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9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)-, methyl ester

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101200.2074.7Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 199815. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB240.2072.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1240.2085.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
PackedSE-30200.2081.Golovnya and Kuzmenko, 1977He, Chromosorb W (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSE-30200.2081.Golovnya, Uralets, et al., 1976Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-12104.Jayaprakasha, Jaganmohan Rao, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-302086.Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980He, Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax240.2472.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2400.Toda, Mihara, et al., 19832. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2403.Toda, Mihara, et al., 19832. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-52085.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-52086.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2082.Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2103.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-52087.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-12077.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOptima 52082.Chosson, Vérité, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-12079.Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryUltra-12082.49Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 199725. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 15. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryBP-12079.Tan, Wilkins, et al., 1989H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 75. min; Column length: 12. m
CapillaryOV-12076.Tan, Holland, et al., 1988He, 8. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySP-21002078.92Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21002073.44Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21002071.63Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 6. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21002086.34Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21002072.42Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21002077.28Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 6. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2072.14Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 170. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS2108.9Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax2426.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2434.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2436.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryAT-Wax2435.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryLM-1210.2087.Filho and Lancas, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS2085.Vedernikov, Shabanova, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 150. C
CapillaryRTx-12106.Dib, Bendahou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-12084.Lazarevic, Palic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS2095.Silva, Pott, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-52074.Bousaada, Ammar, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryHP-5MS2098.1Zizovic, Stamenic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-52106.Rout, Misra, et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 80. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-52085.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52081.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52082.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52085.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52086.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-52100.Senatore, Rigano, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-12045.Krop, 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 10. K/min; Tstart: 160. C; Tend: 252. C
CapillaryUltra-12078.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryOV-1012080.Stern, Flath, et al., 198540. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1012079.Stern, Flath, et al., 198550. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1012082.Ehrhardt, Osterroht, et al., 1980Hydrogen, 60. C @ 0.5 min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryOV-1012083.Ehrhardt, Osterroht, et al., 1980Hydrogen, 60. C @ 0.5 min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryOV-1012101.Spiteller and Spiteller, 1979He, 75. C @ 7. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Tend: 280. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS2085.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS2102.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTx-12084.Dib, Bendahou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS2062.Ning, Zheng, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 180 0C (2 min) 15 0C -> 280 0C
CapillaryHP-5MS2105.Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2081.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.2086.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone2086.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax2439.Bousaada, Ammar, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryTC-FFAP2455.Kurose and Yatagai, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryZB-Wax2429.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2424.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2426.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2433.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2434.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryTC-Wax2439.Miyazawa and Okuno, 2003He, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryTC-Wax2452.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC2476.Baser, Özek, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min >220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1357.7Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 1998
Kittiratanapiboon, K.; Jeyashoke, N.; Krisnangkura, K., The relationship of Kováts retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of fatty acid methyl esters on a methyl silicone capillary column, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1998, 36, 7, 361-364, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/36.7.361 . [all data]

Hanai and Hong, 1989
Hanai, T.; Hong, C., Structure-retention correlation in CGC, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 5, 327-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120517 . [all data]

Golovnya and Kuzmenko, 1977
Golovnya, R.V.; Kuzmenko, T.E., Thermodynamic evaluation of the interaction of fatty acid methyl esters with polar and non-polar stationary phases, based on their retention indices, Chromatographia, 1977, 10, 9, 545-548, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02262915 . [all data]

Golovnya, Uralets, et al., 1976
Golovnya, R.V.; Uralets, V.P.; Kuzmenko, T.E., Characterization of fatty acid methyl esters by gas chromatography on siloxane liquid phases, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 121, 1, 118-121, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)82312-2 . [all data]

Jayaprakasha, Jaganmohan Rao, et al., 1997
Jayaprakasha, G.K.; Jaganmohan Rao, L.; Sakariah, K.K., Chemical composition of the volatile oil from the fruits of Cinnamomum zeylanicum blume, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 5, 331-333, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199709/10)12:5<331::AID-FFJ663>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980
Ramsey, J.D.; Lee, T.D.; Osselton, M.D.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 296 non-drug substances on SE-30 or OV-1 likely to be encountered in toxicological analyses, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 184, 2, 185-206, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85641-1 . [all data]

Toda, Mihara, et al., 1983
Toda, H.; Mihara, S.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Photochemical studies on jasmin oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 3, 554-558, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00117a022 . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2007
Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 53-60, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1758 . [all data]

Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006
Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; König, W.A., Chemical constituents of the essential oils of three wood-rotting fungi, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 813-816, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1732 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2005
Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 11, 4524-4528, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0478511 . [all data]

Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Cavalli, J.-F.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M., Comparison of static headspace, headspace solid phase microextraction, headspace sorptive extraction, and direct thermal desorption techniques on chemical composition of French olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 26, 7709-7716, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034834n . [all data]

Chosson, Vérité, et al., 2003
Chosson, E.; Vérité, P.; Blanckaert, A.; Seguin, E.; Litaudon, M.; Sévenet, T., Non polar compounds from the bark of Sarcomelicope follicularis, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 10, 1185-1188, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00065-6 . [all data]

