Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

1-Dodecanol

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101200.1455.1Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 199815. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2
PackedOV-101220.1463.1Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 1997N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 2. m
CapillarySE-30100.1456.6Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m
CapillarySE-33120.1461.Juvancz, Cserháti, et al., 199410. m/0.20 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB240.1477.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1240.1472.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySE-54120.1473.Juvancz, Pulsipher, et al., 198910. m/0.20 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-30120.1448.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1451.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30160.1451.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30180.1450.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30200.1449.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30220.1442.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30240.1458.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedOV-101130.1432.Berezkin and Returnsky, 1984Chromaton N-AW; Column length: 1. m
PackedApiezon L170.1453.Nedopekina, Kovalev, et al., 1981N2, Chromatron N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 2.5 m
PackedOV-101150.1458.Delley and Friedrich, 1977Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh)
PackedSE-30180.1471.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-521435.Cakir, 200425. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, N2, 45. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1473.Schwob, Bessiere, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11457.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11459.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1011463.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011465.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1471.Radusiene, Judzentiene, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 3C/min => 70C => 15C/min => 170C(8min) => 5C/min => 250C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax240.1935.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-351100.1942.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351120.1924.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351140.1962.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351160.1957.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351180.1960.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351200.1960.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351220.1979.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedPEG-2000179.1950.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.1940.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M130.1980.Hedin, Thopson, et al., 1972N2; Column length: 15.24 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M130.1943.Singliar, 1972Column length: 2.55 m
PackedCarbowax 20M165.1952.Singliar, 1972Column length: 2.55 m
PackedCarbowax 20M180.1925.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedPEG-20M1925.Galt and MacLeod, 1984N2, Celite, 70. C @ 9. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 5.5 m; Tend: 175. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1940.Buttery, Kamm, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1469.Saroglou, Marin, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51466.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51474.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2003He, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11457.1Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1460.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1474.Heinrich, Pfeifhofer, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51473.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillarySPB-Sulfur1468.9de Lacy Costello, Evans, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, 40. C @ 12.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51473.Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51475.David, Scanlan, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-51472.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51473.Marques, McElfresh, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 100. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 275. C @ 3. min
CapillaryMega 5MS1460.Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-11460.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51487.Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11456.5Farkas, Le Quere, et al., 199430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 259. C
CapillaryUltra-11456.8Farkas, Le Quere, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 259. C
CapillaryUltra-11442.Tokuda, Saitoh, et al., 198812.5 m/0.20 mm/0.11 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 325. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillaryUltra-11443.Tokuda, Saitoh, et al., 198812.5 m/0.20 mm/0.11 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 325. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillaryDB-51473.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1478.2Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryVF-5MS1482.8Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryBPX-51486.Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 210C => 40C/min => 240C (4min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1490.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryBP-11456.Filippini, Tomi, et al., 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11462.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
CapillarySE-521471.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1970.Quijano, Linares, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1961.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1981.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1970.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1930.Brunton, Cronin, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1970.Marques, McElfresh, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 100. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1981.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryPEG-20M1977.Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 199760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1977.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1948.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1962.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1977.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1977.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101975.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1950.Peng, 19928. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Column length: 3.05 m; Tstart: 40. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1950.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Supelcoport, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min; Column length: 3.05 m; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1920.Schwab, Mahr, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1973.Chen and Ho, 1988He, 1.5 K/min, 225. C @ 80. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1957.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1964.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillarySupelcowax-101969.da Porto, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m; Program: 60C(8min) => 8C/min => 170C => 13C/min => 240C(20min)
CapillaryBP-201955.Filippini, Tomi, et al., 2000Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5120.1475.Verevkin, Krasnykh, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-11472.Bendiabdellah, El Amine Dib, et al., 201260. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-11472.Bendiabdellah, El Amine Dib, et al., 201260. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1476.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1477.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryElite-5 MS1475.Baharum, Bunawan, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryRTx-11474.Dib, Bendahou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-11472.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1476.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1475.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-51472.Vahirua-Lechat, Mitermite, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 2. min; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryDB-51430.Soleimani and Azar, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 60. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1464.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-1011451.Jerkovic, Mastelic, et al., 200725. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryElite-5MS1474.Tava, Pecetti, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51475.Navaei and Mirza, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51458.Jovanovic, Kitic, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1473.Tesevic, Nikicevic, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryHP-51466.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51466.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51466.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51466.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-51479.Ledauphin, Guichard, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1476.Sadraei, Ghannadi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-51478.Schwob, Bessière, et al., 2002He, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-21465.King, Matthews, et al., 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryUltra-11457.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11460.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11461.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011468.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011462.Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011458.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011462.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011488.Stern, Flath, et al., 198550. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-11468.Bendiabdellah, El Amine Dib, et al., 201260. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-11468.Bendiabdellah, El Amine Dib, et al., 201260. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1469.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1477.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1479.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1483.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1484.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1484.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryRTx-11474.Dib, Bendahou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-11470.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryZB-1 MS1457.Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryBPX-51484.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 210 0C 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBPX-51487.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11474.Nogueira, Marcelo-Curto, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51476.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-51471.Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 200750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1476.Kawaree, Phutdhawong, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, HGelium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 108 0C 3 0C/min -> 188 0C 4 0C/min -> 280 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1480.Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryBP-51485.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51471.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11468.Figueiredo, Sim-Sim, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1470.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-11468.Miguel, Simões, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillarySE-301468.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51476.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51475.0David, Scanlan, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1465.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1999Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.39 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541458.Um, Bailey, et al., 1992He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1460.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1953.Vahirua-Lechat, Mitermite, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 2. min; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1983.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1968.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1963.de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 30. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1956.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1956.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1959.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1961.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1956.Wu, Krings, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1977.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1953.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1969.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1973.Kaya, Baser, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryPEG-20M1961.Awano, Honda, et al., 1997He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1919.Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1946.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1920.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1925.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC1973.Akin, Saracoglu, et al., 201260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 oC/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1973.Bardakci, Demirci, et al., 201260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1977.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1983.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1984.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1973.Wedge, Klun, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1957.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1981.Li, Tao, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 160 0C 7 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1981.Li, Tao, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 160C => 7C/min => 230C (8min)
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1973.Tabanca N., Demirci B., et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1973.Tunalier, Candan, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1973.Duman, Kartal, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1973.Sezik E., Kocakulak E., et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1973.Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1973.Altintas, Kose, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1973.Demirci, Paper, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1973.Kivcak, Akay, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1925.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax FSC1973.Baser, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1973.Demirci, Baser, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1973.Erdemoglu, Sener, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1973.Tabanca, Kirimer, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1973.Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10 min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1974.Ziegleder, 1998He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C(40min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1947.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1950.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1983.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS250.63Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS252.06Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5251.68Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 1998
Kittiratanapiboon, K.; Jeyashoke, N.; Krisnangkura, K., The relationship of Kováts retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of fatty acid methyl esters on a methyl silicone capillary column, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1998, 36, 7, 361-364, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/36.7.361 . [all data]

Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 1997
Didaoui, L.; Touabet, A.; Meklati, B.Y., Comparison of mathematical methods for the calculation of retention indices at high temperature in gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1997, 20, 11, 605-610, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240201107 . [all data]

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Juvancz, Cserháti, et al., 1994
Juvancz, Z.; Cserháti, T.; Markides, K.E.; Bradshaw, J.S.; Lee, M.L., Characterization of some new polysiloxane stationary phases by principal component analysis, Chromatographia, 1994, 38, 3/4, 227-231, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02290341 . [all data]

Hanai and Hong, 1989
Hanai, T.; Hong, C., Structure-retention correlation in CGC, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 5, 327-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120517 . [all data]

Juvancz, Pulsipher, et al., 1989
Juvancz, Z.; Pulsipher, M.A.; Tarbet, B.J.; Schirmer, M.M.; Johnson, R.S.; Markides, K.E.; Bradshaw, J.S.; Lee, M.L., New cyanophenyl-containing polysiloxane stationary phases for capillary column gas chromatography, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1989, 1, 3, 142-149, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220010307 . [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1985
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 319, 131-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90548-5 . [all data]

Berezkin and Returnsky, 1984
Berezkin, V.G.; Returnsky, V.N., Calculation of invariant retention indices for a series of aliphatic alcohols and acetates by consideration of adsorption at the interface, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 292, 1, 9-17, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96185-0 . [all data]

Nedopekina, Kovalev, et al., 1981
Nedopekina, S.F.; Kovalev, B.G.; Kost, A.N., Use of Kovats indices for idetifying sex pheromones, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 1981, 17, 4, 376-380, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01185272 . [all data]

Delley and Friedrich, 1977
Delley, R.; Friedrich, K., System CG 72 von bevorzugten Trennflüssigkeiten für die Gas-Chromatographie, Chromatographia, 1977, 10, 10, 593-600, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02265037 . [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1970, 3, 4, 180-195, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269018 . [all data]

