Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

1,3-Cyclohexadiene-1-carboxaldehyde, 2,6,6-trimethyl-


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51201.Nickavar, Salehi-Sormagi, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Petro1173.Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-Petro1173.Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1178.Pavlovic, Kovacevic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1197.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51206.Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1205.Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51201.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-51201.Ceccarini, Macchia, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySPB-51192.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51201.Dural, Bagci, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51201.Ertugrul, Dural, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51202.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11181.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199760. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11181.Lee, DeMilo, et al., 199760. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1207.6Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryBPX-51218.Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 210C => 40C/min => 240C (4min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOptima-51199.Al-Qudah, Muhaidat, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1196.Fanaro, Duarte, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 0.5 min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 0.5 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1201.Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1205.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1203.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1174.Zhao, Zeng, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryRTX-11180.Paolini, Tomi, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1197.Sarikurkcu, Tepe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1189.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51198.Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 13. min
CapillaryDB-51201.Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1189.Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-11175.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51201.0Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryDB-51201.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51198.Yayli, Yasar, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 13. min
CapillaryHP-11172.Valette, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51207.Schwob, Bessière, et al., 2002He, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOptima-11177.Brun, Bessière, et al., 200125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51212.Georgilopoulos and Gallois, 198830. m/0.35 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11173.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11171.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-5 MS1189.Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 201415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryTR-5 MS1203.Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 201315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 mion) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1201.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1207.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1196.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1214.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1197.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1175.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1198.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-51197.Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 200750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryBPX-51164.Baris, Güllüce, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 150C(10min) => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-51201.Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301167.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1167.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax1648.Kaypak and Avsar, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCarbowax1617.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200760. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCarbowax-PEG1617.Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 200660. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryInnowax1614.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1596.Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 199560. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1596.Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1596.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP Innowax1597.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1622.Kaack and Christensen, 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.29 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 33 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillarySupelcowax 101642.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Nickavar, Salehi-Sormagi, et al., 2002
Nickavar, B.; Salehi-Sormagi, M.H.; Amin, Gh.; Daneshtalab, M., Steam volatiles of Vaccinium arctostaphylos, Pharm. Biol., 2002, 40, 6, 448-449, https://doi.org/10.1076/phbi.40.6.448.8449 . [all data]

Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 2007
Pang T.; Zhu S.; Lu X.; Xu G., Identification of unknown compounds on the basis of retention index data in comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 30, 6, 868-874, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600471 . [all data]

Pavlovic, Kovacevic, et al., 2006
Pavlovic, M.; Kovacevic, N.; Tzakou, O.; Couladis, M., Essential oil composition of Anthemis triumfetti (L.) DC., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 297-299, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1592 . [all data]

Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 2006
Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1104, 1-2, 313-322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.11.087 . [all data]

Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 2006
Xian Q.; Chen H.; Zou H.; Yin D., Chemical composition of essential oils of two submerged macrophytes, Ceratophyllum demersum L. and Vallisneria spiralis L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 524-526, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1588 . [all data]

Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
Zhao C.X.; Li, X.N.; Liang Y.Z.; Fang H.Z.; Huang L.F.; Guo F.Q., Comparative analysis of chemical components of essential oils from different samples of Rhododendron with the help of chemometrics methods, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 2006, 82, 1-2, 218-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2005.08.008 . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2005
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Edraki, N., Chemical composition of Ferula persica Wild. essential oil from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 605-606, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1496 . [all data]

Ceccarini, Macchia, et al., 2004
Ceccarini, L.; Macchia, M.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Caponi, C.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of Helianthus annuus L. leaves and heads of two cultivated hybride Carlos and Florom 350, Ind. Crops Prod., 2004, 19, 1, 13-17, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(03)00076-1 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Volatile components of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) grown in Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 318-320, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698731 . [all data]

Dural, Bagci, et al., 2003
Dural, H.; Bagci, Y.; Ertugrul, K.; Demirelma, H.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey, Centaurea mucronifera and Centaurea chrysantha, collected in the same habitat, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 12, 1417-1425, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00128-5 . [all data]

Ertugrul, Dural, et al., 2003
Ertugrul, K.; Dural, H.; Tugay, O.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oils from flowers of Centaurea kotschyi var. kotschyi and C. kotschyi var. decumbens from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 95-97, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1168 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Ceccarini, L.; Andolfi, L.; Macchia, M., Composition of the essential oil of Medicago marina L. from the coastal dunes of Tuscany, Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 460-462, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1253 . [all data]