Johnson, Urso, et al., 1997
Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 - Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27. [all data]

Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 1997
Richmond, R.; Pombo-Villar, E., Short communication. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with pseudo-Sadtler retention indices, for the identification of components in the essential oil of Curcuma longa L., J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 760, 2, 303-308, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00802-3 . [all data]

Tan, Wilkins, et al., 1989
Tan, S.T.; Wilkins, A.L.; Holland, P.T.; McGhie, T.K., Extractives from New Zealand unifloral honeys. 2. Degraded carotenoids and other substances from heather honey, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 5, 1217-1221, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00089a004 . [all data]

Tan, Holland, et al., 1988
Tan, S.-T.; Holland, P.T.; Wilkins, A.L.; Molan, P.C., Extractives from New Zealand honeys. 1. White clovers, manuka, and kanuka unifloral honeys, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 453-460, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a012 . [all data]

Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986
Podmaniczky, L.; Szepesy, L.; Lakszner, K.; Schomburg, G., Determination of Retention Indices in LPTGC, Chromatographia, 1986, 21, 7, 387-391, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02346137 . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Pino, Almora, et al., 2003
Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 492-496, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1248 . [all data]

Filho and Lancas, 1995
Filho, N.R.A.; Lancas, F.M., Identification of FAMEs using ECL values and a three-dimensional Kovats retention index system, J. High Resol. Chromatogr., 1995, 18, 3, 167-170, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240180306 . [all data]

Vedernikov, Shabanova, et al., 2011
Vedernikov, D.N.; Shabanova, N.Yu.; Roshchin, V.I., Change in the chemical composition of the crust and inner bark of the Betula pendula Roth. Birch (Betulaceae) with tree height, Rus. J. Bioorg. Chem., 2011, 37, 7, 877-882, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1068162011070259 . [all data]

Dib, Bendahou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.A.; Bendahou, M.; Bendiabdellah, A.; Djabou, N.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Paolini, J.; Costa, J., Partial chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Daucus crinitus Desf. extracts, Grasas y Aceites, 2010, 61, 3, 271-278, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.122609 . [all data]

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Lazarevic, J.S.; Palic, R.V.M.; Radulovic, N.S.; Ristic, N.R.; Stojanovic, G.S., Chemical composition and screening of the antimicrobial and antioxidative acrivity of extracts of Stachys species, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2010, 75, 10, 1347-1359, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100601117L . [all data]

Silva, Pott, et al., 2010
Silva, D.B.; Pott, A.; Oliveira, D.C.R., Analyses of the headspace volatile constituents of aerial parts (leaves and stems), flowers and fruits of Bidens gardneri Bak. and Bidens sulphurea (Cav.) Sch. Bip. using solid-phase microextraction, J. Essen. Oil Res., 2010, 22, 6, 560-563, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700400 . [all data]

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Bousaada, O.; Ammar, S.; Saidana, D.; Chriaa, J.; Chraif, I.; Daami, M.; Helal, A.N.; Mighri, Z., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile components from capitula and aerial parts of Rhaponticum acaule DC growing wild in Tunisia, Microbiol. Res., 2008, 163, 1, 87-95, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2007.02.010 . [all data]

Zizovic, Stamenic, et al., 2007
Zizovic, I.; Stamenic, M.; Ivanovic, J.; Orlovic, A.; Ristic, M.; Djordjevic, S.; Petrovic, S.D.; Skala, D., Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of sesquiterpenes from valerian root, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 2007, 43, 2, 249-258, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.supflu.2007.05.007 . [all data]

Rout, Misra, et al., 2005
Rout, P.K.; Misra, R.; Sahoo, S.; Sree, A.; Rao, Y.R., Extraction of kewda (Pandanus fascicularis Lam.) flowers with hexane: composition of concrete, absolute and wax, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 4, 442-444, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1466 . [all data]

Senatore, Rigano, et al., 2004
Senatore, F.; Rigano, D.; de Fusco, R.; Bruno, M., Composition of the essential oil from flowerheads of Chrysanthemum coronarium L. (Asteraceae) growing wild in Southern Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 2, 149-152, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1285 . [all data]

Krop, 2003
Krop, H.B., Thermodynamic approaches for the environmental chemistry of organic pollutants (Dissertation), 2003. [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Stern, Flath, et al., 1985
Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Lundin, R.E.; Benson, M.E., Crude oleic acid volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 180-184, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a005 . [all data]

Ehrhardt, Osterroht, et al., 1980
Ehrhardt, M.; Osterroht, C.; Petrick, G., Fatty-acid methyl esters dissolved in seawater and associated with suspended particulate material, Marine Chem., 1980, 10, 1, 67-76, https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4203(80)90059-6 . [all data]

Spiteller and Spiteller, 1979
Spiteller, M.; Spiteller, G., Trennung und charakterisierung saurer harnbest and- teile, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 164, 3, 253-317, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4347(00)81232-3 . [all data]

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Ning, Zheng, et al., 2008
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Notes

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