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Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxHP-InnowaxDB-WaxInnowaxSupelko CO Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHelium Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.500.330.25
Program 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0Cnot specified40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)not specified 
I 1182.1175.1208.1195.1191.
ReferenceGyawali and Kim, 2012Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011Noorizadeh, Farmany, et al., 2011Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelko CO WaxSupelko CO WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxCP-Wax 52 CB
Column length (m) 60.60.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)not specified40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)not specified45 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C
I 1207.1194.1184.1174.1188.
ReferenceVekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010Gyawali and Kim, 2009Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009Romeo, Verzera, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52 CBPEG 20MSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10HP-FFAP
Column length (m) 50.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.290.250.250.250.25
Program 33 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 220 0C40 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)35 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
I 1167.1174.1186.1191.1200.
ReferenceKaack and Christensen, 2008Zhang, Zhang, et al., 2008Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007Carrapiso and Garsia, 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MBP-20BP-20Supelcowax-10PEG-20M
Column length (m)  30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.250.25
Program not specified50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)40C(3min) => 5C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
I 1175.1178.1178.1190.1174.
ReferenceDury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 2007Zhang C., Zhang H., et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Innowax FSCInnowax FSCInnowax FSCDB-WaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeNitrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C60C(10min) => 4C/min >220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C60C(10min) => 4C/min >220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)50 0C (4 min) -> 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C
I 1194.1194.1194.1170.1165.
ReferenceBaser K.H.C., Ozek G., et al., 2006Baser, Özek, et al., 2006Baser, Özek, et al., 2006Krings, Zelena, et al., 2006Quijano and Pino, 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-Innowax FSCCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MDB-WaxInnowax FSC
Column length (m) 60.  60.60.
Carrier gas N2  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25  0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25  0.250.25
Program 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C => (10min) => 1C/min => 240Cnot specifiednot specified35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
I 1194.1176.1183.1184.1194.
ReferenceTabanca, Demirci, et al., 2006Editorial paper, 2005Editorial paper, 2005Mattheis, Fan, et al., 2005Baser, Özek, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MHP-Innowax FSCHP-Innowax FSC
Column length (m)    60.60.
Carrier gas    HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)    0.250.25
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specified60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
I 1200.1184.1186.1194.1194.
ReferenceJunkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Vinogradov, 2004Demirci, Baser, et al., 2003Erdemoglu, Sener, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxInnowaxInnowaxInnowaxInnowax FSC
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C60C(10min) => 4C/min => 200C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C60C(10 min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
I 1195.1195.1195.1195.1195.
ReferenceGören, Demirci, et al., 2001Özcan, Akgül, et al., 2001Baser, Özek, et al., 2000Baser, Özek, et al., 2000, 2Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MCP-Wax 52CBDB-WaxSupelcowax 10Supelcowax 10
Column length (m) 25.50.60.60.60.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.2 0.250.25
Program not specified30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C(40min)60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)not specified
I 1156.1184.1189.1177.1185.
ReferenceDing, Deng, et al., 1998Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998Ziegleder, 1998Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax 10Supelcowax-10CP Wax 52 CBCP-Wax 52CBStabilwax DA
Column length (m) 60.30.50.50.15.
Carrier gas HeliumHe  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.201.50.25
Program not specified50C(2min) => 7C/min => 140C => 17.5C/min => 230C50 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 7 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250Cnot specified
I 1189.1186.1177.1181.1195.
ReferenceCastioni and Kapetanidis, 1996Chang, Seitz, et al., 1995Patterson and Stevenson, 1995Luning, de Rijk, et al., 1994Henderson and Henderson, 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60. 60.  
Carrier gas He    
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.32  
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25    
Program 35C (5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C(5min)not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 1165.1195.1182.1186.1186.
ReferenceMattheis, Buchanan, et al., 1992Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Binder and Flath, 1989Shibamoto, 1987Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011
Feng, T.; Zhuang, H.; Ye, R.; Jin, Z.; Xu, X.; Xie, Z., Analysis of volatile compounds of Mesona Blumes gum/rice extrudates via GC-MS and electronic nose, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2011, 160, 1, 964-973, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2011.09.013 . [all data]

Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011
Miyazaki, T.; Plotto, A.; Goodner, K.; Gmitter F.G., Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 3, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4205 . [all data]

Noorizadeh, Farmany, et al., 2011
Noorizadeh, H.; Farmany, A.; Noorizadeh, M., Quantitative structure-retention relationships analysis of retention index of essential oils, Quim. Nova, 2011, 34, 2, 242-249, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422011000200014 . [all data]

Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 2010
Vekiari, S.A.; Orepoulou, V.; Kourkoutas, Y.; Kamoun, N.; Msallem, M.; Psimouli, V.; Arapoglou, D., Characterization and seasonal variations of the quality of virgin olive oil of the Thoumbolia and Koroneiki varieties from Southern Greece, Grasas y Aceites, 2010, 61, 3, 221-231, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.108709 . [all data]

Gyawali and Kim, 2009
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Volatile organic compounds of medicinal values from Nepalese Acorus calamus L., Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci. Eng. Technol., 2009, 5, II, 51-65. [all data]

Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009
Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 2009, 1216, 36, 6424-6432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.07.014 . [all data]

Romeo, Verzera, et al., 2009
Romeo, V.; Verzera, A.; Ziino, M.; Condurao, C.; Tripodi, G., Headspace volatiles of Vicia sativa L. (Legumnodeae) by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Ess. Oil Res., 2009, 21, 1, 33-35, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2009.9700101 . [all data]

Kaack and Christensen, 2008
Kaack, K.; Christensen, L.P., Effect of packing materials and storage time on volatile compounds in tea processes from flowers of black elder (Sambucus nigra L.), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 227, 4, 1259-1273, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-008-0844-8 . [all data]

Zhang, Zhang, et al., 2008
Zhang, C.; Zhang, H.; Wang, L.; Guo, X., Effect of carrot (Daucus carota) antifreeze proteins on texture preperties of frozen dough and volatile compounds of crumb, Food. Sci. Technol. (Lebesmittel-Wissenschaft und Technologie), 2008, 41, 6, 1029-1036, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2007.07.010 . [all data]

Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007
Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of Fontina Valle d'Aosta, a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 293-300, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.11.041 . [all data]

Carrapiso and Garsia, 2007
Carrapiso, A.I.; Garsia, C., Effect of sampling conditions on the odour-active compounds of iberian ham, Cienc. Technol. Aliment., 2007, 5, 4, 287-290, https://doi.org/10.1080/11358120709487703 . [all data]

Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007
Dury-Brun, C.; Fournier, N.; Pernin, K.; Guichard, E.; Voilley, A., A new approach to studying sponge cake aroma after storage in treated paper and plastic packaging by direct gas chromatography?olfactometry (D-GC-O), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 255-264, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1788 . [all data]

Pontes, Marques, et al., 2007
Pontes, M.; Marques, J.C.; Camara, J.S., Screening of volatile composition from Portuguese multifloral honeys using headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-quadrupole mass spectrometry, Talanta, 2007, 74, 1, 91-103, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.05.037 . [all data]

Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 2007
Vichi, S.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; López-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Analytical, Nutritional, and Clinical Methods. Comparative study of different extraction techniques for the analysis of virgin olive oil aroma, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 3, 1171-1178, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.02.018 . [all data]

Zhang C., Zhang H., et al., 2007
Zhang C.; Zhang H.; Wang L.; Gao H.; Guo X.N.; Yao H.Y., Improvement of texture properties and flavor of frozen dough by carrot (Daucus carota) antifreeze protein supplementation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 23, 9620-9626, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0717034 . [all data]

Baser K.H.C., Ozek G., et al., 2006
Baser K.H.C.; Ozek G.; Ozek T.; Duran A., Composition of the essential oil of Centaurea huber-morathii Wagenitz isolated from seeds by microdistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 568-570, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1620 . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2006
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, G.; Özek, T.; Duran, A.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oils of Rhabdosciadium oligocarpum (Post ex Boiss.) Hedge et Lamond and Rhabdosciadium microcalycinum Hand.-Mazz., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 650-655, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1639 . [all data]

Krings, Zelena, et al., 2006
Krings, U.; Zelena, K.; Wu, S.; Berger, R.G., Thin-layer high-vacuum distillation to isolate volatile flavour compounds of cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2006, 223, 5, 675-681, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-006-0252-x . [all data]

Quijano and Pino, 2006
Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Changes in volatile constituents during the ripening of cocona (Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal) fruit, Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2006, 37, 3, 133-136. [all data]

Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 2006
Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Can Baser, K.H.; Aytac, Z.; Ekici, M.; Khan, S.I.; Jacob, M.R.; Wedge, D.E., Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Salvia macrochlamys and Salvia recognita Essential Oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 18, 6593-6597, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0608773 . [all data]

