Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Naphthalene, 1-ethyl-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1150.1393.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1393.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1393.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.1400.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
PackedOV-1150.1384.Antal, 1984Chromosorb W HP; Column length: 2.5 m
CapillaryOV-1130.1379.Engewald, Wennrich, et al., 1979Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
PackedSE-30150.1397.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011367.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51393.8Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51393.1Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51383.6Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51393.8Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51400.0Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryOV-11413.7Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-11377.1Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51383.6Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51393.8Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51400.Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51393.8Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51393.1Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51402.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryUltra-11359.14Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11369.60Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11376.32Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21394.60Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21406.41Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21413.99Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011367.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51393.4Sandercock and du Pasquier, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 208C => 25C/min => 290C(5min)
CapillaryDB-51413.Havenga and Rohwer, 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C 7 0C/min -> 130 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 6 0C/min -> 260 0C 20 0C/min -> 320 0C (4 min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane147.1384.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51400.5Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11377.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1367.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS238.70Sun, Zhou, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 16. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane236.56Skrbic and Onjia, 20062. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5MS239.30Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPTE-5239.30Wang, Jia, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1.5 min, 8. K/min, 300. C @ 12.5 min
CapillaryHP-5239.24Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-52237.97Wang, Peng, et al., 19974. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB239.1Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-54239.72Guillén, Blanco, et al., 198920. m/0.22 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5239.88Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5233.527Tong, Shore, et al., 1984He, 80. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-52236.56Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5240.1Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5MS239.3Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryUltra-1236.6Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillaryHP-5239.92Sandercock and du Pasquier, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 208C => 25C/min => 290C(5min)
CapillarySE-52236.08Wang, Peng, et al., 1997Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5239.2Paschke, Herbel, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 100 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB239.7Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997
Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 1997, 76, 5, 415-423, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(97)85518-4 . [all data]

Antal, 1984
Antal, J., Adatok az alkil-naftalinok gáz-folyadék kromatográfiájához, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 1984, 90, 121-125. [all data]

Engewald, Wennrich, et al., 1979
Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L.; Ritter, E., Molekülstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. XII. Zur Retention von Alkylnaphthalinen Bei der Gasverteilungs- und Gas-Adsorptions-Chromatographie, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 174, 2, 315-323, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86005-7 . [all data]

Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975
Shlyakhov, A.F.; Anvaer, B.I.; Zolotareva, O.V.; Romina, N.N.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., On the possibility of group indentification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography from temperature coefficients of retention indices, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1975, 30, 788-792. [all data]

Hayes and Pitzer, 1982
Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kováts indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 253, 179-198, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88376-X . [all data]

Song, Lai, et al., 2003
Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s)., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193. [all data]

Zhang, Shen, et al., 2000
Zhang, M.-J.; Shen, S.-D.; Chen, S.-Y.; Sun, Y.-H., Analysis of heavy oil fractions in high-temperature coal tar by capillary gas chromatography/fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 2000, 18, 3, 241-246. [all data]

Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996
Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

Lai and Song, 1995
Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 1995, 74, 10, 1436-1451, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-2361(95)00108-H . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Haynes and Pitzer, 1985
Haynes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Disengaging solutes in shale- and petroleum-derived jet fuels by altering GC programmed temperature rates, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1985, 8, 5, 230-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240080504 . [all data]

Hayes and Pitzer, 1981
Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Kovats indices as a tool in characterizing hydrocarbon fuels in temperature programmed glass capillary gas chromatography. Part 1. Qualitative identification, Inhouse rpt. for Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 1981, 75. [all data]

Sandercock and du Pasquier, 2003
Sandercock, P.M.L.; du Pasquier, E., Chemical fingerprinting of unevaporated automotive gasoline samples, Forensic Sci. Int., 2003, 134, 1, 1-10, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0379-0738(03)00081-1 . [all data]

Havenga and Rohwer, 1999
Havenga, W.J.; Rohwer, E.R., Chemical Characterization and Screening of Hydrocarbon Pollution in Industrial Soils by Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Chromatogr., 1999, 848, 1-2, 279-295, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00522-1 . [all data]

Ferrand, 1962
Ferrand, R., Gas phase chromatography using retention indices for the analysis of tars and their hydrogenation products, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate at de chromatographie; Org. sur l'initiative du IX., 1962, 132-140. [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Peng, 1996
Peng, C.T., Gas chromatographic identification of aromatic hydrocarbons in Liquid Scintillation Spectrometry, Cook, G.T.; Harkness, D.D.; MacKenzie, A.B.; Miller, B.F.; Scott, E.M., ed(s)., 1996, 221-232. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Sun, Zhou, et al., 2008
Sun, P.; Zhou, Q.; Li, G.; Wang, X.; Zhao, Y.; Cao, L., fingerprint analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in crude oil by internal standard method, J. Instrumental Anal., 2008, 27, 4, 344-348. [all data]

Skrbic and Onjia, 2006
Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Prediction of Lee Retention Indices of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Artificial Neural Networks, J. Chromatorg. A, 2006, 1108, 2, 279-284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.080 . [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Wang, Jia, et al., 2000
Wang, J.; Jia, C.R.; Wong, C.K.; Wong, P.K., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons created in lubricating oils, Water Air Soil Poll., 2000, 120, 3/4, 381-396, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005251618062 . [all data]

Piao, Chu, et al., 1999
Piao, M.; Chu, S.; Zheng, M.; Xu, X., Characterization of the combustion products of polyethylene, Chemosphere, 1999, 39, 9, 1497-1512, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00054-5 . [all data]

Wang, Peng, et al., 1997
Wang, Y.; Peng, P.; Cui, S.; Zhang, Y., Identification of PAH in the Suzhou River bed sediments by GC/MS and PAH retention index system, J. Nanjing Norm. Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 1997, 20, 2, 47-68. [all data]

Bundt, Herbel, et al., 1991
Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1991, 14, 2, 91-98, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240140205 . [all data]

Guillén, Blanco, et al., 1989
Guillén, M.D.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Blanco, C.G., Temperature programmed retention indices of some PAHs on Capillary columns coated with OV-1701 and SE-54, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 8, 552-554, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120816 . [all data]

Tong, Shore, et al., 1984
Tong, H.Y.; Shore, D.L.; Karasek, F.W.; Helland, P.; Jellum, E., Identification of organic compounds obtained from incineration of municipal waste by high-performance liquid chromatographic fractionation and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 285, 423-441, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87784-0 . [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]

Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007
Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2007, 79, 1-2, 215-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2006.12.004 . [all data]

Aracil, Font, et al., 2005
Aracil, I.; Font, R.; Conesa, J.A., Semivolatile and volatile compounds from the pyrolysis and combustion of polyvinyl chloride, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2005, 74, 1-2, 465-478, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2004.09.008 . [all data]

Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 2005
Sremac, S.; Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Artificial neural network prediction of quantitative structure-retention relationships of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in gas chromatography, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2005, 70, 11, 1291-1300, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0511291S . [all data]

Paschke, Herbel, et al., 1992
Paschke, A.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Determination of mono- to tetracyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in lubricating oil, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 12, 827-833, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240151211 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References