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Propene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas20.41kJ/molEqkFuruyama, Golden, et al., 1969ALS
Deltafgas20.41kJ/molCmLacher, Walden, et al., 1950Heat of hydrobromination; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-2057.8 ± 1.1kJ/molCmWiberg and Fenoglio, 1968Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = 19.8 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacgas-2057.7 ± 0.6kJ/molCmRossini and Knowlton, 1937Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -2057.42 ± 0.62 kJ/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = 19.7 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
34.3550.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997p=1 bar. Recommended entropies and heat capacities are in good agreement with other statistically calculated values [ Crawford B.L., 1939, Kilpatrick J.E., 1946, Kilpatrick J.E., 1947, Chao J., 1975] as well as with ab initio value of S(298.15 K)=266.82 J/mol*K [ East A.L.L., 1997].; GT
39.07100.
44.34150.
50.24200.
60.47273.15
64.32298.15
64.61300.
80.45400.
95.17500.
108.00600.
119.09700.
128.72800.
137.12900.
144.441000.
150.831100.
156.401200.
161.251300.
165.481400.
169.181500.
176.541750.
181.902000.
185.892250.
188.912500.
191.242750.
193.083000.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
44.52148.2Bier K., 1974Please also see Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940, Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940, 2, Telfair D., 1942.; GT
45.44157.6
52.22213.1
53.09220.1
53.68223.7
58.45258.0
59.78270.
60.08 ± 0.13272.29
61.45280.
63.43291.1
63.79 ± 0.13298.15
64.73 ± 0.13299.33
64.71300.
67.89320.
67.88 ± 0.14323.15
70.04 ± 0.17333.86
71.03340.
71.78 ± 0.14348.15
74.13360.
74.47 ± 0.15365.15
75.02 ± 0.08367.11
75.79 ± 0.15373.15
79.85 ± 0.16378.15
77.14380.
80.15400.
83.17420.
83.61 ± 0.17423.15
86.09440.
87.44 ± 0.17448.15
89.02460.
91.18 ± 0.18473.15
91.91480.
94.76500.
96.18510.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid195.7J/mol*KN/AChao, Hall, et al., 1983 

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
102.298.15Chao, Hall, et al., 1983T = 14 to 340 K.
98.9300.Auerbach, Sage, et al., 1950T = 300 to 344 K. Datum at 80°C is Cp at the bubble point, 0.5615 Btu/lb*R.
92.09230.Powell and Giauque, 1939T = 14 to 225 K.
90.0210.3Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931T = 69 to 210 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil225.6 ± 0.6KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus88.0KN/AStreng, 1971Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tfus87.9KN/AHaselden and Snowden, 1962Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus88.25KN/AParks and Huffman, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tfus87.95KN/ACoffin and Maass, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple87.8 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ptriple9.50barN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1980Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc365.2 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc46.0 ± 0.3barN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Pc45.79barN/AOhgaki, Umezono, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 bar; TRC
Pc46.646barN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1980Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.00 bar; TRC
Pc46.21barN/AMarchman, Prengle, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1519 bar; TRC
Pc45.9468barN/ASeibert and Burrell, 1915Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3333 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.1846l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Vc0.192l/molN/AMarchman, Prengle, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 l/mol; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc5.42 ± 0.03mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
rhoc5.549mol/lN/AOhgaki, Umezono, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 mol/l; TRC
rhoc5.309mol/lN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1980Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.36 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap16.04kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
18.42225.5N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
18.418225.35N/APowell and Giauque, 1939DH
18.7312.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 297. - 363. K.; AC
22.2146.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 104. - 161. K.; AC
18.7256.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 228. - 271. K.; AC
18.5285.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 270. - 327. K.; AC
18.8340.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 325. - 363. K.; AC
19.2227.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 161. - 242. K. See also Dykyj, 1970.; AC
18.7360.N/AMichels, Wassenaar, et al., 1953Based on data from 298. - 423. K.; AC
19.6211.N/APowell and Giauque, 1939Based on data from 166. - 226. K.; AC
19.3268.N/AMaass and Wright, 1921Based on data from 236. - 283. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
81.73225.35Powell and Giauque, 1939DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
165.81 - 225.983.97488795.819-24.884Powell and Giauque, 1939Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
3.00387.85Chao, Hall, et al., 1983DH
3.00287.85Powell and Giauque, 1939DH
2.93388.2Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931DH
2.9388.2Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
34.1887.85Chao, Hall, et al., 1983DH
34.1887.85Powell and Giauque, 1939DH
33.388.2Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931DH

Temperature of phase transition

Ttrs (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
56.0crystalineglassTakeda, Oguni, et al., 1990DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H5- + Hydrogen cation = Propene

