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Benzophenone

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas49.9 ± 3.0kJ/molCmSabbah and Laffitte, 1978 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-34.kJ/molCcbColomina, Cambeiro, et al., 1959ALS
Deltafsolid-33.kJ/molCcbSpringall and White, 1954ALS
Deltafsolid-32.3 ± 3.3kJ/molCcbParks, Mosley, et al., 1950Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -32.9 ± 0.02 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltafsolid-50.84kJ/molCcbLandrieu and Blatt, 1924ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-6508. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
224.80300.DeKruif, Van Miltenburg, et al., 1983T = 80 to 345 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil550. ± 100.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus321.2 ± 0.7KAVGN/AAverage of 23 out of 24 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple321.03KN/ADe Kruif, van Miltenburg, et al., 1983Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc830.KN/ASteele, Chirico, et al., 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc33.52barN/ASteele, Chirico, et al., 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc1.762mol/lN/ASteele, Chirico, et al., 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap94.977kJ/molVNeumann and Volker, 1932ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub89. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 11 values; Individual data points

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
497. - 497.0.133Buckingham and Donaghy, 1982BS
430.70.013Buckingham and Donaghy, 1982BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
59.0545.N/AJaquerod and Wassmer, 2006Based on data from 530. - 575. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
65.1448.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 433. - 673. K.; AC
62.2488.N/ADreisbach and Shrader, 1949Based on data from 473. - 579. K. See also Dreisbach and Martin, 1949 and Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
473.7 - 579.34.362382116.372-93.43Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
92.9 ± 0.8306.MEGinkel, Kruif, et al., 2001Based on data from 294. - 318. K.; AC
89.96308.MEStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 298. - 318. K. See also Pribilová and Pouchlý, 1974.; AC
95. ± 1.321.DMKruif, Miltenburg, et al., 1983AC
95.0 ± 0.2304.MEColomina, Jimenez, et al., 1980Based on data from 295. - 313. K.; AC
93.9 ± 0.5307.TE,MEDe Kruif and Van Ginkel, 1977Based on data from 297. - 317. K.; AC
95.0 ± 1.5305.TEDeKruif, van Ginkel, et al., 1975Based on data from 293. - 318. K.; AC
96.1306.N/ASerpinskii, Voitkevich, et al., 1956Based on data from 293. - 319. K.; AC
78.2 ± 1.2303.N/AWolf and Weghofer, 1938Based on data from 290. - 315. K. See also Wolf and Trieschmann, 1934.; AC
78.2 ± 0.8313.VWolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2ALS

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
18.194321.03N/ADeKruif, Van Miltenburg, et al., 1983DH
18.81321.2ACChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 2002Based on data from 5. - 440. K.; AC
18.47321.3ACHanaya, Hikima, et al., 2002AC
18.19324.2N/ADomalski and Hearing, 1996AC
17.669321.2N/AEykman, 1889DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
56.67321.03DeKruif, Van Miltenburg, et al., 1983DH
55.0321.2Eykman, 1889DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C13H10NaO (solution) + 0.5Dicobalt octacarbonyl (solution) = C4CoNaO4 (solution) + Benzophenone (solution)

By formula: C13H10NaO (solution) + 0.5C8Co2O8 (solution) = C4CoNaO4 (solution) + C13H10O (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-157. ± 11.kJ/molRSCKiss, Nolan, et al., 1994solvent: Tetrahydrofuran

Benzophenone (solution) + sodium (cr) = C13H10NaO (solution)

By formula: C13H10O (solution) + Na (cr) = C13H10NaO (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-161.1 ± 2.5kJ/molRSCKiss, Nolan, et al., 1994solvent: Tetrahydrofuran

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: Timothy J. Johnson, Tanya L. Myers, Yin-Fong Su, Russell G. Tonkyn, Molly Rose K. Kelly-Gorham, and Tyler O. Danby

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118652

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Sabbah and Laffitte, 1978
Sabbah, R.; Laffitte, M., Etude thermodynamique de la molecule de benzophenone, Thermochim. Acta, 1978, 23, 196-198. [all data]

Colomina, Cambeiro, et al., 1959
Colomina, M.; Cambeiro, M.; Perez-Ossorio, R.; Latorre, C., Estudios acerca de calores de combustion II. Calores de combustion de benzofenona y sus p-alquilderivados, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 1959, 509-514. [all data]

Springall and White, 1954
Springall, H.D.; White, T.R., Heats of combustion and molecular structure. Part II. The mean bond energy term for the carbonyl system in certain ketones, J. Chem. Soc., 1954, 2765-27. [all data]

Parks, Mosley, et al., 1950
Parks, G.S.; Mosley, J.R.; Peterson, P.V., Jr., Heats of combustion and formation of some organic compounds containing oxygen, J. Chem. Phys., 1950, 18, 152. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Landrieu and Blatt, 1924
Landrieu, P.; Blatt, H., Thermochemical study of diphenylphenylethinylcarbinol and its derivatives, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1924, 35, 1424-1236. [all data]

