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Propene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas4.879kcal/molEqkFuruyama, Golden, et al., 1969ALS
Deltafgas4.879kcal/molCmLacher, Walden, et al., 1950Heat of hydrobromination; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-491.83 ± 0.27kcal/molCmWiberg and Fenoglio, 1968Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = 4.73 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacgas-491.8 ± 0.1kcal/molCmRossini and Knowlton, 1937Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -491.74 ± 0.15 kcal/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = 4.71 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
8.21050.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997p=1 bar. Recommended entropies and heat capacities are in good agreement with other statistically calculated values [ Crawford B.L., 1939, Kilpatrick J.E., 1946, Kilpatrick J.E., 1947, Chao J., 1975] as well as with ab initio value of S(298.15 K)=266.82 J/mol*K [ East A.L.L., 1997].; GT
9.338100.
10.60150.
12.01200.
14.45273.15
15.37298.15
15.44300.
19.23400.
22.75500.
25.813600.
28.463700.
30.765800.
32.772900.
34.5221000.
36.0491100.
37.3801200.
38.5401300.
39.5511400.
40.4351500.
42.1941750.
43.4752000.
44.4292250.
45.1512500.
45.7072750.
46.1473000.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.64148.2Bier K., 1974Please also see Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940, Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940, 2, Telfair D., 1942.; GT
10.86157.6
12.48213.1
12.69220.1
12.83223.7
13.97258.0
14.29270.
14.36 ± 0.031272.29
14.69280.
15.16291.1
15.25 ± 0.031298.15
15.47 ± 0.031299.33
15.47300.
16.23320.
16.22 ± 0.033323.15
16.74 ± 0.041333.86
16.98340.
17.16 ± 0.033348.15
17.72360.
17.80 ± 0.036365.15
17.93 ± 0.02367.11
18.11 ± 0.036373.15
19.08 ± 0.038378.15
18.44380.
19.16400.
19.88420.
19.98 ± 0.041423.15
20.58440.
20.90 ± 0.041448.15
21.28460.
21.79 ± 0.043473.15
21.97480.
22.65500.
22.99510.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid46.77cal/mol*KN/AChao, Hall, et al., 1983 

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
24.4298.15Chao, Hall, et al., 1983T = 14 to 340 K.
23.6300.Auerbach, Sage, et al., 1950T = 300 to 344 K. Datum at 80°C is Cp at the bubble point, 0.5615 Btu/lb*R.
22.01230.Powell and Giauque, 1939T = 14 to 225 K.
21.5210.3Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931T = 69 to 210 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil225.6 ± 0.6KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus88.0KN/AStreng, 1971Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tfus87.9KN/AHaselden and Snowden, 1962Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus88.25KN/AParks and Huffman, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tfus87.95KN/ACoffin and Maass, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple87.8 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ptriple9.38atmN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1980Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc365.2 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc45.4 ± 0.3atmN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Pc45.19atmN/AOhgaki, Umezono, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 atm; TRC
Pc46.036atmN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1980Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.97 atm; TRC
Pc45.61atmN/AMarchman, Prengle, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1499 atm; TRC
Pc45.3460atmN/ASeibert and Burrell, 1915Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3289 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.1846l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Vc0.192l/molN/AMarchman, Prengle, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 l/mol; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc5.42 ± 0.03mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
rhoc5.549mol/lN/AOhgaki, Umezono, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 mol/l; TRC
rhoc5.309mol/lN/AAngus, Armstrong, et al., 1980Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.36 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap3.834kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
4.402225.5N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
4.4020225.35N/APowell and Giauque, 1939DH
4.47312.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 297. - 363. K.; AC
5.31146.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 104. - 161. K.; AC
4.47256.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 228. - 271. K.; AC
4.42285.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 270. - 327. K.; AC
4.49340.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 325. - 363. K.; AC
4.59227.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 161. - 242. K. See also Dykyj, 1970.; AC
4.47360.N/AMichels, Wassenaar, et al., 1953Based on data from 298. - 423. K.; AC
4.68211.N/APowell and Giauque, 1939Based on data from 166. - 226. K.; AC
4.61268.N/AMaass and Wright, 1921Based on data from 236. - 283. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
19.53225.35Powell and Giauque, 1939DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
165.81 - 225.983.96917795.819-24.884Powell and Giauque, 1939Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
0.717787.85Chao, Hall, et al., 1983DH
0.717587.85Powell and Giauque, 1939DH
0.701088.2Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931DH
0.70088.2Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
8.16987.85Chao, Hall, et al., 1983DH
8.16987.85Powell and Giauque, 1939DH
7.9688.2Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931DH

