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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1278.5Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101150.1263.4Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.1273.1Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11286.Allegrone, Belliardo, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1317.Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1317.Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1308.Asuming, Beauchamp, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-11286.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11287.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11287.Smallfield, Perry, et al., 1994H2, 5. K/min; Column length: 9.5 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1281.9Rao, Rajanikanth, et al., 19894. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min; Column length: 12. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryOV-1011281.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011281.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1310.Alissandrakis E., Tarantilis P.A., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 3C/min => 160C => 10C/min => 200C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1609.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1609.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1315.Zaikin, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 15. K/min, 270. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-51309.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-11286.Paolini, Muselli, et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1305.Saroglou, Marin, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51310.Bylaite and Meyer, 200630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 50. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51305.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1305.Kukic J., Petrovic S., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1307.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1301.Vujisic L., Vuckovic I., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryHP-51299.Vundac, Pfeifhofer, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1307.9Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1290.Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006H2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-51310.Alves, Pinto, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min, 270. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryHP-51307.Celik, Gokturk, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBPX-51319.Dickschat J.S., Wagner-Dobler I., et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryMDN-51305.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51308.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51306.bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 75. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 210. C @ 1. min
CapillaryHP-51303.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1306.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1305.Smadja, Rondeau, et al., 200560. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51304.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-51304.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1300.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1305.Aligiannis, Kalpoutzakis, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryRTX-51306.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-51306.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-11286.Chisholm, Jell, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-11286.Chisholm, Jell, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-11292.Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySPB-11292.Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySPB-11288.Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryHP-51308.Dural, Bagci, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51307.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51306.Fokialakis, Melliou, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51305.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1300.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51308.8Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBPX-51320.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51308.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-11288.Lota, de Rocca Serra, et al., 200250. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1300.Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-11292.Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 200115. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min, 225. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-11288.Lota, Serra, et al., 200150. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBPX-51316.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1305.Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51311.David, Scanlan, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1311.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51305.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51305.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryRTX-51311.Mondello, Zappia, et al., 200010. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 12.3 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 350. C
CapillaryHP-51305.Song, Sawamura, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51305.Song, Sawamura, et al., 2000, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1300.Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1300.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51305.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBP-11288.Lota, Serra, et al., 199950. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryOV-11290.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-11290.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51310.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11286.Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-51309.Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199660. m/0.33 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySE-301284.Misharina and Golovnya, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51310.Moio L., Rillo L., et al., 199630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11288.Specht and Baltes, 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-1011287.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011287.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011278.Misharina, Aerove, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11285.7Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11285.9Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1293.Hendriks and Bruins, 19834. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 205. C
PackedApiezon M1272.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedApiezon M1280.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedApiezon M1281.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedSE-301296.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1309.2Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryBPX-51314.Dharmawan, Kasapis, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 4C/min => 200C => 30C/min => 300C (3min)
CapillaryVF-5MS1295.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryVF-5MS1298.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryVF-5MS1298.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-5MS1307.Selli, Rannou, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 5C/min => 200C => 8C/min => 260C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1319.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1319.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillarySE-521307.Frizzo, Lorenzo, et al., 200425. m/0.32 mm/0.43 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1311.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-51306.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1317.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryBP-11286.Filippini, Tomi, et al., 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11287.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
CapillaryBPX-51320.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C (10min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillarySE-521306.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1593.Paolini, Muselli, et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-201606.Bousmaha, Boti, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1649.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1622.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1625.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryMegawax1580.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1587.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryInnowax1610.Chisholm, Jell, et al., 200315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax1624.Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax1624.Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 10. min
CapillaryMegawax1580.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1594.Brunton, Cronin, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201598.Lota, de Rocca Serra, et al., 200250. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-201598.Lota, Serra, et al., 200150. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1630.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1618.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryMegawax1580.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-201598.Lota, Serra, et al., 199950. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1598.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1612.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1594.7Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1598.0Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1606.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax1591.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryRTX-Wax1598.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-201596.Filippini, Tomi, et al., 2000Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOptima-51307.Al-Qudah, Muhaidat, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryHP-51305.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1309.Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryElite-5 MS1308.Baharum, Bunawan, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryRTX-11290.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51309.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51310.Miyazawa, Kawauchi, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1307.Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1309.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-51309.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillarySLB-5 MS1307.Scandinaro, Tranchida, et al., 201010. m/0.10 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Helium, 10. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1303.Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 225. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-11283.Paolini, Tomi, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryOV-11354.Wang, Yi, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 6. K/min; Tstart: 65. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1318.Ferhat, Meklati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1306.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-11285.Lan Phi N.T., Nishiyama C., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11284.Lan Phi N.T., Nishiyama C., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51310.Najafpour Navaei, Mirza, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryPE-51305.Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 200650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-51305.Pino, Marquez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51305.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51307.Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51308.Shafi, Jose, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-11274.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1296.Rohloff and Bones, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1296.Rohloff and Bones, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11282.Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 2.5 K/min, 265. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11293.Choi, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51305.Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 4. min