DeKruif, Van Miltenburg, et al., 1983
DeKruif, C.G.; Van Miltenburg, J.C.; Blok, J.G., Molar heat capacities and vapour pressures of solid and liquid benzophenone, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1983, 15, 129-136. [all data]

De Kruif, van Miltenburg, et al., 1983
De Kruif, C.G.; van Miltenburg, J.C.; Blok, J.G., Molar heat capacities and vapour pressures of solid and liquid benzophenone, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1983, 15, 129. [all data]

Steele, Chirico, et al., 1994
Steele, W.V.; Chirico, R.D.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Nguyen, A.; Smith, N.K., DIPPR project 871. Determination of ideal-gas enthalpies of formation for key compounds. The 1990 project results, Experimental Results for DIPPR 1990-91 Projects on Phase Equilibria and Pure Component Properties, 1994, 1994, DIPPR Data Ser. No. 2, p. 188-215. [all data]

Neumann and Volker, 1932
Neumann, K.; Volker, E., Eine drehwaagemethode zur messung kleinster dampfdruck, Z. Phys. Chem., 1932, 161, 33-45. [all data]

Buckingham and Donaghy, 1982
Buckingham, J.; Donaghy, S.M., Dictionary of Organic Compounds: Fifth Edition, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1982, 1. [all data]

Jaquerod and Wassmer, 2006
Jaquerod, Adrien; Wassmer, Eugene, Ueber den Siedepunkt des Naphtalins, des Diphenyls und des Benzophenons unter verschiedenem Druck und dessen Bestimmung mit Hilfe des Wasserstoffthermometers, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 2006, 37, 3, 2531-2534, https://doi.org/10.1002/cber.19040370303 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Shrader, S.A., Vapor Pressure--Temperature Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2879-2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a054 . [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2875-2878, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a053 . [all data]

Ginkel, Kruif, et al., 2001
Ginkel, C.H.D. van; Kruif, C.G. de; Waal, F.E.B. de, The need for temperature control in effusion experiments (and application to heat of sublimation determination), J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum., 2001, 8, 6, 490-492, https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3735/8/6/018 . [all data]

Pribilová and Pouchlý, 1974
Pribilová, J.; Pouchlý, J., Vapour pressure of some low-volatile hydrocarbons determined by the effusion method, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1974, 39, 5, 1118-1124, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19741118 . [all data]

Kruif, Miltenburg, et al., 1983
Kruif, C.G. de; Miltenburg, J.C. van; Blok, J.G., Molar heat capacities and vapour pressures of solid and liquid benzophenone, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1983, 15, 2, 129-136, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(83)90151-9 . [all data]

Colomina, Jimenez, et al., 1980
Colomina, M.; Jimenez, P.; Turrion, C.; Fernandez, J.A.; Monzon, C., An. Quim. Ser. A, 1980, 76, 245. [all data]

De Kruif and Van Ginkel, 1977
De Kruif, C.G.; Van Ginkel, C.H.D., Torsion-weighing effusion vapour-pressure measurements on organic compounds, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1977, 9, 8, 725-730, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(77)90015-5 . [all data]

DeKruif, van Ginkel, et al., 1975
DeKruif, C.G.; van Ginkel, C.H.D.; Voogd, J., Torsion-effusion vapour pressure measurements of organic compounds, Conf. Int. Thermodyn. Chim. C. R. 4th, 1975, 8, 11-18. [all data]

Serpinskii, Voitkevich, et al., 1956
Serpinskii, V.V.; Voitkevich, S.A.; Lyuboshits, N.Y., Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1956, 30, 177. [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H.Z., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. B, 1938, 39, 194. [all data]

Wolf and Trieschmann, 1934
Wolf, K.L.; Trieschmann, H.G., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. B, 1934, 27, 376. [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H., Uber sublimationswarmen, Z. Phys. Chem., 1938, 39, 194-208. [all data]

Chirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 2002
Chirico, R.D.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Steele, W.V., Heat capacities, enthalpy increments, and derived thermodynamic functions for benzophenone between the temperatures 5K and 440K, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 2002, 34, 11, 1885-1895, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9614(02)00261-6 . [all data]

Hanaya, Hikima, et al., 2002
Hanaya, Minoru; Hikima, Takaaki; Hatase, Minoru; Oguni, Masaharu, Low-temperature adiabatic calorimetry of salol and benzophenone and microscopic observation of their crystallization: finding of homogeneous-nucleation-based crystallization, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 2002, 34, 8, 1173-1193, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.2002.0976 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Eykman, 1889
Eykman, J.F., Zur kryoskopischen Molekulargewichtsbestimmung, Z. Physik. Chem., 1889, 4, 497-519. [all data]

Kiss, Nolan, et al., 1994
Kiss, G.; Nolan, S.P.; Hoff, C.D., Inorg. Chim. Acta, 1994, 227, 285. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References