Temperature of phase transition

Ttrs (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
56.0crystalineglassTakeda, Oguni, et al., 1990DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H5- + Hydrogen cation = Propene

By formula: C3H5- + H+ = C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar391.10 ± 0.30kcal/molG+TSEllison, Davico, et al., 1996gas phase; calculated dSacid=24.2±1.0 eu; B
Deltar390.5 ± 1.0kcal/molD-EAWenthold, Polak, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar390.7 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar390.25 ± 0.65kcal/molG+TSMackay, Lien, et al., 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar383.80 ± 0.10kcal/molIMREEllison, Davico, et al., 1996gas phase; calculated dSacid=24.2±1.0 eu; B
Deltar383.9 ± 1.1kcal/molH-TSWenthold, Polak, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar384.1 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar383.60 ± 0.50kcal/molIMREMackay, Lien, et al., 1978gas phase; B

Hydrogen bromide + Propene = Propane, 2-bromo-

By formula: HBr + C3H6 = C3H7Br

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-20.43kcal/molCmLacher, Kianpour, et al., 1957gas phase; ALS
Deltar-20.050kcal/molCmLacher, Lea, et al., 1950gas phase; Heat of hydrobromination at 367°K; ALS
Deltar-20.10 ± 0.14kcal/molCmLacher, Walden, et al., 1950gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -20.17 ± 0.24 kcal/mol; Heat of hydrobromination; ALS

Propene + Hydrogen = Propane

By formula: C3H6 + H2 = C3H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-29.5 ± 1.2kcal/molChydKistiakowsky and Nickle, 1951gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -29.85 ± 0.50 kcal/mol; ALS
Deltar-29.87 ± 0.10kcal/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -30.115 ± 0.013 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

C3H5- + Hydrogen cation = Propene

By formula: C3H5- + H+ = C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar405.8 ± 2.0kcal/molBranDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar>404.75 ± 0.60kcal/molG+TSFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar398.0 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar>397.00kcal/molIMRBFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B

Hydrogen iodide + 1-Propene, 3-iodo- = Propene + Iodine

By formula: HI + C3H5I = C3H6 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-7.96 ± 0.33kcal/molEqkRodgers, Golden, et al., 1966gas phase; ALS
Deltar-9.5 ± 1.0kcal/molEqkRodgers, Golden, et al., 1966gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -8.33 ± 0.23 kcal/mol; At 527 K; ALS

Propane, 2-chloro- = Propene + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C3H7Cl = C3H6 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.3 ± 0.2kcal/molEqkNoren and Sunner, 1970gas phase; ALS
Deltar17.62 ± 0.15kcal/molEqkKabo and Andreevskii, 1963gas phase; At 415.5 K; ALS
Deltar17.45 ± 0.50kcal/molEqkHowlett, 1955gas phase; ALS

Cobalt ion (1+) + Propene = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Co+ + C3H6 = (Co+ bullet C3H6)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
43.0 (+1.7,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
43.1 (+1.6,-0.) CIDHaynes and Armentrout, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

C3H9Si+ + Propene = (C3H9Si+ bullet Propene)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C3H6 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.6kcal/molPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.5cal/mol*KPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation; M

Propene + Bromine = Propane, 1,2-dibromo-

By formula: C3H6 + Br2 = C3H6Br2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-29.27 ± 0.20kcal/molCmConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1938gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -29.41 ± 0.20 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

C3H5- + Hydrogen cation = Propene

By formula: C3H5- + H+ = C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>404.75 ± 0.90kcal/molG+TSFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>397.00kcal/molIMRBFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B

Lithium ion (1+) + Propene = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Li+ + C3H6 = (Li+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.kcal/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

Rh+ + Propene = (Rh+ bullet Propene)

By formula: Rh+ + C3H6 = (Rh+ bullet C3H6)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.1 CIDChen and Armetrout, 1995gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

Iron ion (1+) + Propene = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Fe+ + C3H6 = (Fe+ bullet C3H6)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
34.7 (+1.7,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(CAS Reg. No. 25012-80-0 bullet 4294967295Propene) + Propene = CAS Reg. No. 25012-80-0

