Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Trinitrotoluene

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas24.1 ± 3.5kJ/molCcbLenchitz, Velicky, et al., 1971 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-63.2 ± 5.0kJ/molCcbRouse, 1976ALS
Deltafsolid-80.5 ± 3.1kJ/molCcbLenchitz, Velicky, et al., 1971ALS
Deltafsolid-49.96kJ/molCcbRinkenbach, 1930Author hf298_condensed[kcal/mol]=-16.50; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-3410. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
243.3298.Yin, Ziru, et al., 1991T = 290 to 345 K. Cp value reported at 298 K is 1.071 J/g*K.; DH
311.7293.Taylor and Rinkenbach, 1924T = 90 to 352 K.; DH

Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C7H4N3O6- + Hydrogen cation = Trinitrotoluene

By formula: C7H4N3O6- + H+ = C7H5N3O6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1320. ± 9.2kJ/molG+TSKoppel, Taft, et al., 1994gas phase
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1293. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREKoppel, Taft, et al., 1994gas phase
Deltar1351. ± 21.kJ/molIMRBDzidic, Carroll, et al., 1974gas phase

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Lenchitz, Velicky, et al., 1971
Lenchitz, C.; Velicky, R.W.; Silvestro, G.; Schlosberg, L.P., Thermodynamic properties of several nitrotoluenes, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1971, 3, 689-692. [all data]

Rouse, 1976
Rouse, P.E., Jr., Enthalpies of formation and calculated detonation properties of some thermally stable explosives, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1976, 21, 16-20. [all data]

Rinkenbach, 1930
Rinkenbach, W.H., The heats of combustion and formation of aromatic nitro compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 115-120. [all data]

Yin, Ziru, et al., 1991
Yin, C.; Ziru, L.; Ganghe, W.; Chengyun, W., et al., Determination of heat capacity of explosives and related materials by DSC, Proc. Int. Pyrotech. Semin. 17th(Vol. 1), 1991, 515-521. [all data]

Taylor and Rinkenbach, 1924
Taylor, C.A.; Rinkenbach, W.H., The specific heats of trinitrotoluene, tetryl, picric acid and their molecular complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1924, 46, 1504-1510. [all data]

Koppel, Taft, et al., 1994
Koppel, I.A.; Taft, R.W.; Anvia, F.; Zhu, S.Z.; Hu, L.Q.; Sung, K.S.; Desmarteau, D.D.; Yagupolskii, L.M., The Gas-Phase Acidities of Very Strong Neutral Bronsted Acids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 7, 3047, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00086a038 . [all data]

Dzidic, Carroll, et al., 1974
Dzidic, I.; Carroll, D.I.; Stillwell, R.N.; Horning, E.C., Gas phase reactions. Ionization by proton transfer to superoxide anions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1974, 96, 5258. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References