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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxAT-WaxFFAPDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.45.40.40.
Tend (C) 220.280.220.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.5.6.6.
Initial hold (min) 1. 1.2.2.
Final hold (min) 5. 5.20.20.
I 1187.1155.1174.1179.1188.
ReferenceFeng, Zhuang, et al., 2011Kiss, Csoka, et al., 2011Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011Chen, Song, et al., 2009Chen, Song, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxBP-20DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.220.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C)  60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 240.220.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.2.8.8.8.
Initial hold (min)   3.3.3.
Final hold (min) 5.20.9.59.59.5
I 1170.1168.1189.1192.1202.
ReferenceMallia, Escher, et al., 2009Ottavioli, Bighelli, et al., 2009Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxStabilwaxHP-20MHP-20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.50.50.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHelium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.35
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.500.250.25 
Tstart (C) 60.35.70.70.40.
Tend (C) 200.225.180.180.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.6.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 3.5.4.4. 
Final hold (min) 9.510.   
I 1215.1181.1157.1160.1185.
ReferenceRochat, Egger, et al., 2009Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 2009Blazevic and Mastelic, 2008Blazevic and Mastelic, 2008Ganeko, Shoda, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-FFAPDB-WaxHP-InnowaxStabilwaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeHeliumHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.30.50.40.40.
Tend (C) 120.210.250.240.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.6.53.5.
Initial hold (min) 3. 1.55. 
Final hold (min) 5. 10.10. 
I 1195.1195.1183.1180.1193.
ReferenceGuzman-Geronimo, Lopez, et al., 2008Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2007Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CBBP-20BP-20DB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.50.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.70.70.40.
Tend (C) 220.220.220.220.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.4.8.
Initial hold (min) 8.8.4.4.3.
Final hold (min) 20.20.5.5.20.
I 1186.1192.1194.1195.1163.
ReferencePovolo, Contarini, et al., 2007Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007Rawat, Gulati, et al., 2007Rawat, Gulati, et al., 2007Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-WaxInnowaxStabilwaxStabilwaxStabilwax DA
Column length (m) 60.50.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeH2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.20.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.50.50.50.5
Tstart (C) 40.60.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.280.280.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.6.6.5.
Initial hold (min) 2. 5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 10.60.5.5. 
I 1202.1184.1172.1169.1164.
ReferenceWierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 2006Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005, 2Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10ZB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHelium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.530.530.530.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.1.1.0.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.35.
Tend (C) 240.240.240.250.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.5.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2.2.5.
Final hold (min) 20.20.20.5.10.
I 1211.1215.1219.1176.1178.
ReferenceRochat and Chaintreau, 2005Rochat and Chaintreau, 2005Rochat and Chaintreau, 2005N/AChida, Sone, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-FFAPStabilwaxSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 30.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 120.240.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.10.10.10.
Final hold (min) 3.10.   
I 1195.1180.1184.1185.1180.
ReferenceLópez, Guzmán, et al., 2004Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxRTX-WaxEC-1000DB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.530.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.251.0.1
Tstart (C) 40.40.35.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.180.230.225.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.5.5.6.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 5.20.15.30.20.
I 1162.1201.1210.1178.1167.
ReferenceFu, Yoon, et al., 2002Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 2002Bendall, 2001Cadwallader and Heo, 2001Kato and Shibamoto, 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TC-WaxHP-FFAPSupelcowax-10DB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.50.60.60.60.
Carrier gas He HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)  0.50.250.25 
Tstart (C) 80.35.35.40.30.
Tend (C) 250.230.200.200.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.6.4.2.2.
Initial hold (min)   10.2.4.
Final hold (min) 47.15.  60.
I 1184.1188.1195.1183.1180.
ReferenceMiyazawa, Kurose, et al., 2001Preininger and Ullrich, 2001Girard and Durance, 2000Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000Buttery, Orts, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxPEG-20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.25.60.
Carrier gas HeHe  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.25  1.
Tstart (C) 34.34.30.50.50.
Tend (C) 200.200.170.230.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.2.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 3.3.4.  
Final hold (min) 10.10.30. 40.
I 1204.1171.1180.1158.1176.
ReferenceSchlüter, Steinhart, et al., 1999Schlüter, Steinhart, et al., 1999Buttery and Ling, 1998Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxCBP-20TC-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.25.60.60.60.
Carrier gas     He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25    
Tstart (C) 40.35.80.60.60.
Tend (C) 240.200.240.180.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.5.3.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 10.5.5.4.4.
Final hold (min) 25.    
I 1186.1172.1184.1160.1171.
ReferencePetersen, Poll, et al., 1998Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 1998Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 1995Kobayashi, Tsuda, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeH2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 180.230.230.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.8.8.8.8.
Initial hold (min) 4.5.5.5.5.
Final hold (min)  10.10.10.10.
I 1175.1184.1184.1184.1186.
ReferenceKobayashi, Tsuda, et al., 1995Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 30.60.80.50.50.
Carrier gas He  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25    
Tstart (C) 60.60.70.60.60.
Tend (C) 230.220.170.180.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.3.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.4. 4.4.
Final hold (min) 10.    
I 1188.1183.1186.1160.1160.
ReferenceSteullet and Guerin, 1994Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993Egolf and Jurs, 1993Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MSupelcowax-10Carbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.80.50.60.50.
Carrier gas N2 NitrogenHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.250.250.22
Phase thickness (mum)    0.25 
Tstart (C) 60.70.80.40.80.
Tend (C) 180.170.180.175.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.1.3.
Initial hold (min)    5. 
Final hold (min)      
I 1186.1186.1196.1186.1180.
ReferenceKubota, Nakamoto, et al., 1991Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1990Hsieh, Williams, et al., 1989Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.50.50.31.150.
Carrier gas N2N2N2Helium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.220.220.500.64
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 80.80.80.40.50.
Tend (C) 200.200.200.200.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.10.1.
Initial hold (min)     30.
Final hold (min)      
I 1181.1180.1181.1174.1190.
ReferenceMihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Buttery, Parker, et al., 1981
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 150.150.50.50.
Carrier gas   N2N2
Substrate     
Column diameter (mm) 0.640.640.280.28
Phase thickness (mum)     
Tstart (C) 50.50.80.80.
Tend (C) 170.170.170.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.1.1.1.
Initial hold (min) 30.30.  
Final hold (min)     
I 1190.1190.1150.1151.
ReferenceButtery and Kamm, 1980Buttery, Ling, et al., 1980Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1980Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1980
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011
Feng, T.; Zhuang, H.; Ye, R.; Jin, Z.; Xu, X.; Xie, Z., Analysis of volatile compounds of Mesona Blumes gum/rice extrudates via GC-MS and electronic nose, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2011, 160, 1, 964-973, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2011.09.013 . [all data]