Cakir, 2004
Cakir, A., Essential oil and fatty acid composition of the fruits of Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Sea Buckthorn) and Myrtus communis L. from Turkey, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2004, 32, 9, 809-816, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2003.11.010 . [all data]

Schwob, Bessiere, et al., 2004
Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Viano, J., Changes in essential oil composition in Saint John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) aerial parts during its phenological cycle, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2004, 32, 8, 735-745, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2003.12.005 . [all data]

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Radusiene, Judzentiene, et al., 2005
Radusiene, J.; Judzentiene, A.; Bernotiene, G., Essential oil composition and variability of Hypericum perforatum L. growing in Lithuania, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 2, 113-124, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.06.010 . [all data]

Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., 1973, 1, 51-63. [all data]

Hedin, Thopson, et al., 1972
Hedin, P.A.; Thopson, A.C.; Gueldner, R.C.; Minyard, J.P., Volatile constituents of the boll weevil, J. Insect. Physiol., 1972, 18, 1, 79-86, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1910(72)90066-2 . [all data]

Singliar, 1972
Singliar, M., Chromatographic Behaviour and the Structure of Secondary Aliphatic Alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 65, 1, 311-321, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86946-0 . [all data]

Galt and MacLeod, 1984
Galt, A.M.; MacLeod, G., Headspace sampling of cooked beef aroma using Tenax GC, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 1, 59-64, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00121a016 . [all data]

Buttery, Kamm, et al., 1982
Buttery, R.G.; Kamm, J.A.; Ling, L.C., Volatile components of alfalfa flowers and pods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 4, 739-742, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00112a028 . [all data]

Saroglou, Marin, et al., 2007
Saroglou, V.; Marin, P.D.; Rancic, A.; Veljic, M.; Skaltsa, H., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of six Hypericum species from Serbia, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 3, 146-152, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.09.009 . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2007
Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 53-60, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1758 . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2003
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Azarpira, A.; Tabaei, S.M.H., Composition of the essential oil of Stachys setifera C.A. Mey ssp. iranica growing in Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 4, 299-300, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1165 . [all data]

Sun and Stremple, 2003
Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com/cag/cabu/pdf/b-0279.pdf. [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2003
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Gazea, F.; Cicciarelloi, G.; Cotroneo, A., Effects of rootstock on the composition of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau) essential oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 1, 206-210, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0206872 . [all data]

Heinrich, Pfeifhofer, et al., 2002
Heinrich, G.; Pfeifhofer, H.W.; Stabentheiner, E.; Sawidis, T., Glandular hairs of Sigesbeckia jorullensis Kunth (Asteraceae): morphology, histochemistry and composition of essential oil, Ann. Bot. Rome, 2002, 89, 4, 459-469, retrieved from http://www.aob.oupjournals.org, https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcf062 . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2002
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Nasiri, A., Composition of the essential oil of Salvia mirzayanii Rech. f. Esfand from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 6, 465-467, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1128 . [all data]

de Lacy Costello, Evans, et al., 2001
de Lacy Costello, B.P.J.; Evans, P.; Ewen, R.J.; Gunson, H.E.; Jones, P.R.H.; Ratcliffe, N.M.; Spencer-Phillips, P.T.N., Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses of volatile organic compounds from potato tubers inoculated with Phytophthora infestans or Fusarium coeruleum, Plant Pathol., 2001, 50, 4, 489-496, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3059.2001.00594.x . [all data]

Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 2001
Nogueira, P.C.L.; Bittrich, V.; Shepherd, G.J.; Lopes, A.V.; Marsaioli, A.J., The ecological and taxonomic importance of flower volatiles of Clusia species (Guttiferae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 56, 5, 443-452, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00213-2 . [all data]

David, Scanlan, et al., 2000
David, F.; Scanlan, F.; Sandra, P., Retention time locking in flavor analysis, Proceedings 23rd ISCC; CD-ROM, 2000, retrieved from http://www.richrom.com/assets/CD23PDF. [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Centaurea pelia DC., C. thessala Hausskn. subsp. drakiensis (Freyn Sint.) Georg. and C. zuccariniana DC. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 7-11, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<7::AID-FFJ860>3.0.CO;2-3 . [all data]

Marques, McElfresh, et al., 2000
Marques, F.A.; McElfresh, J.S.; Millar, J.G., Kováts retention indexes of monounsaturated C12, C14, and C16 alcohols, acetates and aldehydes commonly found in lepidopteran pheromone blends, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2000, 11, 6, 592-599, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532000000600007 . [all data]

Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 2000
Verzera, A.; la Rosa, G.; Zappalà, M.; Cotroneo, A., Essential oil composition of different cultivars of bergamot grown in Sicily, Ital. J. Food Sci., 2000, 12, 4, 493-501. [all data]

Valero, Sanz, et al., 1999
Valero, E.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., Volatile components in microwave- and conventionally-heated milk, Food Chem., 1999, 66, 3, 333-338, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00069-2 . [all data]

Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 1998
Aaslyng, M.D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the aroma characteristics of acid-hydrolyzed and enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable proteins produced from soy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5225-5231, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9806816 . [all data]

Farkas, Le Quere, et al., 1994
Farkas, P.; Le Quere, J.M.; Maarse, H.; Kovac, M., The standard GC retention index library of flavour compounds in Trends in flavour research. Proceedings of the 7th Weurman Flavour Research Symposium, Maarse,H.; van der Heij,D.G., ed(s)., Weurman Flavour Research Symposium, Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands, 1994, 145-149. [all data]

Tokuda, Saitoh, et al., 1988
Tokuda, H.; Saitoh, E.; Kimura, Y.; Takano, S., Automated analysis of various compounds with a wide range of boiling points by capillary gas chromatgraphy based on retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 454, 109-120, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)88606-9 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 2006
Cardeal, Z.L.; da Silva, M.D.R.G.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometric analysis of pepper volatiles, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 2006, 20, 19, 2823-2836, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2665 . [all data]

Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 2006
Varlet V.; Knockaert C.; Prost C.; Serot T., Comparison of odor-active volatile compounds of fresh and smoked salmon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 9, 3391-3401, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf053001p . [all data]

Filippini, Tomi, et al., 2000
Filippini, M.-H.; Tomi, F.; Casanova, J., Composition of the leaf oil of Ferula arrigonii Bocchieri, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 195-198, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<195::AID-FFJ891>3.0.CO;2-6 . [all data]

Peng, 2000
Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 903, 1-2, 117-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00901-8 . [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Quijano, Linares, et al., 2007
Quijano, C.E.; Linares, D.; Pino, J.A., Changes in volatile compounds of fermented cereza agria [Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels] fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 392-394, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1810 . [all data]

Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 2006
Gurbuz O.; Rouseff J.M.; Rouseff R.L., Comparison of aroma volatiles in commercial Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon wines using gas chromatography - Olfactometry and gas chromatography - Mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 11, 3990-3996, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf053278p . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Brunton, Cronin, et al., 2002
Brunton, N.P.; Cronin, D.A.; Monahan, F.J., Volatile components associated with freshly cooked and oxidized off-flavours in turkey breast meat, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 327-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1087 . [all data]

Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 1997
Shimoda, M.; Nakada, Y.; Nakashima, M.; Osajima, Y., Quantitative comparison of volatile flavor compounds in deep-roasted and light-roasted sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 8, 3193-3196, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970172o . [all data]

Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 1996
Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Nakada, Y.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Identification and sensory characterization of volatile flavor compounds in sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 12, 3909-3912, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960115f . [all data]

Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995
Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1616-1620, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a037 . [all data]

Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994
Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Off-flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 6, 1323-1327, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00042a014 . [all data]

Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994, 2
Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 984-988, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a028 . [all data]

Chung and Cadwallader, 1993
Chung, H.Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile components in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) meat and processing by-product, J. Food Sci., 1993, 58, 6, 1203-1207, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1993.tb06148.x . [all data]

Peng, 1992
Peng, C.T., A method for tentative identificatoin of unknown gas chromatographic peaks by retention index, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 1992, 160, 2, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02037120 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Maltby, D., Prediction of retention indexes. III. Silylated derivatives of polar compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 113-129, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80029-G . [all data]

Schwab, Mahr, et al., 1989
Schwab, W.; Mahr, C.; Schreier, P., Studies on the enzymic hydrolysis of bound aroma components from Carica papaya fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 4, 1009-1012, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00088a042 . [all data]

Chen and Ho, 1988
Chen, C.-C.; Ho, C.-T., Gas chromatographic analysis of volatile components of ginger oil (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) extracted with liquid carbon dioxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 2, 322-328, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00080a020 . [all data]

Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 2004
Ferrari, G.; Lablanquie, O.; Cantagrel, R.; Ledauphin, J.; Payot, T.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Determination of key odorant compounds in freshly distilled cognac using GC-O, GC-MS, and sensory evaluation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 18, 5670-5676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049512d . [all data]

