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Nonanoic acid

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SLB-5 MSSLB-5 MSPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsSiloxane, 5 % Ph
Column length (m) 30.30.   
Carrier gas HeliumHelium   
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25   
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25   
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 1267.1269.1279.1280.1262.
ReferenceMondello, 2012Mondello, 2012Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012VOC BinBase, 2012
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5HP-5 MSPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenylRTX-1HP-5 MS
Column length (m) 60.30. 60.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHelium HeliumHelium
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25 0.220.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.000.25 0.250.25
Program 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0Cnot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 1248.1270.1262.1263.1271.
ReferenceMiyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011Nance and Setzer, 2011Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5DB-1RTX-5 MSRTX-5 MS
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)
Program 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 11 0C/min -> 280 0C (15 min)not specified50 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 120 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min)50 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0Cnot specified
I 1267.1270.1244.1278.1275.
ReferenceCuster, 2009Custer, 2009Delort and Jaquier, 2009Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5DB-5 MSHP-5HP-5
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHelium  
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)
Program not specified40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)-10 0C (3 min) 50 0C/min -> 40 0C 5 0C/min -> 290 0C (5 min)40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)not specified
I 1226.1267.1266.1282.1279.
ReferencePugliese, Sirtori, et al., 2009Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 2008Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 2008Zhao, Li, et al., 2008Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1SPB-1DB-5 MSDB-5HP-5
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum) 0.330.
Program 40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)35 0C (2 min) 1 0C/min -> 90 0C 3 0C/min -> 220 0C40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)60 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specified
I 1247.1239.1249.1271.1271.
ReferenceBarra, Baldovini, et al., 2007Borse, Rao, et al., 2007Liu, Xu, et al., 2007Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 2007Pavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 2007
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5BP-5HP-5HP-5MSDB-5
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHeHeliumHeHe
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum)
Program 60C(5min) => 6C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C(5min)40C(2min) => 4C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 250C (15min)not specified40C(3min) => 2C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)40C(1min) => 9C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 230C
I 1308.1265.1275.1297.1265.
ReferenceBaroni, Nores, et al., 2006Helsper, Bücking, et al., 2006Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 2006Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 2005Hamm, Bleton, et al., 2005
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Sil5 CB MSPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsHP-5DB-5SE-30
Column length (m) 50. 50.50. 
Carrier gas      
Column diameter (mm) 0.32 0.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum) 1.2 1.051.05 
Program 36C(2min) => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)not specified40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)not specified
I 1241.1280.1264.1264.1300.
ReferenceIraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 2005Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2Vinogradov, 2004
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BPX-5CP Sil 5 CBDB-5HP-5DB-1
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHe He 
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.530.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1. 1.0.520.25
Program 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C-40C(10min) => 70C/min => 40C(5min) => 3C/min => 180C => 6C/min => 280C(5min)35 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min)not specified
I 1265.1253.1270.1243.1279.
ReferenceMachiels, van Ruth, et al., 2003Guyot, Scheirman, et al., 1999Young and Baumeister, 1999Timón, Ventanas, et al., 1998Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1994
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1SE-54SE-54SF-96
Column length (m) 60.50.50. 
Carrier gas  He He
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25   
Program 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min35 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 250 0C35C(5min) => 8C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 250Cnot specified
I 1279.1285.1267.1276.
ReferenceCiccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 1993Um, Bailey, et al., 1992Suzuki and Bailey, 1985Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

VOC BinBase, 2012
VOC BinBase, The volatile compound BinBase (VOC BinBase), 2012, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects/VocBinBase and http://binbase.sourceforge.net. [all data]

Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011
Miyazaki, T.; Plotto, A.; Goodner, K.; Gmitter F.G., Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 3, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4205 . [all data]

Nance and Setzer, 2011
Nance, M.R.; Setzer, W.N., Volatile components of aroma hops (Humulus lupulus L.) commonly used in beer brewing, J. of Brewing and Distilling, 2011, 2, 2, 16-22. [all data]

Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011
Skogerson, K.; Wohlgemuth, G.; Fiehn, O., VocBinNase, 2011, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects//VocBinBase. [all data]

Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.ElA.; Djabou, N.; Desjobert, L.-M.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Muselli, A.; Costa, J., Characterization of volatile compounds of Daucus crinitus Desf. headspace solid phase microextraction as alternative technique to hydrodistillation, Chem, Centr. J., 2010, 4, 16, 1-15. [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Quijano, C.E.; Castro, D., Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) at two ripening stages, Ciencia e Technologia de Alimentos, 2010, 30, 1, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000100028 . [all data]

Custer, 2009
Custer, Y., GC Volatile Components Analysis of Different Parts of Litchi chinensis (Dissertation), 2009. [all data]

Delort and Jaquier, 2009
Delort, E.; Jaquier, A., Novel terpenyl esters from Australian finger lime (Citrus australasica) peel extract, Flav. Fragr. J., 2009, 24, 3, 123-132, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1922 . [all data]

Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009
Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 2009, 115, 4, 1326-1336, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.01.066 . [all data]

Pugliese, Sirtori, et al., 2009
Pugliese, C.; Sirtori, F.; Ruiz, J.; Martin, D.; Parenti, S.; Franci, O., Effect of pasture on chestnut or acorn on fatty acid composition and aromatic profile of fat of China Senece dry-cured ham, Gracas y Aceites, 2009, 60, 3, 271-276, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.130208 . [all data]

Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 2008
Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 2008, 79, 1, 172-180, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.08.011 . [all data]

Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 2008
Watanabe, A.; Ueda, Y.; Higuchi, M.; Shiba, N., Analysis of volatile compounds in beef fat by dinamic-headspace solid phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Food Sci., 2008, 73, 5, 420-425, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.00764.x . [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 2008, 26, 2, 212-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2059(08)60014-0 . [all data]

Barra, Baldovini, et al., 2007
Barra, A.; Baldovini, N.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Albino, L.; Lesecq, C.; Cuvelier, L.L., Chemical analysis of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1279-1284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.027 . [all data]

Borse, Rao, et al., 2007
Borse, B.B.; Rao, L.J.M.; Ramalaksmi, K.; Raghavan, B., Chemical composition of volatiles from coconut sap (neera) end effect of processing, Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 877-880, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.02.026 . [all data]

Liu, Xu, et al., 2007
Liu, Y.; Xu, X.-L.; Zhou, G.-H., Comparative study of volatile compounds in traditional Chinese Nanjing marinated duck by different extraction techniques, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2007, 42, 5, 543-550, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2006.01264.x . [all data]

Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 2007
Nivinsliene, O.; Butkiene, R.; Gudalevic, A.; Mockute, D.; Meskauskiene, V.; Grigaliunaite, B., Influence of urban environment on chemical composition of Tilia cordata essential oil, Chemija, 2007, 18, 1, 44-49. [all data]

Pavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 2007
Pavlovic, M.; Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Maksimovic, Z.; Kovacevic, N., Essential oil of filipendula hexapetala, Chem. Natural Compounds, 2007, 43, 2, 228-229, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-007-0088-z . [all data]

Baroni, Nores, et al., 2006
Baroni, M.V.; Nores, M.L.; Diaz, M.D.P.; Chiabrando, G.A.; Fassano, J.P.; Costa, C.; Wunderlin, D.A., Determination of Volatile Organic Compound Patterns Characteristic of Five Unifloral Honey by Solid-Phase Microextraction-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Coupled to Chemometrics, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 19, 7235-7241, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061080e . [all data]

Helsper, Bücking, et al., 2006
Helsper, J.P.F.G.; Bücking, M.; Muresan, S.; Blaas, J.; Wietsma, W.A., Identification of the volatile component(s) causing the characteristic foxy odor in various cultivars of Fritillaria imperialis L. (Liliaceae), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 14, 5087-5091, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0605594 . [all data]

Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 2006
Kucuk, M.; Gulec, C.; Yasar, A.; Ucuncu, O.; Yayh, N.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Terzioglu, S.; Yayh, N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. chamaedrys, T. orientale var. puberulens, and T. chamaedrys subsp. lydium, Pharm. Biol., 2006, 44, 8, 592-599, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200600896868 . [all data]

Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 2005
Alissandrakis, E.; Kibaris, A.C.; Tarantilis, P.A.; Harizanis, P.C.; Polissiou, M., Flavour compounds of Greek cotton honey, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2005, 85, 9, 1444-1452, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2124 . [all data]

Hamm, Bleton, et al., 2005
Hamm, S.; Bleton, J.; Connan, J.; Tchapla, A., A chemical investigation by headspace SPME and GC-MS of volatile and semi-volatile terpenes in various olibanum samples, Phytochemistry, 2005, 66, 12, 1499-1514, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.04.025 . [all data]

Iraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 2005
Iraqi, R.; Vermeulen, C.; Benzekri, A.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 4, 1179-1184, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040349w . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 98-100. [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2004, 84, 11, 1364-1370, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1826 . [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasarán, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 2004, 64, 2, 458-466, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2004.03.007 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 2003
Machiels, D.; van Ruth, S.M.; Posthumus, M.A.; Istasse, L., Gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of the volatile compounds of two commercial Irish beef meats, Talanta, 2003, 60, 4, 755-764, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(03)00133-4 . [all data]

Guyot, Scheirman, et al., 1999
Guyot, C.; Scheirman, V.; Collin, S., Floral origin markers of heather honeys: Calluna vulgaris and Erica arborea, Food Chem., 1999, 64, 1, 3-11, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(98)00122-8 . [all data]

Young and Baumeister, 1999
Young, O.A.; Baumeister, B.M.B., The effect of diet on the flavour of cooked beef and the odour compounds in beef fat, N.Z. J. Agric. Res., 1999, 42, 3, 297-304, https://doi.org/10.1080/00288233.1999.9513379 . [all data]

Timón, Ventanas, et al., 1998
Timón, M.L.; Ventanas, J.; Martín, L.; Tejeda, J.F.; García, C., Volatile compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5143-5150, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980652v . [all data]

Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1994
Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, 1994, 549-568. [all data]

Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 1993
Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 643, 1-2, 55-69, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80541-F . [all data]

Um, Bailey, et al., 1992
Um, K.W.; Bailey, M.E.; Clarke, A.D.; Chao, R.R., Concentration and identification of volatile compounds from heated beef fat using supercritical CO2 extraction-gas liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 9, 1641-1646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00021a033 . [all data]

Suzuki and Bailey, 1985
Suzuki, J.; Bailey, M.E., Direct sampling capillary GLC analysis of flavor volatiles from ovine fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 3, 343-347, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00063a006 . [all data]

Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982
Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1982, 33, 1, 47-50. [all data]


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, References