By formula: C3H5- + H+ = C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1636.4 ± 1.3kJ/molG+TSEllison, Davico, et al., 1996gas phase; calculated dSacid=24.2±1.0 eu; B
Deltar1634. ± 4.2kJ/molD-EAWenthold, Polak, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar1635. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1632.8 ± 2.7kJ/molG+TSMackay, Lien, et al., 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1605.8 ± 0.42kJ/molIMREEllison, Davico, et al., 1996gas phase; calculated dSacid=24.2±1.0 eu; B
Deltar1606. ± 4.6kJ/molH-TSWenthold, Polak, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar1607. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1605.0 ± 2.1kJ/molIMREMackay, Lien, et al., 1978gas phase; B

Hydrogen bromide + Propene = Propane, 2-bromo-

By formula: HBr + C3H6 = C3H7Br

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-85.48kJ/molCmLacher, Kianpour, et al., 1957gas phase; ALS
Deltar-83.889kJ/molCmLacher, Lea, et al., 1950gas phase; Heat of hydrobromination at 367°K; ALS
Deltar-84.10 ± 0.59kJ/molCmLacher, Walden, et al., 1950gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -84.4 ± 1.0 kJ/mol; Heat of hydrobromination; ALS

Propene + Hydrogen = Propane

By formula: C3H6 + H2 = C3H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-123.4 ± 5.0kJ/molChydKistiakowsky and Nickle, 1951gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -124.9 ± 2.1 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltar-125.0 ± 0.42kJ/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -126.00 ± 0.054 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

C3H5- + Hydrogen cation = Propene

By formula: C3H5- + H+ = C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1698. ± 8.4kJ/molBranDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar>1693.5 ± 2.5kJ/molG+TSFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1665. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar>1661.0kJ/molIMRBFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B

Hydrogen iodide + 1-Propene, 3-iodo- = Propene + Iodine

By formula: HI + C3H5I = C3H6 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-33.3 ± 1.4kJ/molEqkRodgers, Golden, et al., 1966gas phase; ALS
Deltar-39.7 ± 4.2kJ/molEqkRodgers, Golden, et al., 1966gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -34.9 ± 0.96 kJ/mol; At 527 K; ALS

Propane, 2-chloro- = Propene + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C3H7Cl = C3H6 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.4 ± 0.8kJ/molEqkNoren and Sunner, 1970gas phase; ALS
Deltar73.72 ± 0.63kJ/molEqkKabo and Andreevskii, 1963gas phase; At 415.5 K; ALS
Deltar73.0 ± 2.1kJ/molEqkHowlett, 1955gas phase; ALS

Cobalt ion (1+) + Propene = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Co+ + C3H6 = (Co+ bullet C3H6)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
180. (+7.1,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
180. (+6.7,-0.) CIDHaynes and Armentrout, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

C3H9Si+ + Propene = (C3H9Si+ bullet Propene)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C3H6 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar128.kJ/molPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar178.J/mol*KPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation; M

Propene + Bromine = Propane, 1,2-dibromo-

By formula: C3H6 + Br2 = C3H6Br2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-122.5 ± 0.84kJ/molCmConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1938gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -123.1 ± 0.84 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

C3H5- + Hydrogen cation = Propene

By formula: C3H5- + H+ = C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>1693.5 ± 3.8kJ/molG+TSFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>1661.0kJ/molIMRBFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B

Lithium ion (1+) + Propene = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Li+ + C3H6 = (Li+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.kJ/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

Rh+ + Propene = (Rh+ bullet Propene)

By formula: Rh+ + C3H6 = (Rh+ bullet C3H6)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
118. CIDChen and Armetrout, 1995gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Iron ion (1+) + Propene = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Fe+ + C3H6 = (Fe+ bullet C3H6)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
145. (+7.1,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(CAS Reg. No. 25012-80-0 bullet 4294967295Propene) + Propene = CAS Reg. No. 25012-80-0

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 25012-80-0 bullet 4294967295C3H6) + C3H6 = CAS Reg. No. 25012-80-0

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.2 ± 8.8kJ/molN/ADePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B

(CAS Reg. No. 59513-13-2 bullet 4294967295Propene) + Propene = CAS Reg. No. 59513-13-2

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 59513-13-2 bullet 4294967295C3H6) + C3H6 = CAS Reg. No. 59513-13-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61.1 ± 8.8kJ/molN/ADePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B

Propene + Hydrogen chloride = Propane, 2-chloro-

By formula: C3H6 + HCl = C3H7Cl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-73.39kJ/molEqkKabo and Andreevskii, 1963gas phase; At 385°K; ALS

Hydrogen iodide + Propene = Propane, 2-iodo-

By formula: HI + C3H6 = C3H7I

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-86.27kJ/molEqkFuruyama, Golden, et al., 1969gas phase; ALS

Propene + Sulfuric Acid = isopropyl hydrogen sulphate

By formula: C3H6 + H2O4S = isopropyl hydrogen sulphate

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-38. ± 0.8kJ/molEqkEntelis, Korovina, et al., 1960liquid phase; ALS

1,2-Diiodopropane = Propene + Iodine

By formula: C3H6I2 = C3H6 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47. ± 2.kJ/molEqkBenson and Amano, 1962gas phase; ALS

