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Nonanoic acid

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5 MSVF-5 MSVF-5 MSCP-Sil 5 CBRTX-1
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumNitrogenHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.260.25
Tstart (C) 50.30.30.45.60.
Tend (C) 250.260.260.280.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.2.2.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 0.5    
Final hold (min) 0.528.28.22.30.
I 1283.1272.1273.1255.1263.
ReferenceFanaro, Duarte, et al., 2012Leffingwell and Alford, 2011Leffingwell and Alford, 2011Mothana, Hasson, et al., 2011Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1HP-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5 MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.70.70.70.50.
Tend (C) 250.200.200.200.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.3.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 3.2.2.2.2.
Final hold (min) 2.18.18.18.10.
I 1272.1273.1273.1273.1271.
ReferenceHu, Liang, et al., 2010Jerkovic, Hegic, et al., 2010Jerkovic and Marijanovic, 2010Jerkovic, Tuberso, et al., 2010Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5 MSHP-5 MSDB-5HP-5 MSHP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumNitrogenHeliumNitrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 70.70.40.50.50.
Tend (C) 290.290.230.230.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.2.4.5.
Initial hold (min)    4.1.
Final hold (min) 10.10. 10.1.
I 1275.1264.1271.1271.1280.
ReferenceRadulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010Scrivanti, Anton, et al., 2009Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008Saidana, Mahjoub, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5DB-5HP-1BPX-5
Column length (m) 25.30.30.50.25.
Carrier gas HeliumHeHeHeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.20.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.520.250.250.50.13
Tstart (C) 40.60.40.60.50.
Tend (C) 280.320.250.250.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.10.4.2.3.
Initial hold (min)   2. 2.
Final hold (min)  4.5.120. 
I 1278.1269.1260.1261.1260.
ReferencePavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 2007Smelcerovic, Spiteller, et al., 2007Xu, Fan, et al., 2007Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006Fons, Rapior, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1HP-5PE-5BPX5Polymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)
Column length (m) 30.30.50.25.25.
Carrier gas HeHeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.200.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.13 
Tstart (C) 50.60.100.50.50.
Tend (C) 265.260.280.230.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.55.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 1.2.1.2.3.
Final hold (min) 20.13.   
I 1256.1274.1280.1260.1308.
ReferenceIranshahi, Amin, et al., 2006Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 2006Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006Boustie, Rapior, et al., 2005Dohou, Yamni, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-5HP-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2.2.2.
Final hold (min) 5.5.5.5.5.
I 1272.1272.1272.1273.1273.
ReferenceN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-15 % Phenyl methyl siloxaneDB-5MSRSL-200RSL-200
Column length (m) 60.0.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2He H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 70.40.90.40.40.
Tend (C) 230.250.200.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.7.30.6.6.
Initial hold (min) 2.10. 5.5.
Final hold (min) 20.5.10.5.5.
I 1277.1275.1237.1283.1275.
ReferenceChoi, 2004Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 2004Robledo and Arzuffi, 2004Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2003Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase RSL-200SPB-5RTX-5Optima-1Optima-1
Column length (m) 30.30.20.25.25.
Carrier gas H2HeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.180.200.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.40.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.20.50.50.
Tend (C) 280.250.290.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.4.40.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.3.53.3.
Final hold (min) 10.20.0.5  
I 1275.1280.1319.1278.1278.
ReferenceJirovetz, Smith, et al., 2002Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 2002Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5MSOptima 1DB-1Ultra-2
Column length (m) 30.30.25.60.50.
Carrier gas H2HeHelium He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.200.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25 0.52
Tstart (C) 40.40.50.30.40.
Tend (C) 280.280.200.200.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.10.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 10.1. 25.3.
Final hold (min) 10.20. 20.30.
I 1282.1275.1280.1260.1288.
ReferenceBicalho, Pereira, et al., 2000Tkachev, Dobrotvorsky, et al., 2000Fons, Rapior, et al., 1998Buttery, Ling, et al., 1997King, Matthews, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Ultra-2DB-5DB-5Ultra-1
Column length (m) 50.60.60.25.
Carrier gas HeHe He
Substrate     
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.521.00.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.80.
Tend (C) 250.240.250.260.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 3. 5. 
Final hold (min) 30.   
I 1260.1273.1275.1272.
ReferenceKing, Hamilton, et al., 1993Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991Lee, Macku, et al., 1991Okumura, 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Fanaro, Duarte, et al., 2012
Fanaro, G.B.; Duarte, R.C.; Santillo, A.G.; Pinto e Silva, M.E.M.; Purgatto, E.; Villavicento, A.L.C.H., Evaluation of «gamma»-radiation on oolong tea odor volatiles, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2012, 81, 8, 1152-1156, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2011.11.061 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Mothana, Hasson, et al., 2011
Mothana, R.A.A.; Hasson, S.S.; Schultze, W.; Mowitz, A.; Lindequist, U., Phytochemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oils of three endemic Soqotraen Boswellia species, Food Chem., 2011, 126, 3, 1149-1154, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.11.150 . [all data]

Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.ElA.; Djabou, N.; Desjobert, L.-M.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Muselli, A.; Costa, J., Characterization of volatile compounds of Daucus crinitus Desf. headspace solid phase microextraction as alternative technique to hydrodistillation, Chem, Centr. J., 2010, 4, 16, 1-15. [all data]

Hu, Liang, et al., 2010
Hu, C.-D.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Guo, F.-Q.; Li, X.-R.; Wang, W.-P., Determination of essential oil composition from Osmanthus fragrans tea by GC-MS combined with a chemometric resolution method, Molecules, 2010, 15, 5, 3683-3693, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15053683 . [all data]

Jerkovic, Hegic, et al., 2010
Jerkovic, I.; Hegic, G.; Marijanovic, Z.; Bubalo, D., Organic extractives from Mentha spp. honey and the bee-stomach: methyl syringate, vomifoliol, terpenediol I, hotrienol, and other compounds, Molecules, 2010, 15, 4, 2911-2924, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15042911 . [all data]

Jerkovic and Marijanovic, 2010
Jerkovic, I.; Marijanovic, Z., Oak (Quercus frainetto Ten.) honeydaw honey - approach to screening of volatile organic composition and antioxidant capacity (DPPH and FRAP assay), Molecules, 2010, 15, 5, 3744-3756, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15053744 . [all data]

Jerkovic, Tuberso, et al., 2010
Jerkovic, I.; Tuberso, C.I.G.; Gugic, M.; Bubalo, D., Composition of Sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L.) honey solvent extractives determined by GC/MS: norisoprenoids and other volatile organic compounds, Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6375-6385, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096375 . [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Quijano, C.E.; Castro, D., Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) at two ripening stages, Ciencia e Technologia de Alimentos, 2010, 30, 1, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000100028 . [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Dordevic, N.; Markovic, M.; Palic, R., Volatile constituents of Glechoma Hirsuta Waldst. Kit. and G. Hederacea L. (Lamiaceae), Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2010, 24, 1, 67-76, https://doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v24i1.52962 . [all data]

Scrivanti, Anton, et al., 2009
Scrivanti, L.R.; Anton, A.M.; Zygadlo, J.A., Essential oil conposition of Bothriochloa Kuntze (Poaceae) from South America and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 2009, 37, 3, 206-213, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2009.03.009 . [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Saidana, Mahjoub, et al., 2008
Saidana, D.; Mahjoub, M.A.; Boussaada, O.; Chriaa, J.; Cheraif, I.; Daami, M.; Mighri, Z.; Helal, A.N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile compounds of Tamarix boveana (Tamaricaceae), Microbiol. Res., 2008, 163, 4, 445-455, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2006.07.009 . [all data]

Pavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 2007
Pavlovic, M.; Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Maksimovic, Z.; Kovacevic, N., Essential oil of filipendula hexapetala, Chem. Natural Compounds, 2007, 43, 2, 228-229, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-007-0088-z . [all data]

Smelcerovic, Spiteller, et al., 2007
Smelcerovic, A.; Spiteller, M.; Ligon, A.P.; Smelcerovic, Z.; Raabe, N., Essential oil composition of Hypericum L. species from Southeastern Serbia and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 2, 99-113, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.09.012 . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006
Castel, C.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Perichet, C.; Lavoine, S., Characterization of the Chemical Composition of a Byproduct from Siam Benzoin Gum, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 23, 8848-8854, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061193y . [all data]

Fons, Rapior, et al., 2006
Fons, F.; Rapior, S.; Fruchier, A., Volatile composition of Clitocybe amoenolens, Tricholoma caligatum and Hebeloma radicosum, Cryptogamie, Mycologie, 2006, 27, 1, 45-55. [all data]

Iranshahi, Amin, et al., 2006
Iranshahi, M.; Amin, G.; Sourmaghi, M.S.; Shafiee, A.; Hadjiakhoondi, A., Sulphur-containing compounds in the essential oil of the root of Ferula persica Willd. var. persica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 260-261, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1574 . [all data]

Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 2006
Kucuk, M.; Gulec, C.; Yasar, A.; Ucuncu, O.; Yayh, N.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Terzioglu, S.; Yayh, N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. chamaedrys, T. orientale var. puberulens, and T. chamaedrys subsp. lydium, Pharm. Biol., 2006, 44, 8, 592-599, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200600896868 . [all data]

Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006
Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 427-430, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1606 . [all data]

Boustie, Rapior, et al., 2005
Boustie, J.; Rapior, S.; Fortin, H.; Tomas, S.; Bessiere, J.-M., Chemotaxonomic interest of volatile components in Lepista inversa and Lepista flaccida distinctions, Cryptogamie, Mycologie, 2005, 26, 1, 1-4. [all data]

Dohou, Yamni, et al., 2005
Dohou, N.; Yamni, K.; Badoc, A.; Tahrouch, S.; Idrissi Hassani, L.M.; Bessière, J.-M., Composés volatils de Thymelaea lythroides, endémique, ibéro-marocaine, Bull. Soc. Pharm. Bordeaux, 2005, 144, 63-70. [all data]

Choi, 2004
Choi, H.-S., Volatile constituents of satsuma mandarins growing in Korea, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 406-412, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1283 . [all data]

Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 2004
Ramírez, M.R.; Estévez, M.; Morcuende, D.; Cava, R., Effect of the type of frying culinary fat on volatile compounds isolated in fried pork loin chops by using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 25, 7637-7643, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049207s . [all data]

Robledo and Arzuffi, 2004
Robledo, N.; Arzuffi, R., Identificacion de los compuestos volatiles de papaya y cuaguayote mediante microextraccion en fase solida, cromatografia de gases y espectrometria de masas, Rev. Latinoamericana Quim., 2004, 32, 1, 30-36. [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2003
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Shafi, M.P.; Kaniampady, M.M., Chemotaxonomical analysis of the essential oil aroma compounds of four different Ocimumspecies from southern India, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2003, 217, 2, 120-124, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-003-0708-1 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2002
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Ngassoum, M.B.; Geissler, M., Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 976, 1-2, 265-275, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00376-X . [all data]

Jirovetz, Smith, et al., 2002
Jirovetz, L.; Smith, D.; Buchbauer, G., Aroma compound analysis of Eruca sativa (Brassicaceae) SPME headspace leaf samples using GC, GC-MS, and olfactometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 16, 4643-4646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020129n . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2002, 33, 3, 115-119. [all data]

Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 2002
Sies A.; Hirsch R.; Löscher R.; Tablack P.; Guth H., Direct thermal desorption and Fast-GC-TOF-MS for a rapid quality control of hazelnuts, 10th Weurman Flavour Research Symposium, 24 - 28 June 2002, Beaune, France, 2002. [all data]

Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001
Brun, G.; Bessière, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 116-119, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.958 . [all data]

de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000
de Beck, P.O.; Bessière, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 182-185, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<182::AID-FFJ888>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Bicalho, Pereira, et al., 2000
Bicalho, B.; Pereira, A.S.; Aquino Neto, F.R.; Pinto, A.C.; Rezende, C.M., Application of high-temperature gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the investigation of glycosidically bound components related to cashew applie (Anacardium occidentale L. Var. nanum) volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1167-1174, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9909252 . [all data]

Tkachev, Dobrotvorsky, et al., 2000
Tkachev, A.V.; Dobrotvorsky, A.K.; Vjalkov, A.I.; Morozov, S.V., Chemical composition of lipophylic compounds from the body surface of unfed adult Ixodes persulcatus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae), Experimental and Applied Acarology, 2000, 24, 2, 145-158, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006430323587 . [all data]

Fons, Rapior, et al., 1998
Fons, F.; Rapior, S.; Gargadennec, A.; Andary, C.; Bessiere, J.-M., Volatile components of Plantago lanceolata (Plantaginaceae), Acta bot. Gallica, 1998, 145, 4, 265-269, https://doi.org/10.1080/12538078.1998.10516306 . [all data]

Buttery, Ling, et al., 1997
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 837-843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9604807 . [all data]

King, Matthews, et al., 1995
King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 3, 773-778, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00051a039 . [all data]

King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 1974-1981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a030 . [all data]

Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991
Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quéré, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1257-1261, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a012 . [all data]

Lee, Macku, et al., 1991
Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 11, 1972-1975, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00011a017 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References