CapillaryHP-51308.Mookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003Helium, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 60. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-51306.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-51309.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51313.Senatore and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51309.Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11281.Gancel, Ollé, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 20. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 245. C
CapillaryRSL-2001291.Jirovetz, Smith, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51301.Limberger, Simões-Pires, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51313.Lin, Rouseff, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillarySPB-51304.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryRTX-51307.Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 200220. m/0.18 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 3.5 min, 40. K/min, 290. C @ 0.5 min
CapillarySPB-51308.Poligné, Collignan, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011287.Yang, 2001N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011287.Yang, 2001, 2N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51306.Mitiku, Sawamura, et al., 200030. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCBP-11286.Lamarque, Maestri, et al., 1998He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51306.Poiana, Sicari, et al., 199825. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min, 290. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-11290.Boatright and Crum, 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 3. min
CapillaryUltra-21311.King, Matthews, et al., 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone1286.Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryUltra-21306.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51310.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1011287.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011287.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51296.Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11285.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryOV-1011290.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011287.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011287.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011288.Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011283.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011287.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-541308.Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988N2, 60. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11285.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11294.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS1309.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1309.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1313.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51307.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51305.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1306.Payo, Colo, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1310.Payo, Colo, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1313.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-11280.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51307.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1309.Scandinaro, Tranchida, et al., 201010. m/0.10 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51300.Custer, 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 11 0C/min -> 280 0C (15 min)
CapillaryHP-51306.Custer, 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1319.Dharmawan, Kasapis, et al., 200960. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 120 0C 2 0C/min -> 240 0C 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (2 min)
CapillaryHP-51308.Riahi, Pourbasheer, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51318.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 210 0C 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBPX-51316.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11288.Nogueira, Marcelo-Curto, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51307.Qiao, Xie, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-51314.Qiao, Xie, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51318.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1306.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1307.Kawaree, Phutdhawong, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, HGelium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 108 0C 3 0C/min -> 188 0C 4 0C/min -> 280 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1308.Singh G., Maurya S., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 1.5C => 185C => 9C/min => 275C (2min)
CapillaryBP-51319.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51306.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-51311.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51314.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51319.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51321.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51325.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51326.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryMDN-51310.Jelen and Grabarkiewicz-Szczesna, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1306.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301290.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541304.Buettner, Mestres, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryBPX-51310.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51310.6David, Scanlan, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)1309.Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1305.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011287.Yang, 2001N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1287.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Phase thickness: 0.39 «mu»m; Program: not specified
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1289.Sagrero-Nieves and Bartley, 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryRSL-1501287.Buchbauer, Nikiforov, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30c (1.5min) => 20C/min => 55C => 6C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillaryDB-11285.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11285.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySE-541308.Um, Bailey, et al., 1992He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1289.Grundschober, 1991Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1610.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1611.Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2010Helium, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryStabilwax1600.Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 225. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1604.Paolini, Tomi, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCarbowax1592.Ferhat, Meklati, et al., 200760. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1600.Lan Phi N.T., Nishiyama C., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1601.Lan Phi N.T., Nishiyama C., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1622.Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1622.Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101630.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101634.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101634.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Choi, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1611.Choi, 2004, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1614.Mookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003Helium, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 60. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1593.Gancel, Ollé, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 1.5 K/min, 245. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1597.Tu, Onishi, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1610.Tu, Thanh, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101604.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101607.Lamarque, Maestri, et al., 1998He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1583.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1589.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1600.Buttery, Ling, et al., 198050. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelco CO Wax-101599.Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 201260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 25 0C/min -> 250 0C (6 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1622.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1645.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax FSC1617.Baser K.H.C., Ozek G., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1622.Baser, Özek, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min >220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1617.Altintas, Kose, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1589.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1585.Bais, Dattatreya, et al., 2003He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1598.Bais, Dattatreya, et al., 2003He; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP1595.Buettner, Mestres, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min
CapillaryInnowax1609.Baser, Özek, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1604.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998N2; Column length: 60. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol1609.Grundschober, 1991Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5239.1Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes239.08Eckel and Kind, 2003Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Zaikin, V.G., Personal communication: Retention indices measured during 2010, 2010. [all data]

