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Nonane

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil423.8 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 44 out of 51 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus219.5 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 24 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple219.6 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc595. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 16 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc22.7 ± 0.4atmAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.555l/molN/AAmbrose and Tsonopoulos, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc1.80 ± 0.05mol/lN/AAmbrose and Tsonopoulos, 1995 
rhoc1.84mol/lN/ASteele, 1992Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.078 mol/l; TRC
rhoc1.80mol/lN/AAnselme, Gude, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap11.11 ± 0.04kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
8.822424.N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
11.2299.CViton, Chavret, et al., 1996AC
11.314.CViton, Chavret, et al., 1996AC
11.5234.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 219. - 308. K. See also Carruth and Kobayashi, 1973.; AC
10.2359.A,MMStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 344. - 426. K. See also Willingham, Taylor, et al., 1945 and Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949.; AC
10.5337.N/APaul, Krug, et al., 1986Based on data from 322. - 413. K.; AC
10.6328.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
10.3343.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
10.1358.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kcal/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 368.15.890.3594.6Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
219.7 - 307.733.819181492.928-55.895Carruth and Kobayashi, 1973Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
343.49 - 424.944.056741430.377-71.355Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
17.8219.BBondi, 1963AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
3.59219.5DSCMondieig, Rajabalee, et al., 2004AC
3.700219.7N/AAcree, 1991See also Domalski and Hearing, 1996.; AC

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
1.501217.2crystaline, IIcrystaline, IFinke, Gross, et al., 1954DH
3.6969219.66crystaline, IliquidFinke, Gross, et al., 1954DH
5.2870219.2crystaline, IliquidHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931Included heat effect due to transition just below melting point.; DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
6.910217.2crystaline, IIcrystaline, IFinke, Gross, et al., 1954DH
16.83219.66crystaline, IliquidFinke, Gross, et al., 1954DH
24.12219.2crystaline, IliquidHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931Included; DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ambrose and Tsonopoulos, 1995
Ambrose, D.; Tsonopoulos, C., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 2. Normal Alkenes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 531-546. [all data]

Steele, 1992
Steele, W.V., Personal Commun. 1992 1992, 1992. [all data]

Anselme, Gude, et al., 1990
Anselme, M.J.; Gude, M.; Teja, A.S., The Critical Temperatures and Densities of the n-Alkanes from Pentane to Octadecane, Fluid Phase Equilib., 1990, 57, 317-26. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Viton, Chavret, et al., 1996
Viton, C.; Chavret, M.; Jose, J., Enthalpies of vaporization of normal alkanes from nonane to pentadecane at temperatures from 298 to 359 K, ELDATA: Int. Electron. J. Phys. Chem. Data, 1996, 2, 3, 103. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Carruth and Kobayashi, 1973
Carruth, Grant F.; Kobayashi, Riki, Vapor pressure of normal paraffins ethane through n-decane from their triple points to about 10 mm mercury, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1973, 18, 2, 115-126, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60057a009 . [all data]

Willingham, Taylor, et al., 1945
Willingham, C.B.; Taylor, W.J.; Pignocco, J.M.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor pressures and boiling points of some paraffin, alkylcyclopentane, alkylcyclohexane, and alkylbenzene hydrocarbons, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1945, 35, 3, 219-17, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.035.009 . [all data]

Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949
Forziati, Alphonse F.; Norris, William R.; Rossini, Frederick D., Vapor pressures and boiling points of sixty API-NBS hydrocarbons, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1949, 43, 6, 555-17, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

Paul, Krug, et al., 1986
Paul, Hanns-Ingolf; Krug, Joseph; Knapp, Helmut, Measurements of VLE, hE and vE for binary mixtures of n-alkanes with n-alkylbenzenes, Thermochimica Acta, 1986, 108, 9-27, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(86)85073-0 . [all data]

Majer, Svoboda, et al., 1984
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V.; Pechacek, J.; Hala, S., Enthalpies of vaporization and cohesive energies of eight C9 to C11, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1984, 16, 567-572. [all data]

Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2
Forziati, A.F.; Norris, W.R.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points of Sixty API-NBS Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.), 1949, 43, 6, 555-563, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

Bondi, 1963
Bondi, A., Heat of Siblimation of Molecular Crystals: A Catalog of Molecular Structure Increments., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1963, 8, 3, 371-381, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60018a027 . [all data]

Mondieig, Rajabalee, et al., 2004
Mondieig, D.; Rajabalee, F.; Metivaud, V.; Oonk, H.A.J.; Cuevas-Diarte, M.A., n -Alkane Binary Molecular Alloys, Chem. Mater., 2004, 16, 5, 786-798, https://doi.org/10.1021/cm031169p . [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Finke, Gross, et al., 1954
Finke, H.L.; Gross, M.E.; Waddington, G.; Huffman, H.M., Low-temperature thermal data for the nine normal paraffin hydrocarbons from octane to hexadecane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1954, 76, 333-341. [all data]

Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931
Huffman, H.M.; Parks, G.S.; Barmore, M., Thermal data on organic compounds. X. Further studies on the heat capacities, entropies and free energies of hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3876-3888. [all data]


Notes

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