Lee, DeMilo, et al., 1997
Lee, C.-J.; DeMilo, A.B.; Moreno, D.S.; Mangan, R.L., Identification of the volatile components of E802 Mazoferm steepwater, a condensed fermented corn extractive highly attractive to the Mexican fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 6, 2327-2331, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960632y . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 2006
Cardeal, Z.L.; da Silva, M.D.R.G.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometric analysis of pepper volatiles, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 2006, 20, 19, 2823-2836, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2665 . [all data]

Al-Qudah, Muhaidat, et al., 2012
Al-Qudah, M.A.; Muhaidat, R.; Trawenh, I.N.; Jaber, H.I.; Abu Zarga, M.H.; Abu Orabi, S.T., Volatile constituents of leaves and bulbs of Gynandriris Sisyrinchicum and their antimicrobial activities, Jordan J. Chem., 2012, 7, 3, 287-295. [all data]

Fanaro, Duarte, et al., 2012
Fanaro, G.B.; Duarte, R.C.; Santillo, A.G.; Pinto e Silva, M.E.M.; Purgatto, E.; Villavicento, A.L.C.H., Evaluation of «gamma»-radiation on oolong tea odor volatiles, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2012, 81, 8, 1152-1156, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2011.11.061 . [all data]

Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 2010
Ogunwande, I.A.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Omikorede, O.; Azeez, R.A.; Ayodele, A.A.; Kamil, Y.O., Aromatic plants growing in Nigeria: essential oil constituents of Cassia alata (Linn.) Roxb. and Helianthus annuus L., Rec. Nat. Prod., 2010, 4, 4, 211-217. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Dordevic, N.; Markovic, M.; Palic, R., Volatile constituents of Glechoma Hirsuta Waldst. Kit. and G. Hederacea L. (Lamiaceae), Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2010, 24, 1, 67-76, https://doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v24i1.52962 . [all data]

Zhao, Zeng, et al., 2009
Zhao, C.; Zeng, Y.; Wan, M.; Li, R.; Liang, Y.; Li, C.; Zeng, Z.; Chau, F.-T., Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods, J. Sep. Sci., 2009, 32, 4, 660-670, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200800484 . [all data]

Paolini, Tomi, et al., 2008
Paolini, J.; Tomi, P.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Bradesi, P.; Casanova, J.; Kaloustian, J., Detailed analysis of the essential oil from Cistus albidus L. by combination of GC/RI, GC/MS and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, N.Z. J. Agric. Res., 2008, 22, 14, 1270-1278. [all data]

Sarikurkcu, Tepe, et al., 2008
Sarikurkcu, C.; Tepe, B.; Daferera, D.; Polissiou, M.; Harmandar, M., Studies on the anioxidant activity of the essential oil and methanol extract of Marrubium globosum subsp. globosum (lamiaceae) by three different chemical assays, Bioresource Technol., 2008, 99, 10, 4239-4246, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.08.058 . [all data]

Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 2007, 65, 3-4, 217-222, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0130-5 . [all data]

Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 2006
Kucuk, M.; Gulec, C.; Yasar, A.; Ucuncu, O.; Yayh, N.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Terzioglu, S.; Yayh, N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. chamaedrys, T. orientale var. puberulens, and T. chamaedrys subsp. lydium, Pharm. Biol., 2006, 44, 8, 592-599, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200600896868 . [all data]

Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 2006
Senatore, F.; Landolfi, S.; Celik, S.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea calcitrapa L. and Centaurea sphaerocephala L. ssp. sphaerocephala, two Asteraceae growing wild in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 282-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1585 . [all data]

Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 2006
Tigrine-Kordiani, N.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Abalysis by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry of the essential oil of Zygophyllum album L., an aromatic and medicinal plant growing in Algeria, Int. J. Aromatherapy, 2006, 16, 3-4, 187-191, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijat.2006.09.008 . [all data]

Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Bendimerad, N.; Bendiab, S.A.T., Composition and antibacterial activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) essential oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 2947-2952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047937u . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 2005
Senatore, F.; Apostolides Arnold, N.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea eryngioides Lam. and Centaurea liberica Trev. var. hermonis Boiss. Lam., two Asteraceae growing wild in Lebanon, Nat. Prod. Res., 2005, 19, 8, 749-754, https://doi.org/10.1080/14786410412331302136 . [all data]