Pennarun, Prost, et al., 2003
Pennarun, A.-L.; Prost, C.; Haure, J.; Demaimay, M., Comparison of two microalgal diets. 2. Influence on odorant composition and organoleptic qualities of raw oysters (Crassostrea gigas), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 7, 2011-2018, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020549c . [all data]

da Porto, Pizzale, et al., 2003
da Porto, C.; Pizzale, L.; Bravin, M.; Conte, L.S., Analyses of orange spirit flavour by direct-injection gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and headspace solid-phase microextraction/GC-MC, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 1, 66-72, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1164 . [all data]

Verevkin, Krasnykh, et al., 2003
Verevkin, Sergey P.; Krasnykh, Eugen L.; Vasiltsova, Tatiana V.; Heintz, Andreas, Determination of Ambient Temperature Vapor Pressures and Vaporization Enthalpies of Branched Ethers, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2003, 48, 3, 591-599, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0255980 . [all data]

Bendiabdellah, El Amine Dib, et al., 2012
Bendiabdellah, A.; El Amine Dib, M.; Djabou, N.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Costa, J.; Myseli, A., Biological activities and volatile cinstituents of Daucus muricatus L. from Algeria, Chem. Centr. J., 2012, 6, 48, 1-22. [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Baharum, Bunawan, et al., 2010
Baharum, S.N.; Bunawan, H.; Ghani, M.A.; Mustafa, W.A.W.; Noor, N.M., Analysis of the chemical composition of the essential oil of Polygonum minus Huds. using two-dimensional gas chromatography - time of flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS), Molecules, 2010, 15, 10, 7006-7015, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15107006 . [all data]

Dib, Bendahou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.A.; Bendahou, M.; Bendiabdellah, A.; Djabou, N.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Paolini, J.; Costa, J., Partial chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Daucus crinitus Desf. extracts, Grasas y Aceites, 2010, 61, 3, 271-278, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.122609 . [all data]

Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.ElA.; Djabou, N.; Desjobert, L.-M.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Muselli, A.; Costa, J., Characterization of volatile compounds of Daucus crinitus Desf. headspace solid phase microextraction as alternative technique to hydrodistillation, Chem, Centr. J., 2010, 4, 16, 1-15. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Dordevic, N.; Markovic, M.; Palic, R., Volatile constituents of Glechoma Hirsuta Waldst. Kit. and G. Hederacea L. (Lamiaceae), Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2010, 24, 1, 67-76, https://doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v24i1.52962 . [all data]

Vahirua-Lechat, Mitermite, et al., 2010
Vahirua-Lechat, I.; Mitermite, Y.; Menut, C., Aromatic plants of French Polynesia. IV. Composition and chemical variations of the essential oils of leaves of Etlingera cevuga (seeman) R.E. Smith, J. Essen. Oil Res., 2010, 22, 5, 407-409, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700357 . [all data]

Soleimani and Azar, 2009
Soleimani, M.; Azar, P.A., Volatile composition of Ruta graveolens L. of North of Iran, World Appl. Sci. J., 2009, 7, 1, 124-126. [all data]

Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 2007, 65, 3-4, 217-222, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0130-5 . [all data]

Jerkovic, Mastelic, et al., 2007
Jerkovic, I.; Mastelic, J.; Marijanovic, Z., Bound volatile compounds and essential oil from the fruit of Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid. (osage orange), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 84-88, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1763 . [all data]

Tava, Pecetti, et al., 2007
Tava, A.; Pecetti, L.; Ricci, M.; Pagnotta, M.A.; Russi, L., Volatile compounds from leaves and flowers of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt. (Fabaceae) from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 363-370, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1806 . [all data]

Navaei and Mirza, 2006
Navaei, M.N.; Mirza, M., Chemical composition of the oil of Eremostachys laciniata (L.) Bunge from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 645-646, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1635 . [all data]

Jovanovic, Kitic, et al., 2005
Jovanovic, T.; Kitic, D.; Palic, R.; Stojanovic, G.; Ristic, M., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Acinos arvensis (Lam.) Dandy from Serbia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 3, 288-290, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1409 . [all data]

Tesevic, Nikicevic, et al., 2005
Tesevic, V.; Nikicevic, N.; Jovanovic, A.; Djokovic, D.; Vujisic, L.; Vuckovic, I.; Bonic, M., Volatile components from old plum brandies, Food Technol. Biotechnol., 2005, 43, 4, 367-372. [all data]

Ledauphin, Guichard, et al., 2003
Ledauphin, J.; Guichard, H.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Picoche, B.; Barillier, D., Chemical and sensorial aroma characterization of freshly distilled calvados. 2. Identification of volatile compounds and key odorants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 2, 433-442, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020373e . [all data]