Kiss, Csoka, et al., 2011
Kiss, M.; Csoka, M.; Gyorfi, J.; Korany, K., Comparison of the fragrance constituents of Tuber aestivium and Tuber Brumale gathered in Hungary, J. Appl. Botany Food Quality, 2011, 84, 102-110. [all data]

Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011
Piyachaiseth, T.; Jirapakkul, W.; Chaiseri, S., Aroma compounds of flash-fried rice, Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.), 2011, 45, 717-729. [all data]

Chen, Song, et al., 2009
Chen, G.; Song, H.; Ma, C., Aroma-active aompounds of Beijing roast duck, Flavour Fragr. J., 2009, 24, 4, 186-191, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1932 . [all data]

Mallia, Escher, et al., 2009
Mallia, S.; Escher, F.; Dubois, S.; Schieberle, P.; Schlichtherle-Cerny, H., Characterization and quantification of odor-active compounds in unsaturated fatty acid/conjugated linoleic acid (UFA/CLA)-enriched butter and in conventional butter during storage and induced oxidation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 16, 7464-7472, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9002158 . [all data]

Ottavioli, Bighelli, et al., 2009
Ottavioli, J.; Bighelli, A.; Casanova, J.; Bang, B.T.; Y., GC (retention indices), GC-MS, and 13C NMR of two citral-rich Cymbopogon leaf oils: C. Flexuosus and C. tortilis, Spectroscopy Lett., 2009, 42, 8, 506-512, https://doi.org/10.1080/00387010903022350 . [all data]

Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009
Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 2009, 1216, 36, 6424-6432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.07.014 . [all data]

Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 2009
Watcharananun, W.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Huangrak, K.; Kim, H.; Lorjaroenphon, Y., Identification of predominant odorants in Thai desserts flavored by smoking with Tian Op, a traditional Thai scented candle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 3, 996-1005, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802674c . [all data]

