Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Indole

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C8H7N+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)7.7602 ± 0.0006eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)933.4kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity901.9kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Reference Comment
0.00351 ± 0.00022Carles, Desfrancois, et al., 2000Dipole bound state; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.7602 ± 0.0006LSHager and Wallace, 1988LL
7.7610 ± 0.0006PEHager, Ivanco, et al., 1985LBLHLM
7.90EICorval, 1979LLK
8.29 ± 0.05EIThorstad and Undheim, 1974LLK
7.78PEDewar, Harget, et al., 1970RDSH
7.75 ± 0.05PEEland, 1969RDSH
7.91PEKovac, Klasinc, et al., 1980Vertical value; LLK
7.92 ± 0.05PEDomelsmith, Munchausen, et al., 1977Vertical value; LLK
7.75 ± 0.015PEGusten, Klasinc, et al., 1976Vertical value; LLK
7.87PEDolby, Hanson, et al., 1976Vertical value; LLK

De-protonation reactions

C8H6N- + Hydrogen cation = Indole

By formula: C8H6N- + H+ = C8H7N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1472. ± 10.kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1461. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSTaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1440. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1431. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Carles, Desfrancois, et al., 2000
Carles, S.; Desfrancois, C.; Schermann, J.P.; Smith, D.M.A.; Adamowicz, L., Structures and electron affinities of indole-(water)(N) clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 2000, 112, 8, 3726-3734, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.480938 . [all data]

Hager and Wallace, 1988
Hager, J.W.; Wallace, S.C., Two-laser photoionization supersonic jet mass spectrometry of aromatic molecules, Anal. Chem., 1988, 60, 5. [all data]

Hager, Ivanco, et al., 1985
Hager, J.; Ivanco, M.; Smith, M.A.; Wallace, S.C., Solvation effects in jet-cooled Van der Waals Clusters: Two-color threshold photoionization spectroscopy of indole, indole-argon, indole-methane, indole-water and indole-methanol, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1985, 113, 503. [all data]

Corval, 1979
Corval, M., Elimination sous impact electronique de HCN et H a partir de l'Indole. Comparaison avec l'Indolizine, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1979, 14, 213. [all data]

Thorstad and Undheim, 1974
Thorstad, O.; Undheim, K., Mass spectrometry of onium compounds. XXIV. Ionisation potential in structure analysis of pyridodiazo-oxides, Chem. Scr., 1974, 6, 222. [all data]

Dewar, Harget, et al., 1970
Dewar, M.J.S.; Harget, A.J.; Trinajstic, N.; Worley, S.D., Ground states of conjugated molecules-XXI.Benzofurans and benzopyrroles, Tetrahedron, 1970, 26, 4505. [all data]

Eland, 1969
Eland, J.H.D., Photoelectron spectra of conjugated hydrocarbons and heteromolecules, Intern. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1969, 2, 471. [all data]

Kovac, Klasinc, et al., 1980
Kovac, B.; Klasinc, L.; Stanovnik, B.; Tisler, M., Photoelectron spectroscopy of J. Heterocycl. Chem.. Azaindenes azaindolizines (1), J. Heterocycl. Chem., 1980, 17, 689. [all data]

Domelsmith, Munchausen, et al., 1977
Domelsmith, L.N.; Munchausen, L.L.; Houk, K.N., Photoelectron spectra of psychotropic drugs. 1. Phenethylamines, tryptamines, and LSD, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 4311. [all data]

Gusten, Klasinc, et al., 1976
Gusten, H.; Klasinc, L.; Ruscic, B., Photoelectron spectroscopy of J. Heterocycl. Chem.. Indene analogs, Z. Naturforsch. A:, 1976, 31, 1051. [all data]

Dolby, Hanson, et al., 1976
Dolby, L.J.; Hanson, G.; Koenig, T., The He I photoelectron spectra of N-methylisoindole and N-methylindole, J. Org. Chem., 1976, 41, 3537. [all data]

Meot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988
Meot-ner, M.; Liebman, J.F.; Kafafi, S.A., Ionic Probes of Aromaticity in Annelated Rings, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 18, 5937, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00226a001 . [all data]

Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997
Kiefer, J.H.; Zhang, Q.; Kern, R.D.; Yao, J.; Jursic, B., Pyrolysis of Aromatic Azines: Pyrazine, Pyrimidine, and Pyridine, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1997, 101, 38, 7061, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp970211z . [all data]

Taft and Bordwell, 1988
Taft, R.W.; Bordwell, F.G., Structural and Solvent Effects Evaluated from Acidities Measured in Dimethyl Sulfoxide and in the Gas Phase, Acc. Chem. Res., 1988, 21, 12, 463, https://doi.org/10.1021/ar00156a005 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, References