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1,2,4-Methenoazulene, decahydro-1,5,5,8a-tetramethyl-, [1S-(1«alpha»,2«alpha»,3a«beta»,4«alpha»,8a«beta»,9R*)]-


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1399.1Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m
PackedSF-96170.1409.Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedSE-30130.1371.Andersen and Falcone, 1969He, Chromosorb G

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1374.Juliani, Zygadlo, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1368.Mevy, Bousquet-Melou, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => 2C/min => 160C(5min) => 50C/min => 270C (6min)

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1558.5Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1558.5Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedCarbowax 20M165.1580.Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1554.5Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977Column length: 7.3 m
PackedCarbowax 20M132.1519.Andersen and Falcone, 1969 
PackedCarbowax 20M132.1519.Andersen and Falcone, 1969 
PackedCarbowax 20M165.1554.Andersen and Falcone, 1969 

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1372.Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryBP-11376.Duquesnoy, Castola, et al., 200750. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1377.2Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11362.Dob T., Berramdane T., et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51372.Adams, Habte, et al., 200430. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryHP-51371.Isidorov, Vinogorova, et al., 200325. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryHP-51375.Macchioni, Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51376.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1392.Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51371.Bortolomeazzi, Berno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51371.Bortolomeazzi, Pizzale, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1374.Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201496.Duquesnoy, Castola, et al., 200750. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51371.Yang, Zhang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 3. min
CapillaryHP-51373.Lago, Romoff, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 100. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-11370.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-11368.Pala-Paul J., Perez-Alonso M.J., et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryZB-51401.Dötterl, Wolfe, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 7. min, 6. K/min, 250. C @ 1. min
CapillaryZB-11370.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1374.Cicció and Gómez-Laurito, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 75. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 8. min
CapillarySPB-51376.Doneanu and Anitescu, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51378.Elias, Simoneit, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 300. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1374.Nivinskienë, Butkienë, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 5C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 250C(3min)
CapillaryDB-51380.Hamm, Bleton, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 9C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 230C
CapillarySE-301378.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1378.Zenkevich, 1996Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTC-FFAP1494.Kurose, Okamura, et al., 2007He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1497.Yao, Guo, et al., 200560. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1554.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Andersen, Bissonette, et al., 1977
Andersen, N.H.; Bissonette, P.; Liu, C.-B.; Shunk, B.; Ohta, Y.; Tseng, C.-L.W.; Moore, A.; Huneck, S., Sesquiterpenes of nine European liverworts from the genera, Anastrepta, Bazzania, Jungermannia, Lepidozia, and Scapania, Phytochemistry, 1977, 16, 11, 1731-1751, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(71)85081-1 . [all data]

Andersen and Falcone, 1969
Andersen, N.H.; Falcone, M.S., The identification of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons from gas-liquid chromatography retention data, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 44, 52-59, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)92497-5 . [all data]

Juliani, Zygadlo, et al., 2004
Juliani, H.R.; Zygadlo, J.A.; Scrivanti, R.; de la Sota, E.; Simon, J.E., The essential oil of Anemia tomentosa (Savigny) Sw. var. anthriscifolia (Schrad.) Mickel, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 6, 541-543, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1341 . [all data]

Mevy, Bousquet-Melou, et al., 2006
Mevy, J.P.; Bousquet-Melou, A.; Greff, S.; Millogo, J.; Fernandez, C., Chemical composition of the volatile oil of Laggera aurita Schulz from Burkina-Faso, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2006, 34, 11, 815-818, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.06.005 . [all data]

Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 2007
Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 148-153, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1773 . [all data]

Duquesnoy, Castola, et al., 2007
Duquesnoy, E.; Castola, V.; Casanova, J., Composition and chemical variability of the twig oil of Abies alba Miller from Corsica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 293-299, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1796 . [all data]

Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007
Zeng, Y.-X.; Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Yang, H.; Fang, H.-Z.; Yi, L.-Z.; Zeng, Z.-D., Comparative analysis of volatile components from Clematis species growing in China, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2007, 595, 1-2, 328-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.12.022 . [all data]

Dob T., Berramdane T., et al., 2005
Dob T.; Berramdane T.; Chelghoum C., Analysis of essential oil from the needles of Pinus pinaster growing in Algeria, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, 41, 5, 545-548, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0202-z . [all data]

Adams, Habte, et al., 2004
Adams, R.P.; Habte, M.; Park, S.; Dafforn, M.R., Preliminary comparison of vetiver root essential oils from cleansed (bacteria- and fungus-free) versus non-cleansed (normal) vetiver plants, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2004, 32, 12, 1137-1144, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.03.013 . [all data]

Isidorov, Vinogorova, et al., 2003
Isidorov, V.A.; Vinogorova, V.T.; Rafalowski, K., HS-SPME analysis of volatile organic compounds of coniferous needle litter, Atmos. Environ., 2003, 37, 33, 4645-4650, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2003.07.005 . [all data]