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 25012-80-0 bullet 4294967295C3H6) + C3H6 = CAS Reg. No. 25012-80-0

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.8 ± 2.1kcal/molN/ADePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B

(CAS Reg. No. 59513-13-2 bullet 4294967295Propene) + Propene = CAS Reg. No. 59513-13-2

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 59513-13-2 bullet 4294967295C3H6) + C3H6 = CAS Reg. No. 59513-13-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.6 ± 2.1kcal/molN/ADePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B

Propene + Hydrogen chloride = Propane, 2-chloro-

By formula: C3H6 + HCl = C3H7Cl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-17.54kcal/molEqkKabo and Andreevskii, 1963gas phase; At 385°K; ALS

Hydrogen iodide + Propene = Propane, 2-iodo-

By formula: HI + C3H6 = C3H7I

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-20.62kcal/molEqkFuruyama, Golden, et al., 1969gas phase; ALS

Propene + Sulfuric Acid = isopropyl hydrogen sulphate

By formula: C3H6 + H2O4S = isopropyl hydrogen sulphate

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-9.2 ± 0.2kcal/molEqkEntelis, Korovina, et al., 1960liquid phase; ALS

1,2-Diiodopropane = Propene + Iodine

By formula: C3H6I2 = C3H6 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.2 ± 0.4kcal/molEqkBenson and Amano, 1962gas phase; ALS

Propane, 2-bromo- = Hydrogen bromide + Propene

By formula: C3H7Br = HBr + C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.3 ± 0.5kcal/molEqkRozhnov and Andreevskii, 1962gas phase; ALS

Propene + 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro- = 4-Penten-2-ol, 1,1,1-trifluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)-

By formula: C3H6 + C3F6O = C6H6F6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-18.7 ± 1.0kcal/molEqkMoore, 1971gas phase; ALS

Gold ion (1+) + Propene = (Gold ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Au+ + C3H6 = (Au+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>75.kcal/molIMRBSchroeder, Hrusak, et al., 1995RCD

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.0048 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.0048 LN/A 
0.00743400.LN/A 
0.0048 VN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C3H6+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.73 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)179.6kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity172.7kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.73PITraeger, 1984LBLHLM
9.69 ± 0.09EISelim, 1980LLK
9.73 ± 0.02PIWood and Taylor, 1979LLK
9.7 ± 0.1PEBieri, Burger, et al., 1977LLK
9.73 ± 0.01PIKrassig, Reinke, et al., 1974LLK
9.744 ± 0.003PEMasclet, Grosjean, et al., 1973LLK
9.72PEKatrib and Rabalais, 1973LLK
9.72EILossing, 1972LLK
9.74PEFrost and Sandhu, 1971LLK
9.74 ± 0.01PIPerson and Nicole, 1970RDSH
9.69PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
9.76CICermak, 1968RDSH
9.727 ± 0.010PINicholson, 1965RDSH
9.74SSamson, Marmo, et al., 1962RDSH
9.73 ± 0.02PISteiner, Giese, et al., 1961RDSH
9.73PIBralsford, Harris, et al., 1960RDSH
9.73 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
9.91 ± 0.01PEKrause, Taylor, et al., 1978Vertical value; LLK
10.2PEKobayashi, 1978Vertical value; LLK
10.03PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1975Vertical value; LLK
10.2PEWhite, Carlson, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK
9.70PEHentrich, Gunkel, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK
9.9PEWeidner and Schweig, 1972Vertical value; LLK
9.86PEMollere, Bock, et al., 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C+24.5 ± 0.5?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
CH+22.5 ± 0.5?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
CH2+17.0 ± 0.5?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
CH3+14.9C2H3EIHaney and Franklin, 1968RDSH
CH4+14.7 ± 0.5?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C2+28. ± 1.?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C2H+21. ± 1.?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C2H2+12.92 ± 0.05CH4PIKrassig, Reinke, et al., 1974LLK
C2H2+13.6 ± 0.5CH4EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C2H2+14.1CH4EIHaney and Franklin, 1968RDSH
C2H3+13.78 ± 0.03CH3EISelim, 1980LLK
C2H3+13.20 ± 0.04CH3PIKrassig, Reinke, et al., 1974LLK
C2H3+13.7 ± 0.5CH3EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C2H4+12.4 ± 0.5?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C2H5+12.6 ± 0.5?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C3+27. ± 1.?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C3H+20.5 ± 0.52H2+HEIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C3H+20.2 ± 0.52H2+HEIHarrison and Tait, 1962RDSH
C3H2+47. ± 1.?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C3H2+17. ± 1.2H2EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C3H3+14.21 ± 0.09H2+HEISelim, 1980LLK
C3H3+13.19 ± 0.05H2+HPIKrassig, Reinke, et al., 1974LLK
C3H3+14.3 ± 0.5H2+HEIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C3H3+14.21H2+HEIOmura, 1962RDSH
C3H4+11.91 ± 0.03H2PIKrassig, Reinke, et al., 1974LLK
C3H4+12.3 ± 0.5H2EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C3H4+12.52H2EIOmura, 1961RDSH
C3H5+11.86HPITraeger, 1984LBLHLM
C3H5+11.90 ± 0.05HEISelim, 1980LLK
C3H5+11.78HPIButtrill, Williamson, et al., 1975LLK
C3H5+11.88 ± 0.03HPIKrassig, Reinke, et al., 1974LLK
C3H5+11.88HEILossing, 1971LLK
C3H22+33.3 ± 0.5?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
C3H52+31.1 ± 0.5HEIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
H+20. ± 1.?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH
H2+16. ± 1.?EIPeers and Vigny, 1968RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C3H5- + Hydrogen cation = Propene

