, 23, 377. [all data]

Budo and Kovacs, 1955
Budo, A.; Kovacs, I., Uber den 4«PI»-Zustand des O2+-Molekuls, Acta Phys. Acad. Sci. Hung., 1955, 4, 273. [all data]

Veseth, 1975
Veseth, L., Fine structure of 4«PI» states in diatomic molecules, Phys. Scr., 1975, 12, 125. [all data]

Dorman and Morrison, 1963
Dorman, F.H.; Morrison, J.D., Ionization potentials of doubly charged oxygen and nitrogen, J. Chem. Phys., 1963, 39, 1906. [all data]

Daly and Powell, 1967
Daly, N.R.; Powell, R.E., Electron collisions in oxygen, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London), 1967, 90, 629. [all data]

Gardner and Samson, 1975, 2
Gardner, J.L.; Samson, J.A.R., Vibrational structure in the photoelectron spectrum of O2+2«SIGMA»g-(«sigma»g2s), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1975, 32, 315. [all data]

Huber and Herzberg, 1979
Huber, K.P.; Herzberg, G., Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure. IV. Constants of Diatomic Molecules, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1979, 716. [all data]


Notes

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