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Vundac, Pfeifhofer, et al., 2006
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Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
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Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006
Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; König, W.A., Secondary metabolites from Ganoderma lucidum and Spongiporus leucomallellus, Phytochemistry, 2006, 67, 2, 202-211, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.10.025 . [all data]

Alves, Pinto, et al., 2005
Alves, R.J.V.; Pinto, A.C.; da Costa, A.V.M.; Rezende, C.M., Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. (Rhamnaceae) and the chemical composition of its floral fecal odor, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2005, 16, 3B, 654-656, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532005000400027 . [all data]

Celik, Gokturk, et al., 2005
Celik, S.; Gokturk, R.S.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oils of Phlomis leucophracta, Phlomis chimerae and Phlomis grandiflora var. grandiflora from Turkey, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 6, 617-623, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.11.010 . [all data]

Dickschat J.S., Wagner-Dobler I., et al., 2005
Dickschat J.S.; Wagner-Dobler I.; Schulz S., The chafer pheromone buibuilactone and ant pyrazines are also produced by marine bacteria, J. Chem. Ecol., 2005, 31, 4, 925-947, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-005-3553-9 . [all data]

Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2005
Dugo, P.; Mondello, L.; Favoino, O.; Cicero, L.; Rodriguez Zenteno, N.A.; Dugo, G., Characterization of cold-pressed Mexican dancy tangerine oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 60-66, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1367 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oils and in vivo emission of volatiles of four Lamium species from Italy: L. purpureum, L. hybridum, L. bifidum and L. amplexicaule, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 63-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.047 . [all data]

bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 2005
bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ayop, N.; Ahmad, A.S., Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of Peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 601-604, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1495 . [all data]

Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 2005
Mahattanatawee, K.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A., Volatile constituents and character impact compounds of selected Florida's tropical fruit, Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 2005, 118, 414-418. [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Smadja, Rondeau, et al., 2005
Smadja, J.; Rondeau, P.; Sing, A.S.C., Volatile constituents of five Citrus Petitgrain essential oils from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 4, 399-402, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1438 . [all data]

Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 2005
Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile aroma components of soy protein isolate and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 4, 861-873, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.06.005 . [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2005
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Zappala, M.; Condurso, C.; Cotroneo, A., Essential Oil Composition of Citrus meyerii Y. Tan. and Citrus medica L. cv. Diamante and Their Lemon Hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 12, 4890-4894, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047879c . [all data]

Aligiannis, Kalpoutzakis, et al., 2004
Aligiannis, N.; Kalpoutzakis, E.; Kyriakopoulou, I.; Mitaku, S.; Chinou, I.B., Essential oils of Phlomis species growing in Greece: chemical composition and antimicrobial activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 320-324, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1305 . [all data]

Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2004
Dugo, P.; Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Cotroneo, A.; Russo, M.T., The composition of the volatile fraction and the enantiomeric distribution of five volatile components of faustrime oil (Monocitrus australatica x Fortunella sp. x Citrus aurantifolia), J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 328-333, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698734 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 32-35, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1269 . [all data]

Chisholm, Jell, et al., 2003
Chisholm, M.G.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Characterization of the major odorants found in the peel oil of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Clementine using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 4, 275-281, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1188 . [all data]

Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 2003
Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M., Characterization of aroma volatiles in key lime essential oils (Cirtrus aurantifolia Swingle), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 106-115, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1172 . [all data]

Dural, Bagci, et al., 2003
Dural, H.; Bagci, Y.; Ertugrul, K.; Demirelma, H.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey, Centaurea mucronifera and Centaurea chrysantha, collected in the same habitat, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 12, 1417-1425, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00128-5 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Ceccarini, L.; Andolfi, L.; Macchia, M., Composition of the essential oil of Medicago marina L. from the coastal dunes of Tuscany, Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 460-462, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1253 . [all data]

Fokialakis, Melliou, et al., 2003
Fokialakis, N.; Melliou, E.; Magiatis, P.; Harvala, C.; Mitaku, S., Composition of the steam volatiles of six Euphorbia spp. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 1, 39-42, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1148 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003
Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 2003, 64, 3, 743-752, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00386-8 . [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2003
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Gazea, F.; Cicciarelloi, G.; Cotroneo, A., Effects of rootstock on the composition of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau) essential oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 1, 206-210, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0206872 . [all data]

Xu, van Stee, et al., 2003
Xu, X.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Adahchour, M.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th.; Lelieveld, J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) measurements of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2003, 3, 3, 665-682, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-3-665-2003 . [all data]