By formula: C3H5- + H+ = C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar391.10 ± 0.30kcal/molG+TSEllison, Davico, et al., 1996gas phase; calculated dSacid=24.2±1.0 eu; B
Deltar390.5 ± 1.0kcal/molD-EAWenthold, Polak, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar390.7 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar390.25 ± 0.65kcal/molG+TSMackay, Lien, et al., 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar383.80 ± 0.10kcal/molIMREEllison, Davico, et al., 1996gas phase; calculated dSacid=24.2±1.0 eu; B
Deltar383.9 ± 1.1kcal/molH-TSWenthold, Polak, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar384.1 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar383.60 ± 0.50kcal/molIMREMackay, Lien, et al., 1978gas phase; B

C3H5- + Hydrogen cation = Propene

By formula: C3H5- + H+ = C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar405.8 ± 2.0kcal/molBranDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar>404.75 ± 0.60kcal/molG+TSFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar398.0 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar>397.00kcal/molIMRBFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B

C3H5- + Hydrogen cation = Propene

By formula: C3H5- + H+ = C3H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>404.75 ± 0.90kcal/molG+TSFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>397.00kcal/molIMRBFroelicher, Freiser, et al., 1986gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Gold ion (1+) + Propene = (Gold ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Au+ + C3H6 = (Au+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>75.kcal/molIMRBSchroeder, Hrusak, et al., 1995RCD

C3H9Si+ + Propene = (C3H9Si+ bullet Propene)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C3H6 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.6kcal/molPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.5cal/mol*KPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation; M

Cobalt ion (1+) + Propene = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Co+ + C3H6 = (Co+ bullet C3H6)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
43.0 (+1.7,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M
43.1 (+1.6,-0.) CIDHaynes and Armentrout, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Iron ion (1+) + Propene = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Fe+ + C3H6 = (Fe+ bullet C3H6)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
34.7 (+1.7,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Lithium ion (1+) + Propene = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Propene)

By formula: Li+ + C3H6 = (Li+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.kcal/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

Rh+ + Propene = (Rh+ bullet Propene)

By formula: Rh+ + C3H6 = (Rh+ bullet C3H6)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.1 CIDChen and Armetrout, 1995gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
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NIST MS number 50