Propane, 2-bromo- = Hydrogen bromide + Propene

By formula: C3H7Br = HBr + C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar81. ± 2.kJ/molEqkRozhnov and Andreevskii, 1962gas phase; ALS

Propene + 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro- = 4-Penten-2-ol, 1,1,1-trifluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)-

By formula: C3H6 + C3F6O = C6H6F6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-78.2 ± 4.2kJ/molEqkMoore, 1971gas phase; ALS

Gold ion (1+) + Propene = (Gold ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Au+ + C3H6 = (Au+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>310.kJ/molIMRBSchroeder, Hrusak, et al., 1995RCD

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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NIST MS number 50

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References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Furuyama, Golden, et al., 1969
Furuyama, S.; Golden, D.M.; Benson, S.W., Thermochemistry of the gas phase equilibria i-C3H7I = C3H6 + HI, n-C3H7I = i-C3H7I, and C3H6 + 2HI = C3H8 + I2, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1969, 1, 363-375. [all data]

Lacher, Walden, et al., 1950
Lacher, J.R.; Walden, C.H.; Lea, K.R.; Park, J.D., Vapor phase heats of hydrobromination of cyclopropane and propylene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 331-333. [all data]

Wiberg and Fenoglio, 1968
Wiberg, K.B.; Fenoglio, R.A., Heats of formation of C4H6 hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1968, 90, 3395-3397. [all data]

Rossini and Knowlton, 1937
Rossini, F.d.; Knowlton, J.W., Calorimetric determination of the heats of combustion of ethylene and propylene, J. Res. NBS, 1937, 19, 249-262. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Crawford B.L., 1939
Crawford B.L., Jr., The entropy and heat capacity of propylene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1939, 61, 2980-2981. [all data]

Kilpatrick J.E., 1946
Kilpatrick J.E., Heat content, free energy function, entropy, and heat capacity of ethylene, propylene, and the four butenes to 1500 K, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand, 1946, 37, 163-171. [all data]

Kilpatrick J.E., 1947
Kilpatrick J.E., Normal coordinate analysis of the vibrational frequencies of ethylene, propylene, cis-2-butene, trans-2-butene, and isobutene, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1947, 38, 191-209. [all data]

Chao J., 1975
Chao J., Ideal gas thermodynamic properties of ethylene and propylene, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1975, 4, 251-261. [all data]

East A.L.L., 1997
East A.L.L., Ab initio statistical thermodynamical models for the computation of third-law entropies, J. Chem. Phys., 1997, 106, 6655-6674. [all data]

Bier K., 1974
Bier K., Thermodynamic properties of propylene from calorimetric measurements, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1974, 6, 1039-1052. [all data]

Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940
Kistiakowsky G.B., The low temperature gaseous heat capacities of certain C3 hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Phys., 1940, 8, 970-977. [all data]

Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940, 2
Kistiakowsky G.B., Gaseous heat capacities. II, J. Chem. Phys., 1940, 8, 610-618. [all data]

Telfair D., 1942
Telfair D., Supersonic measurement of the heat capacity of propylene, J. Chem. Phys., 1942, 10, 167-171. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic properties of simple alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64(3), 285-303. [all data]

Auerbach, Sage, et al., 1950
Auerbach, C.E.; Sage, B.H.; Lacey, W.N., Isobaric heat capacities at bubble point, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1950, 42, 110-113. [all data]

Powell and Giauque, 1939
Powell, T.M.; Giauque, W.F., Propylene. The heat capacity, vapor pressure, heats of fusion and vaporization. The third law of thermodynamics and orientation equilibrium in the solid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1939, 61, 2366-2370. [all data]

Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931
Huffman, H.M.; Parks, G.S.; Barmore, M., Thermal data on organic compounds. X. Further studies on the heat capacities, entropies and free energies of hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3876-3888. [all data]

Streng, 1971
Streng, A.G., Miscibility and Compatibility of Some Liquid and Solidified Gases at Low Temperature, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1971, 16, 357. [all data]

Haselden and Snowden, 1962
Haselden, G.G.; Snowden, P., Equilibrium Properties of the Carbon Dioxide+ Propylene and Carbon Dioxide + Cyclopropane Systems at Low Temperatures, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1962, 58, 1515-28. [all data]

Parks and Huffman, 1931
Parks, G.S.; Huffman, H.M., Some fusion and transition data for hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1931, 23, 1138-9. [all data]

Coffin and Maass, 1927
Coffin, C.C.; Maass, O., The Prepartion and Physical Properties of Isobutylene, Trans. R. Soc. Can., Sect. 3, 1927, 21, 33. [all data]

Angus, Armstrong, et al., 1980
Angus, S.; Armstrong, B.; de Reuck, K.M., International Thermodynamic Tables of the Fluid State-7 Propylene, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1980, 0. [all data]

Tsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996
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Notes

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