Sadraei, Ghannadi, et al., 2003
Sadraei, H.; Ghannadi, A.; Malekshahi, K., Composition of the essential oil of Asa-foetida and its spasmolytic action, Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 2003, 11, 3, 136-140. [all data]

Schwob, Bessière, et al., 2002
Schwob, I.; Bessière, J.-M.; Viano, J., Composition of the essential oils of Hypericum perforatum L. from southeastern France, C.R. Acad. Sci. Ser. 3:, 2002, 325, 781-785. [all data]

King, Matthews, et al., 1995
King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 3, 773-778, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00051a039 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Shiota, 1991
Shiota, H., Volatile components of pawpaw fruit (Asimina triloba Dunal.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 9, 1631-1635, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00009a019 . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989
Sugisawa, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., The comparison of volatile components in peel oil from four species of navel orange, Nippon Shokuhin Kogio Gakkaishi, 1989, 36, 6, 455-462, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.36.6_455 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989
Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. Biol. Chem., 1989, 53, 6, 1721-1723, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.53.1721 . [all data]

Stern, Flath, et al., 1985
Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Lundin, R.E.; Benson, M.E., Crude oleic acid volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 180-184, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a005 . [all data]

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

VOC BinBase, 2012
VOC BinBase, The volatile compound BinBase (VOC BinBase), 2012, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects/VocBinBase and http://binbase.sourceforge.net. [all data]

Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011
Skogerson, K.; Wohlgemuth, G.; Fiehn, O., VocBinNase, 2011, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects//VocBinBase. [all data]

Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 2009
Al-Reza, S.M.; Rahman, A.; Kang, S.C., Chemical composition and inhibitory effect of essentiasl oil and organic extracts of Cestrum nocturnum L. om food-borne pathogens, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2009, 44, 6, 1176-1182, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2009.01939.x . [all data]

se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 2009
se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 2009, 1216, 14, 2881-2890, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.061 . [all data]

Nogueira, Marcelo-Curto, et al., 2008
Nogueira, T.; Marcelo-Curto, M.J.; Cristina Figueiredo, A.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Rubiolo, P.; Bicchi, C., Chemotaxonomy of Hypericum genus from Portugal: Geographical distribution and essential oils composition of Hypericum perfoliatum, Hypericum humifusum, Hypericum linarifolium and Hypericum pulchrum, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2008, 36, 1, 40-50, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2007.07.004 . [all data]

Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 2008
Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 2008, 79, 1, 172-180, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.08.011 . [all data]

Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 2007
Nivinsliene, O.; Butkiene, R.; Gudalevic, A.; Mockute, D.; Meskauskiene, V.; Grigaliunaite, B., Influence of urban environment on chemical composition of Tilia cordata essential oil, Chemija, 2007, 18, 1, 44-49. [all data]

Kawaree, Phutdhawong, et al., 2006
Kawaree, R.; Phutdhawong, W.; Picha, P.; Ngamkham, J., Chemical compounds, anticancer and antioxidant activities of volatile oil from Piper sarmentosum Roxb., Polyscias fruticosa Harms. and Polygonum odoratum Lour., KMITI Sci. J., 2006, 6, 2b, 499-504. [all data]

Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 2005
Alissandrakis, E.; Kibaris, A.C.; Tarantilis, P.A.; Harizanis, P.C.; Polissiou, M., Flavour compounds of Greek cotton honey, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2005, 85, 9, 1444-1452, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2124 . [all data]

Eyres, Dufour, et al., 2005
Eyres, G.; Dufour, J.-P.; Hallifax, G.; Sotheeswaran, S.; Marriott, P.J., Identification of character-impact odorants in coriander and wild coriander leaves using gas chromatography-olfactometry (GCO) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC-TOFMS), J. Sep. Sci., 2005, 28, 9-10, 1061-1074, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200500012 . [all data]

Figueiredo, Sim-Sim, et al., 2005
Figueiredo, A.C.; Sim-Sim, M.; Costa, M.M.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Esquível, M.G.; Gutierres, F.; Lobo, C.; Fontinha, S., Comparison of the essential oil composition of four Plagiochila species: P. bifaria, P. maderensis, P. retrorsa and P. stricta, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 703-709, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1627 . [all data]

Maia, Andrade, et al., 2004
Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), Food Chem., 2004, 85, 2, 195-197, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00292-9 . [all data]