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedPorapack Q100.292.Ji, Majors, et al., 1999 
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB20.294.Do and Raulin, 199225. m/0.15 mm/2. «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPoraPLOT Q160.300.Do and Raulin, 198910. m/0.32 mm/10. «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-120.289.Nijs and Jacobs, 1981He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySqualane50.283.3Schröder, 1980 
PackedSqualane80.287.Chrétien and Dubois, 1977 
CapillarySqualane40.289.Matukuma, 1969N2; Column length: 91.4 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane27.287.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.287.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.288.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.288.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane26.289.Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966Column length: 10. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100283.Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1290.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryChromosorb 101295.Voorhees, Hileman, et al., 197510. K/min; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 220. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30294.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB286.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryPetrocol DH294.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-5295.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-5295.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-5295.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-5295.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-5298.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryOV-101290.Chupalov and Zenkevich, 1996N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 52. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone288.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone290.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone290.Zenkevich, 2000Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1283.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes290.Zenkevich, Chupalov, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes290.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1283.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1310.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
PackedApieson L280.Kojima, Fujii, et al., 1980Chromosorb W; Column length: 20. m; Program: not specified
PackedSE-30290.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C910min) => 20C/min => 90(6min) => 10C/min => 150C(hold)

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Furuyama, Golden, et al., 1969
Furuyama, S.; Golden, D.M.; Benson, S.W., Thermochemistry of the gas phase equilibria i-C3H7I = C3H6 + HI, n-C3H7I = i-C3H7I, and C3H6 + 2HI = C3H8 + I2, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1969, 1, 363-375. [all data]

Lacher, Walden, et al., 1950
Lacher, J.R.; Walden, C.H.; Lea, K.R.; Park, J.D., Vapor phase heats of hydrobromination of cyclopropane and propylene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 331-333. [all data]

Wiberg and Fenoglio, 1968
Wiberg, K.B.; Fenoglio, R.A., Heats of formation of C4H6 hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1968, 90, 3395-3397. [all data]

Rossini and Knowlton, 1937
Rossini, F.d.; Knowlton, J.W., Calorimetric determination of the heats of combustion of ethylene and propylene, J. Res. NBS, 1937, 19, 249-262. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Crawford B.L., 1939
Crawford B.L., Jr., The entropy and heat capacity of propylene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1939, 61, 2980-2981. [all data]

Kilpatrick J.E., 1946
Kilpatrick J.E., Heat content, free energy function, entropy, and heat capacity of ethylene, propylene, and the four butenes to 1500 K, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand, 1946, 37, 163-171. [all data]

Kilpatrick J.E., 1947
Kilpatrick J.E., Normal coordinate analysis of the vibrational frequencies of ethylene, propylene, cis-2-butene, trans-2-butene, and isobutene, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1947, 38, 191-209. [all data]

Chao J., 1975
Chao J., Ideal gas thermodynamic properties of ethylene and propylene, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1975, 4, 251-261. [all data]

East A.L.L., 1997
East A.L.L., Ab initio statistical thermodynamical models for the computation of third-law entropies, J. Chem. Phys., 1997, 106, 6655-6674. [all data]

Bier K., 1974
Bier K., Thermodynamic properties of propylene from calorimetric measurements, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1974, 6, 1039-1052. [all data]

Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940
Kistiakowsky G.B., The low temperature gaseous heat capacities of certain C3 hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Phys., 1940, 8, 970-977. [all data]

Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940, 2
Kistiakowsky G.B., Gaseous heat capacities. II, J. Chem. Phys., 1940, 8, 610-618. [all data]

Telfair D., 1942
Telfair D., Supersonic measurement of the heat capacity of propylene, J. Chem. Phys., 1942, 10, 167-171. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic properties of simple alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64(3), 285-303. [all data]

Auerbach, Sage, et al., 1950
Auerbach, C.E.; Sage, B.H.; Lacey, W.N., Isobaric heat capacities at bubble point, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1950, 42, 110-113. [all data]

Powell and Giauque, 1939
Powell, T.M.; Giauque, W.F., Propylene. The heat capacity, vapor pressure, heats of fusion and vaporization. The third law of thermodynamics and orientation equilibrium in the solid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1939, 61, 2366-2370. [all data]

Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931
Huffman, H.M.; Parks, G.S.; Barmore, M., Thermal data on organic compounds. X. Further studies on the heat capacities, entropies and free energies of hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3876-3888. [all data]

Streng, 1971
Streng, A.G., Miscibility and Compatibility of Some Liquid and Solidified Gases at Low Temperature, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1971, 16, 357. [all data]

Haselden and Snowden, 1962
Haselden, G.G.; Snowden, P., Equilibrium Properties of the Carbon Dioxide+ Propylene and Carbon Dioxide + Cyclopropane Systems at Low Temperatures, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1962, 58, 1515-28. [all data]