Bredie, Mottram, et al., 2002
Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1118-1125, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0111662 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2002
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Differences in the fragrances of pollen and different floral parts of male and female flowers of Laurus nobilis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 16, 4647-4652, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020269x . [all data]

Lota, de Rocca Serra, et al., 2002
Lota, M.-L.; de Rocca Serra, D.; Tomi, F.; Jacquemond, C.; Casanova, J., Volatile components of peel and leaf oils of lemon and lime species, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 4, 796-805, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010924l . [all data]

Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 2002
Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Ames, J.M.; Bakker, J., Comparison of the volatile components of eight cultivars of potato after microwave baking, Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 2002, 35, 1, 80-86, https://doi.org/10.1006/fstl.2001.0819 . [all data]

Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 2001
Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Chapter 9. The identification of aroma compounds in key lime oil using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-olfactometry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 2001, 782, 100-112. [all data]

Lota, Serra, et al., 2001
Lota, M.-L.; Serra, D.R.; Jacquemond, C.; Tomi, F.; Casanova, J., Chemical variability of peel and leaf essential oils of sour orange, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 89-96, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200103/04)16:2<89::AID-FFJ950>3.0.CO;2-D . [all data]

Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 2001
Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Duckham, S.C.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of volatile compounds isolated from the skin and flesh of four potato cultivars after baking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 5, 2414-2421, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012345 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 2001
Skaltsa, H.D.; Mavrommati, A.; Constantinidis, T., A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect. Swainsonianeae (Labiatae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 57, 2, 235-244, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00003-6 . [all data]

David, Scanlan, et al., 2000
David, F.; Scanlan, F.; Sandra, P., Retention time locking in flavor analysis, Proceedings 23rd ISCC; CD-ROM, 2000, retrieved from http://www.richrom.com/assets/CD23PDF. [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 905, 1-2, 233-240, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00990-0 . [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Cerastium candidissimum, a Greek endemic species, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 174-176, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<174::AID-FFJ886>3.0.CO;2-Y . [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000, 2
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Centaurea pelia DC., C. thessala Hausskn. subsp. drakiensis (Freyn Sint.) Georg. and C. zuccariniana DC. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 7-11, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<7::AID-FFJ860>3.0.CO;2-3 . [all data]

Mondello, Zappia, et al., 2000
Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Dugo, G., Identification of complex samples by Fast-GC/MS using linear retention indices in conjunction with the MS-library, Proceedings, 23rd ISCC; CD-ROM, 2000, retrieved from http://www.richrom.com/assets/CD23PDF. [all data]

Song, Sawamura, et al., 2000
Song, H.S.; Sawamura, M.; Ito, T.; Kawashimo, K.; Ukeda, H., Quantitative determination of characteric flavour of Citrus junos (yuzu) peel oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 4, 245-250, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200007/08)15:4<245::AID-FFJ904>3.0.CO;2-V . [all data]

Song, Sawamura, et al., 2000, 2
Song, H.S.; Sawamura, M.; Ito, T.; Ido, A.; Ukeda, H., Quantitative determination and characteristic flavour of daidai (Citrus aurantium L. var. cyathifera Y. Tanaka) peel oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 5, 323-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200009/10)15:5<323::AID-FFJ918>3.0.CO;2-J . [all data]

Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 2000
Verzera, A.; la Rosa, G.; Zappalà, M.; Cotroneo, A., Essential oil composition of different cultivars of bergamot grown in Sicily, Ital. J. Food Sci., 2000, 12, 4, 493-501. [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2000
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Cotroneo, A.; Lorenzo, D.; Dellacassa, E., Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 7, 2903-2909, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990734z . [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 1999
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Essential oils of Marrubium velutinum Sm. and Marrubium peregrinum L., growing wild in Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 5, 290-292, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199909/10)14:5<290::AID-FFJ828>3.0.CO;2-4 . [all data]

Lota, Serra, et al., 1999
Lota, M.-L.; Serra, D.R.; Tomi, F.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Casanova, J., Chemical composition of peel and leaf essential oils of Citrus medica L. and C. limonimedica Lush., Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 3, 161-166, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199905/06)14:3<161::AID-FFJ801>3.0.CO;2-8 . [all data]

Valero, Sanz, et al., 1999
Valero, E.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., Volatile components in microwave- and conventionally-heated milk, Food Chem., 1999, 66, 3, 333-338, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00069-2 . [all data]

Moio and Addeo, 1998
Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 1998, 65, 2, 317-333, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029997002768 . [all data]

Helmig, Pollock, et al., 1996
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Notes

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