Blazevic and Mastelic, 2008
Blazevic, I.; Mastelic, J., Free and bounded volatiles of rocket (Eruca sativa Mill.), Fravour Fragr. J., 2008, 23, 4, 278-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1883 . [all data]

Ganeko, Shoda, et al., 2008
Ganeko, N.; Shoda, M.; Hirohara, I.; Bhadra, A.; Ishida, T.; Matsuda, H.; Takamura, H.; Matoba, T., Analysis of volatile flavor compounds of sardine (Sardinops melanostica) by solid phase microextraction, J. Food Sci., 2008, 73, 1, s83-s88, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00608.x . [all data]

Guzman-Geronimo, Lopez, et al., 2008
Guzman-Geronimo, R.; Lopez, M.G.; Dorantes-Alvarez, L., Microwave processing of avocado: volatile flavor profiling and olfactometry, Innvative Food Sci. Eng. Technol., 2008, 9, 501-506. [all data]

Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008
Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 2008, 14, 3, 269-276, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.14.269 . [all data]

Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008
Thakeow, P.; Angeli, S.; Weissbecker, B.; Schutz, S., Antennal and behavioral responses of Cis boleti to fungal odor of Trametes gibbosa, Chem. Senses, 2008, 33, 4, 379-387, https://doi.org/10.1093/chemse/bjn005 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2007
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of Industrial Mussel Cooking Juices by Reverse Osmotis: Pollution Abatement and Aromas Recovery, 2007, retrieved from title of Internet file: [imstec064]. [all data]

Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007
Dury-Brun, C.; Fournier, N.; Pernin, K.; Guichard, E.; Voilley, A., A new approach to studying sponge cake aroma after storage in treated paper and plastic packaging by direct gas chromatography?olfactometry (D-GC-O), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 255-264, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1788 . [all data]

Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007
Povolo, M.; Contarini, G.; Mele, M.; Secchiari, P., Study on the influence of pasture on volatile fraction of Ewes' dairy products by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Dairy Sci., 2007, 90, 2, 556-569, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)71539-4 . [all data]

Rawat, Gulati, et al., 2007
Rawat, R.; Gulati, A.; Babu, G.D.K.; Acharya, R.; Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B., Characterization of volatile components of Kangra orthodox black tea by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 229-235, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.071 . [all data]

Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006
Schirack, A.V.; Drake, M.A.; Sander, T.H.; Sandeep, K.P., Characterization of aroma-active compounds in microwave blanched peanuts, J. Food Sci., 2006, 71, 9, c513-c520, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2006.00173.x . [all data]

Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 2006
Wierda R.L.; Fletcher G.; Xu L.; Dufour J.P., Analysis of volatile compounds as spoilage indicators in fresh king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during storage using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 22, 8480-8490, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061377c . [all data]

Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Bendimerad, N.; Bendiab, S.A.T., Composition and antibacterial activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) essential oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 2947-2952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047937u . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Ngassoum, M.B.; Parmentier, M., Chemical composition and olfactory characterization of essential oils of fruits and seeds of African pear (Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H. J. Lam) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 215-218, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1324 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005, 2
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Stoyanova, A.; Balinova, A.; Guangjiun, Z.; Xihan, M., Solid phase microextraction/gas chromatographic and olfactory analysis of the scent and fixative properties of the essential oil of Rosa damascena L. from China, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 7-12, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1375 . [all data]

Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 2005
Nogueira, M.C.L.; Lubachevsky, G.; Rankin, S.A., A study of the volatile composition of Minas cheese, Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 2005, 38, 5, 555-563, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2004.07.019 . [all data]

Rochat and Chaintreau, 2005
Rochat, S.; Chaintreau, A., Carbonyl Odorants Contributing to the In-Oven Roast Beef Top Note, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 24, 9578-9585, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf058089l . [all data]

Chida, Sone, et al., 2004
Chida, M.; Sone, Y.; Tamura, H., Aroma characteristics of stored tobacco cut leaves analyzed by a high vacuum distillation and canister system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 26, 7918-7924, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049223p . [all data]

López, Guzmán, et al., 2004
López, M.G.; Guzmán, G.R.; Dorantes, A.L., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds from avocado puree after microwave processing, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1036, 1, 87-90, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.03.020 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., IMSTEC'03 Conference Proceedings, Processing of industrial mussel cooking juices by reverse osmosis: pollution abatement and aromas recovery, Universoty of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 2003, 6. [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003
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Notes

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