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Ethylparaben

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil570.7KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafus100.9 ± 0.7kJ/molGSPerlovich, Rodionov, et al., 2005Based on data from 313. - 326. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
32.49388.9DSCNicoli, Bilzi, et al., 2008AC
27.9389.2DSCWassvik, Holmén, et al., 2008AC
26.4389.N/AGiordano, Bettini, et al., 1999AC

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chemical Concepts
NIST MS number 185158

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra-11467.Tokuda, Saitoh, et al., 198812.5 m/0.20 mm/0.11 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 325. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C

References

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Perlovich, Rodionov, et al., 2005
Perlovich, German L.; Rodionov, Sergey V.; Bauer-Brandl, Annette, Thermodynamics of solubility, sublimation and solvation processes of parabens, European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2005, 24, 1, 25-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2004.09.007 . [all data]

Nicoli, Bilzi, et al., 2008
Nicoli, S.; Bilzi, S.; Santi, P.; Caira, M.R.; Li, J.; Bettini, R., Ethyl-paraben and nicotinamide mixtures: Apparent solubility, thermal behavior and X-ray structure of the 1:1 co-crystal, J. Pharm. Sci., 2008, 97, 11, 4830-4839, https://doi.org/10.1002/jps.21341 . [all data]

Wassvik, Holmén, et al., 2008
Wassvik, Carola M.; Holmén, Anders G.; Draheim, Rieke; Artursson, Per; Bergström, Christel A.S., Molecular Characteristics for Solid-State Limited Solubility, J. Med. Chem., 2008, 51, 10, 3035-3039, https://doi.org/10.1021/jm701587d . [all data]

Giordano, Bettini, et al., 1999
Giordano, Ferdinando; Bettini, Ruggero; Donini, Cristina; Gazzaniga, Andrea; Caira, Mino R.; Zhang, Geoffrey G.Z.; Grant, David J.W., Physical properties of parabens and their mixtures: Solubility in water, thermal behavior, and crystal structures, J. Pharm. Sci., 1999, 88, 11, 1210-1216, https://doi.org/10.1021/js9900452 . [all data]

Tokuda, Saitoh, et al., 1988
Tokuda, H.; Saitoh, E.; Kimura, Y.; Takano, S., Automated analysis of various compounds with a wide range of boiling points by capillary gas chromatgraphy based on retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 454, 109-120, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)88606-9 . [all data]


Notes

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