Yayli, Yasar, et al., 2005
Yayli, N.; Yasar, A.; Gülec, C.; Usta, A.; Kolayli, S.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Karaoglu, S., Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Centaurea sessilis and Centaurea armena, Phytochemistry, 2005, 66, 14, 1741-1745, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.04.006 . [all data]

Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Valette, L.; Fernandez, X.; Poulain, S.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Levieil, R.; Restier, L., Volatile constituents from Romanesco cauliflower, Food Chem., 2003, 80, 3, 353-358, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00272-8 . [all data]

Schwob, Bessière, et al., 2002
Schwob, I.; Bessière, J.-M.; Viano, J., Composition of the essential oils of Hypericum perforatum L. from southeastern France, C.R. Acad. Sci. Ser. 3:, 2002, 325, 781-785. [all data]

Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001
Brun, G.; Bessière, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 116-119, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.958 . [all data]

Georgilopoulos and Gallois, 1988
Georgilopoulos, D.N.; Gallois, A.N., Flavour compounds of a commercial concentrated blackberry juice, Food Chem., 1988, 28, 2, 141-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(88)90143-4 . [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 2014
Kurashov, E.A.; Mitrukova, G.G.; Krylova, Yu.V., Variations in the component composition of essential oil of Ceratophyllum demersum (Ceratophyllaceae) during vegetation (in press), Plant Resources (Rastitel'nye Resursy), 2014, 1, 000-000. [all data]

Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 2013
Kurashov, E.A.; Krylova, Yu.V.; Mitrukova, G.G., Variations in component composition of essential oil of Potamogeton pusillus (Potamogetonaceae) dirong vegetation, Plant Resources (Rastitel'nye Resursy), 2013, 000-000. [all data]

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Mancini, Arnold, et al., 2009
Mancini, E.; Arnold, N.A.; De Martino, L.; De Feo, V.; Formisano, C.; Rigano, D.; Senatore, F., Chemical composition and phytotoxic effects of essential oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. growing wild in Lebanon, Molecules, 2009, 14, 11, 4725-4736, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14114725 . [all data]

Zhu, Li, et al., 2008
Zhu, M.; Li, E.; He, H., Determination of volatile chemical constitutes in tea by simultaneous distillation extraction, vacuum hydrodistillation and thermal desrption, Chromatographia, 2008, 68, 7/8, 603-610, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-008-0732-1 . [all data]

Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 2007
Nivinsliene, O.; Butkiene, R.; Gudalevic, A.; Mockute, D.; Meskauskiene, V.; Grigaliunaite, B., Influence of urban environment on chemical composition of Tilia cordata essential oil, Chemija, 2007, 18, 1, 44-49. [all data]

Baris, Güllüce, et al., 2006
Baris, Ö.; Güllüce, M.; Sahin, F.; Özer, H.; Kilic, H.; Özkan, H.; Sökmen, M.; Özbek, T., Biological Activities of the Essential Oil and Methanol Extract of Achillea biebersteinii Afan. (Asteraceae), Turk. J. Biol., 2006, 30, 65-73. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1997
Zenkevich, I.G., Analytical Parameters of Components of Essential Oils for their Chromatographic and Chromato-Spectral Identificaiton. Oxsigenated derivatives of Mono- and Sesquiterpene Hydrocarbons, Rastit, Resursy (Rus.), 1997, 33, 1, 16-28. [all data]

Kaypak and Avsar, 2008
Kaypak, D.; Avsar, Y.K., Volatile and odor-active compounds of tuzlu yoghurt, Asian J. Chem., 2008, 20, 5, 3641-3648. [all data]

Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 1995
Kawakami, M.; Ganguly, S.N.; Banerjee, J.; Kobayashi, A., Aroma composition of oolong tea and black tea by brewed extraction method and characterizing compounds of Darjeeling tea aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 1, 200-207, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00049a037 . [all data]

Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993
Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Kator, K., Volatile constituents of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) as affected by extraction process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 4, 633-636, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00028a023 . [all data]

Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991
Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A., Volatitle constituents of greem mate and roasted mate, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1275-1279, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a016 . [all data]

Kaack and Christensen, 2008
Kaack, K.; Christensen, L.P., Effect of packing materials and storage time on volatile compounds in tea processes from flowers of black elder (Sambucus nigra L.), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 227, 4, 1259-1273, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-008-0844-8 . [all data]

Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996
Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 1996, 64, 83-91. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References