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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Optima-5HP-5HP-5 MSElite-5 MSRTX-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 246.240.260.220.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.4.4.2.
Initial hold (min) 1.2.   
Final hold (min)   5. 30.
I 1307.1305.1309.1308.1290.
ReferenceAl-Qudah, Muhaidat, et al., 2012Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2011Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 2011Baharum, Bunawan, et al., 2010Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.40.60.70.70.
Tend (C) 240.260.220.290.290.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 2. 10.  
Final hold (min)  5. 10. 
I 1309.1310.1307.1309.1309.
ReferenceKahriman, Tosun, et al., 2010Miyazawa, Kawauchi, et al., 2010Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 2010Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SLB-5 MSRTX-5 MSRTX-1OV-1HP-5MS
Column length (m) 10.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.100.250.220.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.100.500.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.35.60.65.60.
Tend (C) 250.225.230.260.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.6.2.6.2.
Initial hold (min)  5.  8.
Final hold (min)  10.35. 15.
I 1307.1303.1283.1354.1318.
ReferenceScandinaro, Tranchida, et al., 2010Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 2009Paolini, Tomi, et al., 2008Wang, Yi, et al., 2008Ferhat, Meklati, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5MSDB-1DB-1DB-5PE-5
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.50.
Carrier gas He  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.70.70.50.100.
Tend (C) 250.230.230.250.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 8.2.2. 1.
Final hold (min) 15.20.20.  
I 1306.1285.1284.1310.1305.
ReferenceFerhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007Lan Phi N.T., Nishiyama C., et al., 2006Lan Phi N.T., Nishiyama C., et al., 2006Najafpour Navaei, Mirza, et al., 2006Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5DB-5DB-5HP-5HP-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.25.50.
Carrier gas HeliumHydrogenHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.20.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.330.5
Tstart (C) 60.70.40.30.60.
Tend (C) 250.280.260.280.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.2.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.4.5.  
Final hold (min) 20. 20. 60.
I 1305.1305.1307.1308.1274.
ReferencePino, Marquez, et al., 2006Pino, Marbot, et al., 2006Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 2006Shafi, Jose, et al., 2006Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 5 CBCP Sil 5 CBDB-1DB-1DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.50.70.35.
Tend (C) 220.220.265.230.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.2.52.5.
Initial hold (min) 1.1.1.2.2.
Final hold (min)   20.20.4.
I 1296.1296.1282.1293.1305.
ReferenceRohloff and Bones, 2005Rohloff and Bones, 2005Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 2005Choi, 2003Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5SPB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumH2Helium He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.251.00.250.25
Tstart (C) 70.60.30.40.60.
Tend (C) 210.280.230.260.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.3.2.3.
Initial hold (min)  10. 5. 
Final hold (min) 60.40.   
I 1308.1306.1309.1313.1309.
ReferenceMookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003Senatore and Bruno, 2003Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1RSL-200DB-5DB-5SPB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas H2H2HeHeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.40.60.
Tend (C) 245.280.250.290.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.6.3.7.4.
Initial hold (min) 20.2.  2.
Final hold (min)  10.  20.
I 1281.1291.1301.1313.1304.
ReferenceGancel, Ollé, et al., 2002Jirovetz, Smith, et al., 2002Limberger, Simões-Pires, et al., 2002Lin, Rouseff, et al., 2002Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase RTX-5SPB-5OV-101OV-101DB-5
Column length (m) 20.60.50.50.30.
Carrier gas HeHeN2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.180.320.250.250.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.41.  0.25
Tstart (C) 20.40.80.80.70.
Tend (C) 290.200.200.200.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 40.3.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 3.5   2.
Final hold (min) 0.5   20.
I 1307.1308.1287.1287.1306.
ReferenceSies A., Hirsch R., et al., 2002Poligné, Collignan, et al., 2001Yang, 2001Yang, 2001, 2Mitiku, Sawamura, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CBP-1HP-5HP-1Ultra-2Cross-Linked Methylsilicone
Column length (m) 30.25.30.50.25.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)  0.330.10.52 
Tstart (C) 60.70.50.40.35.
Tend (C) 240.290.300.250.225.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.5.4.4.
Initial hold (min)  8.2.3.3.
Final hold (min)  20.3.30. 
I 1286.1306.1290.1311.1286.
ReferenceLamarque, Maestri, et al., 1998Poiana, Sicari, et al., 1998Boatright and Crum, 1997King, Matthews, et al., 1995Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Ultra-2DB-5OV-101OV-101DB-5
Column length (m) 50.30.50.50.60.
Carrier gas HeH2  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.521.  1.0
Tstart (C) 40.40.80.80.40.
Tend (C) 250.220.200.200.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.2.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 3.    
Final hold (min) 30.    
I 1306.1310.1287.1287.1296.
ReferenceKing, Hamilton, et al., 1993Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 1993Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Ultra-1OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 25.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas He N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.280.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25    
Tstart (C) 80.80.80.80.80.
Tend (C) 260.200.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min)      
Final hold (min)      
I 1285.1290.1287.1287.1288.
ReferenceOkumura, 1991Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Yang and Sugisawa, 1990Yang and Sugisawa, 1990Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101SE-54DB-1DB-1
Column length (m) 50.50.25.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2N2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 80.80.60.0.50.
Tend (C) 200.200.260.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.6.3.3.
Initial hold (min)   2.  
Final hold (min)      
I 1283.1287.1308.1285.1294.
ReferenceSugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988Habu, Flath, et al., 1985Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Al-Qudah, Muhaidat, et al., 2012
Al-Qudah, M.A.; Muhaidat, R.; Trawenh, I.N.; Jaber, H.I.; Abu Zarga, M.H.; Abu Orabi, S.T., Volatile constituents of leaves and bulbs of Gynandriris Sisyrinchicum and their antimicrobial activities, Jordan J. Chem., 2012, 7, 3, 287-295. [all data]

Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2011
Kahriman, N.; Tosun, G.; Terzioglu, S.; Karaoglu, S.A.; Yayh, N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from the flower, leaf, and stem of Senecio pandurifolis, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2011, 5, 2, 82-91. [all data]

Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 2011
Miyazawa, M.; Marumoto, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Yoshida, S.; Utsumi, Y., Determination of characteristic components in essential oils from Wisteria braphybotrys using gas chromatography - olfactometry incremental dilution technique, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2011, 5, 3, 221-227. [all data]

Baharum, Bunawan, et al., 2010
Baharum, S.N.; Bunawan, H.; Ghani, M.A.; Mustafa, W.A.W.; Noor, N.M., Analysis of the chemical composition of the essential oil of Polygonum minus Huds. using two-dimensional gas chromatography - time of flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS), Molecules, 2010, 15, 10, 7006-7015, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15107006 . [all data]

Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.ElA.; Djabou, N.; Desjobert, L.-M.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Muselli, A.; Costa, J., Characterization of volatile compounds of Daucus crinitus Desf. headspace solid phase microextraction as alternative technique to hydrodistillation, Chem, Centr. J., 2010, 4, 16, 1-15. [all data]

Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2010
Kahriman, N.; Tosun, G.; Genc, H.; Yayli, N., Comparative essential oil analysis of Geranium sylvaticum estracted by hydrodistillation and microwave distillation, Turk. J. Chem., 2010, 34, 969-976. [all data]

Miyazawa, Kawauchi, et al., 2010
Miyazawa, M.; Kawauchi, Y.; Utsumi, Y.; Takahashi, T., Character impact odorants of wild edible plant - Cacalia hastata L. var. orientalis - used in Japanese traditional food, J. Oleo Sci., 2010, 59, 10, 527-533, https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.59.527 . [all data]

Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 2010
Ogunwande, I.A.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Omikorede, O.; Azeez, R.A.; Ayodele, A.A.; Kamil, Y.O., Aromatic plants growing in Nigeria: essential oil constituents of Cassia alata (Linn.) Roxb. and Helianthus annuus L., Rec. Nat. Prod., 2010, 4, 4, 211-217. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.S.; Dordevic, N.D.; Palic, R.M., Volatiles of Pleurospermum austriacum (L.) Hoffm. (Apiaceae), J. Serbian Chem. Soc., 2010, 75, 12, 1-11, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100323127R . [all data]

Scandinaro, Tranchida, et al., 2010
Scandinaro, M.; Tranchida, P.Q.; Costa, R.; Dugo, P.; Mondello, L., Rapid Quality Control of Flavours and Fragrances using Fast GC-MS and Multi-MS Library Search Procedures, LCGC Europe, 2010, 23, 9, 456-464. [all data]

Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 2009
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Paolini, Tomi, et al., 2008
Paolini, J.; Tomi, P.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Bradesi, P.; Casanova, J.; Kaloustian, J., Detailed analysis of the essential oil from Cistus albidus L. by combination of GC/RI, GC/MS and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, N.Z. J. Agric. Res., 2008, 22, 14, 1270-1278. [all data]

Wang, Yi, et al., 2008
Wang, Y.; Yi, L.; Liang, Y.; Li, H.; Yuan, D.; Gao, H.; Zeng, M., Comparative analysis of essential oil components in Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride and Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae by GC-MS combined with chemometric resolution method, J. Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Anal., 2008, 46, 1, 66-74, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2007.08.030 . [all data]

Ferhat, Meklati, et al., 2007
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Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
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Pino, Marquez, et al., 2006
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Pino, Marbot, et al., 2006
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Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 2005
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Choi, 2003
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Mookdasanit, Tamura, et al., 2003
Mookdasanit, J.; Tamura, H.; Yoshizawa T.; Tokunaga T.; Nakanishi, K., Trace Volatile Compounds in Essential Oil of Citrus Sudachi by Means of Modified Solvent Extraction Method, Food Sci Technol. Res., 2003, 9, 1, 54-61, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.9.54 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Fuentes, V., Characterization of volatiles in Bullock's heart (Annona reticulata L.) fruit cultivars from Cuba, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 13, 3836-3839, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020733y . [all data]

Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003
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Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 2002
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Gancel, Ollé, et al., 2002
Gancel, A.-L.; Ollé, D.; Ollitrault, P.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf and peel volatile compounds of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden], Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 6, 416-424, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1119 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Smith, et al., 2002
Jirovetz, L.; Smith, D.; Buchbauer, G., Aroma compound analysis of Eruca sativa (Brassicaceae) SPME headspace leaf samples using GC, GC-MS, and olfactometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 16, 4643-4646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020129n . [all data]

Limberger, Simões-Pires, et al., 2002
Limberger, R.P.; Simões-Pires, C.; Sobral, M.; Menu, C.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Henriques, A.T., Essential oils from some Myrceugenia species (Myrtaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 341-344, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1113 . [all data]

Lin, Rouseff, et al., 2002
Lin, J.; Rouseff, R.L.; Barros, S.; Naim, M., Aroma composition changes in early season grapefruit juice produced from thermal concentration, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 4, 813-819, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011154g . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2002, 33, 3, 115-119. [all data]

Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 2002
Sies A.; Hirsch R.; Löscher R.; Tablack P.; Guth H., Direct thermal desorption and Fast-GC-TOF-MS for a rapid quality control of hazelnuts, 10th Weurman Flavour Research Symposium, 24 - 28 June 2002, Beaune, France, 2002. [all data]

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Notes

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