Miguel, Simões, et al., 2004
Miguel, G.; Simões, M.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Carvalho, L., Composition and antioxidant activities of the essential oils of Thymus caespititius, Thymus camphoratus and Thymus mastichina, Food Chem., 2004, 86, 2, 183-188, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.08.031 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 2003
Machiels, D.; van Ruth, S.M.; Posthumus, M.A.; Istasse, L., Gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of the volatile compounds of two commercial Irish beef meats, Talanta, 2003, 60, 4, 755-764, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(03)00133-4 . [all data]

David, Scanlan, et al., 2002
David, F.; Scanlan, F.; Sandra, P.; Szelewski, M., Analysis of essential oil compounds using retention time locked methods and retention time databases, 2002, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com. [all data]

Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1999
Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Splittgerber, U.; Son, P.T.; Giang, P.M.; Kaul, V.K., Constituents of the essential oil from the fruits of Zanthoxylum rhetsoides Drake from Vietnam and from the aerial parts of Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb. from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 4, 225-229, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199907/08)14:4<225::AID-FFJ818>3.0.CO;2-1 . [all data]

Um, Bailey, et al., 1992
Um, K.W.; Bailey, M.E.; Clarke, A.D.; Chao, R.R., Concentration and identification of volatile compounds from heated beef fat using supercritical CO2 extraction-gas liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 9, 1641-1646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00021a033 . [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008
Beck, J.J.; Higbee, B.S.; Marrill, G.B.; Roitman, J.N., Comparison of volatile emissions from undamaged and mechanically damaged almonds, J, Sci. Food Argic., 2008, 88, 8, 1363-1368, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3224 . [all data]

de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005
de la Fuente, E.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Characterization of Spanish unifloral honeys by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Sep. Sci., 2005, 28, 9-10, 1093-1100, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200500018 . [all data]

Wu, Krings, et al., 2005
Wu, S.; Krings, U.; Zorn, H.; Berger, R.G., Volatile compounds from the fruiting bodies of beefsteak fungus Fistulina hepatica (Schaeffer: Fr.) Fr., Food Chem., 2005, 92, 2, 221-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.07.013 . [all data]

Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004
Soria, A.C.; Gonzalez, M.; de Lorenzo, C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanza, J., Characterization of artisanal honeys from Madrid (Central Spain) on the basis of their melissopalynological, physicochemical and volatile composition data, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 1, 121-130, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.06.012 . [all data]

Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 2002
Suhardi, S.; Suzuki, M.; Yoshida, K.; Muto, T.; Fujita, A.; Watanbe, N., Changes in the volatile compounds and in the chemical and physical properties of snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw) Cv. Pondoh during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 26, 7627-7633, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020620e . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3463-3469, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0001738 . [all data]

Kaya, Baser, et al., 1999
Kaya, A.; Baser, K.H.C.; Koca, F., Essential oils of Acinos troodi (Post) Leblebici subsp. vardaranus Leblebici and subsp. grandiflorus Hartvig Strid, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 1, 50-54, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199901/02)14:1<50::AID-FFJ783>3.0.CO;2-7 . [all data]

Awano, Honda, et al., 1997
Awano, K.; Honda, T.; Ogawa, T.; Suzuki, S.; Matsunaga, Y., Volatile components of Phalaenopsis schilleriana Rehb. f., Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 5, 341-344, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199709/10)12:5<341::AID-FFJ657>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]

Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 1996
Kubota, K.; Matsujage, Y.; Sekiwa, Y.; Kobayashi, A., Identification of the characteristic volatile flavor compounds formed by cooking squid (Todarodes pacificus Steenstrup), Food Sci. Technol., 1996, 2, 3, 163-166. [all data]

Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992
Hatsuko, S.; Kazuko, H.; Masayoshi, K.; Yoshiaki, I., Improvement of quality of likorine extract by heat treatment, J. Food Sci. Technol., 1992, 39, 11, 976-983, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.39.976 . [all data]

Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991
Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A., Volatitle constituents of greem mate and roasted mate, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1275-1279, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a016 . [all data]

Akin, Saracoglu, et al., 2012
Akin, M.; Saracoglu, H.T.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils from different parts of Buplerum rotundifolium L., Rec. Nat. Prod., 2012, 6, 3, 316-320. [all data]

Bardakci, Demirci, et al., 2012
Bardakci, H.; Demirci, B.; Yesilada, E.; Kirmizibekmez, H.; Naser, K.H.C., Chemical composition of the essential oil of the subterranean parts of Valeriana alliariifolia, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2012, 6, 1, 89-92. [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Wedge, Klun, et al., 2009
Wedge, D.E.; Klun, J.A.; Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Ozek, T.; Baser, K.H.C.; Liu, Z.; Zhang, S.; Cantrell, C.L.; Zhang, J., Bioactivity-guided fractionation and GC/MS fingerprinting of Amgelica sinensis and Angelica archangelica root components for antifungal and mosquito deterrent activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 2, 464-470, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802820d . [all data]

