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9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)-, methyl ester

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-604.88kJ/molChydRogers and Siddiqui, 1975 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-11690.1 ± 1.5kJ/molCcbFreedman, Bagby, et al., 1989Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -645.72 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
465.20.005Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
439.7 - 479.3.828462066.995-116.87Althouse and Triebold, 1944Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)-, methyl ester + 2Hydrogen = Methyl stearate

By formula: C19H34O2 + 2H2 = C19H38O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-245.2 ± 1.6kJ/molChydRogers and Siddiqui, 1975liquid phase; solvent: n-Hexane

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 333205

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101200.2066.9Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 199815. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB240.2078.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1240.2092.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
PackedSE-30200.2077.Golovnya, Uralets, et al., 1976Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-302100.Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980He, Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax240.2485.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax240.2523.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2513.Toda, Mihara, et al., 19832. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2488.Rezende and Fraga, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 240C(25min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS2092.Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-52096.Rout, Rao, et al., 200725. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52076.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-52079.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS2099.1Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySPB-12071.Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-52097.Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS2093.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2093.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-52082.Sati and Mathela, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.26 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-52079.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS2092.1Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2094.5Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2095.6Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryBP-12087.Raina, Kumar, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 13. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-12069.Senatore, Rigano, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBP-12070.Tan, Wilkins, et al., 1989H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 75. min; Column length: 12. m
CapillaryOV-12061.Tan, Holland, et al., 1988He, 8. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS2103.7Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax2476.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2480.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2484.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryAT-Wax2481.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryLM-1210.2078.Filho and Lancas, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS2098.Pripdeevech and Saansoomchai, 201330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2081.Vedernikov, Shabanova, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 150. C
CapillaryRTx-12083.Dib, Bendahou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2098.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS2087.Silva, Pott, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2107.Vedernikov and Roschin, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 150. C
CapillaryDB-12070.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS2090.Kim and Chung, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-52096.Scrivanti, Anton, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2094.Zhao, Zeng, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryVF-5MS2110.Kowalski, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 240. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS2094.Noudogbessi, Yedomonhan, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRTX-5 MS2089.Edris, Chizzola, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS2088.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-52091.Smelcerovic, Spiteller, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min, 320. C @ 4. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2093.3Zizovic, Stamenic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-5MS2079.Maronigiu, Piras, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52092.Rout, Naik, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52091.Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-12087.Khanavi, Ghasemian, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 2.5 K/min, 265. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-52090.Rout, Misra, et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 80. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-52092.Saeidnia, Gohari, et al., 2005He, 5. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-52075.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52076.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52079.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52079.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-52088.Miyazawa, Fuhita, et al., 2004Helium, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 999. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52088.Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2004Helium, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 999. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52094.Senatore, Rigano, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-52097.Senatore and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-52096.Merle, Blázquez, et al., 200225. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-52090.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-52092.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-52098.Palmeira, Conserva, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryOV-1012073.Ehrhardt, Osterroht, et al., 1980Hydrogen, 60. C @ 0.5 min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryOV-1012073.Ehrhardt, Osterroht, et al., 1980Hydrogen, 60. C @ 0.5 min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Tend: 270. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary 2127.Brandi, Bar, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryRTx-12072.Dib, Bendahou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS2097.Vedernikov and Roschin, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-12082.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane2123.Huang, Qin, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 150 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS2089.Moronkola, Ogunwande, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C
CapillaryOV-12070.El-Shazly and Hussein, 2004He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.317 mm; Program: 50C(4min) => 4C/min => 90C => 10C/min => 300C(10min)
CapillarySF-962067.Kawasaki, Matsui, et al., 1998Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Program: 75C => 3C/min => 190C(25min) => 3C/min => 210C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2090.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.2100.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone2100.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryAT-Wax2472.Kiss, Csoka, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryTC-FFAP2503.Kurose and Yatagai, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryZB-Wax2472.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2472.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2474.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2476.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2480.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryTC-Wax2502.Miyazawa and Okuno, 2003He, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryTC-Wax2482.Miyazawa, Yamafuji, et al., 20033. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryTC-Wax2455.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC2509.Baser, Özek, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillarySupelcowax 102483.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Rogers and Siddiqui, 1975
Rogers, D.W.; Siddiqui, N.A., Heats of hydrogenation of large molecules. I. Esters of unsaturated fatty acids, J. Phys. Chem., 1975, 79, 574-577. [all data]

Freedman, Bagby, et al., 1989
Freedman, B.; Bagby, M.O.; Khoury, H., Correlation of heats of combustion with empirical formulas for fatty alcohols, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 1989, 66, 595-596. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Althouse and Triebold, 1944
Althouse, Paul M.; Triebold, Howard O., Physical Constants of Methyl Esters of Commonly Occurring Fatty Acids Vapor Pressure, Ind. Eng. Chem. Anal. Ed., 1944, 16, 10, 605-606, https://doi.org/10.1021/i560134a003 . [all data]

Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 1998
Kittiratanapiboon, K.; Jeyashoke, N.; Krisnangkura, K., The relationship of Kováts retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of fatty acid methyl esters on a methyl silicone capillary column, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1998, 36, 7, 361-364, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/36.7.361 . [all data]

Hanai and Hong, 1989
Hanai, T.; Hong, C., Structure-retention correlation in CGC, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 5, 327-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120517 . [all data]

Golovnya, Uralets, et al., 1976
Golovnya, R.V.; Uralets, V.P.; Kuzmenko, T.E., Characterization of fatty acid methyl esters by gas chromatography on siloxane liquid phases, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 121, 1, 118-121, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)82312-2 . [all data]

Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980
Ramsey, J.D.; Lee, T.D.; Osselton, M.D.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 296 non-drug substances on SE-30 or OV-1 likely to be encountered in toxicological analyses, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 184, 2, 185-206, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85641-1 . [all data]

Toda, Mihara, et al., 1983
Toda, H.; Mihara, S.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Photochemical studies on jasmin oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 3, 554-558, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00117a022 . [all data]

Rezende and Fraga, 2003
Rezende, C.M.; Fraga, S.R.G., Chemical and aroma determination of the pulp and seeds of murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L.), J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2003, 14, 3, 425-428, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532003000300014 . [all data]

Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 2007
Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 148-153, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1773 . [all data]

Rout, Rao, et al., 2007
Rout, P.K.; Rao, Y.R.; Sree., A.; Naik, S.N., Composition of essential oil, concrete, absolute, wax and headspace volatiles of Murrarya paniculata (Linn.) Jack flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 352-357, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1804 . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2007
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Notes

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