Macchioni, Cioni, et al., 2003
Macchioni, F.; Cioni, P.L.; Flamini, G.; Morelli, I.; Maccioni, S.; Ansaldi, M., Chemical composition of essential oils from needles, branches and cones of Pinus pinea, P. halepensis, P. pinaster and P. nigra from central Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 139-143, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1178 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003
Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 2003, 64, 3, 743-752, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00386-8 . [all data]

Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 2002
Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Ames, J.M.; Bakker, J., Comparison of the volatile components of eight cultivars of potato after microwave baking, Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 2002, 35, 1, 80-86, https://doi.org/10.1006/fstl.2001.0819 . [all data]

Bortolomeazzi, Berno, et al., 2001
Bortolomeazzi, R.; Berno, P.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S., Sesquiterpene, alkene, and alkane hydrocarbons in virgin olive oils of different varieties and geographical origins, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 7, 3278-3283, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001271w . [all data]

Bortolomeazzi, Pizzale, et al., 2000
Bortolomeazzi, R.; Pizzale, L.; Vichi, S.; Piasenzotto, L.; Conte, L.S., GC-MS Characterization of sesquiterpenic hydrocarbons in virgin olive oils, Proceedings 23rd ISCC; CD-ROM, 2000, retrieved from http://www.richrom.com/assets/CD23PDF. [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Yang, Zhang, et al., 2010
Yang, X.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, Y.; Zhao, H.; Dong, A.; Xu, L.; Yang, L.; Ma, Y.; Wang, J., Analysis if the essential oils of pine cones of Pinus koraiensis Steb. et Zucc. and P. sylvestris L. from China, J. Essen. Oil Res., 2010, 22, 5, 446-448, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700368 . [all data]

Lago, Romoff, et al., 2008
Lago, J.H.G.; Romoff, P.; Favero, O.A.; Souza, F.O.; Soares, M.G.; Baraldi, P.T.; Correa, A.G., Chemical composition of male and female Baccharis trimera (Less.) DC. (Asteraceae) essential oils, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 2008, 36, 9, 737-740, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2008.05.009 . [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2008
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctuatus / Eriocephalus tenuifolius), 2008, retrieved from http://www.chemische-analysen-hamburg.de/Publikationen?CapeChamomileOil/. [all data]

Pala-Paul J., Perez-Alonso M.J., et al., 2006
Pala-Paul J.; Perez-Alonso M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela A.; Ballesteros M.T.; Sanz J., Essential oil composition of Sideritis hirsuta L. from Guadalajara Province, Spain, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 410-415, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1727 . [all data]

Dötterl, Wolfe, et al., 2005
Dötterl, S.; Wolfe, L.M.; Jürgens, A., Qualitative and quantitative analyses of flower scent in Silene latifolia, Phytochemistry, 2005, 66, 2, 203-213, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2004.12.002 . [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2003
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctulatus), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 510-514, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1259 . [all data]

Cicció and Gómez-Laurito, 2002
Cicció, J.F.; Gómez-Laurito, J., Volatile constituents of the leaves of Siparuna thecaphora (Siparunaceae) from Turrialba, Costa Rica, Rev. Biol. Trop., 2002, 50, 3/4, 963-967. [all data]

Doneanu and Anitescu, 1998
Doneanu, C.; Anitescu, G., Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Angelica archangelica L. root oil, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 1998, 12, 1, 59-67, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0896-8446(97)00040-5 . [all data]

Elias, Simoneit, et al., 1997
Elias, V.O.; Simoneit, B.R.T.; Cardoso, J.N., Analysis of volatile sesquiterpenoids in environmental and geological samples, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1997, 20, 6, 305-309, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240200602 . [all data]

Nivinskienë, Butkienë, et al., 2005
Nivinskienë, O.; Butkienë, R.; Mockutë, D., Chemical composition of seed (fruit) essential oils of Angelica archangelica L. growing wild in Lithuania, Chemija, 2005, 16, 3-4, 51-54. [all data]

Hamm, Bleton, et al., 2004
Hamm, S.; Bleton, J.; Tchapla, A., Headspace solid phase microextraction for screening for the presence of resins in Egyptian archaeological samples, J. Sep. Sci., 2004, 27, 3, 235-243, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200301611 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G., Analytical Parameters of Components of Essential Oils for their Chromatographic and Chromato-Mass Spectral Identification. Mono- and Sesquiterpenes, Rastitelnye Resursy (Plant resources), 1996, 34, 1-2, 48-58. [all data]

Kurose, Okamura, et al., 2007
Kurose, K.; Okamura, D.; Yatagai, M., Composition of the essential oils from the leaves of nine Pinus species and the cones of three of Pinus species, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 10-20, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1609 . [all data]

Yao, Guo, et al., 2005
Yao, S.-S.; Guo, W.-F.; Lu, Y.; Jiang, Y.-X., Flavor Characteristics of Lapsang Souchong and Smoked Lapsang Souchong, a Special Chinese Black Tea with Pine Smoking Process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 22, 8688-8693, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf058059i . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References