Li, Tao, et al., 2008
Li, H.; Tao, Y.-S.; Wang, H.; Zhang, L., Impact odorants of Chardonnay dry white wine from Changli Counti (China), Eur. Food. Res. Technol., 2008, 227, 1, 287-292, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-007-0722-9 . [all data]

Li, Tao, et al., 2007
Li, H.; Tao, Y.-S.; Wang, H.; Zhang, L., Impact odorants of Chardonnay dry white wine from Changli County (China), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2007, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-007-0722-9 . [all data]

Tabanca N., Demirci B., et al., 2007
Tabanca N.; Demirci B.; Crockett S.L.; Baser K.H.C.; Wedge D.E., Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Arnica longifolia, Aster hesperius, and Chrysothamnus nauseosus essential oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 21, 8430-8435, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071379c . [all data]

Tunalier, Candan, et al., 2006
Tunalier, Z.; Candan, N.T.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H., The essential oil composition of Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. of Turkish origin, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 462-464, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1670 . [all data]

Duman, Kartal, et al., 2005
Duman, H.; Kartal, M.; Altun, L.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The essential oil of Stachys laetivirens Kotschy Boiss. ex Rech. fil., endemic in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 48-50, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1362 . [all data]

Sezik E., Kocakulak E., et al., 2005
Sezik E.; Kocakulak E.; Baser K.H.C.; Ozek T., Composition of the essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus subsp macrocarpa from Turkey, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, 41, 3, 352-354, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0149-0 . [all data]

Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 2005
Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Kirimer, N.; Baser, K.H.C.; Bedir, E.; Khand, I.A.; Wedge, D.E., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella aurea, Pimpinella corymbosa, Pimpinella peregrina and Pimpinella puberula gathered from Eastern and Southern Turkey, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1097, 1-2, 192-198, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.10.047 . [all data]

Altintas, Kose, et al., 2004
Altintas, A.; Kose, Y.B.; Yucel, E.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Composition of the essential oil of Centaurea dichroa, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2004, 40, 6, 604-605, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0051-9 . [all data]

Demirci, Paper, et al., 2004
Demirci, F.; Paper, D.H.; Demirci, F.; Hüsnü Can Baser, K.; Franz, G., Essential oil of Betula pendula Roth. buds, eCAM, 2004, 1, 3, 301-303. [all data]

Kivcak, Akay, et al., 2004
Kivcak, B.; Akay, S.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Chemical composition of essential oils from leaves and twigs of Pistacia lentiscus, Pistacia lentiscus var. chia, and Pistacia terebinthus from Turkey, Pharm. Biol, 2004, 42, 4-5, 360-366, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200490519677 . [all data]

Baser, Demirci, et al., 2003
Baser, K.H.C.; Demirci, B.; Dekebo, A.; Dagne, E., Essential oils of some Boswellia spp., myrrh and opopanax, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 153-156, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1166 . [all data]

Demirci, Baser, et al., 2003
Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Yildiz, B.; Bahcecioglu, Z., Composition of the essential oils of six endemic Salvia spp. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 116-121, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1173 . [all data]

Erdemoglu, Sener, et al., 2003
Erdemoglu, N.; Sener, B.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The glycosidically bound volatile compounds of Taxus baccata, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2003, 39, 2, 195-198, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024870031960 . [all data]

Tabanca, Kirimer, et al., 2001
Tabanca, N.; Kirimer, N.; Demirci, B.; Demirci, F.; Can Baser, K.H., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Micromeria cristata subsp. phrygia and the enantiomeric distribution of borneol, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 9, 4300-4303, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0105034 . [all data]

Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 2000
Kirimer, N.; Tabanca, N.; Özek, T.; Tümen, G.; Baser, K.H.C., Essential oils of annual Sideritis species growing in Turkey, Pharm. Biol., 2000, 38, 2, 106-111, https://doi.org/10.1076/1388-0209(200004)3821-1FT106 . [all data]

Ziegleder, 1998
Ziegleder, G., Volatile and odorous compounds in unprinted paperboard, Packag. Technol. Sci., 1998, 11, 5, 231-239, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1522(1998090)11:5<231::AID-PTS437>3.0.CO;2-A . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References