Editorial paper, 2005
Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 2005, 16, 5, 12-12. [all data]

Mattheis, Fan, et al., 2005
Mattheis, J.P.; Fan, X.; Argenta, L.C., Interactive Responses of Gala Apple Fruit Volatile Production to Controlled Atmosphere Storage and Chemical Inhibition of Ethylene Action, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 11, 4510-4516, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050121o . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2004
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Deliorman, D.; Ergun, F., Composition of the essential oils of Galium aparine L. and Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. from Turkey, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 305-307, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698728 . [all data]

Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004
Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2004, 15, 2, 183-189, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532004000200005 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Demirci, Baser, et al., 2003
Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Yildiz, B.; Bahcecioglu, Z., Composition of the essential oils of six endemic Salvia spp. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 116-121, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1173 . [all data]

Erdemoglu, Sener, et al., 2003
Erdemoglu, N.; Sener, B.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The glycosidically bound volatile compounds of Taxus baccata, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2003, 39, 2, 195-198, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024870031960 . [all data]

Gören, Demirci, et al., 2001
Gören, N.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Composition of the essential oils of Tanacetum spp. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 3, 191-194, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.976 . [all data]

Özcan, Akgül, et al., 2001
Özcan, M.; Akgül, A.; Bascr, K.H.C.; Özck, T.; Tabanca, N., Essential oil composition of sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum) form Turkey, Nahrung/Food, 2001, 45, 5, 353-356, https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3803(20011001)45:5<353::AID-FOOD353>3.0.CO;2-4 . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2000
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Demirci, B.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oil of Glaucosciadium cordifolium (Boiss.) Burtt et Davis from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 45-46, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<45::AID-FFJ867>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2000, 2
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Demirci, B.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oil of Prangos heyniae H. Duman et M. F. Watson, a new endemic from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 47-49, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<47::AID-FFJ869>3.0.CO;2-9 . [all data]

Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 2000
Kirimer, N.; Tabanca, N.; Özek, T.; Tümen, G.; Baser, K.H.C., Essential oils of annual Sideritis species growing in Turkey, Pharm. Biol., 2000, 38, 2, 106-111, https://doi.org/10.1076/1388-0209(200004)3821-1FT106 . [all data]

Ding, Deng, et al., 1998
Ding, Q.; Deng, Y.; Sun, Y.; Huagn, A.; Sun, Y., Analysis of volatile components in ox feces by capillary gas chromatography, Beijing Daxue Xuebao Ziran Kexueban, 1998, 34, 6, 720-725. [all data]

Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998
Jakobsen, H.B.; Hansen, M.; Christensen, M.R.; Brockhoff, P.B.; Olsen, C.E., Aroma volatiles of blanched green peas (Pisum sativum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 9, 3727-3734, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980026y . [all data]

Ziegleder, 1998
Ziegleder, G., Volatile and odorous compounds in unprinted paperboard, Packag. Technol. Sci., 1998, 11, 5, 231-239, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1522(1998090)11:5<231::AID-PTS437>3.0.CO;2-A . [all data]

Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996
Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 1996, 64, 83-91. [all data]

Chang, Seitz, et al., 1995
Chang, C.-Y.; Seitz, L.M.; Chambers, E., IV, Volatile Flavor Components of Breads Made from Hard Red Winter Wheat and Hard White Winter Wheat, Cereal Chem., 1995, 72, 3, 237-242. [all data]

Patterson and Stevenson, 1995
Patterson, R.L.S.; Stevenson, M.H., Irradiation-induced off-odor in chicken and its possible control, British Poultry Science, 1995, 36, 3, 425-441, https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669508417789 . [all data]

Luning, de Rijk, et al., 1994
Luning, P.A.; de Rijk, T.; Wichers, H.J.; Roozen, J.P., Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and sniffing port analyses of volatile compounds of fresh bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) at different ripening stages, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 977-983, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a027 . [all data]

Henderson and Henderson, 1992
Henderson, D.E.; Henderson, S.K., Thermal decomposition of capsaicin. 1. Interactions with oleic acid at high temperatures, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 11, 2263-2268, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00023a042 . [all data]

Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 1992
Mattheis, J.P.; Buchanan, D.A.; Fellman, J.K., Volatile compounds emitted by sweet cherries (Prunus avium Cv. Bing) during fruit development and ripening, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 3, 471-474, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00015a022 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Binder and Flath, 1989
Binder, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of pineapple guava, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 734-736, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a034 . [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program, References