Parks and Huffman, 1931
Parks, G.S.; Huffman, H.M., Some fusion and transition data for hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1931, 23, 1138-9. [all data]

Coffin and Maass, 1927
Coffin, C.C.; Maass, O., The Prepartion and Physical Properties of Isobutylene, Trans. R. Soc. Can., Sect. 3, 1927, 21, 33. [all data]

Angus, Armstrong, et al., 1980
Angus, S.; Armstrong, B.; de Reuck, K.M., International Thermodynamic Tables of the Fluid State-7 Propylene, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1980, 0. [all data]

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Tsonopoulos, C.; Ambrose, D., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 6. Unsaturated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 645-656. [all data]

Ohgaki, Umezono, et al., 1990
Ohgaki, K.; Umezono, S.; Katayama, T., Pressure-density-temperature (p-«rho»-T) relations of fluoroform, nitrous oxide, and propene in the critical region, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 1990, 3, 78-84. [all data]

Marchman, Prengle, et al., 1949
Marchman, H.; Prengle, H.W.; Motard, R.L., Compressibility and Critical Constants of Propylene Vapor, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2658. [all data]

Seibert and Burrell, 1915
Seibert, F.M.; Burrell, G.A., The Critical Constants of Normal Butane, Iso-butane and Propylene and Their Vapor Pressures at Temperatures Bewtween 0 deg.C and 120 deg.C, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1915, 37, 2683-91. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Michels, Wassenaar, et al., 1953
Michels, A.; Wassenaar, T.; Louwerse, P.; Lunbeck, R.J.; Wolkers, G.J., Isotherms and thermodynamical functions of propene at temperatures between 25° and 150°c and at densities up to 340 amagat (pressures up to 2800 atm), Physica, 1953, 19, 1-12, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-8914(53)80030-3 . [all data]

Maass and Wright, 1921
Maass, O.; Wright, C.H., SOME PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF HYDROCARBONS CONTAINING TWO AND THREE CARBON ATOMS., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1921, 43, 5, 1098-1111, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01438a013 . [all data]

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Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

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Ellison, G.B.; Davico, G.E.; Bierbaum, V.M.; DePuy, C.H., Thermochemistry of theb Benzyl and Allyl Radicals and Ions, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1996, 156, 1-2, 109-131, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1176(96)04383-2 . [all data]

Wenthold, Polak, et al., 1996
Wenthold, P.G.; Polak, M.L.; Lineberger, W.C., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of the Allyl and 2-Methylallyl Anions, J. Phys. Chem., 1996, 100, 17, 6920, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp953401n . [all data]

Bartmess, Scott, et al., 1979
Bartmess, J.E.; Scott, J.A.; McIver, R.T., Jr., The gas phase acidity scale from methanol to phenol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 6047. [all data]

Mackay, Lien, et al., 1978
Mackay, G.I.; Lien, M.H.; Hopkinson, A.C.; Bohme, D.K., Experimental and theoretical studies of proton removal from propene, Can. J. Chem., 1978, 56, 131. [all data]

Lacher, Kianpour, et al., 1957
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Lacher, Lea, et al., 1950
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Kistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. II. Hydrogenation of some simpler olefinic hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1935, 57, 876-882. [all data]

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DePuy, C.H.; Gronert, S.; Barlow, S.E.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Damrauer, R., The Gas Phase Acidities of the Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 6, 1968, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00188a003 . [all data]

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Rodgers, Golden, et al., 1966
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Armentrout, P.B.; Kickel, B.L., Gas Phase Thermochemistry of Transition Metal Ligand Systems: Reassessment of Values and Periodic Trends, in Organometallic Ion Chemistry, B. S. Freiser, ed, 1994. [all data]

Haynes and Armentrout, 1994
Haynes, C.L.; Armentrout, P.B., Thermochemistry and Structures of CoC3H6+: Metallacyclic and Metal-Alkene Isomers, Organomettalics, 1994, 13, 9, 3480, https://doi.org/10.1021/om00021a022 . [all data]

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Li, X.; Stone, J.A., Determination of the beta silicon effect from a mass spectrometric study of the association of trimethylsilylium ion with alkenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 15, 5586, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00197a013 . [all data]

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Conn, J.B.; Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Smith, E.A., Heats of organic reactions. VII. Addition of halogens to olefins, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 2764-2771. [all data]

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Notes

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